High jump

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For other uses, see High jump (disambiguation).
Athletics
High jump
Yelena Slesarenko failing 2007.jpg
Men's records
World Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) (1993)
Olympic Charles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women's records
World Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) (1987)
Olympic Yelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. At the elite level, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Performed since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly more effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

The discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events to feature on the Olympic athletics programme. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and IAAF World Indoor Championships, and is a common occurrence at track and field meetings. The high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) set in 1993 – the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Rules[edit]

Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop

Jumpers must take off on one foot.

The rules for the high jump are set internationally by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance. The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.

The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. If two or more jumpers tie for first place, the tie-breakers are: 1) The fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) The fewest misses throughout the competition.

If the event remains tied for first place (or a limited advancement position to a subsequent meet), the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.[1]

History[edit]

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In the later years, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to modernise, starting with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors, but extending his back and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney achieved a more economic clearance and raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) in 1895.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in).

American and Soviet jumpers held the playing field for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most economical clearance up to that time. Straddle-jumper Charles Dumas was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m) in 1956, and American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 334 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.

Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 212 in).
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century. Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) indoors in 1978.

Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were: Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equaled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.

Technical aspects[edit]

The approach[edit]

Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

The approach of the high jump may actually be more important than the take off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward .[2]

The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean from the ankles on the curve and not the hips.[3] Unlike the "classic" straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their J approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall-out in mid-air.

An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation. This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at plant based on how long the jumper is on the takeoff foot. This information, together with the jumper's speed in the curve can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. This is a lot of work and requires measurements of running speed and time of takeoff foot on the ground. However, one can work in the opposite direction by assuming an approach radius and watching the resulting backward rotation. This only works if some basic rules are followed in how one executes the approach and takeoff.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row.[4] It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Declaring the winner[edit]

In competition the winner is the person who cleared the highest height. In case of a tie, fewer failed attempts at that height are better: i.e., the jumper who makes a height on his/her first attempt is placed ahead of someone who clears the same height on the second or third attempt. If there still is a tie here, all the failed attempts at lower heights are added up, the one with the fewest number of total misses is declared the winner. If still tied a playoff is held. Starting height is the next larger height after the overjumped one. If all the competitors clear the height, the bar is raised 2 cm (0.79 in), and if they fail, the bar is lowered 2 cm. That continues until only one competitor succeeds in overjumping that height, he or she is declared the winner.

  • In the table below, dashes indicate that a height was not attempted, crosses indicate failed attempts, and circles indicate a cleared height. Jumpers A and D cleared 1.99 m but failed at 2.01 m. A wins this competition having cleared the winning height with two attempts, while jumper D required three attempts. Similarly, B is ranked ahead of C having cleared the decisive height (i.e., 1.97m) in the first attempt.
Athlete 1.91 m 1.93 m 1.95 m 1.97 m 1.99 m 2.01 m Height Rank
A - - XO XO XO XXX 1.99 1st
B O - O O XXX 1.97 3rd
C O - XO XO X-- XX 1.97 4th
D - XO O XXO XXO XXX 1.99 2nd
E - O - XXX 5th

All-time top ten athletes[edit]

Men (outdoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date Ref
1 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Salamanca 27 July 1993
2 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) Brussels 5 September 2014 [9]
3 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Stockholm 30 June 1987
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) New York City 14 June 2014 [10]
5 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) Kobe 4 September 1985
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Doha 9 May 2014
7 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS) Donetsk 11 August 1985
 Sorin Matei (ROM) Bratislava 20 June 1990
 Charles Austin (USA) Zürich 7 August 1991
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) London 5 August 2000
 Derek Drouin (CAN) [11] Des Moines 25 April 2014
 Andriy Protsenko (UKR) Lausanne 3 July 2014 [12]

Women (outdoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date
1 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Rome 30 August 1987
2 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Zagreb 31 August 2009
3 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Lyudmila Andonova (BUL) Berlin 20 July 1984
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) Cheboksary 22 July 2011
5 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Eberstadt 26 July 2003
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Paris 31 August 2003
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Athens 28 August 2004
 Ariane Friedrich (GER) Berlin 14 June 2009
9 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Tamara Bykova (URS) Kiev 22 June 1984
 Heike Henkel (GER) Tokyo 31 August 1991
 Inha Babakova (UKR) Tokyo 15 September 1995
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) Beijing 23 August 2008
 Chaunté Lowe (USA) Des Moines 26 June 2010

