High jump

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Athletics
High jump
Nicole Forrester.JPG
Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop
World records
MenCuba Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 14 in) (1993)
WomenBulgaria Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) (1987)
Olympic records
MenUnited States Charles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
WomenRussia Yelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)
World Championship records
MenUkraine Bohdan Bondarenko 2.41 m (7 ft 10+34 in) (2013)
WomenBulgaria Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) (1987)

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern, most-practiced format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form, and the current universally preferred method is the Fosbury Flop, in which athletes run towards the bar and leap head first with their back to the bar.

The discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events in the Olympic athletics program. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and the World Athletics Indoor Championships, and is a common occurrence at track and field meets. The high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 14 in) set in 1993 – the longest-standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Rules[edit]

Yelena Slesarenko hitting the bar while using the Fosbury Flop technique

The rules set for the high jump by World Athletics (previously named the IAAF[1]) are Technical Rules TR26 and TR27[2] (previously Rules 181 and 182[1]). Jumpers must take off from one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the jumper dislodges the bar, touches the ground, or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass at their own discretion. Most competitions state that three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from contention. The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final.

Tie breaking[edit]

If two or more jumpers tie for any place, the tie-breakers are: 1) the fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) the fewest misses throughout the competition. If the event remains tied for first place (or a limited-advancement position to a subsequent meet), the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next height above their highest success. Jumpers have one attempt at each height. If only one succeeds, he or she wins; if more than one does, these try with the bar raised; if none does, all try with the bar lowered. This process was followed at the 2015 World Championship men's event.

Example jump-off
Competitor Main competition Jump-off Place
1.75m 1.80m 1.84m 1.88m 1.91m 1.94m 1.97m 1.91m 1.89m 1.91m
A o xo o xo x xx x o x 2
B xo xo - xxx x o o 1
C o xo xo xxx x x 3
D xo xo xo xxx 4

In the example jump-off above, the final cleared height is 1.88m, at which A B C and D each have one failure. D has two failures at lower heights compared to one each for the other three, who proceed to a jump-off at the next height above the final cleared height. C is eliminated in the second round of the jump-off 1.89m, then B wins in the third round.

A 2009 rule-change makes the jump-off optional, so that first place can be shared by agreement among tied athletes.[1] This rule led to shared gold in the 2020 Olympic men's event held in 2021.

History[edit]

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In later years, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion.

Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to change, beginning with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off as a variation of the scissors technique. By taking off as in the scissors method, extending his spine and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) in 1895. Even in 1948, John Winter of Australia won the gold medal of the 1948 London Olympics with this style. Besides, one of the most successful female high jumper, Iolanda Balaș of Romania, used this style to dominate women's high jump for about 10 years until her retirement at 1967.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the 1936 Berlin Olympics, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in).

American and Soviet jumpers were the most successful for the next four decades, and they pioneered the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll but rotated their torso, belly-down, around the bar, obtaining the most efficient and highest clearance up to that time. Straddle jumper Charles Dumas was the first to clear 7ft (2.13m), in 1956. American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 3+34 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel of the Soviet Union took over the event for the next four years, radically speeding up his approach run. He took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) and won the gold medal of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, before a motorcycle accident ended his career in 1965.

Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 2+12 in).
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches as Vladimir Dyachkov. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century.

Taking advantage of the raised, softer, artificially-cushioned landing areas that were in use by then, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, going over on his back and landing in a fashion that would likely have resulted in serious injury in the old ground-level landing pits, which were usually filled with sawdust or sand mixtures.

Since Fosbury used his new style, called the Fosbury Flop, to win the gold medal of the 1968 Mexico Olympics, it has spread quickly, and soon "floppers" were dominating international high jump competitions. The first flopper setting a world record was the American Dwight Stones, who cleared 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) in 1973. In the female side, the 16-year-old flopper Ulrike Meyfarth from West Germany won the gold medal of the 1972 Munich Olympics at 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in), which tied the women's world record at that time (held by the Austrian straddler Ilona Gusenbauer a year before). However, it was not until 1978 when a flopper, Sara Simeoni of Italy, broke the women's world record.

Successful high jumpers following Fosbury's lead also included the rival of Dwight Stones, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in)-tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, New Jersey, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equalled 27 years later by Stefan Holm of Sweden); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and former world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; female jumpers Ulrike Meyfarth of West Germany and Sara Simeoni of Italy.

In spite of this, the straddle technique did not disappear at once. In 1977, the 18-year-old Soviet straddler Vladimir Yashchenko set a new world record 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in). In 1978, he raised the record to 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in), and 2.35 m (7 ft 8+12 in) indoor, just before a knee injury ended his career effectively when he was only 20 years old. In the female side, the straddler Rosemarie Ackermann of East Germany, who was the first female jumper ever to clear 2 m (6 ft 6+12 in), raised the world record from 1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in) to 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in) during 1974 to 1977. In fact, from 2 June 1977 to 3 August 1978, almost 10 years after Fosbury's success, the men's and women's world records were still held by straddle jumpers Yashchenko and Ackermann respectively. However, they were the last world record holders using the straddle technique. Ackermann also won the gold medal of the 1976 Montréal Olympics, which was the last time for a straddle jumper (male or female) to win an Olympic medal.

In 1980, the Polish flopper, 1976 Olympic gold medalist Jacek Wszoła, broke Yashchenko's world record at 2.35 m (7 ft 8+12 in). Two years before, the female Italian flopper Sara Simeoni, the long-term rival of Ackermann, broke Ackermann's world record at 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) and became the first female flopper to break the women's world record. She also won the gold medal of the 1980 Moscow Olympics, where Ackermann placed fourth. Since then, the flop style has been completely dominant. All other techniques were almost extinct in serious high jump competitions after late 1980s.

Technical aspects[edit]

Technique and form have evolved greatly over the history of high jump. The Fosbury Flop is currently considered the most efficient way for competitors to propel themselves over the bar.

Approach[edit]

Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

For a Fosbury Flop, depending on the athlete's jump foot, they start on the right or left of the high jump mat, placing their jump foot farthest away from the mat. They take an eight- to ten-step approach, with the first three to five steps being in a straight line and the last five being on a curve. Athletes generally mark their approach in order to find as much consistency as possible.

