Highland Light

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Highland Light
Highland Lighthouse.jpg
Highland Light is located in Cape Cod
Highland Light
LocationNorth Truro, Massachusetts
Coordinates42°2′22.282″N 70°3′39.377″W / 42.03952278°N 70.06093806°W / 42.03952278; -70.06093806Coordinates: 42°2′22.282″N 70°3′39.377″W / 42.03952278°N 70.06093806°W / 42.03952278; -70.06093806
Year first constructed1797
Year first lit1857 (current structure)
Automated1987
FoundationNatural/emplaced
ConstructionBrick
Tower shapeConical
Markings / patternWhite with black lantern
Tower height66 feet (20 m)
Focal height170 feet (52 m)
Original lens1st order Fresnel lens
Current lensVegaMarine LED Beacon
Range18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)
CharacteristicFl W 5s, lighted continuously
Fog signalnone
Admiralty numberJ0390
ARLHS numberUSA-110
USCG number1-500[1][2][3]
Heritageplace listed on the National Register of Historic Places Edit this on Wikidata
Highland Light Station
LocationOff SR 6, Truro, Massachusetts
Area6.5 acres (2.6 ha)
Built1857
Architectural styleQueen Anne
Part ofTruro Highlands Historic District (#11000823)
MPSLighthouses of Massachusetts TR
NRHP reference #87001463[4]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJune 15, 1987
Designated CPNovember 22, 2011

The Highland Light (previously known as Cape Cod Light) is an active lighthouse on the Cape Cod National Seashore in North Truro, Massachusetts. The current tower was erected in 1857, replacing two earlier towers that had been built in 1797 and 1831. It is the oldest and tallest lighthouse on Cape Cod.[5]

The grounds are open year-round, while the light is open to the public from May until late October, with guided tours available. Highland Light is owned by the National Park Service, and was cared for by the Highland Museum and Lighthouse, Inc. until 2014 when Eastern National, another non-profit group, took over the contract to operate the facility as a tourist attraction.[6] The United States Coast Guard operates the light as an aid to navigation.[7] The United States Navy ship USS Highland Light (IX-48) was named after the light. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Highland Light Station.[4]

History[edit]

In 1797, a station authorized by George Washington was established at this point on the Cape, with a wood lighthouse to warn ships about the dangerous coastline between Cape Ann and Nantucket. It was the first light on Cape Cod. In 1833, the wood structure was replaced by a brick tower and in 1840 a new lantern and lighting apparatus was installed. In 1857 the lighthouse was declared dangerous and demolished, and for a total cost of $17,000, the current 66-foot brick tower was constructed.[8]

On June 6, 1900, the light was changed from a fixed beam to flashing, with a new. The new Barbier, Benard & Turenne first-order Fresnel lens had four panels of 0.92 meter focal distance, revolved in mercury, and gave, every five seconds, flashes of about 192,000 candlepower nearly one-half second in duration. While the new lens was being installed, the light from a third-order lens was exhibited atop a temporary tower erected near the lighthouse; it was later sold at auction. The Highland Light was then the most powerful on the east coast of the United States. Two four-horsepower oil engines with compressors operated by an engine fueled by kerosene, were added to ensure that the fog signal could be activated within ten minutes instead of the previous 45. A new fog signal was installed in 1929, an electrically operated air oscillator, to make it audible over a greater distance.[6]

The lighthouse was converted to electric operation in 1932 with a 1000-watt beacon. In 1946, Highland Light's Fresnel lens was replaced by modern aerobeacons, first by a Crouse-Hinds DCB-36 double rotating light and then by a Carlisle & Finch DCB-224, with a second unit as backup. Unfortunately, the Fresnel lens was severely damaged when it was removed, but fragments are on display in the museum on site. The light was fully automated by 1986 with a Crouse-Hinds DCB-224 rotating beacon.[9][6] In 1998, a VRB-25 optical system was installed.[3][6] Most recently, the light source is a Vega Marine LED beacon model 44/2.5 installed in April 2017.[10]

The current location of the lighthouse is not the original site. It was in danger of falling down the cliff due to beach erosion, so the structure was moved 450 feet (140 m) to the west. The government funding to do so was supplemented by money raised through fund raising by the Truro Historical Society.[11] The move was accomplished by International Chimney Corp. of Buffalo, New York and Expert House Movers of Maryland over a period of 18 days in July, 1996.[3][6] The move left the light station on Cape Cod National Seashore property, bordering the Highland Golf Course. After an errant golf ball broke a window, they were replaced with unbreakable material. In 1998, the keeper's house was modified to be a gift shop and museum. The lighthouse grounds are open year-round on Highland Light Road in Truro, with tours and the museum available from a National Park Service partner, Eastern National,[12] during the summer months.[8][9]

Highland Light in art[edit]

Painter Edward Hopper, who owned a summer house in Truro, painted this lighthouse in his work Highland Light, North Truro (1930).[13] Although the light was subsequently moved, the landscape still resembles the vista painted by Hopper.[13] The watercolor resides at the Harvard Art Museums.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
  2. ^ Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 7.
  3. ^ a b c Rowlett, Russ (2009-09-07). "Lighthouses of the United States: Southeast Massachusetts". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  4. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ Connally, E. A. "Highland Lighthouse" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 1. Retrieved March 9, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b c d e http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=491
  7. ^ http://www.capecodlight.org/
  8. ^ a b "Highland Lighthouse". Cape Cod Lighthouses. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14.
  9. ^ a b https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/maritime/hig.htm
  10. ^ "CapeCod Today — Cape Cod Community News". April 13, 2017.
  11. ^ http://trurohistoricalsociety.org/highland-light-on-the-move-a-brief-history/
  12. ^ http://www.highlandlighthouse.org/about-us
  13. ^ a b Dicum, Gregory (10 Aug 2008). "Cape Cod, in Edward Hopper's Light". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Highland Light". Harvard Art Museums. Harvard University. Retrieved 9 January 2017.

External links[edit]