Highland Park, Los Angeles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Highland Park
Arroyo Seco Bank on Figueroa
Arroyo Seco Bank on Figueroa
Highland Park is located in Los Angeles
Highland Park
Highland Park
Location within Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°06′43″N 118°11′53″W / 34.11194°N 118.19806°W / 34.11194; -118.19806Coordinates: 34°06′43″N 118°11′53″W / 34.11194°N 118.19806°W / 34.11194; -118.19806
Country United States
State California
CountyLos Angeles
CityLos Angeles
Government
 • City CouncilEunisses Hernandez (D)
 • State AssemblyWendy Carrillo (D)
 • State SenateMaría Elena Durazo (D)
 • US SenatorsAlex Padilla (D)
Dianne Feinstein (D)
 • U.S. HouseJimmy Gomez (D)
Area
 • Total9 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Elevation180 m (591 ft)
Population
 (2000)[1]
 • Total57,566
 • Density6,490/km2 (16,809/sq mi)
 Population changes significantly depending on areas included and recent growth.
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
90041–90042
Area code213/323

Highland Park is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, located in the city's Northeast region. It was one of the first subdivisions of Los Angeles[3] and is inhabited by a variety of ethnic and socioeconomic groups.

History[edit]

San Encino Abbey, built in 1915.

The area was settled thousands of years ago by Paleo-Indians, and would later be settled by the Kizh.[4] After the founding of Los Angeles in 1781, the Corporal of the Guard at the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, Jose Maria Verdugo, was granted the 36,403 acre Rancho San Rafael which included present day Highland Park. Drought in the mid-19th century resulted in economic hardship for the Verdugo family, which eventually compelled them to auction off Rancho San Rafael in 1869 for $3,500 over an unpaid loan. The San Rafael tract was purchased by Andrew Glassell and Albert J. Chapman, who leased it out to sheep herders. In 1885, during the 1880s land boom, it was sold to George Morgan and Albert Judson, who combined it with other parcels they had purchased from the Verdugo family to create the Highland Park tract in 1886.[5][3] Two rail lines were built to Highland Park, which later helped the town to survive the burst of the property bubble.[3] Highland Park was annexed to Los Angeles in 1895. In the early 20th century, Highland Park and neighboring Pasadena became enclaves for artists and intellectuals who were adherents of the Arts and Crafts movement.[6]

With the completion of Arroyo Seco Parkway in 1940, Highland Park began to experience white flight, losing residents to the Mid-Wilshire district and newer neighborhoods in Temple City and in the San Fernando Valley.[7] By the mid-1960s, it was becoming a largely Latino district. Mexican immigrants and their American-born children began owning and renting in Highland Park, with its schools and parks becoming places where residents debated over how to fight discrimination and advance civil rights.[8]

In the final decades of the 20th century, portions of Highland Park suffered waves of gang violence as a consequence of the Avenues street gang claiming them and the adjacent neighborhood of Glassell Park as its territory. At the beginning of the 21st century, then City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo, a Highland Park native, intensified efforts to rid Northeast Los Angeles of the Avenues. In 2006, four members of the gang were convicted of violating federal hate crime laws.[9] In June 2009, police launched a major raid against the gang, rooting out many leaders of the gang with a federal racketeering indictment,[10] demolishing the gang's Glassell Park stronghold.[11] Law enforcement, coupled with community awareness efforts such as the annual Peace in the Northeast March, have led to a drastic decrease in violent crime in the 2010s.

In the early 2000s, relatively low rents and home prices, as well as Highland Park's pedestrian-friendly streets and proximity to Downtown Los Angeles attracted people of greater affluence than had previously been typical,[12][13] as well as a reversal of the white flight from previous decades.[14] Of special interest were the district's surviving Craftsman homes, many of which had been demolished in the mid-20th century.[15] One architecturally significant home made its way to Heritage Square Museum, thanks to the efforts of local activists dedicated to saving Victorian homes scheduled for demolition. Like Echo Park and Eagle Rock, Highland Park experienced rapid gentrification.[16][17]

In the 2010s, Highland Park experienced significant job growth, especially with businesses along Figueroa Street and York Boulevard. Its educational, health, and social service careers also developed robustly during this period. However, most workers employed in Highland Park do not live there but commute from surrounding areas instead.[18]In the 21st century, Highland Park has been economically revitalized, but its benefits have been experienced unevenly, bypassing many of the area’s longtime Latino residents.[19]

Neighborhood view from Avenue 64, 2017
From Monte Vista to the 110 freeway, 2018

Geography and climate[edit]

Highland Park’s boundaries are roughly the Arroyo Seco Parkway (California Route 110) on the southeast, Pasadena on the northeast, Oak Grove Drive on the north, South Pasadena on the east, and Avenue 51 on the west. Primary thoroughfares include York Boulevard and Figueroa Street.[20]

Highland Park sits within the Northeast Los Angeles region along with Mount Washington, Cypress Park, Glassell Park, and Eagle Rock.

