List of universities in Sri Lanka

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This is a list of Universities in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan law on publicly financed universities, the University Grants Commission 15 Sri Lankan universities and other education institutions, as higher education institutions.

History of Universities in Sri Lanka[edit]

The origins of the modern university system in Sri Lanka dates back to 1921 when a university college, the Ceylon University College was established at the former premises of Royal College Colombo affiliated to the University of London. The college provided course of study in art and humanities ,science and medicine prepared undergraduates for examination of London university. However, the begin of modern higher education in Ceylon was in 1870 when the Ceylon Medical School was established followed by Colombo Law College (1875), School of Agriculture (1884) and the Government Technical College (1893).[1] In 1942 the first university was established as the University of Ceylon with several campuses island wide, Colombo (established 1942), Peradeniya (established 1949), Vidyodaya (established 1959), Vidyalankara (established 1959) and Katubedda (established 1972).Vidyodaya and Vidayalankara were established under the Vidyodaya and Vidayalankara University Act No 45 of 1958. The University of Ceylon was modelled on the Oxbridge formula, at its inception accommodated only 904 students, which later expanded to cover a number of universities and it remained as an elite-oriented university as stated by Sir Ivor Jennings, catered to a small number of students and exclusively residential. It was dissolved in 1972 to establish the University of Sri Lanka. Jaffna campus was added to the university of Sri Lanka in 1974.[2][3][4]

The change of the government in July 1977 led to dismatling of the single university apparatus with the plan of establishing independent universities.With the promulgation of the Universities Act. No 16 of 1978, state university status was restored to the 6 separate campuses. University Grants Commission (UGC) was also created to plan and coordinate the state university education. After that, a number of state universities were created. All these state universities are registered under the University Grants Commission, but a few come under the auspices of ministries other than the Ministry of Higher Education, in which the UGC is a part of.Most of the state universities depend on funds given by the University Grants Commission, as it is their primary and sometimes only source of funding. Therefore, the UGC has a direct control over these universities and administer the undergraduate intake. The UGC is subordinate to the Ministry of Higher Education

Legislations for Universities[edit]

Oridance[edit]

  • 20 of 1942 Ceylon University

Acts of Ceylon Parliament[edit]

  • Ceylon University (Amendment) Act No.36 1956
  • Vidyodaya University and Vidyakara University Act No.45 of 1958
  • Higher Education Act No.20 of 1960
  • University of Ceylon Act No.01 of 1972
  • Universities Act No.16 of 1978(This Act established university Grant Commission and a University Service Appeals Board provided for the administration of universities with their campuses and outset the six campuses of the single University of Sri Lanka, the set up under the previous Act No.1 of 1972,were converted to six independent universities on 1 January 1979)[5]

Culturalism of Universities in Sri Lanka[edit]

In the case of Sri Lanka trends in University campus design and concept are more difficult to highlight.At a given period a number of different types of institution emerged in a parallel fashion.Thus Peradeniya was built on the Cambridge model in relative isolation from the outer world its Colombo wing was growing in a haphazard way as city university.In the same way, Open university, the University of Moratuwa, and the University of Sri Jayawardenepura were conceived as universities integrated with the town while the University of Sabaragamuwa was located from far from any centre of urbanity. Peradiniya University has to some extent attempted to display a culturally specific character trough symbolic accretion to otherwise culturally neutral buildings.other universities are much less grounded in the Sinhala and Buddhist culture.The university of Kelaniya buildings do not display a specific style and differ possibly according to the time which was built.At the university of Colombo apart from colonial style Science Faculty and the administrative building located at Thurstan Road.

National Universities[edit]

There are currently fifteen universities in Sri Lanka, which are under the authority of the University Grants Commission .[6]

University Main campus Founded[a] Type Authority
City District Province
University of Colombo Colombo Colombo Western 1 June 1870 Public UGC
Eastern University Vantharumoolai Batticaloa Eastern 1 August 1981 Public UGC
University of Jaffna Jaffna Jaffna Northern 1 August 1974 Public UGC
University of Kelaniya Kelaniya Gampaha Western 1959 Public UGC
University of Moratuwa Moratuwa Colombo Western 1972 Public UGC
Open University Nawala Colombo Western 1978 Public UGC
University of Peradeniya Peradeniya Kandy Central 1 July 1942 Public UGC
Rajarata University Mihintale Anuradhapura North Central 7 November 1995 Public UGC
University of Ruhuna Matara Matara Southern 27 August 1978 Public UGC
Sabaragamuwa University Belihuloya Ratnapura Sabaragamuwa 20 November 1991 Public UGC
South Eastern University Oluvil Ampara Eastern 26 July 1995 Public UGC
University of
Sri Jayewardenepura
Sri
Jayewardenepura
Colombo Western 1959 Public UGC
Uva Wellassa University Badulla Badulla Uva 1 June 2005 Public UGC
University of the Visual
and Performing Arts
Colombo Colombo Western 1 July 2005 Public UGC
Wayamba University Kuliyapitiya Kurunegala North Western January 1999 Public UGC

Dissolved universities[edit]

Other Universities[edit]

Other Government Universities which are established by Acts of Parliament of Sri Lanka.[7]