Men (indoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date Ref
1 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Budapest 4 March 1989
2 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Carlo Thränhardt (FRG) Berlin 26 February 1988
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Prague 25 February 2014 [13]
4 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Piraeus 1 February 1987
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) Athlone 18 February 2015 [14]
6 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Hollis Conway (USA) Seville 10 March 1991
 Stefan Holm (SWE) Madrid 6 March 2005
 Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS) Arnstadt 8 February 2014
9 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) Cologne 24 February 1985
 Ralf Sonn (GER) Berlin 1 March 1991

Women (indoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date
1 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Arnstadt 6 February 2006
2 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Heike Henkel (GER) Karlsruhe 8 February 1992
3 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Athens 20 February 1988
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Arnstadt 6 February 2010
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) Arnstadt 4 February 2012
6 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Tia Hellebaut (BEL) Birmingham 3 March 2007
 Ariane Friedrich (GER) Karlsruhe 15 February 2009
8 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Alina Astafei (GER) Berlin 3 March 1995
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Budapest 7 March 2004
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) Banská Bystrica 9 February 2011

Olympic medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
 Ellery Clark (USA)  James Connolly (USA) none awarded
 Robert Garrett (USA)
1900 Paris
details
 Irving Baxter (USA)  Patrick Leahy (GBR)  Lajos Gönczy (HUN)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Samuel Jones (USA)  Garrett Serviss (USA)  Paul Weinstein (GER)
1908 London
details
 Harry Porter (USA)  Géo André (FRA)
none awarded
 Con Leahy (GBR)
 István Somodi (HUN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Alma Richards (USA)  Hans Liesche (GER)  George Horine (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Richmond Landon (USA)  Harold Muller (USA)  Bo Ekelund (SWE)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Osborn (USA)  Leroy Brown (USA)  Pierre Lewden (FRA)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Bob King (USA)  Benjamin Hedges (USA)  Claude Ménard (FRA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Duncan McNaughton (CAN)  Bob Van Osdel (USA)  Simeon Toribio (PHI)
1936 Berlin
details
 Cornelius Johnson (USA)  Dave Albritton (USA)  Delos Thurber (USA)
1948 London
details
 John Winter (AUS)  Bjørn Paulson (NOR)  George Stanich (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Walt Davis (USA)  Ken Wiesner (USA)  José da Conceição (BRA)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Charles Dumas (USA)  Chilla Porter (AUS)  Igor Kashkarov (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Robert Shavlakadze (URS)  Valeriy Brumel (URS)  John Thomas (USA)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Valeriy Brumel (URS)  John Thomas (USA)  John Rambo (USA)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Dick Fosbury (USA)  Ed Caruthers (USA)  Valentin Gavrilov (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Jüri Tarmak (URS)  Stefan Junge (GDR)  Dwight Stones (USA)
1976 Montreal
details
 Jacek Wszoła (POL)  Greg Joy (CAN)  Dwight Stones (USA)
1980 Moscow
details
 Gerd Wessig (GDR)  Jacek Wszoła (POL)  Jörg Freimuth (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1988 Seoul
details
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Hollis Conway (USA)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS)
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hollis Conway (USA)
 Tim Forsyth (AUS)
 Artur Partyka (POL)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Charles Austin (USA)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Sergey Klyugin (RUS)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Abderahmane Hammad (ALG)
2004 Athens
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Matt Hemingway (USA)  Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2008 Beijing
details
 Andrey Silnov (RUS)  Germaine Mason (GBR)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
2012 London
details
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Erik Kynard (USA)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)
 Derek Drouin (CAN)
 Robert Grabarz (GBR)

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Ethel Catherwood (CAN)  Lien Gisolf (NED)  Mildred Wiley (USA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Jean Shiley (USA)  Babe Didrikson (USA)  Eva Dawes (CAN)
1936 Berlin
details
 Ibolya Csák (HUN)  Dorothy Odam (GBR)  Elfriede Kaun (GER)
1948 London
details
 Alice Coachman (USA)  Dorothy Tyler (GBR)  Micheline Ostermeyer (FRA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Esther Brand (RSA)  Sheile Lerwill (GBR)  Aleksandra Chudina (URS)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Mildred McDaniel (USA)  Thelma Hopkins (GBR) none awarded
  Mariya Pisareva (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU)  Jarosława Jóźwiakowska (POL) none awarded
 Dorothy Shirley (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU)  Michele Brown (AUS)  Taisia Chenchik (URS)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Miloslava Rezková (TCH)  Antonina Okorokova (URS)  Valentina Kozyr (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)  Ilona Gusenbauer (AUT)
1976 Montreal
details
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)  Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)
1980 Moscow
details
 Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Urszula Kielan (POL)  Jutta Kirst (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Joni Huntley (USA)
1988 Seoul
details
 Louise Ritter (USA)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Alina Astafei (ROU)  Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Niki Bakogianni (GRE)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
 Oana Pantelimon (ROU)
2004 Athens
details
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Vita Styopina (UKR)
2008 Beijing
details
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2012 London
details
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)

