Highway 1 (Israel–Palestine)

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Highway 1
כביש 1
Tel Aviv–Jerusalem Highway
כביש תל אביב - ירושלים
Jericho Road
דרך יריחו
Route information
Length94 km (58 mi)
Major junctions
West endTel Aviv (Kibbutz Galuyot Interchange)
Major intersections
East endJordan Valley (Beit HaArava Junction)
Major citiesTel Aviv, Holon, Rishon LeZion, Yehud, Lod, Modi'in, Beit Shemesh, Mevaseret Zion, Jerusalem, Ma'ale Adummim, Jericho
Highway system
  Highway 2

Highway 1 (Hebrew: כביש 1, Kvish Ahat; Arabic: الطريق السريع 1) is the main highway in Israel, connecting Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, and continuing eastwards to the Jordan Valley in the West Bank.


Tel Aviv to Jerusalem[edit]

Highway 1 near Jerusalem

The coastal plain and Judean foothills[edit]

The route begins as a six lane freeway as it splits off from the Ayalon Highway (Highway 20) just north of the Kibbutz Galuyot Interchange in Tel Aviv at an elevation of 16 meters above sea level travelling 0.7 km due south-southeast following the course of the Ayalon Stream. It then turns southeast, continuing past the 70 meter high Hiriya landfill, intersects Highway 4 and Route 412 and passes the Tel Aviv toll express lanes and park-and-ride facility. Israel Railways maintains tracks along the median of the highway along this section. A separated express toll lane runs along the three westbound lanes between Ben Gurion and Kibbutz Galuyot interchanges.

The road then makes an S-curve as it passes Ben Gurion International Airport and crosses north of the Ayalon Stream. Continuing south-southeast, the road intersects with Highway 40, the cutoff to Route 443 East and Highway 6 (Trans Israel Highway) North where it narrows to four lanes and rises to an elevation of 93 meters at Ben Shemen. Passing Ben Shemen, the highway descends slightly as it turns south-by-west, running concurrently for 1.5 km with Highway 6 providing access to Highway 6 South.

Leaving the Highway 6 concurrency, the road again turns south-southeast travelling through the Ayalon Valley where it once again widens to six lanes and intersects with Highway 431 just south of Modi'in. At this point, Israel's longest bridge, part of the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem High Speed Railway, can be seen in the valley to the north. The road crosses the Ayalon Stream and ascends to 250 meters as it briefly crosses the Green Line (the 1949 Armistice Line) for 1.5 km and back again at Latrun. The road then travels briefly alongside the Ilan Stream approaching Sha'ar HaGai (The Valley Gate) at 300 meters above sea level. At the Sha'ar HaGai Interchange, an Ottoman caravanserai is visible on the south side of the highway.

Ascent to Jerusalem[edit]

Passing through Sha'ar HaGai, Highway 1 begins a pronounced ascent through the Judean Mountains at a point between the Mishlatim Ridge to the north and the Shayarot Ridge and the famous Burma Road to the south. Along this section, abandoned rusted military vehicles have been preserved along the sides of the road to commemorate the efforts of the armored supply convoys that attempted to break through the siege of Jerusalem during 1948 Palestine war. Past Shoresh, the road reaches an elevation of 715 meters along the northern ridge of the Kisalon Valley at Kiryat Ye'arim (Telz-Stone). It then descends to 610 meters as it passes Abu Gosh while crossing the Kisalon Stream at Ein Hemed, and then again ascends reaching 680 meters as it enters the Harel Tunnels, bypassing Mount Ma'oz and Castel National Park at Mevaseret Zion. At this point, the road descents to 610 meter, where it passes on the Motza bridge over the Sorek Stream and Valley, bypassing Motza.

Through Jerusalem[edit]

Now within the municipal limits of Jerusalem, the road continues northeast and begins the final ascent to the city. On the northern slopes below Har HaMenuchot the road splits at Sha'ar Moriah Interchange, completed in 2007. Before 2007, Highway 1 continued its ascent via Ben Gurion Boulevard negotiating three wide curves and three tight curves ending at the historic western entrance to the Jerusalem at the beginning of Jaffa Road. Since that time, the road as numbered now descends from the interchange into the Valley of Cedars (Emek HaArazim).