University Main campus Founded[b] Type Authority
City District Province
Buddhasravaka Bhiksu University Anuradhapura Anuradhapura North Central 1996 Public Ministry of Higher Education
Buddhist and Pali University Homagama Colombo Western 1982 Public Ministry of Higher Education
General Sir John Kotelawala
Defence University
Ratmalana Colombo Western 11 October 1980 Public Ministry of Defence
University of
Vocational Technology
Ratmalana Colombo Western 2009 Public Ministry of Vocational & Technical Training
Ocean University Mattakkuliya Colombo Western 2014 Public Ministry of Skills Development and Vocational Training

Rankings[edit]

THE World University Rankings[edit]

The University of the Colombo is ranked 801 in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

Webometrics Rankings[edit]

2016 Webometrics Ranking of World Universities for Sri Lankan universities are listed below.

University 2016 (July edition)[8] 2015 (July edition)[9] 2014 (July edition)[10] 2013 (July edition)[11]
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous year World
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous year World
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous year World
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous year World
rank

Change from previous year
University of Colombo 1 Steady 1946 Increase 93 1 Steady 2039 Increase 107 1 Increase 1 2146 Increase 109 2 Decrease 1 2255 Decrease 573
University of Peradeniya 2 Steady 2158 Increase 72 2 Steady 2230 Increase 249 2 Increase 2 2479 Increase 494 4 Decrease 1 2973 Decrease506
University of Moratuwa 3 Steady 2415 Decrease 8 3 Steady 2407 Increase 90 3 Decrease 2 2497 Decrease 347 1 Increase 1 2150 139
University of Kelaniya 4 Steady 2559 Increase 570 4 Increase 1 3129 Increase 65 5 Steady 3194 Increase 1314 5 Steady 4508 Decrease 1214
University of Ruhuna 5 Increase 1 2634 Increase 1891 6 Steady 4525 Decrease 1042 6 Decrease 3 3483 Decrease 1130 3 Increase 3 2353 Increase 941
University of Sri Jayewardenepura 6 Decrease 1 3045 Decrease 569 5 Decrease 1 2476 Increase 615 4 Increase 2 3091 Increase 2878 6 Decrease 2 5969 Decrease 3210
University of Jaffna 7 Increase 2 4004 Increase 2557 9 Decrease 1 6561 Increase 664 8 Decrease 1 7225 Increase 938 7 Steady 8163 Decrease 2499
University of the Visual & Performing Arts 8 Increase 6 4121 Increase 9944 14 Increase 1 14065 Increase 1626 15 Steady 15691 Increase 812 15 Steady 16503 Increase 1063
Open University of Sri Lanka 9 Decrease 1 4479 Increase 1091 8 Decrease 1 5570 Increase 419 7 Increase 1 5989 Increase 2719 8 Steady 8708 Decrease 2824
Wayamba University of Sri Lanka 10 Decrease 3 5409 Decrease 358 7 Increase 6 5051 Increase 6742 13 Decrease 1 11793 Increase 1489 12 Steady 13282 Decrease 927
Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka = 11 Increase 1 6015 Increase 4987 12 Decrease 1 11002 Decrease 203 11 Decrease 2 10799 Decrease 261 9 Increase 1 10538 Decrease 670
Eastern University of Sri Lanka = 11 Increase 2 6015 Increase 5250 13 Decrease 1 11265 Decrease 111 12 Decrease 2 11154 Increase 970 10 Increase 1 12124 Increase 198
Rajarata University of Sri Lanka 13 Decrease 3 6137 Increase 3570 10 Steady 9707 Decrease 712 10 Increase 1 8995 Increase 3299 11 Decrease 2 12294 Decrease 6066
South Eastern University of Sri Lanka 14 Decrease 3 7968 Increase 2061 11 Decrease 2 10029 Decrease 1705 9 Increase 4 8324 Increase 5217 13 Increase 2 13541 Increase 2464
Uva Wellassa University 15 Steady 11664 Increase 4050 15 Decrease 1 15714 Decrease 989 14 Steady 14725 Decrease 359 14 Decrease 1 14366 Decrease 1800

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Foundation date of earliest higher education establishment linked to current university.
  2. ^ Foundation date of earliest higher education establishment linked to current university.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jayasundara, N. (February 2014). "Higher Education Policy in Sri Lanka: Implementation in State Universities". Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ),. 2: 41. 
  2. ^ De silvva, K.M. (1977). The University system of Sri Lanka. 
  3. ^ A people's university.romantic story of peradeniya. ICES. 1995. 
  4. ^ Annual report 1972. planning and research unit, university of Ceylon. 1977. 
  5. ^ Wickaramasinghe, N. (2005). University Space and Values Three Essays. International Center for Ethnic Studies Colombo Sri Lanka. 
  6. ^ "Universities". University Grants Commission. 
  7. ^ "Other Government Universities". University Grants Commission. 
  8. ^ "Sri Lanka". webometrics. Open Publishing. 1 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  9. ^ webometrics.info website. World Ranking of Top Sri Lankan Universities – 2015 July Retrieved 29 October 2016
  10. ^ webometrics.info website. World ranking Top Sri Lankan Universities 2014 July Retrieved 29 October 2016
  11. ^ webometrics.info website. Top Best Universities in Sri Lanka according to webometrics World Ranking 2013 July Retrieved 29 October 2016