List of universities in Greece

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Higher education in Greece)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Universities in Greece form one part of constitutionally-recognized institutions[1] with degree awarding powers. According to Greece's Constitution, higher education institutions (HEIs) include universities, polytechnics, some specialist HEIs, and formerly technological educational institutes (TEIs). In Greece, all universities are publicly owned and funded having state-accredited university title and authorization of university degree awarding powers at level 6 (first cycle qualification, bachelor's level) under the Bologna Process[2][3] and the National Qualification Framework of Greece which is officially named Hellenic Qualification Framework (HQF; Greek: Ελληνικό Πλαίσιο Προσόντων).[4][5]

The power to award Greek university degrees is regulated by law and it is an offence for an institution to award a Greece university degree if it is not public and state-owned. The State University System of Greece operates on the term system of two semesters per academic year,[6][7][8] has the national curriculum (national education system) set forth by the Ministry of Education of Greece (Υ.ΠΑΙ.Θ.).[9][10]

Higher education institutions[edit]

Higher education institutions' (HEIs; Greek: Ανώτατα Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα) undergraduate programmes in Greece are government funded and have free education without any payment of tuition fee. About one-fourth of postgraduate programmes are offered without tuition and 30% of students can be entitled to attend tuition-free postgraduate programmes after they are assessed on individual criteria.[11][12] The Hellenic Qualification Framework (HQF) sets out the different levels of education qualifications and the requirements for each of these and is linked to the European Qualifications Framework (EQF),[13] and thus to other qualifications frameworks across the European Union. The regulated framework for Greece higher education qualifications, which is tied to the HQF, covers degree-levels qualifications of Greece degree-awarding bodies and is linked to the Qualifications Framework in the European Higher Education Area (QF-EHEA)[14] established by the Bologna process where Greece is a full member since 1999. Joining to the Bologna process Greece began education reforms in order to get higher education meeting the common European Union standards. Now the process is implemented in all higher education institutions. The programmes of EHEA are set at three levels of study which are usually referred to as the three cycle system.

First (entry level), a four-year cycle of study at EQF level 6 to attain a bachelor's degree or its equivalent (Greek: Πτυχίο; transliterated to Ptychio in dhimotiki from 1976–present; or defunt Πτυχίον; Ptychion in polytonic, katharevousa up until 1976).[15] A second cycle of study follows at EQF level 7 lasting one or two years to attain a master's degree (Greek: μεταπτυχιακό δίπλωμα ειδίκευσης (Μ.Δ.Ε.), lit.'postgraduate specialized diploma', also known as: δίπλωμα μεταπτυχιακών σπουδών (Δ.Μ.Σ.), 'diploma of postgraduate studies') or equivalent, which is distinguished from a postgraduate diploma, typically having 120 ECTS, as opposed to a full master's degree which usually has 180. The third cycle of study at EQF level 8, lasting three years, awards a doctoral degree (Greek: διδακτορικό δίπλωμα) or equivalent.

Universities and technical universities[edit]

Universities (Greek: Πανεπιστήμια)[16] can grant one or more of bachelor's, master's, integrated master's and doctorate's degrees. The undergraduate programme of study for most disciplines is four years with awarded qualification in line with the Bologna process legal equivalent to a bachelor's degree, 240 ECTS, at level 6 of Greece's National Qualification Framework (NQF),[17] European Qualifications Framework (EQF), or International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).[18][19] The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA) offers English-taught 4-year undergraduate programme (with tuition) in Archaeology, History, and Literature of Ancient Greece.[20][21][22] The Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh) School of Medicine[23][24] offers a 6-year English-taught undergraduate programme (with tuition) for foreign citizens, also the University Center of International Programmes of Studies (UCIPS) of the public International Hellenic University (IHU) offers postgraduate programmes fully taught in English (with tuition).

Technical universities, also known as polytechnics (Greek: Πολυτεχνεία), grant degrees at the integrated master's,[11] master's, and doctorate level. In specific disciplines, only the undergraduate programme is five years with awarded qualification (Greek: Δίπλωμα, Latinised version: Diploma) that is legally equivalent to an integrated master's degree, which is often the standard route to chartered status for a regulated profession in Greece. The integrated master's degree is a specialized degree corresponding to a master-level degree which has integrated part of an undergraduate degree. It is also called an undergraduate master's degree, where instead of studying for two separate degrees, a student will study for a single, longer programme. The most common integrated master's is in engineering, for example a Dipl.-Eng or Dip.Arch.Eng/M.Arch, and also others along with some programmes in the fine arts.

