List of highest mountains on Earth

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Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south. The peak rises over Lhotse, while Nuptse is the ridge on the left.

There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian subcontinent and Tibet, with some peaks in Central Asia. Only those summits are included that, by an objective measure, may be considered individual mountains as opposed to subsidiary peaks.

Considerations[edit]

Figure demonstrating the concept of topographic prominence: The prominence of a peak is the height of the peak’s summit above the lowest contour line encircling it and no higher summit. For example, vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island. A dotted horizontal line links each peak (except the highest) to its key col.

The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see also Highest unclimbed mountain). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with 300 m (980 ft) prominence. Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence/height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The table below lists the highest 100 summits with at least 500 m (1,640 ft) prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that are connected via a high ridge to a taller summit, such as Eiger or Nuptse. A few such peaks and mountains with nearly sufficient prominence are included but not numbered in this list.

It is very unlikely that all given heights are correct to the nearest metre; indeed, the sea level is often problematic to define when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many metres, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in this encyclopedia. As an extreme example, Ulugh Muztagh on the north Tibetan Plateau is often listed as 7,723 m (25,338 ft) to 7,754 m (25,440 ft), but appears to be only 6,973 m (22,877 ft) to 6,987 m (22,923 ft). Some mountains differ by > 100 m (330 ft) on different maps, while even very thorough current measurements of Mount Everest range from 8,840 m (29,003 ft) to 8,850 m (29,035 ft). These discrepancies serve to emphasize the uncertainties in the listed heights.

Though some parts of the world, especially the most mountainous parts, have never been thoroughly mapped, it is unlikely that any mountains this high have been overlooked, because synthetic aperture radar can and has been used to measure elevations of most otherwise inaccessible places. Still, heights and/or prominences may be revised, so that the order of the list may change and even "new" mountains could enter the list over time. To be safe, the list has been extended to include all 7,200 m (23,622 ft) peaks.

The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highest above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Denali, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure. The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration Mauna Kea (4,207 m (13,802 ft) above sea level) is the world's tallest mountain and volcano, rising about 10,203 m (33,474 ft) from the Pacific Ocean floor. Ojos del Salado has the greatest rise on Earth—13,420 m (44,029 ft) from the summit[citation needed] to the bottom of the Atacama Trench about 560 km (350 mi) away, though most of this rise is not part of the mountain.

The highest mountains are also not generally the most voluminous. Mauna Loa (4,169 m or 13,678 ft) is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about 2,000 sq mi or 5,200 km2) and volume (about 10,000 cu mi or 42,000 km3), although, due to the intergrade of lava from Kilauea, Hualalai and Mauna Kea, the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the edifice. Mt. Kilimanjaro is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area (245 sq mi or 635 km2) and volume (1,150 cu mi or 4,793 km3). Mount Logan is the largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (120 sq mi or 311 km2).

The highest mountains above sea level are also not those with peaks farthest from the centre of the Earth, because the figure of the Earth is not spherical. Sea level closer to the equator is several kilometres farther from the centre of the Earth. The summit of Chimborazo, Ecuador's tallest mountain, is usually considered to be the farthest point from the Earth's centre, although the southern summit of Peru's tallest mountain, Huascarán, is another contender.[1] Both have elevations above sea level more than 2 km less than that of Everest.

Geographical distribution[edit]

Almost all mountains in the list are located in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges to the south and west of the Tibetan plateau. In fact, all 7,000 m (23,000 ft) peaks in the world are located in the centre of Asia (East Asia, Central Asia and South Asia) in a rectangle edged by Noshaq (7,492 m or 24,580 ft) on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border in the West, Jengish Chokusu, (Tuōmù'ěr Fēng) (7,439 m or 24,406 ft) on the KyrgyzstanXinjiang border to the North, Gongga Shan (Minya Konka) (7,556 m or 24,790 ft) in Sichuan to the East, and Kabru (7,412 m or 24,318 ft) on the Sikkim (India) – Nepal border to the South.

The highest mountain outside of Asia is Aconcagua (6,962 m or 22,841 ft), which one list has ranking 189th in the world amongst mountains with a 500 m or 1,640 ft prominence cutoff.[2]

List[edit]

