Highbridge and Burnham railway station

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Highbridge & Burnham National Rail
Highbridge station 34169.jpg
Location
Place Highbridge
Local authority Sedgemoor, Somerset
Coordinates 51°13′06″N 2°58′19″W / 51.2184°N 2.9719°W / 51.2184; -2.9719Coordinates: 51°13′06″N 2°58′19″W / 51.2184°N 2.9719°W / 51.2184; -2.9719
Grid reference ST322470
Operations
Station code HIG
Managed by Great Western Railway
Number of platforms 2
DfT category F1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2002/03   91,010
2004/05 Increase 0.107 million
2005/06 Increase 0.117 million
2006/07 Increase 0.120 million
2007/08 Increase 0.144 million
2008/09 Increase 0.145 million
2009/10 Increase 0.148 million
2010/11 Increase 0.157 million
2011/12 Increase 0.167 million
2012/13 Decrease 0.160 million
2013/14 Increase 0.169 million
2014/15 Increase 0.190 million
History
Original company Bristol and Exeter Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
1841 Main line opened
1854 Branch opened
1962 Renamed 'Highbridge
& Burnham-on-Sea'
1966 Branch closed
1974 Renamed 'Highbridge'
1991 Renamed 'Higbridge & Burnham'
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Highbridge & Burnham from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Highbridge and Burnham railway station is situated on the Bristol to Taunton Line within the town of Highbridge, Somerset, and also serves the neighbouring town of Burnham-on-Sea. It is unstaffed but managed by Great Western Railway who operate all the regular services.

Until 1966 the station also had platforms on the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway line which crossed the main line on the level at the north end of the station.

History[edit]

Somerset & Dorset platform in 1962

The station was opened as 'Highbridge' on 14 June 1841, when the Bristol and Exeter Railway (B&ER) engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, opened its broad gauge line as far as Bridgwater. A road crossed the line at the north end of the platforms, and a goods shed was provided beyond this on the west side of the line. The B&ER was amalgamated with the Great Western Railway (GWR) on 1 January 1876.

Somerset & Dorset Joint Railway[edit]

On 28 August 1854 the Somerset Central Railway was opened from Highbridge to Glastonbury. This later became the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway (S&DJR), but it was worked by the Bristol and Exeter company and was also broad gauge for the first few years and a connection was provided between the two railways in the goods yard. A separate set of platforms to the east of the existing/current B&ER platforms were provided on this S&DJR line. This S&DJR side of the station eventually consisted of two terminus platforms, and two through platforms to service an extension line that continued via Highbridge Wharf (where most of the S&DJR goods traffic was also handled) and onwards to Burnham-on-Sea. To reach the extension, the S&DJR line crossed the B&ER main line on the level just north of the road bridge.

Highbridge was also the site of the S&DJR's locomotive works, which closed in 1930 after the motive power of the line was taken over by the London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS), whilst its joint-venture owning partner the Southern Railway (SR) took over civil engineering and line operations. The associated small engine shed remained open until the line and station finally shut in 1966.

British Railways[edit]

Following the nationalisation of the railways, the former S&DJR line platforms were shown in timetables from 26 September 1949 as 'Highbridge East', and the B&ER/GWR line platforms were known as 'Highbridge West' from 5 May 1950. To allow access to all platforms at the station, the companies had jointly created a splayed-out footbridge design to span both the B&ER/GWR platforms, as well as the S&DJR platforms. BR civil engineers replaced this with a modern pebble-dash concrete footbridge in the 1950s.

Regular through trains to Burnham ceased on 29 October 1951, though the former extension line remained open for occasional summer special trains until 8 September 1962. Following this closure the station became 'Highbridge and Burnham-on-Sea' on 30 June 1962.

With the former S&DJR lines consolidated into the operations of the Western Region of British Rail, they were resultantly run down by the now controlling former-GWR staff. The remaining S&DJR line passenger services to Evercreech Junction were withdrawn on 7 March 1966, with only milk trains continuing to run on the former S&DJR line as far as Bason Bridge. A new connection from the southbound B&ER/GWR main line was installed 4 April 1971, to allow fly ash carrying trains to access the M5 motorway construction works across the Somerset levels, and thereby raise the motorway above the flooding point of the local water course. All trains were withdrawn and the stub of the former S&DJR line closed on 2 October 1972; goods traffic at Highbridge itself had ceased on 2 November 1964.