Climate data for Highland Park, Los Angeles
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
70
(21)
71
(22)
75
(24)
77
(25)
83
(28)
88
(31)
89
(32)
87
(31)
82
(28)
74
(23)
69
(21)
78
(26)
Average low °F (°C) 45
(7)
47
(8)
48
(9)
51
(11)
55
(13)
59
(15)
62
(17)
63
(17)
61
(16)
56
(13)
49
(9)
45
(7)
53
(12)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.94
(100)
4.39
(112)
3.79
(96)
1.00
(25)
0.35
(8.9)
0.14
(3.6)
0.02
(0.51)
0.15
(3.8)
0.39
(9.9)
0.59
(15)
1.33
(34)
2.18
(55)
18.29
(465)
Source: [21]

Demographics[edit]

St. Ignatius of Loyola Church.

The 2000 U.S. census counted 56,566 residents in the 3.42-square-mile neighborhood—an average of 16,835 people per square mile. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 60,841. The median age for residents was 28.[22]

The ethnic composition of Highland Park in 2000 was Latinos, 72.4%; Non-Hispanic Whites, 11.3%; Asians, 11.2%; Blacks, 8.4%; and others, 2.6%. Among the 45% of residents born abroad, Mexico and El Salvador are the most common countries of origin.[22]

The median household income in 2008 dollars was $45,478, and 59% of households earned $40,000 or less. The average household size was 3.3 people. Renters occupied 60.9% of the housing units.[22]

The percentage of never-married men was 41%. The 2000 census found that 21% of families were headed by single parents. There were 1,942 military veterans in 2000, or 4.9% of the population.[22]

According to the 2020 United States census, the Latino population dropped by 10% since 2010. Overall, the population of Highland Park decreased by 7%.[23]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

LACMTA train pulling into Highland Park Station, 2012
  • The L Line - The Highland Park Station is located at the intersection of North Avenue 57 at Marmion Way. Built upon the same site as another preexisting rail station which was demolished in 1965, the new Highland Park Station was opened in 2003.
  • Metro Local bus lines 81, 182 & 256 connect to the surrounding areas of Pasadena, South Pasadena, the San Gabriel Valley, and Downtown Los Angeles
  • LADOT's DASH Highland Park/Eagle Rock bus line begins in San Pascual Park and ends near the city limits with Glendale. The route connects several local schools, shopping districts, and the Eagle Rock Plaza.
  • Arroyo Seco Parkway (California State Route 110) - formerly known as the Pasadena Freeway, it runs through Highland Park and has served local commuters since it opened in 1940.

Parks and libraries[edit]

Exterior of Highland Park's original Arroyo Seco Branch Library in 1914.

Highland Park was served by a series of public libraries starting in 1890. It housed a collection of 50 books at the now demolished Miller's Hall, formerly located on York Boulevard between Avenues 63 and 64. As the library's collection grew, it was moved to other locations along nearby Avenue 64 in order to accommodate. A grant from Andrew Carnegie made possible a purpose-built facility which eventually became the original Arroyo Seco Library.[27] Its location was decided upon in 1911 as a compromise between the competing residential centers of the district, as well in order to adhere to the stipulations of the grant.[28] The library was opened in 1914.[27]

On October 17, 1960, a newly constructed Arroyo Seco Library was opened to the public, replacing the original building after 46 years of service. Designed by architect John Landon, the second Arroyo Seco Library was the base of operations for the entire northeast region of the Los Angeles Public Library system. It also was equipped with rooftop parking which had access to the library's front door, a feature that was first of its kind among public libraries in the United States.[29] This building would itself be replaced by another, modernized facility in 2003.[30]

  • Highland Park Recreation Center - 6150 Piedmont Avenue.[31]
  • York Boulevard Park - 4948 York Boulevard. [32]

Religion[edit]

Highland Park is home to a wide array of religious practitioners. The St. Ignatius Church has been the house of worship for followers of Roman Catholicism in the district since the early 20th century. Originally located on Avenue 52, the church was moved to its present location on the corner of Avenue 60 and Monte Vista Street in 1915.[33]

