Highlands Army Air Defense Site
|Highlands Army Air Defense Site|
Army Air Defense Command Post
The AADCP networked local Army radars and Highlands Air Force Station radars to direct Nike fire units--each which had a local network of 3 radars (top) for acquiring the target, tracking the target, and tracking/guiding the Nike missile.
|Region||New York Defense Area|
|Command||Army Air Defense Command|
1966 November 30: AN/TSQ-51:320
1972 by July 1: AN/GSG-5:C-23
|Nearest city||New York City|
|Location||Missile Master nuclear bunker|
|- coordinates||Coordinates: |
The 1958 memorial for the 1958 "Nike Ajax Explosion" was moved to HAADS in 1963 after the nearby Chapel Hill launch site NY-56 closed ( ). The memorial was in front of the HQ building near the Portland Rd entrance and was moved to Ft Hancock in 1974.( ).
The Army Air Defense Command Post (AADCP) at Highlands directed the Nike fire units in the New York Defense Area, replacing the Nike missile "manual operations center" at Fort Wadsworth on Staten Island. The Missile Master Army Installation was built in the former Highlands Air Force Station and cost ~$2 million for the new equipment (Martin AN/FSG-1 and AN/FPS-6 & AN/FPS-90 height-finders) and ~$2 million for additional structures such as the 170 ft × 90 ft (52 m × 27 m) nuclear bunker, four radar towers, diesel power plant, and 25 ft × 17 ft (7.6 m × 5.2 m) cinderblock electrical switch building. Isaac Degeneers Construction Co. was the general contractor for the $1.71M construction (C. W. Regan was the lowest bidder at $1.5M.) The 1957 site plan was for 45–50 acres (18–20 ha); construction began July 10, 1958; the Missile Master was accepted in May 1960; and the dedication was on June 5.
The Army assumed control of the Highlands Air Force Station after the DoD had announced its closure for July 1966. The 646th Radar Squadron was inactivated on July 1, 1966. The first Hughes AN/TSQ-51 Air Defense Command and Coordination System in the nation as activated at the HAADS. The AADCP became the direction center for the combined New York-Philadelphia Defense Area when the AADCP near Philadelphia was closed in September 1966. AADCP operations ended in 1974 under Project Concise in conjunction with the region's 9 remaining Nike fire units closing in April at Orangeburg/Mount Nebo, New York (NY-03/04), Amityville/Farmingdale, New York (NY-24), Fort Tilden (NY-49), Livingston, New Jersey (NY-79/80), Lumberton, New Jersey (PH-23/25), Erial, New Jersey (PH-41/43), and Woolwich Township, New Jersey (PH-58).
The Highlands Army Air Defense Site was decommissioned on October 31, 1974. (17) The U.S. Department of Agriculture had made plans to put an animal quarantine station on the site in the early 1970s when the Highlands Army Air Defense Site was declared excess by the General Services Administration. The Monmouth County board of Freeholders was opposed to the plan.(13) Representative James J. Howard (D-NJ) was instrumental in getting the Highlands Army Air Defense Site turned into a park in 1973 with the acquisition of 161 acres of the site property.(14) Ten years later the GSA turned 63 acres of the operations area was turned over to the Monmouth County Park system.(15) On July 3, 1984 the Monmouth County Park system signed for the deed to the remaining land.(16)
The Highlands Missile Master building was demolished in 1995.(12)
|1958 Nike explosion memorial at Highlands (p. 11)|
|empty Missile Master bunker in 2008|
|map of current site with park trails|
- 52nd Artillery Brigade (1960-1963, 1967-1973)
- 19th Air Defense Artillery Group (1961-1968)
- Headquarters and Headquarters Battery 1st Battalion, 51st Air Defense Artillery Regiment (1971-1973)
- Headquarters and Headquarters Battery 3rd Battalion, 51st Air Defence Artillery Regiment (1964-1968)
- 16th Air Defense Artillery Group (1971-1974)
- Leonard, Barry (2011). History of Strategic and Ballistic Missile Defense: Volume II: 1956-1972 (Google books). Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- McMaster, B. N., et al (December 1984). Historical Overview of the Nike Missile System (PDF) (Report). Environmental Science and Engineering, Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
- "Hartshorne Woods Park - Highlands Army Air Defense Base" (Highlands Paranormal webpage). MySite.Verizon.net. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
The picture below was captured in an underground bunker . The location is number 3 as marked on the map above.