In the Valley of Cedars, the road also known as Jerusalem Road 9, passes through tunnels under a hill on the north side of the Sorek Stream. It then crosses the Green Line next to Ramot at an elevation of 630 meters as it intersects with Route 436 and Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard) at Yigael Yadin Interchange, becoming a four lane divided highway with traffic-light controlled junctions. Travelling due east, the road, also called Yigael Yadin Boulevard, passes Har Hotzvim and Ramat Shlomo ascending to its highest elevation of 815 meters as it intersects with the heavily congested Sha'ar Mizrach Junction (East Gate) at Shu'afat and French Hill. At this point the road crosses the tracks of the Jerusalem Light Rail and intersects with Highway 60 marking the watershed of the Judean Mountains.

Passing Sha'ar Mizrah, the road is called Derech Ma'ale Adumim. The greenery typical of the western side of the watershed is replaced by the eastern side's stark mountain-desert shades of beige. The road turns southward and begins descending, passing the Shu'afat refugee camp and the Al-Issawiya neighbourhood. At this point, a new road alongside and separated from Highway 1 has been built that will become a connecting route between Ramallah and Bethlehem. Passing the At-Tur neighbourhood, the highway leaves Jerusalem at the Zeitim Security Checkpoint. After this point, the road is open to green (Palestinian) license plates.

Jerusalem to the Jordan Valley[edit]

Highway 1 - Road 4370 [he] Junction (Al-Issawiya Junction)
"Scenic Overlook" at Sea Level

Turning eastward after the checkpoint, Highway 1 descends steeply to 375 meters as it passes Adumim Interchange with Route 417 providing access to Ma'ale Adumim, al-Eizariya and Abu Dis, joining the historic Jericho Road. The road turns east by northeast, continuing its descent passing E1 (Jerusalem), Mishor Adumim and Route 437 at 250 meters. Leveling out for the next 5 km and occasionally rising in elevation, the road passes the Nahal Og Nature Reserve (Wadi Mukhalik), intersects with the Allon Road (Route 458) and the famous Khan Al-Ahmar, a caravanserai associated with the New Testament story of the Good Samaritan.

Descending again the road briefly turns due south as it passes Mitzpe Yeriho. Turning southeast travellers have the opportunity to stop at a scenic overlook at Sea Level (0 meters) although the scenic view of the Jordan Valley at this precise point is mostly obstructed because of the surrounding mountains. The attraction for tourists is to be photographed in front of the sea level sign and for a price sitting atop a colorfully decorated camel.[1] The road then turns eastward and descends below sea level passing the entrance road to Nabi Musa, a pilgrimage site where Muslims believe Moses is buried. At 230 meters below sea level, the road passes Jericho Junction, providing access to Vered Yeriho and Jericho. Passing Beit HaArava, Highway 1 ends at Beit HaArava Junction with Highway 90 at an elevation of 325 meters below sea level.


The section between Latrun and Jerusalem roughly follows an ancient path connecting Jaffa and Jerusalem. At the entrance to Jerusalem, the steep and winding rise was known as Ma'aleh HaRoma'im (Romans' Ascent) and covers a 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) path rising 200 metres (660 ft) in altitude.[2] The Jaffa–Jerusalem road was initially made accessible for wheeled vehicles by the Ottomans in 1867[3] and since then served as the main highway to Jerusalem, favored over more topographically convenient routes such as Route 443. The largest bell for the church of the Augusta Victoria complex, built between 1907–1910, weighed six tonnes and required that the road be widened and paved.[4]

In 1948 the Latrun section of the highway was taken over by Jordan and traffic was diverted to a new route called "Derekh Ha'Gvura" (Road of Bravery), which is now part of Highways 44 and 38. In 1965 the old highway was widened to four lanes between Sha'ar HaGai and Jerusalem, and after the Six-Day War the Latrun section was reopened and an interchange was built at Mevaseret Zion (Harel Interchange). During the 1970s a bypass was built around the village of Abu Ghosh, including the construction of Hemed Interchange.