Temple Beth Israel of Highland Park and Eagle Rock was founded in Highland Park in 1923 and constructed its building in 1930. It is the second oldest synagogue in Los Angeles still operating in its original location, after the Wilshire Boulevard Temple (built in 1929).[34][35]

Landmarks and attractions[edit]

  • Galco's Soda Pop Stop has been owned and operated by the Nese family for more than a century.[36]
  • Avenue 50 Studio, a nonprofit community-based organization grounded in Latino and Chicano culture.[37]

Historic-Cultural Monuments[edit]

The following Historic-Cultural Monuments are located in Highland Park:

  • Judson Studios, 200-204 S. Avenue 66. Historic-Cultural Monument #66, 1969
  • Charles Lummis Residence, 200 E. Avenue 43. Historic-Cultural Monument #68, 1970
  • Hiner House, 757 N. Figueroa Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #105, 1972
  • San Encino Abbey, 6211 Arroyo Glen. Historic-Cultural Monument #106, 1972
  • 5905 El Mio Drive, Historic-Cultural Monument #142, 1975
  • 6028 Hayes Avenue, Historic-Cultural Monument #143, 1975
  • Highland Park Police Station, 6045 York Boulevard. Historic-Cultural Monument #274, 1984
  • Highland Park Masonic Temple, 104 N. Avenue 56. Historic-Cultural Monument #282, 1984
  • Ebell Club Building, 125-135 S. Avenue 57. Historic-Cultural Monument #284, 1984
  • Yoakum House, 140-154 S. Avenue 59. Historic-Cultural Monument #287, 1985
  • Drake House, 210-220 S. Avenue 60. Historic-Cultural Monument #338, 1988
  • Santa Fe Arroyo Seco Railroad Bridge, 162 S. Avenue 61. Historic-Cultural Monument #339, 1988
  • Sunrise Court, 5721-5729 Monte Vista Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #400, 1988
  • Ziegler Estate, 4601 N. Figueroa Boulevard. Historic-Cultural Monument #416, 1989
  • Ivar I. Phillips Dwelling, 4200 N. Figueroa Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #469, 1989
  • Ivar I. Phillips Residence, 4204 N. Figueroa Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #470, 1989
  • Arroyo Seco Bank Building, 6301-6311 N. Figueroa Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #492, 1990
  • Casa de Adobe, 4603-4613 Figueroa Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #493, 1990
  • Kelman Residence and Carriage Barn, 5029 Echo Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #494, 1990
  • J.E. Maxwell Residence, 211 S. Avenue 52. Historic-Cultural Monument #539, 1991
  • Reverend Williel Thomson Residence, 215 S. Avenue 52. Historic-Cultural Monument #541, 1991
  • Department of Water and Power Distributing Station No. 2, 211-235 N. Avenue 61. Historic-Cultural Monument #558, 1992
  • E.A. Spencer Estate, 5660 Ash Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #564, 1992
  • Security Trust and Savings Bank, 101-107 N. Avenue 56. Historic-Cultural Monument #575, 1993
  • York Boulevard State Bank, 1301-1313 N. Avenue 51. Historic-Cultural Monument #581, 1993
  • W.F. Poor Residence, 120 N. Avenue 54. Historic-Cultural Monument #582, 1993
  • Occidental College Hall of Letters Building (Savoy Apartments), 121 N. Avenue 50. Historic-Cultural Monument #585, 1993
  • Murdock Residence, 4219 N Figueroa Street. Historic-Cultural Monument #780, 2004
  • Mills Cottage, 4746 Toland Way. Historic-Cultural Monument #781, 2004
  • Wilkins House, 915-917 North Avenue 57. Historic-Cultural Monument #877, 2007

Education[edit]

Highland Park is zoned to the following schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District.[38]

Zoned elementary schools include:

  • Aldama Elementary School
  • Annandale Elementary School
  • Buchanan Elementary School
  • Bushnell Way Elementary School[39]
  • Garvanza Elementary School
  • San Pascual Elementary School
  • Saint Ignatius of Loyola School (K-8)
  • Toland Way Elementary School
  • Yorkdale Elementary School
  • Monte Vista Elementary School
  • Arroyo Seco Museum Science Magnet School (K-8)

Residents are zoned to Luther Burbank Middle School[40] and Benjamin Franklin High School. Los Angeles International Charter High School and Academia Avance Charter also serve the community.