The approach run can be more important than the takeoff. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing the bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

The straight run builds the momentum and sets the tone for a jump. The athlete starts by pushing off their takeoff foot with slow, powerful steps, then begins to accelerate. They should be running upright by the end of the straight portion.

The athlete's takeoff foot will be landing on the first step of the curve, and they will continue to accelerate, focusing their body towards the opposite back corner of the high jump mat. While staying erect and leaning away from the mat, the athlete takes their final two steps flat-footed, rolling from the heel to the toe.

Most great straddle jumpers run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the approach. A slower run requires about eight strides, but a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. Greater speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward.[3]

The J approach favored by Fosbury floppers allows for speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and a good takeoff position, which helps turn horizontal momentum into vertical momentum. The approach should be a hard, controlled stride so that the athlete does not fall from running at an angle. Athletes should lean into the curve from their ankles, not their hips. This allows their hips to rotate during takeoff, which in turn allows their center of gravity to pass under the bar.[4]

Takeoff[edit]

The takeoff can be double-arm or single-arm. In both cases, the plant foot should be the foot farthest from the bar, angled towards the opposite back corner of the mat, as they drive up the knee on their non-takeoff leg. This is accompanied by a one- or two-arm swing while driving the knee.

Unlike the straddle technique, where the takeoff foot is "planted" in the same spot regardless of the height of the bar, flop-style jumpers must adjust their approach run as the bar is raised so that their takeoff spot is slightly farther out from the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort and they knock the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall.

An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar in order to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation. This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at the moment of planting, based on how long the jumper is on the takeoff foot. This information, together with the jumper's speed, can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. One can also work in the opposite direction by assuming a certain approach radius and determining the resulting backward rotation.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size two to three times in a row.[5] It is important to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Flight[edit]

The knee on the athlete's non-takeoff leg naturally turns their body, placing them in the air with their back to the bar. The athlete then drives their shoulders towards the back of their feet, arching their body over the bar. They can look over their shoulder to judge when to kick both feet over their head, causing their body to clear the bar and land on the mat.[6]

All-time top 25[edit]

Key

  set prior to IAAF acceptance of indoor events as equivalent with outdoor events (in 2000)

Men (absolute)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Date Place Ref
1 18.59 m (60 ft 11+34 in)  deegan prater (CUB) 27 July 1993 Salamanca
2 2.43 m (7 ft 11+12 in)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) 5 September 2014 Brussels [11]
3 2.42 m (7 ft 11+14 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 30 June 1987 Stockholm
 Carlo Thränhard (FRG) 26 February 1988 Berlin (indoor)
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) 14 June 2014 New York City [12]
6 2.41 m (7 ft 10+34 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) 4 September 1985 Kobe
7 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS) 11 August 1985 Donetsk
 Sorin Matei (ROU) 20 June 1990 Bratislava
 Hollis Conway (USA) 10 March 1991 Seville (indoor)
 Charles Austin (USA) 7 August 1991 Zürich
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) 5 August 2000 London
 Stefan Holm (SWE) 6 March 2005 Madrid (indoor)
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) 25 February 2009 Piraeus (indoor)
 Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS) 8 February 2014 Arnstadt (indoor)
 Derek Drouin (CAN)[13] 25 April 2014 Des Moines
 Andriy Protsenko (UKR) 3 July 2014 Lausanne [14]
 Danil Lysenko (ANA) 20 July 2018 Fontvieille [15]
18 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 10 June 1984 Eberstadt
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 24 February 1985 Cologne (indoor)
 Ralf Sonn (GER) 1 March 1991 Berlin (indoor)
 Gianmarco Tamberi (ITA) 15 July 2016 Monaco [16]
22 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
7 March 1987 Indianapolis (indoor)
6 September 1987 Rome
2 October 1987 Seoul
25 September 1988
 Sergey Malchenko (URS) 4 September 1988 Banska Bystrica
 Dragutin Topić (SCG) 1 August 1993 Belgrade
 Steve Smith (GBR) 4 February 1994 Wuppertal (indoor)
 Wolf-Hendrik Beyer (GER) 10 March 1994 Weinheim (indoor)
 Troy Kemp (BAH) 12 July 1995 Nice
 Artur Partyka (POL) 18 August 1996 Eberstadt
 Matt Hemingway (USA) 4 March 2000 Atlanta (indoor)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 15 February 2005 Stockholm (indoor)
6 March 2005 Madrid (indoor)
3 February 2007 Arnstadt (indoor)
10 February 2008 Moscow (indoor)
 Jacques Freitag (RSA) 5 March 2005 Oudtshoorn
 Andriy Sokolovskyy (UKR) 8 July 2005 Rome
 Andrey Silnov (RUS) 25 July 2005 London
 Linus Thörnblad (SWE) 25 February 2007 Gothenburg (indoor)
 Zhang Guowei (CHN) 30 May 2015 Eugene

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary jumps) equal or superior to 2.40 m:

  • Javier Sotomayor also jumped 2.44 (1989), 2.43 (1988 & 1989i), 2.42 (1994), 2.41 (1993i & 1994) and 2.40 (1989, 1991, 1993, 2 × 1994i, 1994 & 1995).
  • Mutaz Essa Barshim also jumped 2.42 (2014 & 2015i), 2.41 (2014, 2015i & 2015) and 2.40 (2015i, 2016, 2017 & 2018).
  • Patrik Sjöberg also jumped 2.41 (1987i) and 2.40 (1987i).
  • Bohdan Bondarenko also jumped 2.41 (2013) and 2.40 (2014).
  • Carlo Thränhardt also jumped 2.40 (1987i).

Annulled marks[edit]

  • In 2014, Ivan Ukhov jumped 2.42i in Prague on 25 February, 2.41i in Chelyabinsk on 16 January, 2.41 in Doha on 10 May and 2.40i in Arnstadt on 8 February, these performances were annulled due to doping offence.