Highway 1 passing under Route 412 at Shapirim Interchange
Highway 1 traffic eastward, approaching the Hemed interchange and Abu Ghosh exit, before the extensive upgrade and reconstruction of the road that began in 2013.
Hemed Interchange - in the front Ein Hemed Park and in the background Abu Ghosh and Beit Nekofa
Highway 1 climbs and enters Harel Tunnels
Sha'ar Moriah Interchange - Highway 1 via Jerusalem Road 9 under construction

The coastal plain and Judean foothills[edit]

In 1978 a new section opened, connecting former Road 10 (the Tel Aviv – Ben Gurion Airport road) with Sha'ar HaGai. The new section formed the third freeway in the country, after Highways 2 and 4. Although it is about 10 km longer than the old road (now Highway 44 and Route 424) it is much faster. One of the first passengers on this section was Egyptian President Anwar Sadat during his historic visit to Israel in 1977. This section briefly crosses over the Green Line near Latrun.

The section between Ganot Interchange and Ben Shemen Interchange was widened to six lanes in 1998. During the construction of Highway 6 (1999–2003), Ben Shemen Interchange was completely rebuilt, and a new interchange was built near the village of Kfar Daniel. Named for the adjacent village, the Daniel Interchange is actually a 1 1/2 kilometer straight, eight lane segment where Highways 1 and 6 run concurrently providing 1-west to 6-north and 1-east to 6-south high-speed interchange.

Anava Interchange opened on February 4, 2009 together with the eastern section of Route 431.[5] It is a complex interchange and the first full freeway to freeway interchange in the country, connecting all eight directions between the two freeways without the use of traffic lights.

To relieve congestion at the entrance to Tel Aviv, a high-occupancy toll lane was built as a Build-Operate-Transfer project. The project included additional lanes between Ben Gurion Airport and Kibutz Galuyot Interchange and a large park and ride facility east of Shapirim Interchange.[6] Shapir Engineering started the construction of the park and ride facility in August 2007 and the project was completed in 2010.

Ascent to Jerusalem[edit]

Motza Interchange opened in 1990 and Sha'ar HaGai Interchange opened in 1995. In 1998 the east bound left turn to Abu Ghosh, Ma'ale HaHamisha and Kiryat Anavim was closed. Finally, in 2002 Shoresh Interchange opened, eliminating the last left turn on the highway between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. At this point, the Sha'ar HaGai–Jerusalem section was fully grade separated, but the road did not meet freeway standards due to narrow shoulders, dangerous turns and difficult slopes, and the speed limit on this section was 80 km/h.

Upgrading this section with additional lanes and gentler curves was approved by the Committee on National Projects after many years of opposition by ecological groups and local governmental authorities. Also according to this plan, the uni-directional Kiryat Ye'arim Interchange was rebuilt to allow access to eastbound traffic, a tunnel was built under the Castel Mountain (HarEl) with more efficient entry and exit ramps and a long bridge was built to straighten the dangerous Motza curve. The soil extracted from the tunnel was used to widen the Shoresh–Sha'ar HaGai section, raising the road by five meters to straighten the curves and widen the road from four to six lanes with wider shoulders.[7][8]

Opposition on ecological grounds to the Sha'ar HaGai-Shoresh section that passes through a sensitive nature reserve has been addressed by the inclusion of a 70 meter wide eco-bridge as part of the plan.[9] Additionally, the quality of life issues raised by the leaders of the nearby communities were all rejected.

By February 2012 the National Roads Authority published requests for tender (invitation for bids) for the Sha'ar HaGai-Shoresh section and the HarEl Tunnel to be implemented as design–build projects.[10][11] By January 2014 extensive infrastructure works were taking place along the entire project's route. The works were completed in late 2017 at a total cost of approximately NIS 2.5 billion.

Typical section of Highway 1 between Sha'ar Hag'ai and Jerusalem before the extensive upgrade and reconstruction of the road that was carried out in the years 2013–2017.