Rank Mountain Height[3] Prominence
(m)[4]
Range Coordinates[5] Parent mountain
[6]
First
ascent
Ascents
(failed attempts)
bef. 2004[7]
Country
(with disputed
claims in italics)
m ft
1 Mount Everest /
Sagarmatha /
Chomolungma
8,848[8] 29,029 8,848 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528 (1. Mount Everest / Sagarmatha / Chomolungma (8848 m)) none 3000 >>145 (121) Nepal • China
2 K2 / Qogir /
Godwin Austen
8,611 28,251 4,020 Baltoro Karakoram 35°52′53″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88139°N 76.51333°E / 35.88139; 76.51333 (2. K2 / Qogir / Godwin Austen (8611 m)) Mount Everest[9] 1954 45 (44) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
3 Kangchenjunga 8,586 28,169 3,922 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°42′12″N 88°08′51″E / 27.70333°N 88.14750°E / 27.70333; 88.14750 (3. Kangchenjunga (8586 m)) * Mount Everest 1955 38 (24) Nepal • India
4 Lhotse 8,516 27,940 610 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°57′42″N 86°55′59″E / 27.96167°N 86.93306°E / 27.96167; 86.93306 (4. Lhotse (8516 m)) Mount Everest 1956 26 (26) Nepal • China
5 Makalu 8,485 27,838 2,378 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°53′23″N 87°05′20″E / 27.88972°N 87.08889°E / 27.88972; 87.08889 (5. Makalu (8485 m)) Mount Everest 1955 45 (52) Nepal • China
6 Cho Oyu [10] 8,188 26,864 2,340 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°05′39″N 86°39′39″E / 28.09417°N 86.66083°E / 28.09417; 86.66083 (6. Cho Oyu (8188 m)) Mount Everest 1954 79 (28) Nepal • China
7 Dhaulagiri I 8,167 26,795 3,357 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°41′48″N 83°29′35″E / 28.69667°N 83.49306°E / 28.69667; 83.49306 (7. Dhaulagiri I (8167 m)) K2 1960 51 (39) Nepal
8 Manaslu 8,163 26,781 3,092 Manaslu Himalaya 28°33′00″N 84°33′35″E / 28.55000°N 84.55972°E / 28.55000; 84.55972 (8. Manaslu (8163 m)) Cho Oyu 1956 49 (45) Nepal
9 Nanga Parbat 8,126 26,660 4,608 Nanga Parbat Himalaya 35°14′14″N 74°35′21″E / 35.23722°N 74.58917°E / 35.23722; 74.58917 (9. Nanga Parbat (8126 m)) Dhaulagiri 1953 52 (67) Pakistan[dp 1]
10 Annapurna I 8,091 26,545 2,984 Annapurna Himalaya 28°35′44″N 83°49′13″E / 28.59556°N 83.82028°E / 28.59556; 83.82028 (10. Annapurna I (8091 m)) Cho Oyu 1950 36 (47) Nepal
11 Gasherbrum I /
Hidden Peak / K5
8,080 26,509 2,155 Baltoro Karakoram 35°43′28″N 76°41′47″E / 35.72444°N 76.69639°E / 35.72444; 76.69639 (11. Gasherbrum I / Hidden Peak / K5 (8080 m)) K2 1958 31 (16) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
12 Broad Peak 8,051 26,414 1,701 Baltoro Karakoram 35°48′38″N 76°34′06″E / 35.81056°N 76.56833°E / 35.81056; 76.56833 (12. Broad Peak / K3 (8051 m)) Gasherbrum I 1957 39 (19) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
13 Gasherbrum II / K4 8,035 26,362 1,524 Baltoro Karakoram 35°45′28″N 76°39′12″E / 35.75778°N 76.65333°E / 35.75778; 76.65333 (13. Gasherbrum II / K4 (8035 m)) Gasherbrum I 1956 54 (12) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
14 Shishapangma / Gosainthān 8,027 26,335 2,897 Jugal Himalaya 28°21′12″N 85°46′43″E / 28.35333°N 85.77861°E / 28.35333; 85.77861 (14. Shishapangma (8027 m)) Cho Oyu 1964 43 (19) China
15 Gyachung Kang 7,952 26,089 672 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°05′53″N 86°44′42″E / 28.09806°N 86.74500°E / 28.09806; 86.74500 (15. Gyachung Kang (7952 m)) Cho Oyu 1964 5 (3) Nepal • China
110 Gasherbrum III / K3a 7,946 26,070 355 Baltoro Karakoram 35°45′33″N 76°38′30″E / 35.75917°N 76.64167°E / 35.75917; 76.64167 (Gasherbrum III (7946 m)) Gasherbrum II 1975 2 (2) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
16 Annapurna II 7,937 26,040 2,437 Annapurna Himalaya 28°32′05″N 84°07′19″E / 28.53472°N 84.12194°E / 28.53472; 84.12194 (16. Annapurna II (7937 m)) Annapurna I 1960 6 (19) Nepal
17 Gasherbrum IV / K3 7,932 26,024 712 Baltoro Karakoram 35°45′38″N 76°36′58″E / 35.76056°N 76.61611°E / 35.76056; 76.61611 (17. Gasherbrum IV (7932 m)) Gasherbrum III 1958 4 (11) Pakistan[dp 1]
18 Himalchuli 7,893 25,896 1,633 Manaslu Himalaya 28°26′12″N 84°38′23″E / 28.43667°N 84.63972°E / 28.43667; 84.63972 (18. Himalchuli (7893 m)) * Manaslu 1960 6 (12) Nepal
