Highland Park (Rochester, New York)
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In 1888, nurserymen George Ellwanger and Patrick Barry endowed the Rochester community with 20 acres (81,000 m²) of land which became Highland Park, one of the nation's first municipal arboretums. Highland Park is one of many parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, and was designed with the purpose of retaining a natural appearance. Horticulturist John Dunbar, later known in local circles as Johnny Lilacseed, started the park's famous lilac collection in 1892; some of the 20 varieties he installed were descendants of native Balkan Mountain flowers brought to North America by early colonists.
Highland Park covers over 155 acres (0.63 km2) and features over 1,200 lilac shrubs (over 500 varieties), Japanese maples, 35 varieties of sweet-smelling magnolias, a barberry collection, a rock garden with dwarf evergreens, 700 varieties of rhododendron, azaleas, mountain laurel, andromeda, spring bulbs and wildflowers and a large number of unusual tree species. The park's pansy bed features 10,000 plants, designed into an oval floral "carpet" with a new pattern each year. Highland Park has a natural amphitheater, sunken garden, a Gothic-style edifice (known as the "Warner Castle"), and a conservatory greenhouse called Lamberton Conservatory. A statue of Frederick Douglass overlooks the amphitheater. The outdoor amphitheater (Highland Park Bowl) is used for summertime concerts, Shakespeare in the Park and FREE Movies in the Parks series.
Highland Park hosts Rochester's annual Lilac Festival in May, which is the largest festival of its kind in North America and draws spectators from all over the globe. The Rochester Civic Garden Center, housed in Warner Castle, offers public access to a horticultural and botanical library of over 4,000 volumes and sponsors an on-going series of educational courses.
Since 1997, Rochester Community Players' Shakespeare Players have performed an annual free Shakespeare in the Park production of one of William Shakespeare's plays in early July at the Highland Park Bowl.
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- "Ellwanger and Barry gift has lasted more than a century". Rochester Democrat & Chronicle. May 7, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- Monroe County, NY: Highland Park
- City of Rochester: Highland Park
- Warner Castle, Rochester Civic Garden Center