Jerusalem to the Jordan Valley[edit]

The section of the highway east of Jerusalem was first built by the British in the 1920s, also along the path of an ancient road to the Dead Sea. This section was under Jordanian control between 1948 and 1967, and renewed access to this road, which is known as the "Jericho Road" (Hebrew: דרך יריחו) or the Adummim Ascent (Hebrew: מעלה אדומים), was famously noted alongside the reunification of Jerusalem in the famous Israeli song, Jerusalem of Gold.

In the late 1980s, a new road was built north of Jericho Road, between French Hill neighbourhood in northern Jerusalem and the town of Ma'ale Adummim. This section was improved by 1995, when it was widened and a new interchange was built at Ma'ale Adummim. A bypass of this section, designed to relieve congestion at Sha'ar Mizrah Junction, opened in 2002, connecting the highway through two 2-lane tunnels under Mount Scopus towards the Hebrew University, Bar-Ilan Street and central Jerusalem. As part of this project, the new HaZeitim interchange was built at the foot of the Mount of Olives.

The section between Ma'ale Adummim and Jericho was widened to four lanes in the early 2010s.

Through Jerusalem[edit]

The sections west and east of Jerusalem are linked by an expressway segment running north of the city centre. Known internally as Yigael Yadin road or 'Jerusalem Road 9', the stretch has divided lanes, but includes several at-grade intersections alongside its interchanges.

Twin tunnels and bridges on Jerusalem Road 9

In 2001 Moriah, the Jerusalem Development Company, started building a bypass of the city's oft-congested western entrance, designated as 'Jerusalem Road 9'. Before it was built, travelers from west of Jerusalem who wished to reach the Dead Sea, or vice versa, had no better option than to drive through congested city streets. The road was intended to improve traffic flow in Ramot and nearby neighbourhoods.

The 3.6 km road descends from the purpose-built Sha'ar Moriah Interchange to allow continuous separate grade access to Yigael Yadin Interchange and the northern and eastern continuation of Highway 1. Passing through Emek HaArazim (Valley of Cedars), it includes two 400 meter tunnels (one for eastbound traffic and one for westbound), four bridges over the Sorek stream and two new interchanges.

While the highway was scheduled for completion in early 2005, work was slowed to a near halt between 2003 and 2006 and completion was postponed for over two years.[12] The opening, planned for May 21, 2007, was postponed another two months due to Moriah's failure to complete the required environmental mitigation.[13] Permission to open the road was granted on condition that the company and Jerusalem municipality guarantee completion of environmental mitigation after the opening.[14] Road 9 opened on July 25, 2007 and constitutes part of Highway 1.

In October, 2014, Jerusalem Road 9 was officially renamed "Derech Yitzhak Shamir" after Israel's 7th Prime Minister.[15]

Development plans[edit]

Israel Railways has built a new high-speed rail line between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. This line crosses the highway at three points: over a viaduct east of Ben Gurion Airport, in a tunnel at Anava Interchange and in another tunnel at the western entrance to Jerusalem.

In late 2021 construction began on a new interchange that will provide additional access to Ben Gurion airport from Highway 1. The new interchange will significantly reduce the distance vehicles must travel to access the airport's main terminal from the direction of Tel Aviv and other points north and west of the airport.

A future plan to add lanes and reconfigure the highway between Tel Aviv and the Shapirim interchange will be carried out as part of the four-tracking project of the Tel Aviv-Lod railway expected to take place in the mid-2020s decade.

An interchange at Ramat Shlomo is currently under construction. Once completed, it will replace the current signalised intersection. It is also designed to provide an additional route to the Har Hotzvim High-Tech area. Moriya is also planning to build a 1.5 km tunnel at Sha'ar Mizrah Junction. This tunnel will allow east-west traffic to bypass the current signalised intersections and provide direct access to Jerusalem's north-eastern neighbourhoods. Once these two projects are completed, there will be only one at-grade intersection left along the highway between Tel Aviv and Adummim, at Isawiya.[16]

Jerusalem Road 16[edit]