World Championships medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Tyke Peacock (USA)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1987 Rome  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
 Igor Paklin (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo  Charles Austin (USA)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Hollis Conway (USA)
1993 Stuttgart  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg  Troy Kemp (BAH)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)
1997 Athens  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Tim Forsyth (AUS)
1999 Seville  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)  Mark Boswell (CAN)  Martin Buß (GER)
2001 Edmonton  Martin Buß (GER)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis  Jacques Freitag (RSA)  Stefan Holm (SWE)  Mark Boswell (CAN)
2005 Helsinki  Yuriy Krymarenko (UKR)  Víctor Moya (CUB)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka  Donald Thomas (BAH)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
2009 Berlin  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)  Sylwester Bednarek (POL)
 Raúl Spank (GER)
2011 Daegu  Jesse Williams (USA)  Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS)  Trevor Barry (BAH)
2013 Moscow  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Derek Drouin (CAN)

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Louise Ritter (USA)
1987 Rome  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Susanne Beyer (GDR)
1991 Tokyo  Heike Henkel (GER)  Yelena Yelesina (URS)  Inha Babakova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart  Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)  Silvia Costa (CUB)  Sigrid Kirchmann (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Alina Astafei (GER)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
1997 Athens  Hanne Haugland (NOR)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
 Olga Kaliturina (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Svetlana Lapina (RUS)
2001 Edmonton  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Marina Kuptsova (RUS)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2005 Helsinki  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Chaunte Howard (USA)  Emma Green (SWE)
2007 Osaka  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Ariane Friedrich (GER)
2011 Daegu  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2013 Moscow  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)  Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)

Athletes with most medals[edit]

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

  • 3 wins: Javier Sotomayor (CUB) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1993 & 1997
  • 3 wins: Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1987 & 1995
  • 2 wins: Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) - Olympic Champion in 1988, World Champion in 1983
  • 2 wins: Charles Austin (USA) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1991
  • 2 wins: Iolanda Balas (ROM) - Olympic Champion in 1960 & 1964
  • 2 wins: Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) - Olympic Champion in 1972 & 1984
  • 2 wins: Heike Henkel (GER) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1991
  • 2 wins: Hestrie Cloete (RSA) - World Champion in 2001 & 2003
  • 2 wins: Blanka Vlasic (CRO) - World Champion in 2007 & 2009
  • 2 wins: Anna Chicherova (RUS) - Olympic Champion in 2012, World Champion in 2011

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

Men[edit]

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 1 1 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 2 0 1 - - - 1 0 0 3 0 0 13 4 1
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 5 2 1 0 0 0 - - - 7 3 1
 Stefan Holm (SWE) 1 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 7 2 1
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 6 3 2
 Lee Jin-Taek (KOR) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 - - - 1 0 1 2 0 0 6 1 1
 Igor Paklin (URS) 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
 Valeriy Brumel (URS) 1 1 0 - - - - - - 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
 Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 2
 Charles Austin (USA) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 0 0 1 1 3 0 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 3 8 2
 Dragutin Topić (SRB) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 4
 Vladimir Yashchenko (URS) 0 0 0 - - - - - - 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 3 0 0
 Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 2 2 1
 Hollis Conway (USA) 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 3

Women[edit]

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Commonwealth
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) 1 1 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 1 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 13 2 0
 Sara Simeoni (ITA) 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 4 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 10 2 4
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO) 0 1 0 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 2 1
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA) 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 2 0
 Heike Henkel (FRG) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 6 1 3
 Iolanda Balaş (ROM) 2 0 0 - - - - - - 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 6 1 0
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) 0 0 1 1 0 2 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 4
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) 1 0 0 - - - - - - 1 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 0
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 - - - 4 4 2
 Tamara Bykova (URS) 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 - - - 4 2 2
Alina Astafei
(Romania & Germany)
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 4 3 2
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 4 0 0
 Ruth Beitia (ESP) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 4
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 - - - 3 2 0
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 - - - 3 1 1
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 3 1

Season's bests[edit]

As of June 5, 2015

  • "i" indicates indoor performance.