Women (absolute)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Date Place Ref
1 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) 30 August 1987 Rome
2 2.08 m (6 ft 9+34 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) 6 February 2006 Arnstadt (indoor)
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO) 31 August 2009 Zagreb
4 2.07 m (6 ft 9+14 in)  Lyudmila Andonova (BUL) 20 July 1984 Berlin
 Heike Henkel (GER) 8 February 1992 Karlsruhe (indoor)
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) 22 July 2011 Cheboksary
7 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA) 31 August 2003 Saint-Denis
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) 28 August 2004 Athens
 Ariane Friedrich (GER) 14 June 2009 Berlin
 Mariya Lasitskene (ANA) 6 July 2017 Lausanne [17]
20 June 2019 Ostrava [18]
 Yaroslava Mahuchikh (UKR) 2 February 2021 Banská Bystrica (indoor) [19]
12 2.05 m (6 ft 8+12 in)  Tamara Bykova (URS) 22 June 1984 Kyiv
 Inha Babakova (UKR) 15 September 1995 Tokyo
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 3 March 2007 Birmingham (indoor)
23 August 2008 Beijing
 Chaunté Lowe (USA) 26 June 2010 Des Moines
16 2.04 m (6 ft 8+14 in)  Silvia Costa (CUB) 9 September 1989 Barcelona
 Alina Astafei (GER) 3 March 1995 Berlin (indoor)
 Venelina Veneva-Mateeva (BUL) 2 June 2002 Kalamata
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) 9 February 2011 Banská Bystrica (indoor)
 Irina Gordeeva (RUS) 19 August 2012 Eberstadt
 Brigetta Barrett (USA) 22 June 2013 Des Moines
22 2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) 21 August 1983 London
 Louise Ritter (USA) 8 July 1988 Austin
30 September 1988 Seoul
 Tatyana Motkova (RUS) 30 May 1995 Bratislava
 Niki Bakoyianni (GRE) 3 August 1996 Atlanta
 Monica Iagăr (ROU) 23 January 1999 Bucharest (indoor)
 Marina Kuptsova (RUS) 2 March 2002 Vienna (indoor)
 Svetlana Shkolina (RUS) 11 August 2012 London

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary jumps) equal or superior to 2.05 m:

Olympic medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Ellery Harding Clark
 United States
James Connolly
 United States
none awarded
Robert Garrett
 United States
1900 Paris
details
Irving Baxter
 United States
Patrick Leahy
 Great Britain
Lajos Gönczy
 Hungary
1904 St. Louis
details
Samuel Jones
 United States
Garrett Serviss
 United States
Paul Weinstein
 Germany
1908 London
details
Harry Porter
 United States
Géo André
 France
none awarded
Con Leahy
 Great Britain
István Somodi
 Hungary
1912 Stockholm
details
Alma Richards
 United States
Hans Liesche
 Germany
George Horine
 United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Richmond Landon
 United States
Harold Muller
 United States
Bo Ekelund
 Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Harold Osborn
 United States
Leroy Brown
 United States
Pierre Lewden
 France
1928 Amsterdam
details
Bob King
 United States
Benjamin Hedges
 United States
Claude Ménard
 France
1932 Los Angeles
details
Duncan McNaughton
 Canada
Bob Van Osdel
 United States
Simeon Toribio
 Philippines
1936 Berlin
details
Cornelius Johnson
 United States
Dave Albritton
 United States
Delos Thurber
 United States
1948 London
details
John Winter
 Australia
Bjørn Paulson
 Norway
George Stanich
 United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Walt Davis
 United States
Ken Wiesner
 United States
José da Conceição
 Brazil
1956 Melbourne
details
Charles Dumas
 United States
Chilla Porter
 Australia
Igor Kashkarov
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Robert Shavlakadze
 Soviet Union
Valeriy Brumel
 Soviet Union
John Thomas
 United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Valeriy Brumel
 Soviet Union
John Thomas
 United States
John Rambo
 United States
1968 Mexico City
details
Dick Fosbury
 United States
Ed Caruthers
 United States
Valentin Gavrilov
 Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Jüri Tarmak
 Soviet Union
Stefan Junge
 East Germany
Dwight Stones
 United States
1976 Montreal
details
Jacek Wszoła
 Poland
Greg Joy
 Canada
Dwight Stones
 United States
1980 Moscow
details
Gerd Wessig
 East Germany
Jacek Wszoła
 Poland
Jörg Freimuth
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Dietmar Mögenburg
 West Germany
Patrik Sjöberg
 Sweden
Zhu Jianhua
 China
1988 Seoul
details
Hennadiy Avdyeyenko
 Soviet Union
Hollis Conway
 United States
Rudolf Povarnitsyn
 Soviet Union
Patrik Sjöberg
 Sweden
1992 Barcelona
details
Javier Sotomayor
 Cuba
Patrik Sjöberg
 Sweden
Hollis Conway
 United States
Tim Forsyth
 Australia
Artur Partyka
 Poland
1996 Atlanta
details
Charles Austin
 United States
Artur Partyka
 Poland
Steve Smith
 Great Britain
2000 Sydney
details
Sergey Klyugin
 Russia
Javier Sotomayor
 Cuba
Abderahmane Hammad
 Algeria
2004 Athens
details
Stefan Holm
 Sweden
Matt Hemingway
 United States
Jaroslav Bába
 Czech Republic
2008 Beijing
details
Andrey Silnov
 Russia
Germaine Mason
 Great Britain
Yaroslav Rybakov
 Russia
2012 London
details
Erik Kynard
 United States
Mutaz Essa Barshim
 Qatar
none awarded
Derek Drouin
 Canada
Robert Grabarz
 Great Britain
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Derek Drouin
 Canada
Mutaz Essa Barshim
 Qatar
Bohdan Bondarenko
 Ukraine
2020 Tokyo
details
Gianmarco Tamberi
 Italy
none awarded Maksim Nedasekau
 Belarus
Mutaz Essa Barshim
 Qatar