In medical schools, six years of studying are required to earn a bachelor's degree.

In addition to earning an academic degree in specific disciplines only, state license is required to practice independently within the country of Greece, and some disciplines have further licensing requirements to bestow a recognized appellation (chartered accountant, attorney at law, doctor of medicine, etc.). Diploma is a prerequisite for registration as a chartered professional, so it is also known as professional degree. The use of specific professional titles for some professions is legally regulated. For a regulated profession, access to professional practice requires holding a particular specific degree (e.g. professional degree), taken special exams that are required to earn state practice credential such as it must pass the National Council Licensure Examination, a period of practical training under supervision similar to internship, and/or registration with a professional body.

Universities and Technical Universities
University Campuses
Agricultural University of Athens[25] Athens (main), Amfissa, Karpenisi, Thebes
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki[26] Thessaloniki (main), Serres
Athens School of Fine Arts Agios Ioannis Rentis, Athens
Athens University of Economics and Business[27] Athens
Democritus University of Thrace[28][29] Komotini (main), Alexandroupoli, Orestiada, Xanthi
Harokopio University of Athens[30] Athens
Hellenic Mediterranean University[31] Heraklion (main), Agios Nikolaos, Chania, Sitia
Hellenic Open University[32] Patras
International Hellenic University[33] Thessaloniki (main), Drama, Didymoteicho, Edessa, Katerini, Kavala, Kilkis, Serres
Ionian University[34] Corfu (main), Argostoli, Zakynthos, Lefkada, Lixouri
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens[35] Athens (main), Psachna
National Technical University of Athens[36] Athens
Panteion University[37] Athens
Technical University of Crete[38] Chania
University of the Aegean[39] Mytilene (main), Chios, Ermoupoli, Karlovasi, Myrina, Rhodes
University of Crete[40] Rethymno (main), Heraklio
University of Ioannina[41] Ioannina (main), Arta, Preveza
University of Macedonia[42] Thessaloniki
University of Patras[43] Patras (main), Aigio, Agrinio, Amaliada, Messolonghi, Pyrgos
University of Peloponnese[44] Tripoli (main), Corinth, Kalamata, Nafplio, Patras, Sparta
University of Piraeus[45] Piraeus, Athens
University of Thessaly[46] Volos (main), Larissa, Lamia, Karditsa, Trikala
University of West Attica[47][48][49][50][51] Aigaleo, Athens
University of Western Macedonia[52] Kozani (main), Florina, Grevena, Kastoria
School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (ASPETE)[53] Irakleio, Athens

University rankings in Greece[edit]

An external evaluation of all Greek universities was conducted by the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA).[54]

The following universities rank in at least one of the four major global rankings:[55][56][57]

University QS World[58] CWTS Leiden[59] THE World[60]
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens 651-700 747 401-500
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 571-580 629 601–800
National Technical University of Athens 477 355 601–800
University of Patras 751-800 647 801–1000
University of Crete 801-1000 445 351–400
University of Ioannina 440 601–800
Athens University of Economics and Business 801-1000 601-800
Democritus University of Thrace 826 1001+
University of the Aegean 801–1000
University of Thessaly 807 601–800

Technological educational institutes[edit]

Technological educational institutes (TEIs; Greek: Τεχνολογικά Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα) was a classification of Greek public HEIs (government subsidised) from 1983 to 2019, also called Technological Educational Institutes (TEIs) of Higher Education, Technological Institutes, Institutes of Technology, and Technological Universities.

The undergraduate degree programmes, for which by default includes one-time 960 hours internship term known as practical training semester,[61] consisted of four years and 240 ECTS-credits, previously a three and a half years (law 1404/24-11-1983, 1983-1995) and 210 ECTS, in line with the Bologna Process equivalent to a Level 6 ISCED bachelor's degree; the postgraduate degree programmes were one-and-a-half years full-time or three years part-time with 90 credits and awarded qualification equivalent to a master's degree, ISCED 7. All TEIs in Greece were reformed between 2013 and 2019 and their departments incorporated into existing Higher Education Institutions.