Height differentials[edit]

All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height.[15][16]

Men[edit]

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.59 m (1 ft 11 in) Stefan Holm 1.81 m (5 ft 1114 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
Franklin Jacobs 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)
3 0.58 m (1 ft 1034 in) Linus Thörnblad 1.80 m (5 ft 1034 in) 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)
Anton Riepl 1.75 m (5 ft 834 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)
Rick Noji 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)
6 0.57 m (1 ft 1014 in) Hollis Conway 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
7 0.56 m (1 ft 10 in) Takahiro Kimino 1.76 m (5 ft 914 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)
Charles Austin 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
Sorin Matei 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
10 0.55 m (1 ft 912 in) Robert Wolski 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)
Hari Shankar Roy 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) 2.25 m (7 ft 412 in)
Marcello Benvenuti 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)
Milton Ottey 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)

Women[edit]

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.35 m (1 ft 134 in) Antonietta Di Martino 1.69 m (5 ft 612 in) 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)
1 0.35 m (1 ft 134 in) Inika McPherson 1.65 m (5 ft 434 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
2 0.33 m (1 ft 034 in) Kajsa Bergqvist 1.75 m (5 ft 834 in) 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)
Niki Bakoyianni 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)
4 0.32 m (1 ft 012 in) Yolanda Henry 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
Emilia Dragieva 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
6 0.31 m (1 ft 0 in) Marie Collonvillé 1.63 m (5 ft 4 in) 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)
7 0.30 m (0 ft 1134 in) Jessica Ennis 1.65 m (5 ft 434 in) 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in)
Viktoriya Seryogina 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
Antonella Bevilacqua 1.69 m (5 ft 612 in) 1.99 m (6 ft 614 in)
Lyudmila Andonova 1.77 m (5 ft 912 in) 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)
Cindy Holmes 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)

Female two metres club[edit]

As of January 2014, 65 different female athletes had ever been able to jump 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in).[6][8] The following table shows the only ten countries from which more than one athlete has cleared that mark.

# Nations Athletes
16  Russia Anna Chicherova 2.07, Elena Slesarenko 2.06, Tamara Bykova 2.05, Irina Gordeeva 2.04, Marina Kuptsova 2.03,
Svetlana Shkolina 2.03, Tatyana Babashkina 2.03, Yelena Yelesina 2.02, Yelena Gulyayeva 2.01, Svetlana Lapina 2.00,
Ekaterina Savchenko 2.00, Larisa Kositsyna 2.00, Viktoriya Klyugina 2.00, Viktoriya Seryogina 2.00, Yuliya Lyakhova 2.00, Mariya Kuchina 2.00
8  United States Chaunté Lowe 2.05, Brigetta Barrett 2.04, Louise Ritter 2.03, Amy Acuff 2.01, Tisha Waller 2.01,
Coleen Sommer 2.00, Jan Wohlschlag 2.00, Tisha Waller 2.00, Yolanda Henry 2.00
 Germany Heike Henkel 2.07, Ariane Friedrich 2.06, Alina Astafei 2.04, Ulrike Meyfarth 2.03, Gabriele Günz 2.01, Heike Balck 2.01,
Daniela Rath 2.00, Meike Kröger 2.00
5  Bulgaria Stefka Kostadinova 2.09, Lyudmila Andonova 2.07, Venelina Veneva-Mateeva 2.04, Emilia Dragieva 2.00, Svetlana Isaeva-Leseva 2.00
 Ukraine Inha Babakova 2.05, Vita Styopina 2.02, Iryna Mykhalchenko 2.01, Vita Palamar 2.01, Lyudmila Avdeyenko 2.00
3  Italy Antonietta Di Martino 2.04, Sara Simeoni 2.01, Alessia Trost 2.00 m
 South Africa Hestrie Cloete 2.06, Desiré Du Plessis 2.01, Charmaine Gale-Weavers 2.00
2  Sweden Kajsa Bergqvist 2.08, Emma Green Tregaro 2.01
 Cuba Silvia Costa 2.04, Ioamnet Quintero 2.01
 East Germany Susanne Beyer 2.02, Rosemarie Ackermann 2.00
1  Greece Niki Bakogianni 2.03

National records[edit]

Updated July 2015.