19 Distaghil Sar 7,884 25,866 2,525 Hispar Karakoram 36°19′33″N 75°11′16″E / 36.32583°N 75.18778°E / 36.32583; 75.18778 (19. Distaghil Sar (7884 m)) K2 1960 3 (5) Pakistan[dp 1]
20 Ngadi Chuli 7,871 25,823 1,011 Manaslu Himalaya 28°30′12″N 84°34′00″E / 28.50333°N 84.56667°E / 28.50333; 84.56667 (20. Ngadi Chuli (7871 m)) Manaslu 1970 2 (6) Nepal
111 Nuptse 7,864 25,801 305 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°58′03″N 86°53′13″E / 27.96750°N 86.88694°E / 27.96750; 86.88694 (Nuptse (7864 m)) Lhotse 1961 5 (12) Nepal
21 Khunyang Chhish 7,823 25,666 1,765 Hispar Karakoram 36°12′19″N 75°12′28″E / 36.20528°N 75.20778°E / 36.20528; 75.20778 (21. Khunyang Chhish (7823 m)) * Distaghil Sar 1971 2 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
22 Masherbrum / K1 7,821 25,659 2,457 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°38′28″N 76°18′21″E / 35.64111°N 76.30583°E / 35.64111; 76.30583 (22. Masherbrum / K1 (7821 m)) Gasherbrum I 1960 4 (9) Pakistan[dp 1]
23 Nanda Devi 7,816 25,643 3,139 Garhwal Himalaya 30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37583°N 79.97083°E / 30.37583; 79.97083 (23. Nanda Devi (7816 m)) Dhaulagiri 1936 14 (12) India
24 Chomo Lonzo 7,804 25,604 590 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°55′50″N 87°06′28″E / 27.93056°N 87.10778°E / 27.93056; 87.10778 (24. Chomo Lonzo (7804 m)) Makalu 1954 3 (1) China
25 Batura Sar 7,795 25,574 3,118 Batura Karakoram 36°30′37″N 74°31′21″E / 36.51028°N 74.52250°E / 36.51028; 74.52250 (25. Batura Sar (7795 m)) Distaghil Sar 1976 4 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
26 Kanjut Sar 7,790 25,558 1,660 Hispar Karakoram 36°12′20″N 75°25′01″E / 36.20556°N 75.41694°E / 36.20556; 75.41694 (26. Kanjut Sar (7790 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1959 2 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
27 Rakaposhi 7,788 25,551 2,818 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 36°08′33″N 74°29′22″E / 36.14250°N 74.48944°E / 36.14250; 74.48944 (27. Rakaposhi (7788 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1958 8 (13) Pakistan[dp 1]
28 Namcha Barwa 7,782 25,531 4,106 Assam Himalaya 29°37′52″N 95°03′19″E / 29.63111°N 95.05528°E / 29.63111; 95.05528 (28. Namcha Barwa (7782 m)) Kangchenjunga 1992 1 (2) China
29 Kamet 7,756 25,446 2,825 Garhwal Himalaya 30°55′12″N 79°35′30″E / 30.92000°N 79.59167°E / 30.92000; 79.59167 (29. Kamet (7756 m)) * Nanda Devi 1931 23 (14) India
30 Dhaulagiri II 7,751 25,430 2,397 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°45′46″N 83°23′18″E / 28.76278°N 83.38833°E / 28.76278; 83.38833 (30. Dhaulagiri II (7751 m)) Dhaulagiri 1971 4 (11) Nepal
31 Saltoro Kangri / K10 7,742 25,400 2,160 Saltoro Karakoram 35°23′57″N 76°50′53″E / 35.39917°N 76.84806°E / 35.39917; 76.84806 (31. Saltoro Kangri / K10 (7742 m)) * Gasherbrum I 1962 2 (1) India • Pakistan[dp 1][dp 3]
32 Kumbhakarna / Jannu 7,711 25,299 1,036 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°40′56″N 88°02′40″E / 27.68222°N 88.04444°E / 27.68222; 88.04444 (32. Jannu (7711 m)) * Kangchenjunga 1962 17 (12) Nepal
33 Tirich Mir 7,708 25,289 3,910 Hindu Kush 36°15′19″N 71°50′30″E / 36.25528°N 71.84167°E / 36.25528; 71.84167 (33. Tirich Mir (7708 m)) * Batura Sar 1950 20 (11) Pakistan
112 Molamenqing 7,703 25,272 433 Langtang Himalaya 28°21′18″N 85°48′35″E / 28.35500°N 85.80972°E / 28.35500; 85.80972 (Molamenqing (7703 m)) Shishapangma 1981 1 (0) China
34 Gurla Mandhata 7,694 25,243 2,788 Nalakankar Himalaya 30°26′19″N 81°17′48″E / 30.43861°N 81.29667°E / 30.43861; 81.29667 (34. Gurla Mandhata (7694 m)) Dhaulagiri 1985 6 (4) China
35 Saser Kangri I / K22 7,672 25,171 2,304 Saser Karakoram 34°52′00″N 77°45′09″E / 34.86667°N 77.75250°E / 34.86667; 77.75250 (35. Saser Kangri I / K22 (7672 m)) Gasherbrum I 1973 6 (4) India
36 Chogolisa 7,665 25,148 1,624 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°36′47″N 76°34′29″E / 35.61306°N 76.57472°E / 35.61306; 76.57472 (36. Chogolisa (7665 m)) Masherbrum 1975 4 (2) Pakistan[dp 1]
113 Dhaulagiri IV 7,661 25,135 469 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′09″N 83°18′55″E / 28.73583°N 83.31528°E / 28.73583; 83.31528 (Dhaulagiri IV (7661 m)) Dhaulagiri II 1975 2 (10) Nepal
