Nova Scotia Highway 105

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Highway 105 shield

Highway 105
Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way
Trans-Canada Highway
Route information
Maintained by Nova Scotia Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal
Length: 142 km[1] (88 mi)
Existed: 1970[citation needed] – present
Major junctions
West end: Hwy 104 (TCH) / Trunk 4 / Trunk 19 near Port Hawkesbury
  Cabot Trail near Nyanza
Cabot Trail near St. Anns
Hwy 162 in Bras D'or
Hwy 125 near Sydney Mines
East end: North Sydney Ferry Terminal
Highway system

Provincial highways in Nova Scotia

Hwy 104 (TCH) Hwy 106 (TCH)

Highway 105 in Nova Scotia represents the Cape Breton Island leg of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the Port Hastings Rotary just east of the Canso Causeway in Port Hastings to the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal in North Sydney, representing a distance of 142 kilometres (88 mi).[1]

In 2010, the provincial government named the entire highway Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way in honour of Mabel Gardiner Hubbard and her husband Alexander Graham Bell, who resided and are buried at Beinn Bhreagh near Baddeck.[2]

Route description[edit]

Highway 105 crosses the Great Bras d'Or Channel of Bras d'Or Lake using the Seal Island Bridge.

The highway travels northeast from Port Hastings along the base of a group of mountains known as "The Big Ridge" to Whycocomagh. It then follows the north shore of Bras d'Or Lake, bypassing Baddeck on a short Super two controlled access segment. Still running in a general northeast direction, at St. Anns the highway begins ascending the west slope of Kelly's Mountain on the Cape Dauphin Peninsula. Highway 105 descends the east slope of Kelly's Mountain using a series of sharp turns including a 180° hairpin turn at New Harris Forks before crossing the Great Bras d'Or Channel of Bras d'Or Lake on the Seal Island Bridge. The road crosses Boularderie Island using another short Super two controlled access segment and then runs southeast as an uncontrolled access road through the villages of Bras d'Or and Florence. Highway 105 regains controlled access for the final 3 km (1.9 mi) to its eastern terminus at the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal in North Sydney where travellers can continue to Newfoundland.

With some minor exceptions noted above, the highway is two lanes and uncontrolled access. In addition, there are two intersections controlled by traffic lights in Florence.

The Cabot Trail, which is usually used to describe a different road, is signed along a portion of Highway 105 between Nyanza and St. Anns so that the signed route forms a loop.

History[edit]

Nova Scotia 5.svg
NSRoute205.PNG
NSRoute305.PNG

Highway 105 is descended from the former Trunk 5, which no longer exists; Highway 105 follows the old Trunk 5 alignment, using present Routes 205, 305 and roads named after it to serve areas bypassed by Highway 105. The 105 name was applied in 1970.

Trunk 5 was a provincial trunk road in Victoria County and the Cape Breton Regional Municipality between Boularderie East and Millville Boularderie on Boularderie Island in Nova Scotia. The route, known as Millville Highway, was the main highway before Nova Scotia Highway 105 opened. It originally extended from Sydney River to Port Hawkesbury. It is now commonly known as Old Route 5.

Exit list[edit]

County Location km[1] mi Exit Destinations Notes
Inverness Port Hastings 0 0.0 1 Hwy 104 (TCH) west / Trunk 4 west – Canso Causeway, Antigonish
Hwy 104 east / Trunk 4 east (Fleur-de-lis Trail) – Port Hawkesbury, St. Peter's, Sydney
Trunk 19 north (Ceilidh Trail) – Inverness, Port Hood, Margaree Forks
Exit 41 on Hwy 104; roundabout;
Trans-Canada Highway follows Hwy 104 west
Kingsville 18 11 2 Riverside Road At-grade
Melford 31 19 3 River Denys Road At-grade
Iron Mines 42 26 4 Orangedale Road (Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive) At-grade
Whycocomagh 47 29 5 Route 252 north to Route 395 – Mabou, Lake Ainslie, Margaree Forks, Cheticamp At-grade
Victoria Little Narrows 58 36 6 Route 223 south (Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive) – Little Narrows, Grand Narrows, Iona At-grade
Nyanza 76 47 7 Cabot Trail (Trunk 30) to Trunk 19 – Margaree Forks, Cheticamp, Inverness At-grade; unsigned Trunk 30
Baddeck 83 52 8 Route 205 east At-grade
85 53 9 To Route 205 / Riverside Road
MacAulays Hill 94 58 10 Route 205 west – Baddeck At-grade
St. Anns 103 64 11 Cabot Trail (Trunk 30) – Ingonish At-grade; unsigned Trunk 30
Englishtown 107 66 12 Route 312 north – Englishtown Ferry, Ingonish At-grade
Bras d'Or Lake
(Great Bras d'Or Channel)
119 74 Seal Island Bridge
Big Bank 120 75 13 Kempt Head Road – Ross Ferry, Kempt Head At-grade
Boularderie East 122 76 14 Old Trunk 5Big Bras d'Or, Black Rock At-grade
Cape Breton New Dominion 126 78 15 St. James Road At-grade
Millville Boularderie 132 82 16 Millville RoadMillville, Big Bras d'Or At-grade
Bras d'Or 135 84 17 Prince Mine Road (Hwy 162 north) At-grade
136 85 18 Route 305 east / Church Road – Alder Point, Georges River At-grade
138 86 19 Park Road – Florence At-grade
Sydney Mines 139 86 20 Hwy 125 east / Main Street – Sydney, Glace Bay, Louisbourg, Sydney Mines Signed as Exit 20E (east) and 20W (west); exit 1 on Hwy 125
North Sydney 142 88 21 Route 305 (Queen Street) – North Sydney, Sydney Mines
North Sydney Ferry Terminal
Cabot Strait Marine Atlantic ferry to Channel-Port aux Basques (year-round) and Argentia (June–September)
Route 1 (TCH) continues in Newfoundland and Labrador
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Tolled

References[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b c Google (July 12, 2017). "Highway 105 in Nova Soctia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal (March 10, 2010). "Highway 105 Designated Mabel and Alexander Graham Bell Way". Government of Nova Scotia (Press release). 
Preceded by
Highway 104
Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 105
Succeeded by
NL Route 1