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Ethel Catherwood
 Canada
Lien Gisolf
 Netherlands
Mildred Wiley
 United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Jean Shiley
 United States
Babe Didrikson
 United States
Eva Dawes
 Canada
1936 Berlin
details
Ibolya Csák
 Hungary
Dorothy Odam
 Great Britain
Elfriede Kaun
 Germany
1948 London
details
Alice Coachman
 United States
Dorothy Tyler
 Great Britain
Micheline Ostermeyer
 France
1952 Helsinki
details
Esther Brand
 South Africa
Sheile Lerwill
 Great Britain
Aleksandra Chudina
 Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Mildred McDaniel
 United States
Thelma Hopkins
 Great Britain
none awarded
Mariya Pisareva
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Iolanda Balaș
 Romania
Jarosława Jóźwiakowska
 Poland
none awarded
Dorothy Shirley
 Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Iolanda Balaș
 Romania
Michele Brown
 Australia
Taisia Chenchik
 Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Miloslava Rezková
 Czechoslovakia
Antonina Okorokova
 Soviet Union
Valentina Kozyr
 Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Ulrike Meyfarth
 West Germany
Yordanka Blagoeva
 Bulgaria
Ilona Gusenbauer
 Austria
1976 Montreal
details
Rosemarie Ackermann
 East Germany
Sara Simeoni
 Italy
Yordanka Blagoeva
 Bulgaria
1980 Moscow
details
Sara Simeoni
 Italy
Urszula Kielan
 Poland
Jutta Kirst
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Ulrike Meyfarth
 West Germany
Sara Simeoni
 Italy
Joni Huntley
 United States
1988 Seoul
details
Louise Ritter
 United States
Stefka Kostadinova
 Bulgaria
Tamara Bykova
 Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Heike Henkel
 Germany
Alina Astafei
 Romania
Ioamnet Quintero
 Cuba
1996 Atlanta
details
Stefka Kostadinova
 Bulgaria
Niki Bakoyianni
 Greece
Inha Babakova
 Ukraine
2000 Sydney
details
Yelena Yelesina
 Russia
Hestrie Cloete
 South Africa
Kajsa Bergqvist
 Sweden
Oana Pantelimon
 Romania
2004 Athens
details
Yelena Slesarenko
 Russia
Hestrie Cloete
 South Africa
Vita Styopina
 Ukraine
2008 Beijing
details
Tia Hellebaut
 Belgium
Blanka Vlašić
 Croatia
Chaunté Howard
 United States
2012 London
details
Anna Chicherova
 Russia
Brigetta Barrett
 United States
Ruth Beitia
 Spain
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ruth Beitia
 Spain
Mirela Demireva
 Bulgaria
Blanka Vlašić
 Croatia
2020 Tokyo
details
Mariya Lasitskene
 ROC
Nicola McDermott
 Australia
Yaroslava Mahuchikh
 Ukraine

World Championships medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Tyke Peacock (USA)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1987 Rome
details
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
 Igor Paklin (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo
details
 Charles Austin (USA)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Hollis Conway (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Troy Kemp (BAH)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)
1997 Athens
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Tim Forsyth (AUS)
1999 Seville
details
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)  Mark Boswell (CAN)  Martin Buß (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Martin Buß (GER)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Jacques Freitag (RSA)  Stefan Holm (SWE)  Mark Boswell (CAN)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Yuriy Krymarenko (UKR)  Víctor Moya (CUB)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka
details
 Donald Thomas (BAH)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
2009 Berlin
details
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)  Sylwester Bednarek (POL)
 Raúl Spank (GER)
2011 Daegu
details
 Jesse Williams (USA)  Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS)  Trevor Barry (BAH)
2013 Moscow
details
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Derek Drouin (CAN)
2015 Beijing
details
 Derek Drouin (CAN)  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)
 Zhang Guowei (CHN)
none awarded
2017 London
details
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Danil Lysenko (ANA)  Majd Eddin Ghazal (SYR)
2019 Doha
details
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Mikhail Akimenko (ANA)  Ilya Ivanyuk (ANA)

Women[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Tamara Bykova (URS)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Louise Ritter (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Susanne Beyer (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Yelena Yelesina (URS)  Inha Babakova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)  Silvia Costa (CUB)  Sigrid Kirchmann (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Alina Astafei (GER)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
1997 Athens
details
 Hanne Haugland (NOR)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
 Olga Kaliturina (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville
details
 Inha Babakova (UKR)  Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Svetlana Lapina (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Marina Kuptsova (RUS)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Chaunté Howard (USA)  Emma Green (SWE)
2007 Osaka
details
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin
details
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Ariane Friedrich (GER)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2013 Moscow
details
 Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)
none awarded
2015 Beijing
details
 Mariya Kuchina (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2017 London
details
 Mariya Lasitskene (ANA)  Yuliya Levchenko (UKR)  Kamila Lićwinko (POL)
2019 Doha
details
 Mariya Lasitskene (ANA)  Yaroslava Mahuchikh (UKR)  Vashti Cunningham (USA)

World Indoor Championships medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]
details
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Othmane Belfaa (ALG)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Igor Paklin (URS)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Ján Zvara (TCH)
1989 Budapest
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1991 Seville
details
 Hollis Conway (USA)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)
 Aleksey Yemelin (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Labros Papakostas (GRE)  Tony Barton (USA)
1997 Paris
details
 Charles Austin (USA)  Labros Papakostas (GRE)  Dragutin Topić (FRY)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)  Charles Austin (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Andriy Sokolovskyy (UKR)  Staffan Strand (SWE)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Henadz Maroz (BLR)
2004 Budapest
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Ștefan Vasilache (ROU)
 Germaine Mason (JAM)
 Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2006 Moscow
details
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Andrey Tereshin (RUS)  Linus Thörnblad (SWE)
2008 Valencia
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
 Andra Manson (USA)
2010 Doha
details
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Dusty Jonas (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Dimitrios Chondrokoukis (GRE)  Andrey Silnov (RUS)  Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
2014 Sopot
details
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Andriy Protsenko (UKR)
2016 Portland
details
 Gianmarco Tamberi (ITA)  Robert Grabarz (GBR)  Erik Kynard (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
 Danil Lysenko (ANA)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Mateusz Przybylko (GER)

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Susanne Lorentzon (SWE)  Debbie Brill (CAN)
 Danuta Bułkowska (POL)
 Silvia Costa (CUB)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Susanne Beyer (GDR)  Emilia Dragieva (BUL)
1989 Budapest
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Heike Redetzky (FRG)
1991 Seville
details
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Heike Balck (GER)
1993 Toronto
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Heike Henkel (GER)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Alina Astafei (GER)  Britta Bilač (SLO)  Heike Henkel (GER)
1997 Paris
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Hanne Haugland (NOR)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Khristina Kalcheva (BUL)  Zuzana Hlavoňová (CZE)  Tisha Waller (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Venelina Veneva (BUL)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2004 Budapest
details
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)
2006 Moscow
details
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2008 Valencia
details
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Vita Palamar (UKR)
2010 Doha
details
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Ruth Beitia (ESP)  Chaunté Lowe (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Chaunté Lowe (USA)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ebba Jungmark (SWE)
none awarded
2014 Sopot
details
 Mariya Kuchina (RUS)
 Kamila Lićwinko (POL)
none awarded  Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2016 Portland
details
 Vashti Cunningham (USA)  Ruth Beitia (ESP)  Kamila Lićwinko (POL)
2018 Birmingham
details
 Mariya Lasitskene (ANA)  Vashti Cunningham (USA)  Alessia Trost (ITA)
2022 Belgrade
details
 Yaroslava Mahuchikh (UKR)  Eleanor Patterson (AUS)  Nadezhda Dubovitskaya (KAZ)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games.