37 Kongur Tagh 7,649 25,095 3,585 Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs) 38°35′36″N 75°18′48″E / 38.59333°N 75.31333°E / 38.59333; 75.31333 (37. Kongur Tagh (7649 m)) Distaghil Sar 1981 2 (4) China
114 Dhaulagiri V 7,618 24,993 340 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′02″N 83°21′41″E / 28.73389°N 83.36139°E / 28.73389; 83.36139 (Dhaulagiri V (7618 m)) * Dhaulagiri IV 1975 2 (3) Nepal
38 Shispare 7,611 24,970 1,240 Batura Karakoram 36°26′26″N 74°40′51″E / 36.44056°N 74.68083°E / 36.44056; 74.68083 (38. Shispare (7611 m)) Batura Sar 1974 3 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
39 Trivor 7,577 24,859 997 Hispar Karakoram 36°17′15″N 75°05′06″E / 36.28750°N 75.08500°E / 36.28750; 75.08500 (39. Trivor (7577 m)) * Distaghil Sar 1960 2 (5) Pakistan[dp 1]
40 Gangkhar Puensum 7,570 24,836 2,995 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°02′50″N 90°27′19″E / 28.04722°N 90.45528°E / 28.04722; 90.45528 (40. Gangkhar Puensum (7570 m)) * Kangchenjunga unclimbed 0 (3) Bhutan • China
41 Gongga Shan /
Minya Konka
7,556 24,790 3,642 Daxue Shan (Hengduan Shan) 29°35′43″N 101°52′47″E / 29.59528°N 101.87972°E / 29.59528; 101.87972 (41. Gongga Shan / Minya Konka (7556 m)) Mount Everest 1932 6 (7) China
42 Annapurna III 7,555 24,787 703 Annapurna Himalaya 28°35′06″N 83°59′24″E / 28.58500°N 83.99000°E / 28.58500; 83.99000 (42. Annapurna III (7555 m)) Annapurna I 1961 10 (17) Nepal
43 Skyang Kangri 7,545 24,754 1,085 Baltoro Karakoram 35°55′35″N 76°34′03″E / 35.92639°N 76.56750°E / 35.92639; 76.56750 (43. Skyang Kangri (7545 m)) K2 1976 1 (2) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
44 Changtse 7,543 24,747 514 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°01′29″N 86°54′51″E / 28.02472°N 86.91417°E / 28.02472; 86.91417 (44. Changtse (7543 m)) Mount Everest 1982 9 (9) China
45 Kula Kangri 7,538 24,731 1,654 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°13′37″N 90°36′59″E / 28.22694°N 90.61639°E / 28.22694; 90.61639 (45. Kula Kangri (7538 m)) Gangkhar Puensum 1986 3 (2) China( • Bhutan)[dp 4]
46 Kongur Tiube 7,530 24,705 840 Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs) 38°36′57″N 75°11′45″E / 38.61583°N 75.19583°E / 38.61583; 75.19583 (46. Kongur Tiube (7530 m)) Kongur Tagh 1956 2 (3) China
47 Mamostong Kangri 7,516 24,659 1,803 Rimo Karakoram 35°08′31″N 77°34′39″E / 35.14194°N 77.57750°E / 35.14194; 77.57750 (47. Mamostong Kangri (7516 m)) Gasherbrum I 1984 5 (0) India
48 Saser Kangri II E 7,513 24,649 1,458 Saser Karakoram 34°48′17″N 77°48′24″E / 34.80472°N 77.80667°E / 34.80472; 77.80667 (48. Saser Kangri II E (7513 m)) Saser Kangri I 2011 0 (0)[11] India
49 Muztagh Ata 7,509 24,636 2,698 Muztagata (Eastern Pamirs) 38°16′33″N 75°06′58″E / 38.27583°N 75.11611°E / 38.27583; 75.11611 (49. Muztagh Ata (7546 m)) Kongur Tagh 1956 Many China
50 Ismoil Somoni Peak 7,495 24,590 3,402 Pamir (Academy of Sciences Range) 38°56′35″N 72°00′57″E / 38.94306°N 72.01583°E / 38.94306; 72.01583 (50. Ismoil Somoni Peak (7495 m)) Muztagh Ata 1933 Tajikistan
51 Saser Kangri III 7,495 24,590 835 Saser Karakoram 34°50′44″N 77°47′06″E / 34.84556°N 77.78500°E / 34.84556; 77.78500 (51. Saser Kangri III (7495 m)) Saser Kangri I 1986 1 (0) India
52 Noshaq 7,492 24,580 2,024 Hindu Kush 36°25′56″N 71°49′43″E / 36.43222°N 71.82861°E / 36.43222; 71.82861 (52. Noshaq (7492 m)) Tirich Mir 1960 33 (3) Afghanistan • Pakistan
53 Pumari Chhish 7,492 24,580 884 Hispar Karakoram 36°12′41″N 75°15′01″E / 36.21139°N 75.25028°E / 36.21139; 75.25028 (53. Pumari Chhish (7492 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1979 1 (2) Pakistan[dp 1]
54 Passu Sar 7,476 24,528 647 Batura Karakoram 36°29′16″N 74°35′16″E / 36.48778°N 74.58778°E / 36.48778; 74.58778 (54. Passu Sar (7476 m)) Batura Sar 1994 1 (0) Pakistan[dp 1]
55 Yukshin Gardan Sar 7,469 24,505 1,374 Hispar Karakoram 36°15′04″N 75°22′29″E / 36.25111°N 75.37472°E / 36.25111; 75.37472 (55. Yukshin Gardan Sar (7469 m)) Pumari Chhish 1984 4 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
