Higher education policy

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Higher education policy refers to how higher education institutions like universities are organised, funded and operated in a society. According to Ansell (2006) there are "three different institutional forms of higher education provision: the Anglo-Saxon, Continental and the Scandinavian education system."[1]

Anglo-Saxon education system[edit]

According to Ansell (2006), "[t]he Anglo-Saxon education system leads to a mass, partially private and publicly inexpensive system". The Anglo-Saxon system is sometimes described as an Anglo-American education system.[2]

Continental education system[edit]

According to Ansell (2006), "[t]he Continental educational system leads to an elite, fully public and inexpensive system".

Scandinavian education system[edit]

According to Ansell (2006), "[t]he Scandinavian education system leads to a mass, fully public, but highly expensive system".


  1. ^ Ansell, B. W. (2006, Apr) "University Challenges: The Trilemma of Higher Education Policy in Advanced Industrial States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois Online <PDF> Retrieved 2008-06-11 from AllAcademic Research
  2. ^ 'Anglo-Saxon' or ' Continental ' Model: the EU's false dichotomy? - LSE Public Lectures and Events - LSE

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