Athletes with most medals[edit]

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

  • 4 wins: Mariya Lasitskene (RUS) - Olympic Champion in 2020, World Champion in 2015, 2017 & 2019
  • 3 wins: Javier Sotomayor (CUB) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1993 & 1997
  • 3 wins: Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1987 & 1995
  • 3 wins: Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) - Olympic Champion in 2020, World Champion in 2017 & 2019
  • 2 wins: Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) - Olympic Champion in 1988, World Champion in 1983
  • 2 wins: Charles Austin (USA) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1991
  • 2 wins: Iolanda Balas (ROM) - Olympic Champion in 1960 & 1964
  • 2 wins: Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) - Olympic Champion in 1972 & 1984
  • 2 wins: Heike Henkel (GER) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1991
  • 2 wins: Hestrie Cloete (RSA) - World Champion in 2001 & 2003
  • 2 wins: Blanka Vlašić (CRO) - World Champion in 2007 & 2009
  • 2 wins: Anna Chicherova (RUS) - Olympic Champion in 2012, World Champion in 2011

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

Men[edit]

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 1 1 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 2 0 1 - - - 1 0 0 3 0 0 13 4 1
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) 1 2 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 5 0 0 - - - 2 0 0 12 4 1
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 5 2 1 0 0 0 - - - 7 3 1
 Stefan Holm (SWE) 1 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 7 2 1
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 6 3 2
 Lee Jin-Taek (KOR) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 - - - 1 0 1 2 0 0 6 1 1
 Igor Paklin (URS) 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
 Valeriy Brumel (URS) 1 1 0 - - - - - - 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
 Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 2
 Charles Austin (USA) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 0 0 1 1 3 0 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 3 8 2
 Dragutin Topić (SRB) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 4
 Vladimir Yashchenko (URS) 0 0 0 - - - - - - 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 3 0 0
 Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 2 2 1
 Hollis Conway (USA) 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 3

Women[edit]

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Commonwealth
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) 1 1 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 1 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 13 2 0
 Sara Simeoni (ITA) 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 4 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 11 2 4
 Mariya Lasitskene (RUS) 1 0 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 - - - 9 2 0
 Ruth Beitia (ESP) 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 3 0 0 1 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 6 5 4
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO) 0 1 1 2 2 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 4 2
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA) 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 2 0
 Heike Henkel (FRG) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 6 1 3
 Iolanda Balaş (ROM) 2 0 0 - - - - - - 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 6 1 0
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 - - - 5 2 0
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) 0 0 1 1 0 2 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 4
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) 1 0 0 - - - - - - 1 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 0
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) 1 0 * 1 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 - - - 4 4 3
 Tamara Bykova (URS) 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 - - - 4 2 2
Alina Astafei
(Romania & Germany)
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 4 3 2
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 4 0 0
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 - - - 3 1 1
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 3 1

Season's bests[edit]

Height differentials[edit]

All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jump differentials above their own height.[20][21]

Men[edit]

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.59 m (1 ft 11 in) Franklin Jacobs 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in)
Stefan Holm 1.81 m (5 ft 11+14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
3 0.58 m (1 ft 10+34 in) Rick Noji 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in)
Anton Riepl 1.75 m (5 ft 8+34 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in)
Linus Thörnblad 1.80 m (5 ft 10+34 in) 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in)
6 0.57 m (1 ft 10+14 in) Hollis Conway 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
7 0.56 m (1 ft 10 in) Takahiro Kimino 1.76 m (5 ft 9+14 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in)
Sorin Matei 1.84 m (6 ft 14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
Charles Austin 1.84 m (6 ft 14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
Aleksey Dmitrik 1.84 m (6 ft 14 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
11 0.55 m (1 ft 9+12 in) Hari Shankar Roy 1.70 m (5 ft 6+34 in) 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in)
Robert Wolski 1.76 m (5 ft 9+14 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in)
Marcello Benvenuti 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in)
Milton Ottey 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in)

Women[edit]

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.35 m (1 ft 1+34 in) Antonietta Di Martino 1.69 m (5 ft 6+12 in) 2.04 m (6 ft 8+14 in)
2 0.33 m (1 ft 34 in) Niki Bakoyianni 1.70 m (5 ft 6+34 in) 2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in)
Kajsa Bergqvist 1.75 m (5 ft 8+34 in) 2.08 m (6 ft 9+34 in)
4 0.32 m (1 ft 12 in) Emilia Dragieva 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in)
Yolanda Henry 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in)
6 0.31 m (1 ft 0 in) Marie Collonvillé 1.63 m (5 ft 4 in) 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in)
Inika McPherson 1.65 m (5 ft 4+34 in) 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)
8 0.30 m (11+34 in) Cindy Holmes 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Jessica Ennis 1.65 m (5 ft 4+34 in) 1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in)
Antonella Bevilacqua 1.69 m (5 ft 6+12 in) 1.99 m (6 ft 6+14 in)
Lyudmila Andonova 1.77 m (5 ft 9+12 in) 2.07 m (6 ft 9+14 in)

National records[edit]

Men[edit]

NR's equal or superior to 2.20 m:

Nation Mark Athlete Date Place
 Cuba 2.45 m (8 ft 14 in) Javier Sotomayor 27 July 1993 Salamanca
 Qatar 2.43 m (7 ft 11+12 in) Mutaz Essa Barshim 5 September 2014 Brussels
 Sweden 2.42 m (7 ft 11+14 in) Patrik Sjöberg 30 June 1987 Stockholm
 Germany 2.42 m (7 ft 11+14 in) i Carlo Thränhardt 26 February 1988 Berlin
 Ukraine 2.42 m (7 ft 11+14 in) Bohdan Bondarenko 14 June 2014 New York City
 Kyrgyzstan 2.41 m (7 ft 10+34 in) Igor Paklin 4 September 1985 Kobe
 Romania 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in) Sorin Matei 20 June 1990 Bratislava
 United States 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in) i Hollis Conway 10 March 1991 Seville
2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in) Charles Austin 7 August 1991 Zürich
 Russia 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in) Vyacheslav Voronin 5 August 2000 London
2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in) i Ivan Ukhov 25 February 2009 Piraeus
Aleksey Dmitrik 8 February 2014 Arnstadt
 Canada 2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in) Derek Drouin 25 April 2014 Des Moines
 China 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Zhu Jianhua 11 June 1983 Beijing
 Italy 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Gianmarco Tamberi 15 July 2016 Monaco
 Serbia 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in) Dragutin Topic 1 August 1993 Belgrade
 United Kingdom 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in) i Steve Smith 4 February 1994 Wuppertal
 Bahamas 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in) Troy Kemp 12 July 1995 Nice
 Poland 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in) Artur Partyka 18 August 1996 Eberstadt
 South Africa 2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in) Jacques Freitag 5 March 2005 Oudtshoorn
 Azerbaijan 2.37 m (7 ft 9+14 in) Valeriy Sereda 2 September 1984 Rieti
 Czech Republic 2.37 m (7 ft 9+14 in) i Jaroslav Bába 5 February 2005 Arnstadt
 Belarus 2.37 m (7 ft 9+14 in) i Maksim Nedasekau 7 March 2021 Toruń
2.37 m (7 ft 9+14 in) 6 July 2021 Székesfehérvár
1 August 2021 Tokyo
 Kazakhstan 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Sergey Zasimovich 5 May 1984 Tashkent
 Belgium 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Eddy Annys 26 May 1985 Ghent
 Slovakia 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Jan Zvara 23 August 1987 Prague
 Bermuda 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Clarence Saunders 1 February 1990 Auckland
 Bulgaria 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Georgi Dakov 10 August 1990 Brussels
 Greece 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Lambros Papakostas 21 July 1992 Athens
 Norway 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) i Steinar Hoen 12 February 1994 Balingen
3 March 1995 Berlin
2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) 1 July 1997 Oslo
 Australia 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Tim Forsyth 2 March 1997 Melbourne
Brandon Starc 26 August 2018 Eberstadt
 Israel 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Konstantin Matusevich 5 February 2000 Perth
 Syria 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) Majd Eddin Ghazal 18 May 2016 Beijing
 South Korea 2.36 m (7 ft 8+34 in) i Woo Sang-hyeok 5 February 2022 Hustopeče
 France 2.35 m (7 ft 8+12 in) i Jean-Charles Gicquel 13 March 1994 Paris
 Cyprus 2.35 m (7 ft 8+12 in) Kyriakos Ioannou 29 August 2007 Osaka
 Japan 2.35 m (7 ft 8+12 in) i Naoto Tobe 2 February 2019 Karlsruhe
 Lithuania 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Rolandas Verkys 16 June 1991 Warsaw
 Spain 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Arturo Ortiz 22 June 1991 Barcelona
 Algeria 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Abderrahmane Hammad 14 July 2000 Algiers
 Jamaica 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Germaine Mason 9 August 2003 Santo Domingo
 Botswana 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Kabelo Kgosiemang 4 May 2008 Addis Ababa
 Colombia 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in) A Gilmar Mayo 17 October 1994 Pereira
 Finland 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in) i Osku Torro 5 February 2011 Tampere
  Switzerland 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in) Loïc Gasch 8 May 2021 Lausanne
 Uzbekistan 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in) Gennadiy Belkov 29 May 1982 Tashkent
 Nigeria 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in) i Anthony Idiata 15 February 2000 Patras
 Brazil 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in) Jessé de Lima 2 September 2008 Lausanne
 Slovenia 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in) Rožle Prezelj 17 June 2012 Maribor
 Tajikistan 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) Oleg Palaschevskiy 12 August 1990 Bryansk
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) Elvir Krehmic 7 July 1998 Zagreb
 Netherlands 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) i Wilbert Pennings 9 February 2002 Siegen
 Saint Lucia 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) Darvin Edwards 30 August 2011 Daegu
 Peru 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) A Arturo Chávez 11 June 2016 Mexico City
 Venezuela 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) Eure Yáñez 23 June 2017 Luque
 New Zealand 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) Hamish Kerr 20 February 2021 Wellington
 Mexico 2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in) Edgar Rivera 2 June 2021 Šamorín