Former HEIs[edit]

HEIs are defunct due to either closure or merger. Such events include:

The progressive education reforms of the "ATHENA" reform plan restructured higher education from 2013 to 2019.[62][63]

Mergers of TEIs in 2018–2019:

Specialist HEIs[edit]

Military HEIs offer 4-year undergraduate programs which lead to a bachelor's degree-level in military studies. They have been called Higher Military Education Institutions (ASEI; Greek: Ανώτατα Στρατιωτικά Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα). Since 2010, they have offered studies for master's degree-level specialized diplomas and doctoral degrees. They conduct officer training for the Hellenic Armed Forces and have been considered national defense universities since 1961. Students at Military Forces Academies are referred to as cadets and receive a monthly stipend during education. All cadets reside on campus and receive meals in dining halls. Cadets are not referred to as freshmen, sophomores, juniors, or seniors but instead fourth class, third class, second class, and first class cadets, respectively. All foreign cadets are commissioned into the military forces of their home countries. Upon graduation, all cadets become commissioned as second lieutenants, entry-level rank, and are employed in the Hellenic Armed Forces for a compulsory minimum term of duty service.

Non-HEIs[edit]

In Greece, private colleges are not considered universities and are not recognized as HEIs or degree-awarding bodies by the Greek government. The Post-secondary Education Centres (Greek: Κέντρα Μεταλυκειακής Εκπαίδευσης; ΚΕΜΕ) accredited by the Ministry of Education to which the Private Colleges belong, also they can be called Post-secondary Colleges (non-tertiary), they are bodies of non-typical education (φορείς μη τυπικής εκπαίδευσης) known as non-formal education bodies.[78][79][80] According to the State Constitution of Greece, "education at university level must be provided exclusively by institutions which are fully self-governed public law legal bodies".[81][82][83][84][85] This prohibits private companies from operating post-secondary education that provides studies at Level 6 and higher on the Greek Qualifications Framework. However, it does not prohibit colleges from collaborating in Greece with foreign universities to offer undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.[86][87][88]

Founded in 1998, the Hellenic Colleges Association (HCA; Greek: Σύνδεσμος Ελληνικών Ιδιωτικών Κολλεγίων) is the representative official body for the Greece located private colleges.[89] All the private colleges located in Greece are for-profit. Generally, any individual who wants to found a college in Greece must obtain a Higher Education Accreditation by the National (Hellenic) Authority for Higher Education (HAHE)[90] and a license by the Ministry of Education, but has no obligation to become a participatory member of HCA.[91]

The vast majority of colleges are offering programmes of study under franchise or validation agreements with universities established in other European Union countries, primarily in the UK, leading to degrees which are awarded directly by those universities. The monitoring of those agreements as well as of additional provisions for the operation of colleges is carried out by the Ministry of Education and confirmed by Parliament by a 2008 law.[92] Amendments were passed in 2010,[93] 2012,[94] 2013,[95] and 2014.[96] They are also monitored by the respective educational authorities of the countries of the partnered universities, for example QAA and NARIC for a British university.

One example of a college which neither operating as a franchise nor was validated through arrangements in the UK was the University of Indianapolis – Athens Campus, which ceased operations in July 2014. By contrast, this college was wholly owned and operated by its home campus, and is therefore accredited by the same agency which accredits the home campus. Consequently, students of the University of Indianapolis could switch between campuses at any time.

Degrees, diplomas, certificates, and any other type of attestation awarded by universities in European Union and European Free Trade Association countries to students that have completed their studies in an accredited private college located in Greece, can be recognized as professionally equivalent "in terms of the professional (practice) rights only" (Greek: επαγγελματικής ισοδυναμίας) to higher education titles awarded in the formal Greek education system. Recognition of professional equivalence permits access to a specific economic activity that the title-holder can exercise on the same rules, rights, terms as holders of comparable titles of Greece HEIs education system.

Recognition of legally-recognized professional degree rights in Greece can only be granted by the Independent Department of Implementation of European Legislation (ATEEN; Αυτοτελές Τμήμα Εφαρμογής Ευρωπαϊκής Νομοθεσίας; Α.Τ.Ε.Ε.Ν.) of the Ministry of Education (Υ.ΠΑΙ.Θ.),[97][98][99] as of the 2005 Directive of the European Parliament and Council, implemented domestically by a presidential decree in 2010.[100][101]