Just as Jerusalem Road 9 provided traffic relief to motorists headed to northern and eastern Jerusalem by bypassing the main western entrance to the city, an additional project to alleviate the bottleneck in the western entrance consists of the construction of Jerusalem Road 16. This would create another entrance to Jerusalem and provide direct access to central and southern Jerusalem from the west. The planned road would connect Highway 1 at the new Motza Interchange to Jerusalem's Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard) at Givat Mordechai Interchange. The road would travel mostly through a series of tunnels under the west Jerusalem neighbourhoods of Har Nof and Yefeh Nof and the parking lots of Shaare Zedek Medical Center with an intermediate Nahal Revida Interchange leading to Givat Shaul. The project will cost approximately NIS 1.5 billion and was originally expected to be completed by the end of 2018.[17][18] The plan had to pass stiff resistance on ecological grounds due to the above ground section at Nahal Revida located in the Jerusalem Forest.[19] After many delays, the contract for construction was finally awarded in August 2018, with construction expected to take place from 2019 through 2023.[20]


km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed
Tel Aviv–Jerusalem Highway
0 מחלף קיבוץ גלויות
(Kibutz Galuyot Interchange [he])
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-galuyotbeige.png Ingathering of the Exiles Shapira, Kiryat Shalom,
HaTikva & Ezra
ISR-FW-20.svg Highway 20
(Ayalon Highway)
Kibbutz Galuyot Rd.,
ISR-HW-461.svg Route 461
ISR-FW-2.svg Highway 2
0.2 Tel Aviv Municipal Boundary
4.5 מחלף גנות
(Ganot Interchange [he])
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-ganot.png Gardens Ganot ISR-FW-4.svg Highway 4
6.6 מחלף שפירים
(Shapirim Interchange [he])
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-shapirim.png Named after
Shapirim Stream
Beit Dagan ISR-HW-412.svg Route 412
8.1 AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-parkandride.png High-occupancy toll lane
park and ride facility
entrance road
13 מחלף בן גוריון
(Ben Gurion Interchange [he])
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-bengurion.png Named after airport Ben Gurion
International Airport
ISR-HW-4503.svg Road 4503
14.8 מחלף לוד
(Lod Interchange [he])
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-lod.png Named after location Lod ISR-HW-40.svg Highway 40
17.9 מחלף בן שמן
(Ben Shemen Interchange)
(443 extension)

(eastbound only)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg ISR-HW-443.svg Route 443
ISR-FW-6.svg Highway 6
18.8 מחלף בן שמן
(Ben Shemen Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-benshemen.png Fruitful Ben Shemen,
Kfar Daniel
ISR-HW-443.svg Route 443
ISR-HW-444.svg Route 444
ISR-HW-4134.svg Road 4134
20.1 מחלף דניאל
(Daniel Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-daniel.png Named after location Kfar Daniel ISR-FW-6.svg Highway 6
25.4 מחלף ענבה
(Anava Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-anava.png Berry
named after
Anava (Anabe) Stream
Kfar Shmuel ISR-FW-431.svg Highway 431
34.4 The Green Line
34.4 מחלף לטרון
(Latrun Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-latrun.png The Castle (of the Knights)
(The House of the Good) Thief
Latrun ISR-HW-3.svg Highway 3
35.9 The Green Line
38.6 מחלף שער הגיא
(Sha'ar HaGai Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-hagai.png Valley Gate Sha'ar HaGai ISR-HW-38.svg Highway 38
42 (eastbound only) Fareskilt 20.PNG Sha'ar HaGai Kennels entrance road
45.5 מחלף שורש
(Shoresh Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-shoresh.png Root Shoresh ISR-HW-3955.svg Road 3955
46.9 מחלף נווה אילן
(Neve Ilan Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-neveilan.png Names after location Neve Ilan, Kiryat Ye'arim
Abu Ghosh,
Ma'ale HaHamisha, Har Adar
ISR-HW425.PNG Route 425
50.2 מחלף חמד
(Hemed Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgHemedInterchange.svg Loveliness Abu Ghosh, Kiryat Anavim,
Ma'ale HaHamisha, Har Adar
Beit Nekofa, Bayt Naqquba,
Ein Hemed Park, Maoz Zion
ISR-HW-3975.svg Road 3975
52.2 מחלף הראל
(Har'el Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgHarelInterchange.svg Mountain of God
Har'el Brigade
Mevaseret Zion
Maoz Zion
ISR-HW-3965.svg Road 3965,
Har'el St.
52.2 מנהרות הראל
(Har'el Tunnels)– 2×3 lanes
AB-Tunnel.svg AB-Tunnel.svg Mountain of God Mevaseret Zion
Maoz Zion
800 meters
Jerusalem Municipal Boundary
54.7 מחלף מוצא
(Motza Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-Motza2.png Origin Motza neighbourhood,
Beit Zayit
Sorek St.,
Jerusalem Road 16
Jerusalem Road 9 / Derech Yitzhak Shamir
56 מחלף שער מוריה
(Sha'ar Moriah Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-shaarmoriahbeige.png Moriah Gate Western entrance to
Road 333