56 Teram Kangri I 7,462 24,482 1,703 Siachen Karakoram 35°34′48″N 77°04′42″E / 35.58000°N 77.07833°E / 35.58000; 77.07833 (56. Teram Kangri I (7462 m)) Gasherbrum I 1975 2 (0) India • China[dp 2][dp 3]
57 Jongsong Peak 7,462 24,482 1,298 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°52′54″N 88°08′09″E / 27.88167°N 88.13583°E / 27.88167; 88.13583 (57. Jongsong Peak (7462 m)) Kangchenjunga 1930 2 (3) India • China • Nepal
58 Malubiting 7,458 24,469 2,193 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 36°00′12″N 74°52′31″E / 36.00333°N 74.87528°E / 36.00333; 74.87528 (58. Malubiting (7458 m)) Rakaposhi 1971 2 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
59 Gangapurna 7,455 24,459 563 Annapurna Himalaya 28°36′18″N 83°57′49″E / 28.60500°N 83.96361°E / 28.60500; 83.96361 (59. Gangapurna (7455 m)) Annapurna III 1965 8 (13) Nepal
60 Jengish Chokusu /
Tömür / Pk Pobeda
7,439 24,406 4,148 Tian Shan 42°02′05″N 80°07′47″E / 42.03472°N 80.12972°E / 42.03472; 80.12972 (60. Jengish Chokusu / Tömür / Pk Pobeda (7439 m)) Ismail Samani Peak 1956 Kyrgyzstan • China
115 Sunanda Devi / Nanda Devi East 7,434 24,390 229 Garhwal Himalaya 30°22′00″N 79°59′40″E / 30.36667°N 79.99444°E / 30.36667; 79.99444 (Sunanda Devi (7434 m)) Nanda Devi 1939 14 (12) India
61 K12 7,428 24,370 1,978 Saltoro Karakoram 35°17′45″N 77°01′20″E / 35.29583°N 77.02222°E / 35.29583; 77.02222 (61. K12 (7428 m)) Saltoro Kangri 1974 4 (2) India • Pakistan[dp 1][dp 3]
62 Yangra /
Ganesh I
7,422 24,350 2,352 Ganesh Himalaya 28°23′29″N 85°07′38″E / 28.39139°N 85.12722°E / 28.39139; 85.12722 (62. Yangra / Ganesh I (7422 m)) Manaslu 1955 1 (6) Nepal • China
63 Sia Kangri 7,422 24,350 642 Siachen Karakoram 35°39′48″N 76°45′42″E / 35.66333°N 76.76167°E / 35.66333; 76.76167 (63. Sia Kangri (7422 m)) Gasherbrum I 1934 6 (0) Pakistan • India • China[dp 2][dp 3]
64 Momhil Sar 7,414 24,324 907 Hispar Karakoram 36°19′04″N 75°02′11″E / 36.31778°N 75.03639°E / 36.31778; 75.03639 (64. Momhil Sar (7414 m)) * Trivor 1964 2 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
65 Kabru N 7,412 24,318 720 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°38′02″N 88°07′00″E / 27.63389°N 88.11667°E / 27.63389; 88.11667 (65. Kabru N (7412 m)) Kangchenjunga 1994 1 (2)[12] India • Nepal
66 Skil Brum 7,410 24,311 1,152 Baltoro Karakoram 35°51′03″N 76°25′43″E / 35.85083°N 76.42861°E / 35.85083; 76.42861 (66. Skil Brum (7410 m)) K2 1957 2 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
67 Haramosh Peak 7,409 24,308 2,277 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 35°50′24″N 74°53′51″E / 35.84000°N 74.89750°E / 35.84000; 74.89750 (67. Haramosh Peak (7409 m)) Malubiting 1958 4 (3) Pakistan[dp 1]
68 Istor-o-Nal 7,403 24,288 1,043 Hindu Kush 36°22′32″N 71°53′54″E / 36.37556°N 71.89833°E / 36.37556; 71.89833 (68. Istor-o-Nal (7403 m)) Noshaq 1969 4 (5) Pakistan
69 Ghent Kangri 7,401 24,281 1,493 Saltoro Karakoram 35°31′04″N 76°48′02″E / 35.51778°N 76.80056°E / 35.51778; 76.80056 (69. Ghent Kangri (7401 m)) Saltoro Kangri 1961 4 (0) India • Pakistan[dp 1][dp 3]
70 Ultar 7,388 24,239 688 Batura Karakoram 36°23′27″N 74°43′00″E / 36.39083°N 74.71667°E / 36.39083; 74.71667 (70. Ultar (7388 m)) Shispare 1996 2 (5) Pakistan[dp 1]
71 Rimo I 7,385 24,229 1,428 Rimo Karakoram 35°21′18″N 77°22′08″E / 35.35500°N 77.36889°E / 35.35500; 77.36889 (71. Rimo I (7385 m)) Teram Kangri I 1988 1 (3) India[dp 5]
72 Churen Himal 7,385 24,229 650 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′05″N 83°13′03″E / 28.73472°N 83.21750°E / 28.73472; 83.21750 (72. Churen Himal (7385 m)) Dhaulagiri IV 1970 3 (0) Nepal
73 Teram Kangri III 7,382 24,219 520 Siachen Karakoram 35°35′59″N 77°02′53″E / 35.59972°N 77.04806°E / 35.59972; 77.04806 (73. Teram Kangri III (7382 m)) Teram Kangri I 1979 1 (0) India • China[dp 2][dp 3]
74 Sherpi Kangri 7,380 24,213 1,320 Saltoro Karakoram 35°27′58″N 76°46′53″E / 35.46611°N 76.78139°E / 35.46611; 76.78139 (74. Sherpi Kangri (7380 m)) * Ghent Kangri 1976 1 (1) India • Pakistan[dp 1][dp 3]
75 Labuche Kang 7,367 24,170 1,957 Labuche Himalaya 28°18′15″N 86°21′03″E / 28.30417°N 86.35083°E / 28.30417; 86.35083 (75. Labuche Kang (7367 m)) Cho Oyu 1987 1 (0) China
