Highland Light

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Highland Light
Highland Lighthouse.jpg
Highland Light is located in Cape Cod
Highland Light
Location North Truro, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°2′22.282″N 70°3′39.377″W / 42.03952278°N 70.06093806°W / 42.03952278; -70.06093806Coordinates: 42°2′22.282″N 70°3′39.377″W / 42.03952278°N 70.06093806°W / 42.03952278; -70.06093806
Year first constructed 1797
Year first lit 1857 (current structure)
Automated 1987
Foundation Natural/emplaced
Construction Brick
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern White with black lantern
Height 66 feet (20 m)
Focal height 170 feet (52 m)
Original lens 1st order Fresnel lens
Current lens VRB-25
Range 18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 5s, lighted continuously
Fog signal none
Admiralty number J0390
ARLHS number USA-110
USCG number

1-500[1][2][3]

Highland Light Station
Location Off SR 6, Truro, Massachusetts
Area 6.5 acres (2.6 ha)
Built 1857
Architectural style Queen Anne
Part of Truro Highlands Historic District (#11000823)
MPS Lighthouses of Massachusetts TR
NRHP Reference # 87001463[4]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 15, 1987
Designated CP November 22, 2011

The Highland Light (previously known as Cape Cod Light) is an active lighthouse on the Cape Cod National Seashore in North Truro, Massachusetts. The current tower was erected in 1857, replacing two earlier towers that had been built in 1797 and 1831. It is the oldest and tallest lighthouse on Cape Cod.[5]

The grounds are open year-round, while the light is open to the public from May until late October, with guided tours available. Highland Light is owned by the National Park Service, and was cared for by the Highland Museum and Lighthouse, Inc. until 2014 when Eastern National, another non-profit group, took over the contract to operate the facility as a tourist attraction.[6] The United States Coast Guard operates the light itself as an aid to navigation.[7] The United States Navy ship USS Highland Light (IX-48) was named after the light. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Highland Light Station.[4]

History[edit]

In 1797, a station authorized by George Washington was established at this point on the Cape, with a wood lighthouse to warn ships about the dangerous coastline between Cape Ann and Nantucket. It was the first light on Cape Cod. In 1833, the wood structure was replaced by a brick tower and in 1840 a new lantern and lighting apparatus was installed. In 1857 the lighthouse was declared dangerous and demolished, and for a total cost of $17,000, the current 66 foot brick tower was constructed.[8]

On June 6, 1900, the light was changed from a fixed beam to flashing, with a new. The new Barbier, Benard & Turenne first-order Fresnel lens had four panels of 0.92 meter focal distance, revolved in mercury, and gave, every five seconds, flashes of about 192,000 candlepower nearly one-half second in duration. While the new lens was being installed, the light from a third-order lens was exhibited atop a temporary tower erected near the lighthouse; it was later sold at acution. The Highland Light was then the most powerful on the East Coast. Two four-horsepower oil engines with compressors operated by an engine fueled by kerosene, were added to ensure that the fog signal could be activated within 10 minutes instead of the previous forty five. A new fog signal was installed in 1929, an electrically operated air oscillator, for greater distance range.[9]

The lighthouse was converted to electric operation in 1932 with a 1000-watt beacon. In 1946, Highland Light's Fresnel lens was replaced by modern aerobeacons, first by a Crouse and Hinds DCB-36 double rotating light and then by a Carlisle & Finch DCB-224, with a second unit as backup. Unfortunately, the Fresnel lens was severely damaged when it was removed, but fragments are on display in the museum on site. The light was fully automated by 1986 with a Crouse-Hinds DCB-224 rotating beacon.[10].[11] Finally, in 1998, a VRB-25 optical system was installed.[3][12]

The current location of the lighthouse is not the original site. It was in danger of falling down the cliff due to beach erosion, so the structure was moved 450 feet (140 m) to the west. The government funding to do so was supplemented by money raised through fund raising by the Truro Historical Society.[13] The move was accomplished by International Chimney Corp. of Buffalo, New York and Expert House Movers of Maryland over a period of 18 days in July, 1996.[3][14] The move left the light station on Cape Cod National Seashore property, bordering the Highland Golf Course. After an errant golf ball broke a window, they were replaced with unbreakable material. In 1998, the keeper's house was modified to be a gift shop and museum. The lighthouse grounds are open year-round on Highland Light Road in Truro, with tours and the museum available from a National Park Service partner, Eastern National,[15] during the summer months.[8][16]

Highland Light in art[edit]

Painter Edward Hopper, who owned a summer house in Truro, painted this lighthouse in his work Highland Light, North Truro (1930).[17] Although the light was subsequently moved, the landscape still resembles the vista painted by Hopper.[17] The watercolor resides at the Harvard Art Museums.[18]

Gallery[edit]

Images of the Cape Cod (Highland) Light
High-resolution black and white photo of the lighthouse and keeper's house.  Parked in front of the lighthouse is a 1950s van, with a military emblem and the words "United States Coast Guard" stenciled on the driver's door, and on the side of the van is a military advertisement that reads "The U.S. Coast Guard NEEDS MEN! Join Now! No waiting".
The lighthouse is in the background of the photo, and in the foreground is a large rock, or boulder. In the far distance, on the right, is the Pilgrim Monument tower in Provincetown.
The original location of the lighthouse is indicated by the boulder in the foreground. 
Photograph taken from the lantern room of the lighthouse.  In the foreground on the right is the circular lens surrounding the lamp. The background is the view looking out over the lighthouse grounds and the cliff out to the ocean.
The current VRB-25 optical system 
The lighthouse in September, 2014 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  2. ^ Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 7. 
  3. ^ a b c Rowlett, Russ (2009-09-07). "Lighthouses of the United States: Southeast Massachusetts". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  4. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  5. ^ Connally, E. A. "Highland Lighthouse" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 1. Retrieved March 9, 2014. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=491
  7. ^ http://www.capecodlight.org/
  8. ^ a b "Highland Lighthouse". Cape Cod Lighthouses. 
  9. ^ http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=491
  10. ^ https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/maritime/hig.htm
  11. ^ http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=491
  12. ^ http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=491
  13. ^ http://trurohistoricalsociety.org/highland-light-on-the-move-a-brief-history/
  14. ^ http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=491
  15. ^ http://www.highlandlighthouse.org/about-us
  16. ^ https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/maritime/hig.htm
  17. ^ a b Dicum, Gregory (10 Aug 2008). "Cape Cod, in Edward Hopper's Light". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Highland Light". Harvard Art Museums. Harvard University. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 

External links[edit]