(Ben Gurion Blvd.)

57.6 מנהרות שורק
(Sorek Tunnels)– 2×2 lanes
AB-Tunnel.svg AB-Tunnel.svg Sorek Stream
Choice Vine
Emek HaArazim
(Valley of Cedars)
400 metres
Yigael Yadin boulevard
58.6 מחלף יגאל ידין
(Yigael Yadin Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-yadinbeige.png Named for Yigael Yadin Ramot neighbourhood ISR-HW-436.svg Route 436,
ISR-HW-50.svg Highway 50
(Begin Boulevard)
58.9 The Green Line
60.5 צומת רמת שלמה
(Ramat Shlomo Junction)
Israel road sign 122.svg Solomon Hill Ramat Shlomo
Rabbi Druck St.
61.8 Israel road sign 122.svg Ramat Shlomo
& Shuafat neighbourhoods
Jerusalem Road 21[21]
62.2 light rail crossing Tram sign israelbeige.pngILjunction-shaarmizrahbeige.png (Givat HaMivtar)
Jerusalem Light Rail
62.2 צומת הגבעה הצרפתית
(Ha Giv'ah Ha Tzarfatit Junction)
Israel road sign 122.svgILjunction-shaarmizrahbeige.png Eastern Gate Givat HaMivtar,
HaGiv'a HaTzarfatit
& Shuafat neighbourhoods
Bar-lev Boulevard,
Shuafat Road
Ma'ale Adumim Road
62.4 מחלף שער מזרח
(Sha'ar Mizrah Interchange)
Israel road sign 122.svgILjunction-shaarmizrahbeige.png Eastern Gate HaGiv'a HaTzarfatit &
Shuafat neighbourhoods,
to Pisgat Ze'ev
ISR-HW-60.svg Highway 60
62.8 צומת שדרות משה דיין
(Moshe Dayan Boulevard Junction)
Israel road sign 122.svg Named after location Shuafat refugee camp,
to Pisgat Ze'ev
Moshe Dayan Blvd.
63.7 (eastbound only) Fareskilt 20beige.png Al-Issawiya
Anata St.
65.3 Israel road sign 122.svg Al-Issawiya
Sayarat Haja St.
66.4 מחלף הזיתים
(HaZeitim Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-zeitimbeige.PNG The Olive s At-Tur
El-Hardub St.,
Har HaTzofim
Tunnels Road
Jerusalem Municipal Boundary
67.2 Zeitim Security Checkpoint
Zeichen 267 - Verbot der Einfahrt, StVO 1970.svgNO westbound through-traffic for green (Palestinian Authority) license plates
green license plates must exit to Az-Zaim
69.1 מחלף אדומים
(Adumim Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-adumim.png Red (Ascent) Ma'ale Adumim ISR-HW-417.svg Route 417
Jericho Road
72.3 (westbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Mevasseret Adumim local road
73.3 צומת אדומים צפון
(North Adumim Junction)
Israel road sign 122.svg Ma'ale Adumim (North) Nofei HaSelah Blvd.
74.7 צומת מישור אדומים
(Mishor Adumim Junction)
Israel road sign 122.svg Mishor Adumim
Industrial Park
HaHevra HaCalcalit Blvd
74.8 Israel road sign 122.svg to Almon,
Pisgat Ze'ev
ISR-HW-437.svg Route 437
76 (eastbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Nahal Og Nature Reserve
(Wadi Mukhalik)
local road
77.3 צומת אלון
(Alon Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Named for Yigal Alon Kfar Adumim, Alon,
to Ma'ale Mikhmas
ISR-HW-458.svg Route 458
77.8 (former Alon Junction) Fareskilt 20.PNG closed
78.6 מחלף השומרוני הטוב
(Ha Shomroni Ha Tov Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-hashomronihatov.png The Red Inn Khan Al-Ahmar
(Inn of the Good Samaritan),
Church of St. Euthymius
entrance road
82.2 צומת מצפה יריחו
(Mitzpe Yeriho Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Overlook of Jericho Mitzpe Yeriho local road
84.6 (eastbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Scenic Overlook
at Sea Level
entrance road
87.5 צומת נבי מוסא
(Nabi Musa Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Prophet Moses Nabi Musa local road
89.8 צומת ירוחו
(Yeriho Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Jericho Vered Yeriho,
local road
90 צומת אלמוג
(Almog Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Coral Almog entrance road
92.4 Fareskilt 20.PNG Beit HaArava entrance road
94 צומת בית הערבה
(Beit HaArava Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG House Of The Arava Beit HaArava ISR-HW-90.svg Highway 90