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Motion pictures that have been shot in Highland Park include:

Television and feature films have used the old Los Angeles Police Department building in the 6000 block of York Boulevard.[70]

Smith Estate, an historic hilltop Victorian house, has been a shooting location for horror films such as Spider Baby, Silent Scream and Insidious: Chapter 2.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Los Angeles Times Neighborhood Project". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
  2. ^ "Worldwide Elevation Finder".
  3. ^ a b c Los Angeles Department of City Planning, Highland Park-Garvanza Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (December 9, 2010). "4.1 History of Highland Park & Garvanza". Highland Park-Garvanza HPOZ Preservation Plan, Including Garvanza, Highland Park, Montecito Heights and Mount Angelus Neighborhoods (Report). Los Angeles Department of City Planning. pp. 17–20. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 3, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  4. ^ https://www.cpp.edu/~tgyoung/Pom_Parks/Kizh%20not%20Tongva_9-27-17.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ "The Highlands". Departures. Kcet.org. Archived from the original on October 10, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  6. ^ "Arroyo Culture". Departures. Kcet.org. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  7. ^ "The Parkway". Departures. Kcet.org. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  8. ^ "Brown and Proud". Departures. Kcet.org. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  9. ^ Mozingo, Joe; Quinones, Sam; Winton, Richard (February 23, 2008). "A gang's staying power". Los Angeles Times.
  10. ^ Rubin, Joel (September 22, 2009). "Major police raid targets L.A.'s notorious Avenues gang". Los Angeles Times.
  11. ^ Quinones, Sam (February 5, 2009). "Avenues gang bastion is demolished". Los Angeles Times.
  12. ^ McDonald, Kathy A. (June 18, 2008). "Edgy neighborhoods attract frosh buyers". Variety.
  13. ^ "Experience an alternative Los Angeles". London Evening Standard, February 22, 2012. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012.
  14. ^ Bogado, Aura (January 20, 2015). "Dispatch from Highland Park: Gentrification, Displacement and the Disappearance of Latino Businesses". Colorlines. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  15. ^ Lazo, Alejandro (March 11, 2012). "Highland Park becoming gentrified". Los Angeles Times.
  16. ^ Logan, Tim (December 21, 2014). "Highland Park renters feel the squeeze of gentrification". Los Angeles Times.
  17. ^ Juliano, Michael. "A guide to Highland Park". Timeout. Retrieved May 11, 2021. Of all the neighborhoods in Northeast L.A.—if not the entire city—none have changed as rapidly as Highland Park.
  18. ^ "The State of Highland Park" (PDF). Historic Highland Park Neighborhood Council. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  19. ^ Kamin, Debra (October 22, 2019). "Highland Park, Los Angeles: A Watchful Eye on Gentrification". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2021. But [Highland Park's] transition is complicated. Highland Park is historically Latino, and as housing prices have crept up, a slew of Spanish-speaking panaderias, bodegas, and businesses have shuttered.
  20. ^ Kamin, Debra (October 22, 2019). "Highland Park, Los Angeles: A Watchful Eye on Gentrification". New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  21. ^ "Zipcode 90042". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  22. ^ a b c d "Highland Park Profile - Mapping L.A. - Los Angeles Times". Projects.latimes.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  23. ^ Sanchez, Jesús. "2020 Census describes a shrinking Eastside". The Eastsider. Archived from the original on December 6, 2022. Retrieved December 6, 2022. In Highland Park, the population dropped 7% to nearly 51,000. Latinos accounted for 66% of the population—down 10% since 2010.
  24. ^ "Post Office Location - HIGHLAND PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 9, 2008.
  25. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department — Fire Station 12". Lafd.org. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  26. ^ "Arroyo Seco Regional Library". Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  27. ^ a b Dellquest, Wilfred (August 11, 1957). "Northeast Pictures: Arroyo Library result of sacrifice and determination" (PDF). Highland Park News-Herald and Journal. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  28. ^ "Branch Library Location Pleases Some—Not All!". Highland Park News-Herald and Journal. September 23, 1911. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  29. ^ "Public spirit builds library". Highland Park News-Herald and Journal. October 17, 1963. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  30. ^ "Early Los Angeles Historical Buildings (1900 - 1925)". Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  31. ^ "Highland Park Recreation Center". City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks. Retrieved December 7, 2022.
