High Spirits (musical)
Original Cast Recording
by Noël Coward
1964 Broadway |
1964 West End
Martin and Gray adhered closely to Coward's original text, although they expanded the medium's character to make it the star role. The playwright was delighted with their adaptation, then entitled Faster Than Sound, and agreed to direct it himself.
Originally, Coward had mentally cast Keith Michell as Charles, Gwen Verdon as Elvira, Celeste Holm as Ruth, and Kay Thompson as Madame Arcati, with Bob Fosse as director. Coward's dream cast failed to materialize, but he continued with the project.
The musical opened on Broadway at the Alvin Theatre on April 7, 1964, and closed on February 27, 1965, after 375 performances and 14 previews. Gower Champion aided Coward in directing the musical. The cast featured Edward Woodward as Charles, Tammy Grimes as Elvira, Louise Troy as Ruth, Beatrice Lillie as Madame Arcati, and Carol Arthur as Edith. Christopher Walken, billed as Ronnie Walken was in the chorus. Fred Werner was music director, scenic and costumes design were by Robert Fletcher, lighting design was by Jules Fisher, and Tammy Grimes' costume was by Valentina. The production was nominated for eight Tony Awards, but did not win any. Other major musical nominees that same year (1964) were Funny Girl and Hello, Dolly! and most major Tony wins went to the latter.
Coward also directed the West End production, which opened in November 1964 at the Savoy Theatre, where it ran for 93 performances. The cast included Denis Quilley as Charles, Marti Stevens as Elvira, Jan Waters as Ruth, and Cicely Courtneidge as Madame Arcati. A London cast album was released by Pye Records, for whom Coward himself also recorded four numbers from the show: "Something Tells Me", "If I Gave You", "Forever and a Day", and "Home Sweet Heaven".In 1964, Courtneidge accepted the role of Madame Arcati in the London production of High Spirits. This was an unhappy episode in her career. Coward himself co-directed, and the two clashed constantly in rehearsal. Courtneidge later said, "Everyone does adore him – me included – but he's hell to work with, and I never want to do anything else with him. I'd have to be starving, I really would." After the opening night, Coward wrote in his diary, "Cis also got some well-deserved cracks for vulgarizing Madame Arcati, and serve her bloody well right." The notices for the piece were dreadful, and those for Courtneidge's performance scarcely better: The Guardian wrote of "a woeful excess of underplay", and The Observer commented, "The sight of Cicely Courtneidge hamming it until she drops in purple harem knickers with diamanté cycle clips isn't honestly hilarious enough to carry the evening."
Writer Charles Condomine hosts a séance conducted by medium Madame Arcati in the hope that he will learn her tricks, so he can use the information in his new novel. His assumption that she is a fake is proven wrong when she falls into a trance and unwittingly conjures the spirit of his late wife Elvira, although he alone can see her. His present wife Ruth believes that Charles is joking until Elvira moves into the Condomine household and proves her presence by performing poltergeist-type pranks. Elvira's plan to kill Charles so he can join her in the beyond backfires when she accidentally disposes of Ruth, instead, and before long, the two female apparitions are disrupting their former husband's life with their constant nagging and bickering.
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
|1964||Tony Award||Best Musical||Nominated|
|Best Author||Hugh Martin and Timothy Gray||Nominated|
|Best Composer and Lyricist||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Beatrice Lillie||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical||Louise Troy||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Noël Coward||Nominated|
|Best Choreography||Danny Daniels||Nominated|
|Best Conductor and Musical Director||Fred Werner||Nominated|
- Payn, Graham. My Life with Noël Coward, Applause Books, 1994. ISBN 1-55783-190-4 p. 174
- Mordden, Ethan, Open a New Window: The Broadway Musical of the 1960s, Palgrave (2001), pages 38–40 (ISBN 0-312-23952-1) p. 39.
- "High Spirits - Original Broadway Cast", Castalbums.org
- "London production", musical-theatre.net
- Reissued on LP on DRG SL 5180 in 1978
- Castle, p. 247
- Coward, p. 579
- Nightingale, Benedict. "High Spirits", The Guardian, 21 October 1964, p. 9
- Gilliatt, Penelope. "Back to the big stuff", The Observer, 8 November 1964, p. 25
- "2008-09 Season", 42ndstmoon.com