Highgate Hill, Queensland

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Highgate Hill
BrisbaneQueensland
Highgatehill.jpg
The rolling topography of Highgate Hill
Highgate Hill is located in Queensland
Highgate Hill
Highgate Hill
Coordinates27°29′14″S 153°01′09″E / 27.4872°S 153.0191°E / -27.4872; 153.0191Coordinates: 27°29′14″S 153°01′09″E / 27.4872°S 153.0191°E / -27.4872; 153.0191
Population6,194 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density4,760/km2 (12,300/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4101
Area1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location3.6 km (2 mi) SSW of Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)City of Brisbane (The Gabba Ward)[2]
State electorate(s)South Brisbane
Federal Division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around Highgate Hill:
West End South Brisbane South Brisbane
West End Highgate Hill South Brisbane
St Lucia St Lucia Dutton Park

Highgate Hill is an inner southern suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] In the 2016 census, Highgate Hill had a population of 6,194 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Highgate Hill is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of the Brisbane CBD on the Brisbane River. The topography of the suburb is undulating hills, the highest being the hill (27°29′13″S 153°01′00″E / 27.4870°S 153.01667°E / -27.4870; 153.01667 (Highgate Hill (mountain))) also called Highgate Hill at 64 metres (210 ft) above sea level. Together with West End and South Brisbane, it occupies a peninsula surrounded on three sides by the Brisbane River. From the central ridge occupied by Dornoch Terrace, land slopes steeply down towards the river to the south and north towards low-lying land of the two adjacent suburbs. To the east, further hilly land extends past Gladstone Road.[4]

Highgate Hill is a high-density residential suburb with many apartment buildings, some more than 10 storeys. These apartment blocks are centered along the main road of Dornoch Terrace, a trend that was started in 1960 by the landmark Torbreck building.[5] Proximity to and views of the Brisbane central business district have drawn residents to the area.

History[edit]

Real estate map of Stephens Paddock Estate (first section), Highgate Hill, 1890
View of Highgate Hill c.1902

Before British settlement, the Highgate Hill area was a hunting ground for indigenous people from nearby camping grounds, such as the one at the base of Highgate Hill. Up until the late 1850s this camp, near Dorchester Street and Somerville House School, continued to be used. A corroboree ground was located at "the pineapple paddock" in Baynes Street. The name of the Highgate Hill area in the Turrbal or Jagara language was Beenung-urrung which meant frilled lizard.[6]

The banks of the Brisbane River were described as a tropic wall of tall figs, emergent hoop pine, vines, flowering creepers, staghorns, elkhorns, towering scrub palms, giant ferns, and hundreds of other varieties of ferns, beautiful and rare orchids, and wild passion flower. Remnants of this vegetation exist in a number gullies in Highgate Hill leading to the river.[7]

In convict times, saw pits existed in the area along the river between Dauphin Terrace and Boundary Street. Convicts felled timber on Highgate Hill for use in the fledgling town of Brisbane.[8]

Among the first European residents was George Wilson and his wife and family of 8 who built a homestead in Bellevue Street in the 1860s. He is thought to have named the locality Highgate Hill (possibly after Highgate Hill in London),[3] and the name first appears in an advertisement for a land sale in 1864.[9][10] The large portions of land from early land sales were slowly subdivided into residential blocks, and advertisements mentioned the notable residents of the area to emphasise its attractiveness.[11] However the lack of water proved to be an obstacle to significant take up. Water had to be collected in rain water tanks when possible or fetched from springs in the West End area. This problem was solved by the completion in 1889 of the Highgate Hill Service Reservoir near the corner of Dornoch Terrace and Gladstone Road. The reservoir is still in use today[8][12]

In 1902, the electric tram was extended up Gladstone Road, stimulating suburban growth.[9] By 1929 the area was considered one of Brisbane's dress circles.[8]

Highgate Hill old and new
Highgate Hill, a mix of old and new, 2017

The density of the suburb began to increase with redevelopment and the building of flats during the interwar years. Westbourne Street provides a good example of the redevelopment of large properties in this period.[13]