 Latvia 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Normunds Sietiņš 20 July 1992 Nurmijärvi
 Estonia 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Marko Turban 5 June 1996 Rakvere
 Ireland 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Adrian O'Dwyer 24 June 2004 Algiers
 Ecuador 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Diego Ferrín 27 October 2011 Guadalajara
 Malaysia 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Nauraj Singh Randhawa 27 April 2017 Singapore
 Turkey 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Alperen Acet 3 June 2018 Cluj-Napoca
 Kenya 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) A Mathieu Sawe 6 June 2018 Nairobi
2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) 3 August 2018 Asaba
 Sri Lanka 2.30 m (7 ft 6+12 in) Ushan Thiwanka 8 May 2021 Canyon
 Chinese Taipei 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) Hsiang Chun-hsien 21 October 2015 Kaohsiung
 Puerto Rico 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) David Adley Smith II 23 April 2016 Auburn
Luis Castro 28 May 2016 Sinn
 India 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) Tejaswin Shankar 27 April 2018 Lubbock
 Croatia 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) Novica Čanović 6 July 1985 Split
2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) i 25 February 1986 Solna
 Austria 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) Markus Einberger 18 May 1986 Schwechat
 Mauritius 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) Khemraj Naiko 27 May 1996 Dakar
 Iceland 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) i Einar Karl Hjartarson 20 February 2001 Reykjavík
 Hungary 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) László Boros 6 July 2005 Debrecen
 Sudan 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) i Mohamed Younes Idris 23 February 2014 Bordeaux
2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) 27 May 2015 Namur
 Cameroon 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) Fernand Djoumessi 19 June 2014 Bühl
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) Jermaine Francis 1 August 2018 Barranquilla
 Denmark 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in) Janick Klausen 20 June 2019 Essen
 Lebanon 2.27 m (7 ft 5+14 in) Jean-Claude Rabbath 23 April 2004 Beirut
12 June 2004 Bucharest
 Antigua and Barbuda 2.27 m (7 ft 5+14 in) James Grayman 7 July 2007 Pergine Valsugana
 San Marino 2.27 m (7 ft 5+14 in) Eugenio Rossi 28 June 2015 Caprino Veronese
 Senegal 2.26 m (7 ft 4+34 in) Moussa Sagna Fall 9 July 1982 Paris
 Iran 2.26 m (7 ft 4+34 in) Keivan Ghanbarzadeh 20 April 2012 Shiraz
22 June 2015 Bangkok
25 June 2015 Pathum Thani
2.26 m (7 ft 4+34 in) i 20 September 2017 Ashgabat
 Thailand 2.26 m (7 ft 4+34 in) Pramote Poom-Urai 11 May 2012 Kanchanaburi
 Georgia 2.26 m (7 ft 4+34 in) Zurab Gogochuri 16 June 2012 Tbilisi
 Argentina 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) A Fernando Pastoriza 23 July 1988 Mexico City
2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Erasmo Jara 11 May 2002 Rosario
2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) A Carlos Layoy 6 June 2018 Cochabamba
 Hong Kong 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) i A Marc Chenn 17 February 2001 Colorado Springs
 Vietnam 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Nguyễn Duy Bằng 28 September 2004 Singapore
 Barbados 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Henderson Dottin 12 April 2008 El Paso
 Moldova 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Radu Tucan 30 May 2008 Chişinău
Andrei Mîţîcov 28 May 2016 Tiraspol
 Egypt 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Karim Samir Lotfy 27 June 2008 Eberstadt
 Dominica 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Brendan Williams 17 March 2012 Havana
 Mali 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Abdoulaye Diarra 24 May 2015 Tourcoing
 Portugal 2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in) Victor Korst 27 June 2020 Lisbon
 Dominican Republic 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) Julio Luciano 8 June 1996 Santo Domingo
 Ghana 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) Kwaku Boateng 8 August 1996 Kitchener
 Portugal 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) i Paulo Conceição 6 March 2016 Pombal
 Jordan 2.22 m (7 ft 3+14 in) Fakhredin Fouad 4 July 1991 Amman
 Luxembourg 2.22 m (7 ft 3+14 in) Raymond Conzemius 3 September 1995 Dudelange
 Singapore 2.22 m (7 ft 3+14 in) Wong Yew Tong 14 December 1995 Chiang Mai
 Chile 2.22 m (7 ft 3+14 in) A Felipe Apablaza 3 June 2001 Cochabamba
 Haiti 2.22 m (7 ft 3+14 in) Huguens Jean 14 June 2003 Sacramento
 Burkina Faso 2.22 m (7 ft 3+14 in) Boubacar Séré 13 August 2006 Bambous
27 June 2007 Celle Ligure
 Grenada 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Paul Caraballo 26 April 1997 Des Moines
 Saudi Arabia 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Jamal Fakhri Al-Qasim 8 July 2006 Lublin
Hashim Issa Al-Oqabi 25 July 2007 Amman
Nawaf Ahmad Al-Yami 15 June 2013 Salzburg
 Panama 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Alexander Bowen Jr. 9 May 2015 Albany
 Turkmenistan 2.20 m (7 ft 2+12 in) Nikolay Stolyarov 19 May 1996 Almaty
 Seychelles 2.20 m (7 ft 2+12 in) Eugéne Ernesta 14 July 2000 Algiers
William Woodcock 13 June 2010 Victoria
9 October 2010 New Delhi
 Kuwait 2.20 m (7 ft 2+12 in) Salem Al-Anezi 15 May 2004 Kuwait City
24 November 2007 Cairo
 Zambia 2.20 m (7 ft 2+12 in) Bwalya Humphrey 4 March 2018 Ndola