Higher Education qualifications obtained from abroad foreign countries are recognised by the Interdisciplinary Organization of Recognition Academic Titles and Information (D.O.A.T.A.P.; Greek: Διεπιστημονικός Οργανισμός Αναγνώρισης Τίτλων Ακαδημαϊκών και Πληροφόρησης; Δ.Ο.Α.Τ.Α.Π.) supervised by the Ministry of Education (Υ.ΠΑΙ.Θ.).[102][103][104] The Hellenic National Academic Recognition and Information Center (Hellenic NARIC) is the official international name of DOATAP. In most cases, it can obtain a "statement of comparability" of a qualification (certificate of qualification equivalency information), stating how it compares to the qualifications delivered in Greece.[105]

HAHE authority[edit]

The Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (ADIP; Greek: Αρχή Διασφάλισης και Πιστοποίησης της Ποιότητας στην Ανώτατη Εκπαίδευση; ΑΔΙΠ), established by Law 3374/2005,[106][107][90] keeps the competent bodies of the state and the HEIs informed on current international developments and relevant issues. The ADIP was reformed by law 4653/2020 to form the Hellenic (National) Authority for Higher Education (HAHE; Greek: Εθνική Αρχή Ανώτατης Εκπαίδευσης; ΕΘ.Α.Α.Ε.).[108][109] At the end of each year, a Higher Education Quality Report is submitted to the Minister of Education. A "Quality Assurance Unit" (QAU) is established in every HEI in order to coordinate and support evaluation procedures. QAU meetings are chaired by the Vice-Rector or Vice-President of Academic Affairs of the relevant HEI and representatives of the staff and students take part in the QAU.

