High Springs, Florida

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High Springs, Florida
A composite of pictures—downtown area, water tower, city hall, Priest Theatre, old railroad depot
Top, left to right: downtown area, water tower, city hall, Priest Theatre, old railroad depot
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 29°49′N 82°36′W / 29.817°N 82.600°W / 29.817; -82.600Coordinates: 29°49′N 82°36′W / 29.817°N 82.600°W / 29.817; -82.600
CountryUnited States
 • MayorGloria James
 • Total22.17 sq mi (57.42 km2)
 • Land22.09 sq mi (57.22 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
66 ft (20 m)
 • Total5,350
 • Estimate 
 • Density279.65/sq mi (107.97/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
32643, 32655
Area code(s)386
FIPS code12-30525[3]
GNIS feature ID0307633[4]

High Springs is a city in Alachua County, Florida, United States. The population was 5,350 at the 2010 census.[5]


The present-day area of High Springs was first settled on a permanent basis by English-speaking people during the late 1830s. One of the earliest settlements in the vicinity was at Crockett Springs, located about three miles east of present-day High Springs. Settlers who were living there during the 1840s included Fernando Underwood and Marshal Blanton. A discernible town began to develop in the early 1880s after the Savannah, Florida & Western Railway was constructed and several phosphate mines were established. In 1888 the local post office changed its name from Orion to High Springs, and the town was officially incorporated in 1892.[6] The town had a population over 1,500 at the end of the 1890s and was the second largest by population in the county.[7]

Business district in 1916


High Springs is located at 28°49′N 82°36′W / 28.817°N 82.600°W / 28.817; -82.600 (29.8245, -82.5953).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.0 square miles (57.1 km2), of which 22.0 square miles (56.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2) (0.36%) is water.[5]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)6,178[2]15.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,863 people, 1,539 households, and 1,063 families residing in the city. The population density was 209.3 inhabitants per square mile (80.8/km2). There were 1,668 housing units at an average density of 90.4 per square mile (34.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.42% White, 21.18% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were .02% and Cubans were 4.1 of the population.

There were 1,539 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,354, and the median income for a family was $43,779. Males had a median income of $32,959 versus $22,109 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,919. About 9.5% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.


The School Board of Alachua County operates a kindergarten through eighth grade school, the High Springs Community School, in High Springs. Ninth through twelfth grade students attend Santa Fe High School in the adjoining city of Alachua.[10]


The Alachua County Library District operates a branch library on NW 1st Avenue in downtown, High Springs. The library is open 7 days a week, provides regular programming for all ages, and circulates print books, audiobooks, music CDs, and DVDs. Free computer and internet access is available to all patrons.[11]

In 1958, the North Florida Telephone Company offered the loan of its vacant building to the High Springs Parent-Teacher Association for the creation of the first Alachua County branch library located outside of Gainesville. The High Springs Library opened at this location the following year. After years of community fund raising, ground was broken in 1976 for a new 3,000 sq. ft. library building. The second and current library location opened its doors on January 3, 1977. Children from High Springs formed a block-long human chain to move the book collection from the old library to the new one.[12]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): High Springs city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  6. ^ "History of High Springs". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
  7. ^ Pickard, John B. (2001). Historic Alachua County and old Gainesville : a tour guide to the past. Gainesville, FL: Alachua Press. ISBN 0967278864. OCLC 50765140.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ Alachua County Public Schools: Schools and Centers Archived 2011-12-17 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Alachua County Library District: High Springs
  12. ^ "Alachua County Library District - Florida Library History Project". University of South Florida Scholar Commons. Digital Collection - Florida Studies Center Publications. 1 January 1990. Retrieved 10 November 2015.

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