Hazardous road[edit]

28.5 km of highway 1 had been declared as a red road by the Israeli police in 2015.[22]


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  2. ^ הדרך לירושלים [The Road to Jerusalem] (in Hebrew). Eretz Yisrael: Its Length and Breadth. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
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  4. ^ The Lutheran World Federation - Department for World Service — Jerusalem - History Archived 2009-01-19 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Route 431 opened tonight" (in Hebrew). Mcity.co.il. February 4, 2009.
  6. ^ Project information from Ayalon Highways Archived 2007-10-08 at the Wayback Machine. (in Hebrew)
  7. ^ Lior Gutman (2011-04-03). "End of Traffic Jams? Tel Aviv-Jerusalem Highway Upgrade Unanimously Approved". Calcalist. Retrieved 2011-05-19. (in Hebrew)
  8. ^ "Main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem to be upgraded (with photo of eco-bridge)". Israel Trade Commission. 2011-04-26. Retrieved 2011-05-19. (in English)
  9. ^ David Lev (2013-02-25). "'Eco-Bridge' Under Construction on New Jerusalem-TA Highway". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 2013-02-25. (in English)
  10. ^ Shai Baras. "Request for tender #7/12 - Road 1 - Sha'r HaGai-Shoresh - Design Build System" (PDF) (in Hebrew). National Roads Company of Israel. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  11. ^ Shai Baras. "Request for tender #30/12 - Road 1 - HarEl Tunnel - Design Build System" (PDF) (in Hebrew). National Roads Company of Israel. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  12. ^ "Road 9 project page". Moriah.co.il.
  13. ^ "Alternate entrance to Jerusalem? Not quite yet" (in Hebrew). Ynet. July 3, 2007.
  14. ^ "Road 9 to open" (in Hebrew). Nrg.co.il. July 18, 2007.
  15. ^ "Entrance to Jerusalem dedicated in the name of Yitzhak Shamir Z"L" (in Hebrew). srugim.co.il. October 20, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  16. ^ "French Hill Grade Separation Video". Moriah.co.il.
  17. ^ "Road 16, New entrance to Jerusalem, between Motza and Begin Highway". Israel Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure & Road Safety. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2012-12-02. (in Hebrew)
  18. ^ "Road 16, Between the Motaz Curve and Begin Highway in Jerusalem". National Roads Company of Israel. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-12-02.(in Hebrew)
  19. ^ "Save the Jerusalem Forest: Road 16". Forum of Organizations for the Jerusalem Forest. Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  20. ^ "כביש 16 - ציר הגישה הנוסף לירושלים: נבחרה זוכה במכרז". 30 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Road 21". Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation. Retrieved 2017-04-10.(in Hebrew)
  22. ^ Shimon Ifergan (5 November 2012). "300 קילומטרים של כבישים אדומים יש היום בישראל. איפה נעלמו עוד 400?" [There are 300 kilometers of red roads in Israel today. Where have 400 more disappeared to?] (in Hebrew). Mako.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°48′38″N 35°02′45″E / 31.81056°N 35.04583°E / 31.81056; 35.04583