The internal evaluation is carried out with the responsibility of each academic unit (faculty or department) in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Unit. The academic units appoint Internal Evaluation Groups or Special Evaluation Groups (if undergraduate or postgraduate programmes are separately evaluated) and these groups compile the Internal Evaluation Report and submit it to the Quality Assurance Unit of the institution. The external evaluation process is repeated at longest every four years with the cooperation of HEIs and the HAHE. The evaluation is carried out by the External Evaluation Committee, which consists of five members from an HAHE register of independent experts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Greece Education System Legislation and Official Policy Documents". Eurydice Network.
  2. ^ "ADIP External evaluation reports of Institutions". ADIP (in Greek). 2016. Archived from the original on 2019-04-10. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  3. ^ "ADIP External evaluation reports of Departments". ADIP (in Greek). 2014. Archived from the original on 2019-04-10. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  4. ^ "Hellenic Qualification Framework (HQF)". NQF.GOV.GR (in Greek). Archived from the original on 2020-03-11.
  5. ^ "Hellenic Qualifications Framework (HQF)". EOPPEP (in Greek and English). Archived from the original on 2020-07-28.
  6. ^ "Academic Identity Card – Application Submission via Online Service". Ministry of Education (in Greek and English). Archived from the original on 2021-02-22. As of 24-9-2012, undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral students of all Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) of the country can apply online for a new academic identity card
  7. ^ "Academic Identity Card – Student Greek Manual for Online Service" (PDF). Ministry of Education (in Greek). 9 October 2020. pp. 1–37. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-02-22.
  8. ^ "Academic Identity Card – Student English Manual for Online Service" (PDF). Ministry of Education. 9 October 2020. pp. 1–48. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-02-22.
  9. ^ "Specific Legislations for the Greek Higher Education – latest updates". Ministry of Education (in Greek). Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  10. ^ "General Legislations for the Greek Higher Education – latest updates". Ministry of Education (in Greek). Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  11. ^ a b "Law 4485/2017 Government Gazette 114/Α/4-8-2017". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).
  12. ^ "Law 3685/2008 Government Gazette 148/Α/16-7-2008". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Framework and regulations for postgraduate studies
  13. ^ "Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks". European Commission.
  14. ^ "European Higher Education Area (EHEA) Greece member". EHEA. Archived from the original on 2019-07-10.
  15. ^ "Institute of Educational Policy (ΙΕΠ) Book Collection". Institute of Educational Policy (ΙΕΠ) (in Greek and English). The digital Historical Collection of Greece School Textbooks, Government Gazettes, and other papers, more than 6.000 books
  16. ^ "Greece Geodata Government Maps". Geodata.gov.gr (in Greek and English).
  17. ^ "HQF – HEIs Level 6 Programs Offerings". EOPPEP (in Greek and English).
  18. ^ "International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011" (PDF). Unesco Organization. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-04-28.
  19. ^ "ISCED-F 2013 Fields of education and training – Detailed field descriptions" (PDF). Unesco Organization. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-04-21.
  20. ^ "NKUA – School of Philosophy BA Program in the Archaeology, History, and Literature of Ancient Greece". NKUA. Archived from the original on 2021-03-11. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  21. ^ Lakasas, Apostolos (1 May 2018). "Greece getting its first English undergraduate program". Kathimerini. Archived from the original on 2021-04-17.
  22. ^ Stacey, Viggo (2 October 2019). "Greece: First English-taught UG (undergraduate) program at a public university". ThePieNews. Archived from the original on 2020-08-13.
  23. ^ "Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh) Medical School 6-year English-taught full-time undergraduate programme for foreign citizens". AUTh. Archived from the original on 2021-04-16.
  24. ^ Lakasas, Apostolos (1 April 2021). "Aristotle University set to launch English language program". Kathimerini. Archived from the original on 2021-04-16.
  25. ^ "Agricultural University of Athens – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-07-12. The EEC was impressed by the high quality of undergraduate and postgraduate programs and faculty research. AUA is committed to competitive research and extension activities in both scientifically and economically important areas, notably in agriculture, food science and natural resource management.
  26. ^ "Aristotle University of Thessaloniki – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  27. ^ "AUEB – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  28. ^ "Democritus University of Thrace – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  29. ^ "DUTH – Presentation of External Evaluation" (PDF). DUTH (in Greek). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12.
  30. ^ "Harokopio University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  31. ^ a b "HQA External Evaluation Institutional Report TEICrete" (PDF). ADIP (in Greek). 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  32. ^ "Hellenic Open University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  33. ^ "International Hellenic University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  34. ^ "Ionian University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  35. ^ "University of Athens – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  36. ^ "National Technical University of Athens – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-06-03. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  37. ^ "Panteion University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  38. ^ "Technical University of Crete – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  39. ^ "University of the Aegean – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  40. ^ "University of Crete – External Evaluation Report of Institution" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  41. ^ "University of Ioannina – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  42. ^ "University of Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  43. ^ "University of Patras – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-04-10. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  44. ^ "University of the Peloponnese – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  45. ^ "University of Piraeus – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  46. ^ "University of Thessaly – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  47. ^ a b "TEI of Athens – External Evaluation Report of Institution" (PDF). ADIP (in Greek). 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  48. ^ a b "TEI of Athens – Internal Evaluation Report 2009–2013" (PDF). TEI of Athens (in Greek). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  49. ^ a b "TEI of Piraeus – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  50. ^ a b "TEI of Piraeus – Internal Evaluation Report" (PDF). TEI of Piraeus (in Greek). 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-06. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  51. ^ a b "Establishment of University of Western Attica (UNIWA) and other provisions". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).
  52. ^ "University of Western Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  53. ^ "School of Pedagogical and Technological Education – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-11-11. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  54. ^ "Hellenic Authority for Higher Education – External Evaluation Reports of Institutions". ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original on 2018-01-03.
  55. ^ "Webometrics Rankings – Greece". Webometrics. 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-10-27.
  56. ^ "University Rankings and Comparison by country and by subject". University Multi Rank Organisation.
  57. ^ "Universities in Greece Rankings and Reviews by Subject". Language Course.
  58. ^ "QS World University Rankings". Top Universities. 2019.
  59. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking – PP top 10%". Leiden Ranking.
  60. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2019.
  61. ^ "Technological Educational Institute (TEI) includes one-time 960 hours internship term:
    • Ministerial Decision 29147/Δ 1.10258/2019 Government Gazette 2639/B/28-6-2019
    • Ministerial Decision E5/1858/1986 Government Gazette 133/B/29-3-1986
    • Join Ministerial Decision Ε5/1303/1986 of the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health, Government Gazette 168/B/10-4-1986
    • Law 1566, Article 71, Government Gazette 167/A/30-9-1985
    • Presidential Decree 174/1985 Government Gazette 59/A/29-3-1985
    • Presidential Decree 483/1984 Government Gazette 173/A/13-11-1984
    • Law 1404/1983, Article 24, Government Gazette 173/A/24-11-1983
    • Join Ministerial Decision 3257/E1/2244/1983 of the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Government Gazette 379/B/30-6-1983"
  62. ^ "ATHENA Reform Plan for Higher Education, Press Release" (PDF). Ministry of Education (in Greek). 31 January 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-04-18. Αναδιάρθρωση των Ιδρυμάτων Ανώτατης Εκπαίδευσης
  63. ^ "ATHENA Reform Plan for Higher Education, Final Plan, Press Release". Ministry of Education (in Greek). 2013-03-05. Archived from the original on 2021-01-19. Official Presentation on March 6, 2019, at the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Cultural and Educational Affairs of the Hellenic Parliament
  64. ^ "Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31.
  65. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31.
  66. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of Central Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31.
  67. ^ a b c d e "Law 4610/2019 Government Gazette 70/A/7-5-2019". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Synergies between Universities and TEIs, admission to Higher Education (Tertiary), Experimental Secondary Education Schools, General Archive of State and other provisions
  68. ^ "TEI of Central Greece – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-31.
  69. ^ a b c "Law 4589/2019 Government Gazette 13/Α/29-1-2019". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Synergies between National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA), Agricultural University of Athens (AUA), University of Thessaly (UTH) with the TEI of Thessaly and TEI of Central Greece, Panlimniako Fund and other provisions
  70. ^ "TEI of the Ionian Islands – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  71. ^ "Law 4559 Government Gazette 142/Α/3-8-2018". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).
  72. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of the Ionian Islands – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  73. ^ "TEI of Thessaly – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  74. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of Epirus – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  75. ^ "TEI of Western Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  76. ^ "TEI of Western Greece – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  77. ^ "TEI of Peloponnese – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). ADIP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-11.
  78. ^ "Ministry of Education according to Private Colleges – Part A". Ministry of Education (in Greek). Archived from the original on 2021-04-30.
  79. ^ "Ministry of Education according to Private Colleges – Part B". Ministry of Education (in Greek). Archived from the original on 2021-04-30.
  80. ^ "List of accredited Private Colleges in Greece by Ministry of Education" (PDF). Ministry of Education (in Greek). 17 October 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-04-11.
  81. ^ "The Constitution of Greece – The Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes Resolves" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-04-17. PART II Individual and social rights. Article 16 (education, art, science). As revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIII Revisionary Parliament.
  82. ^ "The Constitution of Greece – The Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes Resolves". Hellenic Parliament (in English, French, and German). As revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIII Revisionary Parliament
  83. ^ Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας, Άρθρο 16 (παιδεία, τέχνη, επιστήμη) (PDF). Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-11-12. Όπως αναθεωρήθηκε με το ψήφισμα της 27 Μαΐου 2008 της Η’ Αναθεωρητικής Βουλής των Ελλήνων
  84. ^ "Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας, Μέρος Α, Β, Γ". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Όπως αναθεωρήθηκε με το ψήφισμα της 27 Μαΐου 2008 της Η’ Αναθεωρητικής Βουλής των Ελλήνων
  85. ^ Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδος. Wikisource (Βικιθήκη) (in Greek).
