High Springs, Florida
|High Springs, Florida|
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||Sue Weller
(term expires 2013)
|• Vice-Mayor||Scott Jamison
(term expires 2015)
|• Commissioner||Bob Barnas
(term expires 2014)
|• Commissioner||Linda Clark Gestrin
(term expires 2014)
|• Commissioner||Byran D. Williams
(term expires 2015)
|• Total||22.0 sq mi (57.1 km2)|
|• Land||22.0 sq mi (56.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m)|
|• Density||244/sq mi (94.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||32643, 32655|
|GNIS feature ID||0307633|
High Springs is located at (29.8245, -82.5953).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.0 square miles (57.1 km2). 22.0 square miles (56.9 km2) of it is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2) of it (0.36%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,863 people, 1,539 households, and 1,063 families residing in the city. The population density was 209.3 inhabitants per square mile (80.8/km²). There were 1,668 housing units at an average density of 90.4 per square mile (34.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.42% White, 21.18% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were .02% and Cubans were 4.1 of the population.
There were 1,539 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,354, and the median income for a family was $43,779. Males had a median income of $32,959 versus $22,109 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,919. About 9.5% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.
The School Board of Alachua County operates a kindergarten through eighth grade school, the High Springs Community School, in High Springs. Ninth through twelfth grade students attend Santa Fe High School in the adjoining city of Alachua.
The Alachua County Library District operates a branch library on NW 1st Avenue in downtown, High Springs. The library is open 7 days a week, provides regular programming for all ages, and circulates print books, audiobooks, music CDs, and DVDs. Free computer and internet access is available to all patrons. 
In 1958, the North Florida Telephone Company offered the loan of its vacant building to the High Springs Parent-Teacher Association for the creation of the first Alachua County branch library located outside of Gainesville. The High Springs Library opened at this location the following year. After years of community fund raising, ground was broken in 1976 for a new 3,000 sq. ft. library building. The second and current library location opened its doors on January 3, 1977. Children from High Springs formed a block-long human chain to move the book collection from the old library to the new one. 
The northwest region of Alachua County was probably first settled on a permanent basis by English-speaking people during the late 1830s. One of the earliest settlements in the vicinity was at Crockett Springs, located about three miles east of present-day High Springs. Settlers who were living there during the 1840s included Fernando Underwood and Marshal Blanton. A discernible town began to develop in the early 1880s after a railroad was constructed and several phosphate mines were established. In 1888 the local post office changed its name from Orion to High Springs, and the town was officially incorporated in 1892.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): High Springs city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Alachua County Public Schools: Schools and Centers
- Alachua County Library District: High Springs
- "Alachua County Library District - Florida Library History Project". University of South Florida Scholar Commons. Digital Collection - Florida Studies Center Publications. 1 January 1990. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- History of High Springs
- City of High Springs official website
- High Springs Chamber of Commerce
- High Springs Blog - The Official Site of Commissioner Eric May
- High Springs Branch Library
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