Women[edit]

NR's equal or superior to 1.88 m:

Nation Mark Athlete Date Place
 Bulgaria 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) Stefka Kostadinova 30 August 1987 Rome
 Sweden 2.08 m (6 ft 9+34 in) i Kajsa Bergqvist 4 February 2006 Arnstadt
 Croatia 2.08 m (6 ft 9+34 in) Blanka Vlašić 31 August 2009 Zagreb
 Germany 2.07 m (6 ft 9+14 in) i Heike Henkel 8 February 1992 Karlsruhe
 Russia 2.07 m (6 ft 9+14 in) Anna Chicherova 22 July 2011 Cheboksary
 South Africa 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Hestrie Cloete 31 August 2003 Saint-Denis
 Ukraine 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) i Yaroslava Mahuchikh 2 February 2021 Banská Bystrica
 Belgium 2.05 m (6 ft 8+12 in) i Tia Hellebaut 3 March 2007 Birmingham
2.05 m (6 ft 8+12 in) 23 August 2008 Beijing
 United States 2.05 m (6 ft 8+12 in) Chaunte Lowe 26 June 2010 Des Moines
 Cuba 2.04 m (6 ft 8+14 in) Silvia Costa 9 September 1989 Barcelona
 Italy 2.04 m (6 ft 8+14 in) i Antonietta Di Martino 9 February 2011 Banská Bystrica
 Greece 2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in) Niki Bakogianni 3 August 1996 Atlanta
 Romania 2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in) i Monica Iagar 23 January 1999 Bucharest
 Spain 2.02 m (6 ft 7+12 in) Ruth Beitia 4 August 2007 San Sebastián
 Poland 2.02 m (6 ft 7+12 in) i Kamila Lićwinko 21 February 2015 Toruń
 Australia 2.02 m (6 ft 7+12 in) Nicola McDermott 7 August 2021 Tokyo
 Kazakhstan 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Olga Turchak 7 July 1986 Moscow
 Norway 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Hanne Haugland 13 August 1997 Zürich
 Lithuania 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) i Airinė Palšytė 4 March 2017 Belgrade
 Belarus 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in) Tatyana Shevchik 14 May 1993 Gomel
Karyna Taranda 5 July 2019 Lausanne
 Slovenia 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in) Britta Bilač 14 August 1994 Helsinki
 Czech Republic 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in) Zuzana Hlavoňová 5 June 2000 Prague
 Hungary 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in) Dóra Győrffy 26 July 2001 Nyíregyháza
 Uzbekistan 1.98 m (6 ft 5+34 in) Lyudmila Butuzova 10 June 1984 Sochi
 Canada 1.98 m (6 ft 5+34 in) Debbie Brill 2 September 1984 Rieti
 Saint Lucia 1.98 m (6 ft 5+34 in) Levern Spencer 8 May 2010 Athens
 Barbados 1.98 m (6 ft 5+34 in) i Akela Jones 11 March 2016 Birmingham
 United Kingdom 1.98 m (6 ft 5+34 in) Katarina Johnson-Thompson 12 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro
 China 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Jin Ling 7 May 1989 Hamamatsu
 Latvia 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Valentīna Gotovska 30 March 1992 Vilnius
 Austria 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Sigrid Kirchmann 21 August 1993 Stuttgart
 Moldova 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Olga Bolşova 5 September 1993 Rieti
 Argentina 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Solange Witteveen 19 May 2001 Manaus
 Dominican Republic 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Juana Rosario Arrendel 2 December 2002 San Salvador
 France 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) i Mélanie Melfort 5 February 2003 Dortmund
18 February 2007 Aubière
 Kyrgyzstan 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Tatyana Efimenko 11 July 2003 Rome
 Mexico 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Romary Rifka 4 April 2004 Xalapa
  Switzerland 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Salome Lang 27 June 2021 Langenthal
 Montenegro 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) Marija Vuković 27 June 2021 Smederevo
 Turkmenistan 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Galina Brigadnaya 13 September 1985 Alma Ata
 Slovakia 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) i Mária Melová 12 February 1997 Banská Bystrica
27 February 1999 Otterberg
 Japan 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Miki Imai 15 September 2001 Yokohama
 Estonia 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Anna Iljuštšenko 9 August 2011 Viljandi
 Finland 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) i Ella Junnila 7 March 2021 Toruń
 Ivory Coast 1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in) Lucienne N'Da 28 June 1992 Belle Vue Maurel
 Nigeria 1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in) Doreen Amata 3 July 2008 Abuja
16 July 2011 Eberstadt
1 September 2011 Daegu
 Ireland 1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in) Deirdre Ryan 1 September 2011 Daegu
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in) Tyra Gittens 13 May 2021 College Station
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Amra Temim 15 August 1987 Varaždin
 Serbia 16 September 1988 Thessaloniki
 Denmark 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Pia Zinck 8 August 1997 Athens
 Burkina Faso 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Irène Tiéndrebeogo 1 August 1999 Niort
 Vietnam 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Bui Thi Nhung 4 May 2005 Bangkok
 Thailand 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Noengrothai Chaipetch 14 December 2009 Vientiane
 Israel 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) i Danielle Frenkel 5 March 2011 Paris
 Turkey 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Burcu Ayhan 16 July 2011 Ostrava
 Netherlands 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) Nadine Broersen 14 August 2014 Zürich
 Colombia 1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in) A María Fernanda Murillo 1 May 2019 Medellín
 South Korea 1.93 m (6 ft 3+34 in) Kim Hui-seon 10 June 1990 Seoul
 Jamaica 1.93 m (6 ft 3+34 in) Sheree Francis 15 May 2010 Spanish Town
 Cyprus 1.93 m (6 ft 3+34 in) i Leontia Kallenou 13 March 2015 Fayetteville
1.93 m (6 ft 3+34 in) 15 May 2015 Starkville
 Brazil 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in) Orlane dos Santos 11 August 1989 Bogotá
 Albania 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in) Klodeta Gjini 22 August 1989 Tirana
 New Zealand 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in) Tania Dixon 26 January 1991 Dunedin
 India 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in) Sahana Kumari 23 June 2012 Hyderabad
 Seychelles 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in) A Lissa Labiche 9 May 2015 Potchefstroom
 Georgia 1.92 m (6 ft 3+12 in) Valentyna Liashenko 27 June 2015 Berdychiv
 Tajikistan 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) Yelena Gorobets 11 July 1981 Leningrad
 Antigua and Barbuda 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) Priscilla Frederick 22 July 2015 Toronto
 Iceland 1.90 m (6 ft 2+34 in) i Þórdis Gísladóttir 12 March 1983 Pontiac
 Guyana 1.90 m (6 ft 2+34 in) Najuma Fletcher 3 June 1995 Knoxville
11 August 1995 Gothenburg
 Venezuela 1.90 m (6 ft 2+34 in) Marierlis Rojas 29 March 2008 Ponce
 Armenia 1.89 m (6 ft 2+14 in) i Marina Kuporosova 24 January 1988 Baku
 Bahamas 1.89 m (6 ft 2+14 in) Saniel Atkinson-Grier 1 July 2012 Kingston
 Portugal 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) Sónia Carvalho 3 June 2001 Vila Real de Santo António
1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) i Naide Gomes 5 March 2004 Budapest
 Hong Kong 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) Yeung Man Wai 30 April 2017 Taipei City

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Competition Rules 2010-2011; In Force as from 1st November 2009" (PDF). International Association of Athletics Federations. p. 168; Rule 181 §§ 8, 9 [note marginal change lines]. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-11.; Locteau, Sebastien (4 December 2009). "IAAF Technical Rule Changes 2009/2010". RunIreland.com. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  2. ^ "C2.1: Technical Rulesv (In force from 1 November 2019 and amended on 31 January 2020*)". Book of Rules. World Athletics. pp. 59–65.
  3. ^ CoachR. "The HIGH JUMP". www.coachr.org. Archived from the original on 2017-03-30. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Rosenbaum, Mike (27 October 2017). "Illustrated High Jump Technique". Liveabout.com. Retrieved 19 August 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ a b High Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  8. ^ a b High Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  10. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  11. ^ "Justin Gatlin rolls back the years as tyro Barshim basks". zeenews.india.com. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  12. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  13. ^ Note: Drouin jumped imperial 7′ 10½″
  14. ^ "High Jump Results". Diamond League - Lausanne. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  15. ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  16. ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  17. ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  18. ^ Bob Ramsak (20 June 2019). "Miller-Uibo breaks 300m world best, Lasitskene tops 2.06m and Kirt joins 90-metre club in Ostrava". IAAF. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  19. ^ "Ukrainian teen Mahuchikh impresses with high jump of 2.06 metres". france24.com. 2 February 2021.
  20. ^ High Jump Differentials Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ 50 cm club - Alltime list in jump above own height Archived April 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]