Men[edit]

Nation Height Athlete Venue Date Ref
 Cuba 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) Javier Sotomayor Salamanca 27 July 1993
 Qatar 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in) Mutaz Essa Barshim Brussels 5 September 2014 [17]
 Sweden 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Patrik Sjöberg Stockholm 30 June 1987
 Russia 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) i Ivan Ukhov Prague 25 February 2014 [18]
 Germany 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) i Carlo Thränhardt Berlin 26 February 1988
 Ukraine 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Bohdan Bondarenko New York City 14 June 2014 [10]
 Kyrgyzstan 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in) Igor Paklin Kobe 4 September 1985
 Romania 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Sorin Matei Bratislava 20 June 1990
 United States 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Charles Austin Zürich 7 August 1991
 Canada 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Derek Drouin Des Moines 25 April 2014 [19]
 China 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Zhu Jianhua Beijing 1983-06-11
 Serbia 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Dragutin Topic Belgrad 1993-08-01
 Bahamas 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Troy Kemp Nice 1995-07-12
 Poland 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Artur Partyka Eberstadt 1996-08-18
 South Africa 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Jacques Freitag Oudtshoorn 2005-03-05
 Azerbaijan 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Valeriy Sereda Rieti 1984-09-02
 United Kingdom 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in) m Steve Smith Seoul 1992-09-20
Stuttgart 1993-08-22
Robbie Grabarz Lausanne 2012-08-23 [20]
 Belgium 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Eddy Annys Ghent 1985-05-26
 Slovakia 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Jan Zvara Prague 1987-08-23
 Czech Republic 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Jaroslav Baba Rome 2005-07-08
 Bermuda 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Clarence Saunders Auckland 1990-02-01
 Bulgaria 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Georgi Dakov Brussels 1990-08-10
 Greece 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Lambros Papakostas Athens 1992-07-21
 Australia 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Tim Forsyth Melbourne 1997-03-02
 Norway 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Steinar Hoen Oslo 1997-07-01
 Israel 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Konstantin Matusevich Perth 2000-02-05
 France 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) Jean-Charles Gicquel Paris 1994-03-13
 Cyprus 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) Kyriakos Ioannou Osaka 2007-08-29
 Lithuania 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Rolandas Verkys Warsaw 16 June 1991
 Spain 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Arturo Ortíz Barcelona 22 June 1991
 Belarus 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Andrey Sankovich Gomel 15 May 1993
 South Korea 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Lee Jin-Taek Seoul 20 June 1997
 Algeria 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Abderrahmane Hammad Algiers 14 July 2000
 Jamaica 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Germaine Mason Santo Domingo 9 August 2003
 Botswana 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Kabelo Kgosiemang Addis Ababa 4 May 2008
 Italy 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Gianmarco Tamberi Köln 1 July 2015 [21]
 Colombia 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Gilmar Mayo Pereira 17 October 1994
 Japan 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Naoyuki Daigo Kobe 2006-07-02
 Uzbekistan 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Gennadiy Belkov Tashkent 1982-05-29
 Slovenia 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Rožle Prezelj Maribor 2012-06-17
 Brazil 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Jessé de Lima Lausanne 2008-09-02
  Switzerland 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Roland Dalhäuser Eberstadt 1981-06-07
 Tajikistan 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Oleg Palaschevskiy Bryansk 1990-08-12
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Elvir Krehmic Zagreb 1998-07-07
 Saint Lucia 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Darvin Edwards Daegu 30 August 2011
 Finland 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Mika Polku Hämeenkyrö 22 July 2000
Toni Huikuri Bratislava 11 June 2002
 Netherlands 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Wilbert Pennings Eberstadt 7 August 1999 [22]
 Peru 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Hugo Munoz Lima 29 October 1995
 Estonia 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Marko Turban Rakvere 5 June 1996
 Latvia 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Normunds Sietiņš Nurmijärvi 20 July 1992
 Ireland 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Adrian O'Dwyer Algiers 24 June 2004
 Syria 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in) Majededdin Ghazal Pathum Thani 25 June 2015 [23]
 Iceland 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Einar Karl Hjartarson Reykjavík 20 February 2001
 Cameroon 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Fernand Djoumessi Bühl 19 June 2014 [24]
 Hungary 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) László Boros Debrecen 6 July 2005
 Sudan 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) i Mohamed Younes Idris Bordeaux 23 February 2014 [25]
2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Namur 27 May 2015 [26]
 Chinese Taipei 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Hsiang Chun-Hsien Gwangju 10 July 2015 [27]
 Antigua and Barbuda 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) James Grayman Pergine Valsugana 7 July 2007
 Malaysia 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Lee Hup Wei Beijing 25 May 2008
 Sri Lanka 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Manjula Kumara Wijesekara Colombo 23 July 2004
Incheon 4 September 2005
 Lebanon 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Jean-Claude Rabbath Beirut 23 April 2004
Bucharest 12 June 2004
 Venezuela 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Eure Yáñez São Paulo 4 May 2014 [28]
 San Marino 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Eugenio Rossi Caprino Veronese 28 June 2015 [29]
 Puerto Rico 2.26 m (7 ft 434 in) Luis Castro Garbsen 18 May 2014 [30]
São Paulo 3 August 2014 [31]
 Iran 2.26 m (7 ft 434 in) Keivan Ghanbarzadeh Shiraz 20 April 2012 [32]
Bangkok 22 June 2015 [33]
 Egypt 2.25 m (7 ft 412 in) Karim Samir Lotfy Eberstadt 27 June 2008
 Saudi Arabia 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Nawaf Ahmad Al-Yami Salzburg 15 June 2013
 Panama 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Alexander Bowen Jr. Albany 9 May 2015 [34]
 Mali 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Abdoulaye Diarra Bamako 19 May 2013
 United Arab Emirates 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Sayed Abbas Al-Alaoui Doha 10 April 2013
 Trinidad and Tobago 2.15 m (7 ft 012 in) Daniel Kashef San Marcos 11 May 2014 [35]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2.15 m (7 ft 012 in) Jermaine Francis Cali 31 May 2015 [36]
 Albania 2.11 m (6 ft 11 in) Muhamet Abazi Tirana 6 July 1988
 Suriname 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Miguel van Assen Nassau 31 March 2013
 Kiribati 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in) David Birati Cairns 10 May 2015 [37]
 Malta 1.87 m (6 ft 112 in) Edward Calleja Marsa 17 June 1998

