High Sheriff of Tipperary

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The High Sheriff of Tipperary was the Sovereign's judicial representative in County Tipperary. Initially an office for lifetime, assigned by the Sovereign, the High Sheriff became annually appointed from the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.[1] Besides his judicial importance, he had ceremonial and administrative functions and executed High Court Writs.[2]

History[edit]

The first (High) Shrievalties were established before the Norman Conquest in 1066 and date back to Saxon times.[3] In 1908, an Order in Council made the Lord-Lieutenant the Sovereign's prime representative in a county and reduced the High Sheriff's precedence.[4] Despite however that the office retained his responsibilities for the preservation of law and order in a county.[2]

County Tipperary was a liberty administered by the Earls of Ormond, who thereby appointed the Sheriff, until it was extinguished as part of the second Duke's attainder for supporting the Jacobite rising of 1715. It then became a normal county under the direct control of the King.

In Tipperary and in four of the counties of the province of Connacht the office ceased to exist with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922.

High Sheriffs of Tipperary[edit]

  • 1605: Hon Thomas Butler [5]
  • 1610: Piers Butler fitzJames of Lismalin [5]
  • 1612: William St John of Skaddanston [5]
  • 1613: Thomas Cantwell [5]
  • 1614: Richard Butler of Knocktopher [5]
  • 1615: William O'Meary of Lisenoskey [5]
  • 1616: Daniel O'Bryen [5]
  • 1618: Gilbert Butler [5]
  • 1619: Robert Carew [5]
  • 1620: William St John [5]
  • 1625: William O'Meara [5]

English Interregnum, 1649–1660[edit]

Charles II, 1660–1685[edit]

James II, 1685–1689[edit]

  • 1686: Anthony Maude[9]
  • 1687: Isaac Walden [5]

William III, 1689–1702[edit]

Anne, 1702–1714[edit]

George I, 1714–1727[edit]

George II, 1727–1760[edit]

George III, 1760–1820[edit]

George IV, 1820–1830[edit]

William IV, 1830–1837[edit]

Victoria, 1837–1901[edit]

Edward VII, 1901–1910[edit]

George V, 1910–1922[edit]

Notes[edit]

† Died in office

References[edit]

  1. ^ John David Griffith Davies and Frederick Robert Worts (1928). England in the Middle Ages: Its Problems and Legacies. A. A. Knopf. p. 119. 
  2. ^ a b Alexander, George Glover (1915). The Administration of Justice in Criminal Matters (in England and Wales). The University Press. p. 89. 
  3. ^ Morris, William Alfred (1968). The Medieval English Sheriff to 1300. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 73. ISBN 0-7190-0342-3. 
  4. ^ Millward, Paul (2007). Civic Ceremonial: A Handbook, History and Guide for Mayors, Councillors and Officers. Shaw. p. 163. ISBN 0-7219-0164-6. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Ormonde Family Papers" (PDF). National Library of Ireland. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at Burke, Sir Bernhard (1912). Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, ed. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Ireland. London: Harrison & Sons. 
  7. ^ a b c d Cokayne, George Edward (1904). The Complete Baronetage. vol. IV. Exeter: William Pollard and Co. Ltd. 
  8. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1,. p. 1202. 
  9. ^ Burke's Peerage 107th Edition Vol.2 p.1825
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Burke, John (1863). Sir Bernhard Burke, ed. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II. London: Harrison. 
  11. ^ Burkes Irish Landed Gentry 1912
  12. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1903). The Complete Baronetage. vol. III. Exeter: William Pollard and Co. Ltd. p. 319. 
  13. ^ Burtchaell, George Dames (1888). Genealogical Memoirs of the Members of Parliament for the County and City of Kilkenny. Sealy, Bryers & Walker. p. 165. 
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12158. p. 1. 30 January 1781. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12273. p. 1. 23 February 1782. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12525. p. 4. 6 March 1784. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12628. p. 125. 12 March 1785. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  18. ^ Thorne, R. G. (1986). The House of Commons, 1790–1820. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. p. 103. ISBN 0-436-52101-6. 
  19. ^ "Tipperary in the Year of the Rebellion 1798" William J Hayes, Lisheen Press 1998, p 20
  20. ^ Burke, John (1826). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the United Kingdom. London: Henry Colburn. p. 118. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Reports from Commissioners – Ireland. vol. XVII. The House of Commons. 1826. p. 113. 
  22. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1825". The Connaught Journal. 7 February 1825. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  23. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1827". The Kilkenny Independent. 24 February 1827. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  24. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1828". The Newry Commercial Telegraph. 11 March 1828. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  25. ^ Crossman, Virginia (1994). Local Government in Nineteenth-Century Ireland. Belfast: Ulster Society of Irish Historical Studies. p. 12. ISBN 0-85389-509-0. 
  26. ^ "National Library of Ireland – Trant Papers" (PDF). Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  27. ^ Burke, John (1862). Sir Bernhard Burke, ed. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. I. London: Harrison. 
  28. ^ Skey, William (1846). The Heraldic Calendar. Dublin: Alexander Thom. p. 48. 
  29. ^ "Darwin Correspondence Project – Letters". Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  30. ^ Burke, John (1847). John Bernhard Burke, ed. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry. vol. I. London: Henry Colburn. 
  31. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1845". The Armagh Guardian. 4 February 1845. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  32. ^ "Fellows of the Royal Society who are or were Freemasons, listed alphabetically" (PDF). Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  33. ^ Sylvanus, Urban (1849). The Gentleman's Magazine. part II. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son. p. 424. 
  34. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1849". Anglo-Celt. 26 January 1849. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  35. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1850". Ballina Chronicle. 2 January 1850. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  36. ^ a b Walford, Edward (1860). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Robert Hardwicke. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. vol. II. London: Hurst & Blackett. 
  38. ^ The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 6775. p. 181. 29 January 1958. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  39. ^ "Tipperary County Directory". Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  40. ^ Daly, Edmund Emmet (1937). History of the O'Dalys. Tuttle, Morehouse and Taylor. p. 153. 
  41. ^ Burke, Bernard. A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 2. p. 779.  Google Books
  42. ^ a b c d e f g Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. vol. I. London: Hurst & Blackett. 
  43. ^ Ruvigny, Marquis. The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal:Mortimer-Percy. 
  44. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12422. p. 4. 11 March 1783. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  45. ^ Walford, Edward (1909). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Spottiswoode & Co. Ltd. 
  46. ^ Burke, Sir Bernhard (1884). The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. London: Harrison & Sons. 
  47. ^ Who was Who 1897–1916. London: A. & C. Black, Ltd. 1920. 
  48. ^ a b "Offaly Historical & Archaeological Society – Families of King's County". Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  49. ^ a b A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland
  50. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1895). Armorial families. Edinburgh: Grange Publishing Works. 
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Walford, Edward (1919). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co. Ltd. 
  52. ^ Michael C. O'Laughlin, Families of Co. Kerry, Ireland (Irish Roots Cafe, 1994), 137.
  53. ^ Burke, John (2001). Peter de Vere Beauclerk-Dewar, ed. Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain. ISBN 0-9711966-0-5.