  86. ^ "Law 3696/2008 Government Gazette 177/A/25-8-2008" (PDF). AUEB (in Greek). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-04-30.
  87. ^ "Law 3848/2010 Government Gazette 71/A/19-5-2010" (PDF). Ministry of Education (in Greek). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-01.
  88. ^ "Legal Framework of Post-secondary Education Centre (KEME)" (in Greek). Archived from the original on 2020-02-23.
  89. ^ "Hellenic Colleges Association (HCA)". Hellenic Colleges Association. Archived from the original on 2021-02-25.
  90. ^ a b "Hellenic Authority for Higher Education (HAHE)". HAHE (in Greek and English). Archived from the original on 2021-04-30.
  91. ^ "Accredited private colleges list in Greece". Ministry of Education (in Greek). Archived from the original on 2019-01-03.
  92. ^ "Law 3696/2008 Government Gazette 177/A/25-8-2008". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Foundation and operation of private colleges and other provisions
  93. ^ "Law 3848/2010 Government Gazette 71/A/19-5-2010". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).
  94. ^ "Law 4093/2012 Government Gazette 222/A/12-11-2012". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). According to the laws 4093/2012 (Government Gazette 222/A/12-11-2012) and 4111/2013 (Government Gazette 18/A/25-1-2013), private colleges in Greece are non-formal post-secondary (post lyceum) education service and training providers (non-tertiary) offer at least three years first cycle qualification programmes of study at Level 6 of ISCED (first higher education degree, bachelor’s degree level) and/or postgraduate studies (graduate qualifications) exclusively with the legal form of Validation and Franchising agreements with Higher Education Institution (HEIs) from foreign countries, that are officially fully recognised and accredited from their country competence authorities. Pursuant to the Greek current constitutional prohibition of Article 16Σ of Greek Parliament (Constitution of Greece – The Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes Resolves. PART II Individual and social rights. Article 16, education, art, science. As revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIII Revisionary Parliament), do not academically recognize in Greece all university qualification titles have been awarded by private colleges in Greece after completion studies have been taken place in Greece either by cooperating universities from foreign countries. The university study titles have been awarded from universities of foreign countries after completion studies have been taken place by cooperating private colleges in Greece, even they recognized in regards professional rights in Greece, do not accept from Greek universities to continue studies for the obtainment postgraduate (level 7 ISCED) or doctoral qualification (level 8 ISCED). The prohibition is in force in the Greece only, as Greece located private colleges graduates are normally accepted for continuous studies (master’s degree level, doctor's degree level) from universities in foreign countries.
  95. ^ "Law 4111/2013 Government Gazette 18/A/25-1-2013". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).
  96. ^ "Law 4310/2014 Government Gazette 258/A/8-12-2014". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).
  97. ^ "Independent Department of Implementation of European Legislation (ATEEN)". Ministry of Education (in Greek).
  98. ^ "Law 4635/2019, Article 128, Government Gazette 167/Α/ 30-10-2019" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Invest in Greece and other provisions. The Greek Council for the Recognition of Professional Qualifications (Συμβούλιο Αναγνώρισης Επαγγελματικών Προσόντων) was reformed and replaced by Independent Department of Implementation of European Legislation (ATEEN; Αυτοτελές Τμήμα Εφαρμογής Ευρωπαϊκής Νομοθεσίας; Α.Τ.Ε.Ε.Ν.).
  99. ^ "ATEEM Qualifications professional recognition: documents which need to be submitted with application". Ministry of Education (in Greek). Professional equivalency recognition of the formal Higher Education (tertiary) qualifications
  100. ^ "European Council EC Directive 2005/36/EC/7-9-2005".
  101. ^ "Presidential Decree 38/2010 Government Gazette 78/A/25-5-2010" (PDF). AUEB (in Greek). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-16.
  102. ^ "Hellenic NARIC". DOATAP (in Greek and English). Archived from the original on 2021-04-22.
  103. ^ "e-DOATAP Online Application for Foreign Academic Qualification Accreditation". DOATAP (in Greek and English). Archived from the original on 2021-03-05.
  104. ^ "ENIC-NARIC Networks – Hellenic NARIC". ENIC-NARIC.net. Archived from the original on 2021-04-30.
  105. ^ "International University Degree Equivalents". GRB.UK.com. Archived from the original on 2021-04-30.
  106. ^ "Law 3374/2005, Article 10(1), Government Gazette 189/A/2-8-2005". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Quality assurance in higher education. System for transfer and accumulation of credit units – Diploma Supplement. This law introduces quality assurance in higher education, and also establishes the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (HQAA; Greek: Αρχή Διασφάλισης και Πιστοποίησης της Ποιότητας στην Ανώτατη Εκπαίδευση). It also provides for the organization of undergraduate and postgraduate programs based on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) (Ευρωπαϊκό Σύστημα Μεταφοράς και Συσσώρευσης Πιστωτικών Μονάδων) as well as the issue of the Diploma Supplement.
  107. ^ "Law 4009/2011, Article 64(1), Government Gazette 195/A/6-9-2011". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Structure, operation, quality assurance of studies and internationalisation of Higher Education Institutions. It provides general rules on the structure and operation of higher education. It regulates the framework for autonomy, structure and bodies of Higher Education Institutions. It provides for the assessment and transparency, as well as issues relating to reaching and other staff. It distinguishes studies between those of first, second and third cycle. It regulates student issues, issues pertaining to the funding of Higher Education Institutions, as well as issues relating to quality assurance and accreditation in higher education.
  108. ^ "Law 4653/2020 Government Gazette 12/A/24-1-2020" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament (in Greek). Εθνική Αρχή Ανώτατης Εκπαίδευσης (ΕΘ.Α.Α.Ε.) – Hellenic Authority for Higher Education (H.A.H.E.), special accounts for research funds of High Education Institutes (HEIs), research and technological bodies and other provisions
  109. ^ "Law 4653/2020 Government Gazette 12/A/24-1-2020 – citation II". Hellenic Parliament (in Greek).

External links[edit]