Women[edit]

Nation Height Athlete Venue Date Ref
 Bulgaria 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) Stefka Kostadinova Rome 1987-08-30
 Sweden 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Kajsa Bergqvist Arnstadt 2006-02-04
 Croatia 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Blanka Vlašić Zagreb 2009-08-31
 Germany 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Heike Henkel Karlsruhe 1992-02-08
 Russia 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Anna Chicherova Cheboksary 2011-07-22
 South Africa 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Hestrie Cloete Paris 2003-08-31
 Ukraine 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Inga Babakova Tokyo 1995-09-15
 Belgium 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Tia Hellebaut Birmingham 2007-03-03
 United States 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Chaunte Lowe Des Moines 2010-06-26
 Cuba 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Silvia Costa Barcelona 1989-09-09
 Italy 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Antonietta Di Martino Banská Bystrica 2011-02-09
 Greece 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Niki Bakogianni Atlanta 1996-08-03
 Romania 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Monica Iagar Bucharest 1999-01-23
 Spain 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in) Ruth Beitia San Sebastián 2007-08-04
 Poland 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in) i Kamila Lićwinko Toruń 21 February 2015 [38]
 Kazakhstan 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Olga Turchak Moscow 7 July 1986
 Norway 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Hanne Haugland Zürich 13 August 1997
 Yugoslavia 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Biljana Petrović Saint-Denis 1990-06-22
 Belarus 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Tatyana Shevchik Gomel 1993-05-14
 Czech Republic 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Zuzana Hlavoňová Prague 2000-06-05
 Slovenia 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Britta Bilač Helsinki 1994-08-14
 Hungary 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Dóra Győrffy Nyíregyháza 2001-07-26
 Uzbekistan 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Lyudmila Butuzova Sochi 10 June 1984
Svetlana Radzivil Cottbus 22 May 2008
Nadiya Dusanova Cottbus 17 July 2008
 Canada 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Debbie Brill Rieti 1984-09-02
 Australia 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Alison Inverarity Ingolstadt 1989-02-12
 Saint Lucia 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Levern Spencer Athens, GA 2010-05-08
 Lithuania 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Airinė Palšytė Kaunas 27 July 2014 [39]
1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Eberstadt 24 August 2014
1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) i Cottbus 27 January 2015 [40]
1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) i Klaipéda 20 February 2015
 China 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Jin Ling Hamamatsu 1989-05-07
 Latvia 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Valentīna Gotovska Vilnius 1992-30-03
 Austria 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Sigrid Kirchmann Stuttgart 1993-08-21
 Moldova 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Olga Bolşova Rieti 1993-09-05
 Argentina 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Solange Witteveen Manaus 2001-05-19
 Dominican Republic 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Juana Rosario Arrendel San Salvador 2002-12-02
 France 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) i Mélanie Melfort Dortmund 5 February 2003
Aubière 18 February 2007
 Kyrgyzstan 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Tatyana Efimenko Rome 11 July 2003
 Mexico 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Romary Rifka Xalapa 4 April 2004
 United Kingdom 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) i Katarina Johnson-Thompson Sheffield 14 February 2015 [41]
Isobel Pooley Birmingham 4 July 2015 [42]
 Estonia 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Anna Iljuštšenko Viljandi 9 August 2011
 Japan 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Miki Imai Yokohama 15 September 2001
 Ireland 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in) Deirdre Ryan Daegu 1 September 2011
 Israel 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) i Danielle Frenkel Paris 5 March 2011
 Vietnam 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Bui Thi Nhung Bangkok 4 May 2005
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Amra Temim Varaždin 15 August 1987
