Highland Brigade (United Kingdom)
Historic Highland Brigades
A Highland Brigade was present at the Crimean War (1854–1856), as part of the 1st Division; it was initially under the command of Major-General Sir Colin Campbell (Lord Clyde). It played a significant role in the Battle of Alma.
This Highland Brigade consisted of the:
- 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot
- 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
- 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.
There was a Highland Brigade operating in Egypt from 1882, during the Egyptian Rebellion (1882–1885), under the command of Major General Archibald Alison. Major General Alison's Brigade formed the left wing of General Sir Garnet Wolseley's army at the Battle of Tel-El-Kebir where they suffered 243 casualties (from the total casualties for Wolsey's force of 339).
This Highland brigade consisted of the:
- 2nd Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
- 1st Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
- 1st Battalion, Cameron Highlanders
- 1st Battalion, Gordon Highlanders
Second Boer War
A Highland Brigade participated in the Second Boer War (1899–1902) in South Africa, under the command of Major General Andrew Gilbert Wauchope. It suffered severe losses at the battle Magersfontein (including General Wauchope). Command of the Brigade was then given to Major General Hector MacDonald who led the brigade throughout the remainder of the war. The Brigade fought at the Battle of Paardeberg where on 18 February 1900 (known as Bloody Sunday) it again suffered heavy casualties.
On its formation in 1899, the Highland Brigade consisted of the:
- 2nd Battalion, Black Watch
- 2nd Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders
- 1st Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
- 1st Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
Administrative Brigade 1948–1968
After the Second World War the British Army had fourteen infantry depots, each bearing a letter. The depots were territorially organised, and Infantry Depot N was the headquarters for the highland regiments.
In 1948, the depots adopted names and this depot became the Highland Brigade, with all regiments being reduced to a single battalion at the same time. The Highland Brigade was formally created on 14 July 1948 from the depots of six regiments:
- The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)
- The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment)
- The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's)
- The Gordon Highlanders
- The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
- The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)
- In 1958, the Highland Light Infantry was controversially transferred to the Lowland Brigade, to become part of the amalgamated Royal Highland Fusiliers.
- On 7 February 1961, The Seaforth Highlanders and Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders were amalgamated to form the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons).
From 1958 all regiments in the Brigade adopted a common cap badge consisting of the saltire of St. Andrew on which was superimposed a stag's head and a scroll inscribed Cuidigh 'n Righ. The various Territorial Battalions that were also part of the then five Highland Regiments were split off in 1967 and grouped together, eventually forming the 51st Highland Volunteers.
- "Latest intelligence - The War". The Times (36076). London. 27 February 1900. p. 5.
- Messenger, Charles. "A History of British Infantry: For Love of Regiment, Volume 2, 1915-1994". p. 156.
- Whitaker's Almanack 1956, p. 471
- "Present Organisation of the Infantry". House of Commons. 11 May 1967.
- HLI merger "an insult" – March by 20,000 in Glasgow, The Times, September 30, 1957
- Army Order 91/1960
- Whitaker's Almanack 1969, p. 473