On 6 May 1974 the 'and Burnham-on-Sea' was dropped and the station reverted to its original name of 'Highbridge', but became 'Highbridge and Burnham' on 17 May 1991.

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Brent Knoll   Great Western Railway
Former Bristol and Exeter Railway
  Dunball
Bason Bridge   Somerset & Dorset Joint Railway
LSWR & Midland Railways
  Burnham-on-Sea

Description[edit]

Looking southwards
Highbridge railway station
to Bristol
former goods depot
to Burnham-on-Sea
Highbridge and Burnham
to Evercreech Junction
to Taunton

All of the original B&ER/GWR and S&DJR buildings have all been demolished, replaced on both platforms by metal and glass bus shelters. The track of the former S&DJR lines is now hard to trace, being obliterated under new construction, both westwards to Burnham and eastwards to Glastonbury. There is no trace of the former S&DJR platforms, engine shed or works, all of which are now beneath new housing to the east of platform No.1. A couple of old wagon wheels sit on a short length of track on a plinth within the Highbridge industrial estate, as a reminder of Highbridge's railway past. Part of the site of the former B&ER/GWR goods yard to the north of the station/road bridge remains, although the goods shed was demolished in the 1980s, and now lies in part beneath a newly developed Asda supermarket.

The last remaining piece of historic infrastructure was the 1950s BR replacement footbridge, which had been truncated in the 1960s following the closure of the S&DJR platforms, giving it a splayed-out access route from the eastern platform No.1. It remained in place until 1 December 2013, when due to concrete cancer it was replaced by a new metal structure by Network Rail contractors.[1][2]

The main entrance to the station is on the town (western) side of the line and this gives access to the northern-bound, towards Weston-super-Mare and Bristol Temple Meads platform No.2. The southern-bound, towards Bridgwater and Taunton platform No.1, can be reached by the footbridge or through the housing estate that occupies the site of the former S&DJR platforms. Both main line platforms extend south across the tidal River Brue, and are sited slightly below sea level.[3]

A loop on the west side of the line south of the station can be used by goods trains in either direction, southbound trains crossing over to run wrong line through the northbound No.2 platform to do so. This crossing also allows terminating passenger trains from the north to reverse here if required.

Services[edit]

A Class 158 calls at the southbound platform.

The station and all train services are operated by Great Western Railway. The basic weekday service pattern comprises one train in each direction each hour, most of which operate to and from Cardiff Central and Taunton, but with fewer services on Sundays.[4]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Weston-super-Mare   Great Western Railway
Bristol to Taunton Line
  Bridgwater

Local transport[edit]

The main station is located to the eastern side of Highbridge town centre, a short .25 miles (0.40 km) flat walk along the B3139 Market Street, past The Co-operative Food supermarket to the A38 road. A further 2 miles (3.2 km)[5] walk or cycle westwards mainly alongside the River Brue, following the approximate flat path way of the former S&DJR extension route, takes the traveller into Burnham-on-Sea. Bus services run hourly to/from the station, but a more regular and further travelling timetable runs from the bus stops located on the nearby A38.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Johnston, Howard (25 December 2013). "Regional News". RAIL. Haymarket Media (738): 24. 
  2. ^ Highbridge's railway station footbridge is dismantled Burnham-on-Sea.com; Retrieved 9 October 2015
  3. ^ Body, p91
  4. ^ "Table 134: Gloucester - Taunton" (PDF). Electronic National Rail Timetable. Network Rail. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  5. ^ http://www.burnham-on-sea.com/rail.shtml

References[edit]

  • Body, G (1983). PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Western Region. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-546-0. 
  • Cooke, RA (1979). Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR, Section 16: West Somerset. Harwell: RA Cooke. 
  • Daniels, Gerald David; Dench, Leslie Alan (May 1973) [1964]. Passengers No More (2nd ed.). Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 61. ISBN 0-7110-0438-2. OCLC 2554248. 1513 CEC 573. 
  • Oakley, Mike (2006). Somerset Railway Stations. Bristol: Redcliffe Press. ISBN 1-904537-54-5. 

External links[edit]