- "Chapter IX Logistics". Department of the Army Historical Summary: Fiscal Year 1974. Center of Military History. 1978. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
- "Base is Dedicated: 'Blue Room' at Missile Master Gives Eerie But Secure Feeling" (PDF). Red Bank Register. Red Bank, New Jersey. June 7, 1960. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
RADAR SCANNER at Missile Master atop Highlands hills tells the height of aircraft or other flying objects. It is one of the smaller pieces of radar equipment. …replaces a manual operations center at Fort Wadsworth, Staten Island, where Gen.Hewitt's headquarters, the 52d Artillery Brigade Air Defense
- "Missile Master Defense System to Cost Millions: Army Opens Bids" (PDF). Red Bank Register. Red Bank, New Jersey. June 12, 1958. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- Brown v. Jersey Central Power and Light Co. (New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division).
- "Location of the Missile Master" (PDF). Red Bank Register. Red Bank, New Jersey. August 7, 1958. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- "title tbd" (PDF). Red Bank Register. Red Bank, New Jersey. April 25, 1957. Retrieved date tbd. Check date values in:
- "Highlands Radar Site Closing" (PDF). The Daily Register. Red Bank, New Jersey. November 20, 1964. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
McNamara Firm on Base Shutdowns …two naval shipyards, six bomber bases,…in 33 states and the District … 80 bases in the United States and 15 overseas … Portsmouth…Navy Yard … Brooklyn Navy Yard and the Brooklyn Army Terminal. … Springfield Armory … Temporary Team … Highlands Air Force Station … personnel will be inactivated by July, 1966, leaving Army radar unit at base intact … What's Behind Decision … Over the past four years 574 U.S. military bases around the world ... McNamara struck 16 more Air Defense Command radar stations
- "Nike Site PH-64DC Army Air Defense Command Post Pedricktown, NJ". Practice safe lunch…. LiveJournal.com. November 29, 2005. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
- 3rd Bn was inactivated 4 June 1973 at Highlands, New Jersey. http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/060/60-5/cmhPub_60-5.pdf, p.201
- "Middletown, NJ In The 20th Century"(The American Century Series) [Paperback] Randall Gabrielan (Author) Paperback: 128 pages
Publisher: Arcadia Pub (August 24, 1999) Language: English ISBN 0752413228 ISBN 978-0752413228 See page: 106
- See: http://220.127.116.11/data/rbr/1970-1979/1973/1973.07.06.pdf Red Bank Register article "Clifton would like to keep Animal Quarintine Unit" Page 1 and 2
- See" http://18.104.22.168/data/rbr/1970-1979/1973/1973.08.09.pdf Red Bank Register article "Howard to continure effort to get Highlands tract." Page 3 and Opinion piece on page 6 "County needs those 161 acres"
- See: http://22.214.171.124/Data/RBR/1980-1989/1984/1984.09.21.pdf Red Bank Register article "GSA turns over park to county" Page A1 and A11
- See: http://126.96.36.199/Data/RBR/1980-1989/1984/1984.07.05.pdf Red Bank Register article "Monmouth receives old air defense site land" page B5
- See: http://www.northamericanforts.com/East/nj.html#sandy
- See: http://alpha.fdu.edu/~bender/NY55.html
- See http://188.8.131.52/data/rbr/1970-1979/1974/1974.02.05.pdf Red Bank Register article "Army will deactivate Nike-Hercules Bases at Highlands and FT. Hancock", Page 5; and see page 101 of the "Department of the Army Historical Summary: FY 1974" chapter 9 at http://www.history.army.mil/books/DAHSUM/1974/ch09.htm