Nova Scotia Highway 105
|Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way
|Maintained by Nova Scotia Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal|
|Length:||142 km (88 mi)|
|Existed:||1970 – present|
|West end:||Hwy 104 (TCH) / Trunk 4 / Trunk 19 near Port Hawkesbury|
|Cabot Trail near Nyanza
Cabot Trail near St. Anns
Hwy 162 in Bras D'or
Hwy 125 near Sydney Mines
|East end:||North Sydney Ferry Terminal|
Highway 105 in Nova Scotia represents the Cape Breton Island leg of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the Port Hastings Rotary just east of the Canso Causeway in Port Hastings to the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal in North Sydney, representing a distance of 142 kilometres (88 mi).
In 2010, the provincial government named the entire highway Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way in honour of Mabel Gardiner Hubbard and her husband Alexander Graham Bell, who resided and are buried at Beinn Bhreagh near Baddeck.
The highway travels northeast from Port Hastings along the base of a group of mountains known as "The Big Ridge" to Whycocomagh. It then follows the north shore of Bras d'Or Lake, bypassing Baddeck on a short Super two controlled access segment. Still running in a general northeast direction, at St. Anns the highway begins ascending the west slope of Kelly's Mountain on the Cape Dauphin Peninsula. Highway 105 descends the east slope of Kelly's Mountain using a series of sharp turns including a 180° hairpin turn at New Harris Forks before crossing the Great Bras d'Or Channel of Bras d'Or Lake on the Seal Island Bridge. The road crosses Boularderie Island using another short Super two controlled access segment and then runs southeast as an uncontrolled access road through the villages of Bras d'Or and Florence. Highway 105 regains controlled access for the final 3 km (1.9 mi) to its eastern terminus at the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal in North Sydney where travellers can continue to Newfoundland.
With some minor exceptions noted above, the highway is two lanes and uncontrolled access. In addition, there are two intersections controlled by traffic lights in Florence.
Highway 105 is descended from the former Trunk 5, which no longer exists; Highway 105 follows the old Trunk 5 alignment, using present Routes 205, 305 and roads named after it to serve areas bypassed by Highway 105. The 105 name was applied in 1970.
Trunk 5 was a provincial trunk road in Victoria County and the Cape Breton Regional Municipality between Boularderie East and Millville Boularderie on Boularderie Island in Nova Scotia. The route, known as Millville Highway, was the main highway before Nova Scotia Highway 105 opened. It originally extended from Sydney River to Port Hawkesbury. It is now commonly known as Old Route 5.
|Inverness||Port Hastings||0||0.0||1|| Hwy 104 (TCH) west / Trunk 4 west – Canso Causeway, Antigonish
Hwy 104 east / Trunk 4 east (Fleur-de-lis Trail) – Port Hawkesbury, St. Peter's, Sydney
Trunk 19 north (Ceilidh Trail) – Inverness, Port Hood, Margaree Forks
|Exit 41 on Hwy 104; roundabout;
Trans-Canada Highway follows Hwy 104 west
|Melford||31||19||3||River Denys Road||At-grade|
|Iron Mines||42||26||4||Orangedale Road (Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive)||At-grade|
|Whycocomagh||47||29||5||Route 252 north to Route 395 – Mabou, Lake Ainslie, Margaree Forks, Cheticamp||At-grade|
|Victoria||Little Narrows||58||36||6||Route 223 south (Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive) – Little Narrows, Grand Narrows, Iona||At-grade|
|Nyanza||76||47||7||Cabot Trail (Trunk 30) to Trunk 19 – Margaree Forks, Cheticamp, Inverness||At-grade; unsigned Trunk 30|
|Baddeck||83||52||8||Route 205 east||At-grade|
|85||53||9||To Route 205 / Riverside Road|
|MacAulays Hill||94||58||10||Route 205 west – Baddeck||At-grade|
|St. Anns||103||64||11||Cabot Trail (Trunk 30) – Ingonish||At-grade; unsigned Trunk 30|
|Englishtown||107||66||12||Route 312 north – Englishtown Ferry, Ingonish||At-grade|
|Bras d'Or Lake
(Great Bras d'Or Channel)
|119||74||Seal Island Bridge|
|Big Bank||120||75||13||Kempt Head Road – Ross Ferry, Kempt Head||At-grade|
|Boularderie East||122||76||14||Old Trunk 5 – Big Bras d'Or, Black Rock||At-grade|
|Cape Breton||New Dominion||126||78||15||St. James Road||At-grade|
|Millville Boularderie||132||82||16||Millville Road – Millville, Big Bras d'Or||At-grade|
|Bras d'Or||135||84||17||Prince Mine Road (Hwy 162 north)||At-grade|
|136||85||18||Route 305 east / Church Road – Alder Point, Georges River||At-grade|
|||138||86||19||Park Road – Florence||At-grade|
|Sydney Mines||139||86||20||Hwy 125 east / Main Street – Sydney, Glace Bay, Louisbourg, Sydney Mines||Signed as Exit 20E (east) and 20W (west); exit 1 on Hwy 125|
|North Sydney||142||88||21||Route 305 (Queen Street) – North Sydney, Sydney Mines|
|North Sydney Ferry Terminal|
|Cabot Strait|| Marine Atlantic ferry to Channel-Port aux Basques (year-round) and Argentia (June–September)
Route 1 (TCH) continues in Newfoundland and Labrador
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Route map: Google
- Google (July 12, 2017). "Highway 105 in Nova Soctia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal (March 10, 2010). "Highway 105 Designated Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way". Government of Nova Scotia (Press release).
NL Route 1