Lord High Steward of Scotland

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Part of the High Steward's role was managing the King's finances. Medieval financiers used chequered cloths to help them count coins, hence the chequered band in the Stewart arms
Arms of the Duke of Rothesay, the hereditary Great Steward since 1371

The title of High Steward or Great Steward is that of an officer who controls the domestic affairs of the royal household. David I of Scotland gave the title in the 12th century to Walter fitz Alan, a French baron of Breton origin whose descendants adopted Steward as a surname to become the House of Stewart/Stuart.[1] In 1371, the last High Steward inherited the throne, and thereafter the title of High Steward of Scotland has been held as a subsidiary title to that of Duke of Rothesay and Baron of Renfrew, held by the heir-apparent to the crown. Thus, currently, The Prince of Wales is High Steward of Scotland, sometimes known as the Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.[2][3]

High Stewards of Scotland, c. 1150–present[edit]


  1. ^ Scott, Walter (1830). The History of Scotland. Carey & Lea. p. 219. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Coates, Richard; McClure, Peter (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press. p. 2550. ISBN 9780192527479. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. ^ Ertl, Alan W. (2013). Scotland's Road to Independence: The Makings of a State Identity. Universal-Publishers. p. 138. ISBN 9781612332864. Retrieved 2 December 2018.