Highland Railway W Class

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Highland Railway W class
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerPeter Drummond
BuilderHR Lochgorm Works
Build date1905–1906
Total produced4
 • Whyte0-4-4T
 • UICB2′ n2t
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.4 ft 6 in (1.372 m)
Trailing dia.2 ft 6 in (0.762 m)
Loco weight35.75 long tons (36.32 t; 40.04 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity1.75 long tons (1.78 t; 1.96 short tons)
Water cap900 imp gal (4,100 l; 1,100 US gal)
 • Firegrate area
13 sq ft (1.2 m2)
Boiler3 ft 10 12 in (1.18 m) diameter
Boiler pressure150 psi (1.03 MPa)
Heating surface719.5 sq ft (66.84 m2)
 • Firebox68 sq ft (6.3 m2)
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size14 in × 20 in (356 mm × 508 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort9,256 lbf (41.17 kN)
OperatorsHRLMSBR (Sc)
ClassHR: W
Power classLMS: 0P
DispositionAll scrapped, but the locomotive this class was based on, the prototype, is preserved.

The Highland Railway W class were four small 0-4-4T locomotives built by the Highland Railway in 1905–1906 to the design of locomotive superintendent Peter Drummond. They were the last engines that were built at the company's Lochgorm works in Inverness, and were used on branch line services.


Dunrobin was an 0-4-4T built in 1895 by Sharp, Stewart & Co. for the 4th Duke of Sutherland.[1] The W class were near-clones of Dunrobin.[2]

Numbers / Names[edit]

Table of locomotives
HR No. HR Name Built Withdrawn LMS No. BR Notes
25 Strathpeffer March 1905 July 1956 15051 55051 Name removed in 1920
40 Gordon Lennox September 1905 December 1930 15052 Name removed in 1920
45 December 1905 January 1957 15053 55053
46 February 1906 October 1945 15054


All four locomotives passed to the LMS in 1923, where they were numbered 15051–15054 and given power classification '0P'. Locomotive 15052 was withdrawn in 1930, and 15054 followed in 1945, but the other two survived to become British Railways 55051 and 55053. These spent their final years based at Helmsdale for working the Dornoch Light Railway, which required locomotives with exceptionally light axle loadings. By the time they were finally withdrawn (in 1956 and 1957 respectively) they were the last former Highland Railway locomotives still in use, and were still in almost original condition.

In order to replace these locomotives, British Railways transferred two GWR 1600 Class 0-6-0PT locomotives (numbers 1646 and 1649) to Helmsdale to work the Dornoch line.


  1. ^ Streeter, Tony (7 January – 3 February 2011). "Dunrobin: coming home and steaming in 2013!". Steam Railway. Peterborough: Bauer Media (384): 6, 8.
  2. ^ Streeter, Tony (7 January – 3 February 2011). "A Highland legacy". Steam Railway. Peterborough: Bauer Media (384): 8.
  • Baxter, Bertram (1984). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 4: Scottish and remaining English Companies in the LMS Group. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. p. 199.
  • Haresnape, Brian; Rowledge, Peter (1982). Drummond Locomotives, a pictorial history. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. pp. 103, 112, 127. ISBN 0-7110-1206-7.
  • Longworth, Hugh (2005). British Railways Steam Locomotives 1948-1968.
  • Vallance, H. A. (1938). The Highland Railway.

External links[edit]