76 Kirat Chuli 7,362 24,153 1,168 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°47′16″N 88°11′43″E / 27.78778°N 88.19528°E / 27.78778; 88.19528 (76. Kirat Chuli (7362 m)) Kangchenjunga 1939 1 (6) India • Nepal
116 Abi Gamin 7,355 24,131 217 Garhwal Himalaya 30°55′57″N 79°36′09″E / 30.93250°N 79.60250°E / 30.93250; 79.60250 (Abi Gamin (7355 m)) Kamet 1950 17 (2) India • China
117 Gimmigela / The Twins 7,350 24,114 432 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°44′27″N 88°09′31″E / 27.74083°N 88.15861°E / 27.74083; 88.15861 (Gimmigela / The Twins (7350 m)) Kangchenjunga 1994 3 (1) India • Nepal
Nangpai Gosum 7,350 24,114 427 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°04′24″N 86°36′51″E / 28.07333°N 86.61417°E / 28.07333; 86.61417 (Nangpai Gosum (7350 m)) Cho Oyu 1996 3 (1) Nepal • China
77 Saraghrar 7,349 24,111 1,979 Hindu Kush 36°32′51″N 72°06′54″E / 36.54750°N 72.11500°E / 36.54750; 72.11500 (77. Saraghrar (7349 m)) Noshaq 1959 2 (3) Pakistan
78 Jomolhari / Chomo Lhari 7,326 24,035 2,065 Jomolhari Himalaya 27°49′36″N 89°16′04″E / 27.82667°N 89.26778°E / 27.82667; 89.26778 (78. Jomolhari (7326 m)) * Gangkhar Puensum 1937 4 (0) Bhutan • China
79 Chamlang 7,321 24,019 1,241 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°46′30″N 86°58′47″E / 27.77500°N 86.97972°E / 27.77500; 86.97972 (79. Chamlang (7321 m)) Lhotse 1961 7 (1) Nepal
80 Chongtar 7,315 23,999 1,295 Baltoro Karakoram 35°54′55″N 76°25′45″E / 35.91528°N 76.42917°E / 35.91528; 76.42917 (80. Chongtar (7315 m)) Skil Brum 1994 1 (1) China[dp 2]
81 Baltoro Kangri 7,312 23,990 1,200 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°38′21″N 76°40′24″E / 35.63917°N 76.67333°E / 35.63917; 76.67333 (81. Baltoro Kangri (7312 m)) Chogolisa 1976 1 (0) Pakistan[dp 1]
82 Siguang Ri 7,309 23,980 669 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°08′50″N 86°41′06″E / 28.14722°N 86.68500°E / 28.14722; 86.68500 (82. Siguang Ri (7309 m)) Cho Oyu 1989 2 (1) China
83 The Crown / Huang Guan 7,295 23,934 1,919 Yengisogat Karakoram 36°06′24″N 76°12′21″E / 36.10667°N 76.20583°E / 36.10667; 76.20583 (83. The Crown / Huang Guan (7295 m)) Skil Brum (K2) 1993 1 (3) China[dp 2]
84 Gyala Peri 7,294 23,930 2,942 Assam Himalaya 29°48′52″N 94°58′07″E / 29.81444°N 94.96861°E / 29.81444; 94.96861 (84. Gyala Peri (7294 m)) Mount Everest 1986 1 (0) China
85 Porong Ri 7,292 23,924 512 Langtang Himalaya 28°23′22″N 85°43′12″E / 28.38944°N 85.72000°E / 28.38944; 85.72000 (85. Porong Ri (7292 m)) Shisha Pangma 1982 5 (0) China
86 Baintha Brakk / The Ogre 7,285 23,901 1,891 Panmah Karakoram 35°56′51″N 75°45′12″E / 35.94750°N 75.75333°E / 35.94750; 75.75333 (86. Baintha Brakk / The Ogre (7285 m)) * Kanjut Sar 1977 3 (13) Pakistan[dp 1]
87 Yutmaru Sar 7,283 23,894 680 Hispar Karakoram 36°13′35″N 75°22′02″E / 36.22639°N 75.36722°E / 36.22639; 75.36722 (87. Yutmaru Sar (7283 m)) Yukshin Gardan Sar 1980 1 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
88 Baltistan Peak / K6 7,282 23,891 1,962 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°25′06″N 76°33′06″E / 35.41833°N 76.55167°E / 35.41833; 76.55167 (88. Baltistan Peak / K6 (7282 m)) Chogolisa 1970 1 (3) Pakistan[dp 1]
89 Kangpenqing /
Gang Benchhen
7,281 23,888 1,345 Baiku Himalaya 28°33′03″N 85°32′44″E / 28.55083°N 85.54556°E / 28.55083; 85.54556 (89. Kangpenqing / Gang Benchhen (7281 m)) Shisha Pangma 1982 1 (1) China
90 Muztagh Tower 7,276 23,871 1,710 Baltoro Karakoram 35°49′40″N 76°21′40″E / 35.82778°N 76.36111°E / 35.82778; 76.36111 (90. Muztagh Tower (7276 m)) Skil Brum 1956 4 (2) Pakistan[dp 1] • China[dp 2]
91 Mana Peak 7,272 23,858 732 Garhwal Himalaya 30°52′50″N 79°36′55″E / 30.88056°N 79.61528°E / 30.88056; 79.61528 (91. Mana Peak (7272 m)) Kamet 1937 7 (3) India
118 Dhaulagiri VI 7,268 23,845 488 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°42′31″N 83°16′27″E / 28.70861°N 83.27417°E / 28.70861; 83.27417 (Dhaulagiri VI (7268 m)) Dhaulagiri IV 1970 5 (0) Nepal
92 Diran 7,266 23,839 1,329 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 36°07′13″N 74°39′42″E / 36.12028°N 74.66167°E / 36.12028; 74.66167 (92. Diran (7266 m)) Malubiting 1968 12 (8) Pakistan[dp 1]