On 10 December 1949, the foundation stone of the Park Presbyterian Church was laid at 21 Hampstead Road (27°28′58″S 153°00′58″E / 27.4827°S 153.0160°E / -27.4827; 153.0160 (Park Street Presbyterian/Uniting Church, Highgate Hill)). The congregation had previously had their church at 31 Glenelg Street on the corner of Cordelia Street in South Brisbane but the changing demographic of South Brisbane into an industrial area saw families move away to more residential suburbs and so the decision was made to build a new church in the more residential suburb of Highgate Hill. The name "Park" was carried over from the previous church which had been located opposite Musgrave Park.[14][15] When the Presbyterian church entered into the union that created the Uniting Church in Australia in the 1970s, this resulted in an oversupply of church buildings in many communities. In September 1976 the Park Presbyterian church became the Park Uniting Church for the Brisbane Tongan congregation.[16]

Development continued after the Second World War with the notable construction of the 22-floor Torbreck, Brisbane's first apartment tower, on Dornoch Terrace in 1962.[9][17]

Continued development has led to community protest at times. In 2002 there was extended protest over the development of two hectares of bushland, known as the Gully, when a developer obtained a permit for nearly 30 dwellings to be built on it.[9] In 2016, there was community protest over the demolition of three heritage houses in Jones Street which had not been given heritage listing by the Brisbane City Council.[18]

In the 2011 census, Highgate Hill had a population of 5,824 people.[19]

In the 2016 census, Highgate Hill had a population of 6,194 people.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Dornoch Terrace Highgate Hill 1902
The view down Dornoch Terrace in 1902 showing development along the ridge and near the river

In the 2011 census, Highgate Hill recorded a population of 5,824 people, 48.7% female and 51.3% male.[19] The median age of the Highgate Hill population was 34 years of age, 3 years below the Australian median. 59.2% of people living in Highgate Hill were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were England 3.9%, Greece 3.8%, New Zealand 3%, China 1.8%, India 1.7%. 66.3% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 7.9% Greek, 2.5% Mandarin, 1.7% Vietnamese, 1.6% Spanish, 1% French.[19]

Transport[edit]

Highgate Hill is serviced by a number of bus services operated by the Brisbane City Council. These are the following.

  • Number 192 UQ Lakes - Highgate Hill - City
  • Number 196 New Farm - Fairfield Gardens
  • Number 198 Highgate Hill Hail and Ride local bus

The nearest train stations to Highgate Hill are at South Bank Railway Station and Dutton Park Railway Station . On the eastern side of the suburb Gloucester Street railway station once provided better rail access. The station was removed in 1978, with little indication of its existence remaining.

Schools[edit]

There are no schools in Highgate Hill.

Highgate Hill is served by a number of schools in nearby suburbs, including West End State School (1875), Dutton Park State School (1884) St. Ita's Primary School in Dutton Park and Brisbane State High School, South Brisbane.

There has been some concern about the availability of sufficient school places following the rapid development in the area.[20] In June 2017, the Queensland Government announced plans for the building of a new high school and expansion of the West End State School.[21]

Parks[edit]

At the highest point of Highgate Hill is a small park which boasts excellent views of the city and surrounding hills. It's particularly popular during summer due to the cool breezes.[22]

Lyons Playground Park, also known as Paradise Park, is a well equipped small park that also has a community garden.[23]

The Brydon Street park leads into a gully down to the river and is what remains of the bushland that was subject to protest in 2002.[24][9]

Highgate Hill in literature and art[edit]

The 1994 novel for children, ''The Highgate Hill Mob'' relates the escapades of four kids who live in the suburb of Highgate Hill.[25]

The artist Stephen Nothling lived in Louise Street, Highgate Hill and painted a series of pictures depicting houses in the street.[26]

The poet Robert Hughes lived in Jones Street. He wrote his book "Highgate Hill" based on this experience.[27]

Heritage listings[edit]