  32. ^ "York Boulevard Park". City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks. Retrieved December 7, 2022.
  33. ^ "Catholics Erecting Huge Church Building". Highland Park News-Herald and Journal. October 9, 1915. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  34. ^ Leibowitz, Ed. "Finding Sanctuary". Archived from the original on September 16, 2008.
  35. ^ "History". Archived from the original on April 29, 2009.
  36. ^ "GALCO'S SODA POP STOP | 7 Reinterpreting Highland Park | Departures". KCET. February 22, 1999. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  37. ^ "Avenue 50 Studio | Art | Highland Park Field Guide". KCET. December 13, 2008. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  38. ^ Susan Carrier (October 12, 2003). "History hopes to repeat itself in Highland Park". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 20, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2008.
  39. ^ "You are about to leave the LAUSD Domain". Lausd.k12.ca.us. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  40. ^ "Luther Burbank Middle School website". www.lbmsbears.com.
  41. ^ Los Angeles Public Library file
  42. ^ "The Highs and Lows of Being Billie Eilish". September 5, 2019.
  43. ^ O'Connor, Pauline (July 31, 2016). "Drag queen Jackie Beat's eye-popping pad is up for grabs". Curbed LA. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  44. ^ Hochman, Steve (February 20, 1994). "Don't Get Bitter on Us, Beck : Thanks to his rap-folk song 'Loser,' the 23-year-old musician is one of the hottest figures to emerge from the L.A. rock scene in years. But now that he's going national, how will he hold up under all the attention?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  45. ^ "Sunday in the dungeon with Jackson Browne". The Eastsider LA. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  46. ^ Bradford Caslon, "Rose La Monte Burcham -- 4900 Pasadena Avenue" A Look Back at Vintage Los Angeles (November 9, 2011).
  47. ^ "A Chicano Art Collective Needs Help Bringing This Massive Highland Park Mural Back to Life". Retrieved February 22, 2017.[permanent dead link]
  48. ^ Merl, Jean (July 1, 2001). "Life of Promise, Pressing New Issues". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  49. ^ Cannon, Lou (1998), Official Negligence: How Rodney King and the Riots Changed Los Angeles and the LAPD, p.92. Crown. ISBN 0-8129-2190-9. Excerpt available at Google Books.
  50. ^ "Get to Know: Billie Eilish | MTV UK". Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  51. ^ "Agreement Reached on Custody of Teen Actor". Los Angeles Times. September 27, 1991. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  52. ^ Los Angeles Public Library reference file
  53. ^ Finnigan, Kate (August 6, 2017). "Diane Keaton: Why I decided to adopt in my 50s". Glen Innes Examiner. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  54. ^ "Highland Park pays tribute to Mike Kelley*". Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  55. ^ "Marc Maron Learned the Meaning of "Feral" from a Cat". August 6, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  56. ^ Powers, Ann (December 10, 2019). "Billie Eilish Is The Weird Achiever Of The Year". NPR. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  57. ^ Samadder, Rhik (November 15, 2014). "Ariel Pink: 'I'm not that guy everyone hates'". The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  58. ^ "Fritz Poock's Water Colors". Los Angeles Times. July 2, 1933.
  59. ^ "Save the Date: Stairway tour explores history of Mt. Angelus one step at a time". The Eastsider LA. October 29, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
  60. ^ Glazer, Joshua. "Skrillex: Strictly Laptop". Hot Topic. Archived from the original on May 4, 2011.
  61. ^ "The Evolution of Emily Wells, New York Phase". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  62. ^ Saperstein, Pat (August 7, 2014). "David Weidman, Animation Artist Whose Work Appeared on 'Mad Men,' Dies at 93". Variety. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  63. ^ Berlinger, Max (February 21, 2020). "Connor Jessup of 'Locke & Key' Gets His Nails Done". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  64. ^ "Film locations for Reservoir Dogs (1992)". Movie-locations.com. Archived from the original on May 5, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  65. ^ "Highland Park bar gets a Hollywood close-up". The Eastsider LA. March 21, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  66. ^ "Gangster Squad Recreates Mickey Cohen's 1940s LA - LA Plays Itself - Curbed LA". La.curbed.com. May 10, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  67. ^ "Yes Man - Filming Locations - part 1". Seeing-stars.com. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  68. ^ "Offbeat Rom-Com Cyrus Premieres at LA Film Festival". Blogcritics. June 19, 2010. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  69. ^ "Tuff Turf (1985)". IMDb. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  70. ^ "Tour Location: 6045 York Blvd, Los Angeles, California". The Movieland Directory. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.

External links[edit]