 Serbia 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Amra Temim Thessaloniki 16 September 1988
 Netherlands 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Nadine Broersen Zürich 14 August 2014 [43]
 Colombia 1.93 m (6 ft 334 in) Caterine Ibargüen Cali 22 July 2005
 Turkey 1.93 m (6 ft 334 in)[44] Candeğer Oğuz Istanbul 16 May 2004
 Cyprus 1.93 m (6 ft 334 in) i Leontia Kallenou Fayetteville 13 March 2015 [45]
1.93 m (6 ft 334 in) Starkville 15 May 2015 [46]
 Brazil 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Orlane dos Santos Bogotá 11 August 1989
 Finland 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Hanna Mikkonen Tampere 12 June 2005
 Seychelles 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in) A Lissa Labiche Potchefstroom 9 May 2015 [47]
 Antigua and Barbuda 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) Priscilla Frederick Toronto 22 July 2015 [48]
 Barbados 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) Akela Jones Toronto 22 July 2015 [49]
 Bahamas 1.87 m (6 ft 112 in) i Saniel Atkinson Grier Nashville 24 January 2014 [50]
Blacksburg 8 February 2014 [51]
 Georgia 1.86 m (6 ft 1 in) i Valentyna Liashenko Lviv 17 January 2015 [52]
 Dominica 1.85 m (6 ft 034 in) i Thea LaFond Clemson 27 February 2014 [53]
1.85 m (6 ft 034 in) Gainesville 3 April 2015 [54]
 Luxembourg 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) i Elodie Tshilumba Kirchberg 7 February 2015 [55]
 Singapore 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) Michelle Sng Laguna 19 March 2015 [56]
 Iran 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) Sepideh Tavakkoli Incheon 28 September 2014 [57]
 Morocco 1.81 m (5 ft 1114 in) i Ghizlane Siba Manhattan 13 December 2014 [58]
 Malaysia 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Yap Sean Yee Hanoi 27 June 2013
Shabana Khanum Jalal Din Bangkok 5 May 2005
 Ethiopia 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Ariyat Dibow Ubang Marrakech 12 August 2014 [59]
 Anguilla 1.77 m (5 ft 912 in) Shinelle Proctor Fayetteville 31 May 2014 [60]
 Uruguay 1.76 m (5 ft 914 in) Lorena Aires Buenos Aires 27 March 2015 [61]
 Lebanon 1.72 m (5 ft 712 in) Carine Bitchakjin Jamhour 11 August 2000
 Curaçao 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) Sharyaane Gijsbertha Nassau 1 April 2013 [62]
 Guinea 1.65 m (5 ft 434 in) i Fatoumata Balley Nogent-sur-Oise 7 January 2015 [63]
 Malta 1.61 m (5 ft 314 in) Chloe Gambin Marsa 19 February 2011
 Suriname 1.60 m (5 ft 234 in) Deborah Galon Willemstad 10 March 2013
Nassau 1 April 2013 [62]
 Oman 1.50 m (4 ft 11 in) Buthayna Ayed Al-Yacoobi Debrecen 11 July 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] iaaf rules
  2. ^ Straddle Technique
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ High Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  6. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  7. ^ High Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  8. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/sports/others/justin-gatlin-rolls-back-the-years-as-tyro-barshim-basks_1465688.html
  10. ^ a b "High Jump Results". IAAF. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Note: Drouin jumped imperial 7'10 ½"
  12. ^ "High Jump Results". Diamond League - Lausanne. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  13. ^ [4]. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
  14. ^ Jon Mulkeen (18 February 2015). "Barshim improves Asian indoor high jump record to 2.41m in Athlone". IAAF. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  15. ^ High Jump Differentials
  16. ^ 50 cm club - Alltime list in jump above own height
  17. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  18. ^ Phil Minshull (24 February 2014). "Ukhov stock continue to rise as the russian jumps 2.42 in Prague". IAAF. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Derek Drouin sets Canadian record in high jump, clears 2.40 metres". www.montreal.ctvnews.ca. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  20. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Landesrekord: Tamberi siegt mit 2,34m" (in German). dshs-koeln.de. 2 July 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  22. ^ "Athlete profile for Wilbert Pennings". IAAF. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "Asian Grand Prix 2015 – Leg 2 Results" (PDF). AAA. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  24. ^ "Kameruner Djoumessi Sieger des Hochsprungmeetings in Bühl" (in German). www.tagblatt.de. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  25. ^ Larry Eder (24 February 2014). "National Indoor Champs in Europe, from EME News". www.runblogrun.com. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Atletissima Namur 2015 Complete Results" (PDF). atletissima.eu. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  27. ^ "High Jump Results". gwangju2015.com. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  28. ^ Carmen Aular (6 May 2014). "Entre líneas deportivas del CNP Caracas" (in Spanish). www.cnpcaracas.org. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  29. ^ "Salto in alto, strepitoso Eugenio Rossi: vola a 2,27" (in Italian). smtvsanmarino.sm. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "Garbsen (Germany), 18.5.2014 –Springermeeting". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. May 18, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  31. ^ "High Jump Results". CBAt. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  32. ^ ركورد پرش ارتفاع ایران شكسته شد. www.iaaf.ir (in Persian). 20 April 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  33. ^ "Asian Grand Prix 2015 – Leg 1" (PDF). Asian Athletics Association. 23 June 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  34. ^ "Ualbany Purple & Gold Last Chance Meet 2015 High Jump Results". directathletics.com. 9 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  35. ^ "High Jump Results". www.results.deltatiming.com. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "Athletes pick up medals at Pan Am Youth Championships". miyvue.com. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  37. ^ "High Jump Results". qldathletics.org.au. 10 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  38. ^ "59 HMP: niesamowita Kamila Lićwinko skacze 2.02!" (in Polish). PZLA. 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  39. ^ "Kaunas (Lithuania), 26-27.7.2014 –National Championships-". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  40. ^ "13. Internationales Springer Meeting 2015 Results" (PDF). www.springermeeting-cottbus.de. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  41. ^ "Katarina Johnson-Thompson breaks British indoor high-jump record". The Guardian. 14 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  42. ^ Jason Henderson (4 July 2015). "High jumper flies to top of the UK all-time outdoor rankings with 1.97m at Sainsbury’s British Championships". athleticsweekly.com. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  43. ^ "Heptathlon - High Jump Results". European Athletics. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  44. ^ Website of Turkish Athleticism Federation
  45. ^ "High Jump Results". ncaa.com. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  46. ^ "High Jump Result". directathletics.com. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  47. ^ "SA OPEN CHAMPS, DAY TWO RESULTS". allathletics.co.za. 10 May 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  48. ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). results.toronto2015.org. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  49. ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). results.toronto2015.org. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  50. ^ "Vanderbilt Invitational 2014 Results" (PDF). www.cfpitiming.com. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  51. ^ "Doc Hale Virginia Tech Elite 2014 Results". www.virginiasports.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  52. ^ "Lviv (Ukraine), 17.1.2015 –Demyanyuk Memorial-". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. 18 January 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  53. ^ "Pentathlon Results". www.flashresults.com. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  54. ^ "Florida Relays 2015 – Friday College/Open Field Events Results" (PDF). gatorzone.com. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  55. ^ "Bob Bertemes knackt 20-m-Marke im Kugelstoßen" (in German). Luxemburger Wort. 7 February 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  56. ^ "Philippine National Open-Invitational Complete Results" (PDF). SAA. 22 March 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  57. ^ "Heptathlon High Jump Results". www.incheon2014ag.org. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  58. ^ "High Jump Results". www.tfrrs.org. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  59. ^ "African Championships Day 3 Results" (PDF). www.marrakech2014.com. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  60. ^ "High Jump Results". www.tfrrs.org. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  61. ^ "Cuatro medallas y un récord" (in Spanish). atlecau.org.uy. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  62. ^ a b "CARIFTA Games 2013 Results". www.bah.milesplit.com. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  63. ^ "Fatoumata Balley 2015 Results". www.bases.athle.com. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 

External links[edit]