93 Labuche Kang III / East[13] 7,250 23,786 570 Labuche Himalaya 28°18′05″N 86°23′02″E / 28.30139°N 86.38389°E / 28.30139; 86.38389 (93. Labuche Kang III / East (7250 m)) Labuche Kang unclimbed 0 (0) China
94 Putha Hiunchuli 7,246 23,773 1,151 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′52″N 83°08′46″E / 28.74778°N 83.14611°E / 28.74778; 83.14611 (94. Putha Hiunchuli (7246 m)) Churen Himal 1954 11 (5) Nepal
95 Apsarasas Kangri 7,245 23,770 607 Siachen Karakoram 35°32′19″N 77°08′55″E / 35.53861°N 77.14861°E / 35.53861; 77.14861 (95. Apsarasas Kangri (7245 m)) Teram Kangri I 1976 2 (0) India • China[dp 2][dp 3]
96 Mukut Parbat 7,242 23,760 683 Garhwal Himalaya 30°56′57″N 79°34′12″E / 30.94917°N 79.57000°E / 30.94917; 79.57000 (96. Mukut Parbat (7242 m)) Kamet 1951 2 (1) India • China
97 Rimo III 7,233 23,730 613 Rimo Karakoram 35°22′31″N 77°21′42″E / 35.37528°N 77.36167°E / 35.37528; 77.36167 (97. Rimo III (7233 m)) Rimo I 1985 1 (0) India[dp 5]
98 Langtang Lirung 7,227 23,711 1,534 Langtang Himalaya 28°15′22″N 85°31′01″E / 28.25611°N 85.51694°E / 28.25611; 85.51694 (98. Langtang Lirung (7227 m)) Shisha Pangma 1978 14 (13) Nepal
99 Karjiang 7,221 23,691 895 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°15′27″N 90°38′49″E / 28.25750°N 90.64694°E / 28.25750; 90.64694 (99. Karjiang (7221 m)) Kula Kangri unclimbed 0 (2) China
100 Annapurna Dakshin 7,219 23,684 769 Annapurna Himalaya 28°31′06″N 83°48′22″E / 28.51833°N 83.80611°E / 28.51833; 83.80611 (100. Annapurna Dakshin (7219 m)) Annapurna 1964 10 (16) Nepal
101 Khartaphu 7,213 23,665 712 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°03′49″N 86°58′39″E / 28.06361°N 86.97750°E / 28.06361; 86.97750 (101. Khartaphu (7213 m)) Mount Everest 1935 1 (0) China
102 Tongshanjiabu[14] 7,207 23,645 1,757 Lunana Himalaya 28°11′12″N 89°57′27″E / 28.18667°N 89.95750°E / 28.18667; 89.95750 (102. Tongshanjiabu (7207 m)) Gangkar Puensum unclimbed 0 (0) Bhutan • China[dp 6]
103 Malangutti Sar 7,207 23,645 507 Hispar Karakoram 36°21′47″N 75°08′57″E / 36.36306°N 75.14917°E / 36.36306; 75.14917 (103. Malangutti Sar (7207 m)) Distaghil Sar 1985 1 (0) Pakistan[dp 1]
104 Noijin Kangsang /
Norin Kang
7,206 23,642 2,160 Nagarze Himalaya 28°56′48″N 90°10′42″E / 28.94667°N 90.17833°E / 28.94667; 90.17833 (104. Noijin Kangsang / Norin Kang (7206 m)) Gangkar Puensum 1986 4 (1) China
105 Langtang Ri 7,205 23,638 665 Langtang Himalaya 28°22′53″N 85°41′01″E / 28.38139°N 85.68361°E / 28.38139; 85.68361 (105. Langtang Ri (7205 m)) Shisha Pangma 1981 4 (0) Nepal • China
106 Kangphu Kang 7,204 23,635 1,244 Lunana Himalaya 28°09′20″N 90°03′48″E / 28.15556°N 90.06333°E / 28.15556; 90.06333 (106. Kangphu Kang (7204 m)) Tongshanjiabu 2002 1 (0) Bhutan • China[dp 6]
107 Singhi Kangri 7,202 23,629 730 Siachen Karakoram 35°35′59″N 76°59′01″E / 35.59972°N 76.98361°E / 35.59972; 76.98361 (107. Singhi Kangri (7202 m)) Teram Kangri III 1976 2 (0) India • China[dp 2][dp 3]
108 Lupghar Sar 7,200 23,622 730 Hispar Karakoram 36°21′01″N 75°02′13″E / 36.35028°N 75.03694°E / 36.35028; 75.03694 (108. Lupghar Sar (7200 m)) * Momhil Sar 1979 1 (0) Pakistan[dp 1]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak In Pakistan's disputed Gilgit-Baltistan region, claimed by India as a part of its Jammu and Kashmir state.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n In the Trans-Karakoram or Shaksgam Tract, ceded by Pakistan from its disputed Gilgit-Baltistan region to China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, claimed by India as a part of its Jammu and Kashmir state.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i On the border of the Siachen Glacier area, which is controlled by India, but is also claimed by Pakistan.
  4. ^ Wholly claimed by China as a part of its Tibet Autonomous Region; on the border with Bhutan according to Bhutan
  5. ^ a b The Rimo mountains are in the Siachen Glacier region controlled by India, but claimed by Pakistan
  6. ^ a b Wholly claimed by Bhutan, but on the border of the Tibet Autonomous Region according to China.