Entrance to the Kinauld residence on Dornoch Terrace, 2015

Highgate Hill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • 14-20 Blakeney Street: Rochemount/Tarong[28]
  • 35 Brighton Road: Franklin Villa[29]
  • 81 Dornoch Terrace: Topham Residence[30]
  • 100 Dornoch Terrace: Cleona[31]
  • 116 Dornoch Terrace: Kinauld[32]
  • 117 Dornoch Terrace: Carinya[33]
  • 121 Dornoch Terrace: Lutmis[34]
  • 132 Dornoch Terrace: Glenview[35]
  • 147 Dornoch Terrace: Giles Residence[36]
  • 182 Dornoch Terrace: Torbreck[17]
  • 191 Dornoch Terrace: Fire hydrant[37]
  • 11 Franklin Street: Merkara[38]
  • 17 Franklin Street: Allawah[39]
  • 21 Franklin Street: Eversly[40]
  • 21 & 23 Gladstone Road: Orana[41]
  • 113 Gladstone Road: Highgate Hill Reservoir[42]
  • 3 Hampstead Road: Carmel Court[43]
  • 27 Hampstead Road: Wairuna[44]
  • 94 Hampstead Road: Highgate Hill Park[45]
  • 1 & 3 Marly Street: Barne[46]
  • 25 Sexton Street: Nott cottage[47]
  • 11 Westbourne Street: Lanark[48]
  • 15 Westbourne Street: Le Jardin[49]
  • 19, 23 & 27 Westbourne Street: Front Fence Remnant from 'Tarong'[50]

Prominent people[edit]

The following prominent people have an association with Highgate Hill:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Highgate Hill (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Highgate Hill - suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 49642)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  5. ^ "History of Highgate Hill". Ourbrisbane.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2008.
  6. ^ Kerkhove, Ray. "Notes on Aboriginal Sites and Use of the West End to Woolloongabba Area (Brisbane)". academia.edu. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  7. ^ "THE BRISBANE RIVER. 100 YEARS AGO". Queensland, Australia: The Brisbane Courier. 22 March 1930. p. 10. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ a b c "Highgate Hill". The Sunday Mail. 22 November 1930. p. 26. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Highgate Hill". Queensland Places. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Abstract of sales by Auction this Day". The Brisbane Courier. 19 December 1964. p. 2. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017 – via National library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Advertising". The Queensland Figaro. 17 October 1885. p. 14. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "Highgate Hill Reservoir 1889". Highgate Hill and Its History. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Westbourne Street". Highgate Hill and Its History. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Park Presbyterian Church (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Park Presbyterian Church Glenelg Street, South Brisbane". www.ohta.org.au. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  16. ^ "History". Park Church Tongan Congregation. Archived from the original on 11 August 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  17. ^ a b "Torbreck (entry 601256)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Councillor says Highgate Hill demolitions cannot be stopped, and blames state". Brisbane Times. 8 February 2016. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  19. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Highgate Hill (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 March 2020. Edit this at Wikidata
  20. ^ "East Coast apartment boom drives inner-city schools shortage". MACROBUSINESS. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Two new high schools planned for inner-city Brisbane". Brisbane Times. 8 June 2017. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  22. ^ "Highgate Hill Park". must do brisbane. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  23. ^ "Lyons Playground". yelp. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  24. ^ "Brydon Street park". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017.
  25. ^ Fairbairn, John, 1945- (1994), The Highgate Hill mob / John Fairbairn, University of Queensland PressCS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  26. ^ "Stephen Nothling, vision-impaired artist, brings unique perspective to Brisbane suburban streetscapes". ABC news. 6 December 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017.
  27. ^ Barr, Todd (2005). Words to walk by : exploring literary Brisbane. St Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland Press. p. 141. ISBN 0702235172.
  28. ^ "Residence 'Rochemount' or 'Tarong'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  29. ^ "Residence 'Franklin Villa'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  30. ^ "Residence". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  31. ^ "Residence 'Cleona'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  32. ^ "Kinauld (entry 600225)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  33. ^ "Residence 'Carinya'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  34. ^ "Residence 'Lutmis'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  35. ^ "Residence 'Glenview'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  36. ^ "Residence". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  37. ^ "Fire hydrant". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  38. ^ "Residence 'Merkara'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  39. ^ "Residence 'Allawah'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  40. ^ "Residence 'Eversly'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  41. ^ "Residence 'Orana'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  42. ^ "Highgate Hill Reservoir". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  43. ^ "Carmel Court". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  44. ^ a b "Wairuna (entry 600226)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  45. ^ "Highgate Hill Park". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  46. ^ "Residence 'Barne'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  47. ^ "Residence". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  48. ^ "Residence 'Lanark'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  49. ^ "Residence 'Le Jardin'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  50. ^ "Front Fence Remnant from 'Tarong'". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  51. ^ "BILL HAYDEN THE MAN WHO WANTS TO BE PM". The Australian Women's Weekly. 1 October 1980. p. 40. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.

External links[edit]

  • "Highgate Hill". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.