Data plots[edit]

By country[edit]

The following graph ranks the countries by number of mountain peaks over 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. Note that 38 peaks are on de facto borders and two (Jongsong Peak and Sia Kangri) are on tripoints.

Stem and leaf plot[edit]

The following is a stem and leaf plot of the above data. The two digits to the left of the line are the first two digits of the mountain's height (metres), and each digit to the right of the line represents the third digit of the mountain's height. Each number on the right is linked to the corresponding mountain's article. For example, the height of one of the mountains (namely Mount Everest) is 8848 meters. Also, it is apparent that there are five mountains above 8,200 metres.

88 | 4
87 |
86 | 1
85 | 8 1
84 | 8
83 |
82 |
81 | 8 6 6 2
80 | 9 8 5 3 2
79 | 5 4 3 3
78 | 9 8 7 6 2 2 1 0
77 | 9 9 8 8 5 5 4 1 0 0
76 | 9 7 6 6 4 1 1
75 | 7 7 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 1 1
74 | 9 9 9 9 7 6 6 6 5 5 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
73 | 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 5 5 5 4 2 1 1 1 0
72 | 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 4 4 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krulwich, Robert (April 7, 2007). "The 'Highest' Spot on Earth?". Retrieved 21 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "High Asia summits over 6,750 metres high with 500 metres of re-ascent". viewfinderpanoramas.org. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  3. ^ For Nepal, the heights indicated on the Nepal Topographic Maps are followed. For China and the Baltoro Karakoram, the heights are those of "The Maps of Snow Mountains in China". For the Hispar Karakoram the heights on a Russian 1:100,000 topo map "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-27. Retrieved 2008-07-15.  seem to be more accurate than the customarily quoted heights probably based on US army maps from the 50s [1]. Elsewhere, unless otherwise indicated, heights are those in Jill Neate's "High Asia".
  4. ^ Prominences over 1,500 m were copied from the Ultra Project Prominence Lists, the remainder corresponds to those listed in this table of all mountains above 6650 m
  5. ^ Coordinates were established by comparing topographical maps with satellite images and SRTM-derived terrain maps. The terrain maps and satellite images often don't match exactly. An asterisk (*) indicates that the map and image are shifted by more than 100 m (4") and/or that the landscapes around the summit don't match.
  6. ^ Here defined as the first higher mountain beyond the key saddle with at least 500 m prominence itself.
  7. ^ The number of ascents and failed attempts up to 2004 is extracted from the Club Himalayan index. These are the number of expeditions (not individuals) that announced their ascent or attempt in a journal. They are probably quite accurate for the rarely climbed peaks (though omissions were noted), but greatly underestimate the number of ascending parties on the easier and/or more popular mountains, like most eight-thousanders. For instance, Mt Everest has been scaled 2,251 times by individuals up to 2004 [2].
  8. ^ Given the large differences between multiple "final" measurements of Mt Everest, the traditional 8,848 m is listed. For more information, see Mount Everest#Measurement.
  9. ^ Everest IS parent to K2 by the definition of topographic prominence. See also, the discussion page.
  10. ^ Cho Oyu's height is 8,188 m according to the Nepal Survey's 1996 topographical map H8615, which represents the best known measurement to date. Previous estimates have been 8,153 m and 8,201 m
  11. ^ The highest (Eastern) summit of Saser Kangri II was climbed on August 24th, 2011 / p / steve-swenson-status. The lower West peak, 2.5 km away, has been climbed in 1984 and twice since.
  12. ^ According to the 1996 Himalayan Journal (pp.29–36), the highest point of the Kabru massif (the North summit) was climbed by an Indian Army team in May 1994
  13. ^ The height is unknown, but over 7,200 meters on both Chinese and Russian maps of the area.
  14. ^ The name and information about this summit was extracted from the May 2003 edition of Japanese Alpine News.

Sources[edit]

  • "High Asia: An Illustrated History of the 7,000 Metre Peaks" by Jill Neate (Mountaineers Books 1990)
  • "The Maps of Snow Mountains in China" by Mi Desheng (Chinese Academy of Science, 1990s)
  • "Nepal Topographic Maps" by the Finnish Meteorological Inst. (Nepalese Survey Dept., 1990s)
  • Soviet military 1:100,000 topographic maps (most from 1980–1981)
  • The "High Mountain Info" section of the "High Mountain Sports Magazine" (1990–2005) (now Climb Magazine)
  • Some other topographic maps and much from the external links listed above.

External links[edit]