Highway 38 (Israel)
Kvish Shloshim u'Shmoneh
|Length||29 km (18 mi)|
|South end||Nehusha Junction|
|North end||Sha'r HaGai Interchange|
|Major cities||Beit Shemesh|
|Roads in Israel|
Highway 38 is an arterial road in the low plains of Judea in Israel. It serves as the main access route to Beit Shemesh and as a main north-south route in the region. Along the route are many nature preserves and archeological sites.
Highway 38 travels in a north-northeast direction as it winds through the western foothills of the Judaean Mountains from Highway 35 at Nehusha Junction near Beit Guvrin to Highway 1 at Sha'ar HaGai Interchange.
Along many stretches, it follows small valleys formed by northward turns of westward streams emanating from the mountains to the east, notably, the Yoresh, Hakhlil, Yarmut and Kisalon Streams. Between the stream valleys and north of Eshtaol the road rises and falls as it crosses the many east-west ridges.
During the Roman Era, the road was an important route as evidenced by milestones found near Givat Yeshayahu as part of the road from Ashkelon via Highway 35 to Beit Guvrin, northward along Highway 38, then westward via the Elah Valley to Jerusalem.
In 1948, the Latrun section of Highway 1 was taken over by Jordan. Traffic between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem was diverted to a new route called "Kvish HaGvura" (Road of Bravery) of which Highway 38 served as the connection between Highway 44 at Shimshon Junction and Highway 1 at Sha'ar HaGai. This section of the road was straightened and widened in 1960.
At the end of 2012, the National Roads Company of Israel published tenders to upgrade the northern section of the road creating a divided highway with two lanes in each direction between Beit Shemesh and Sha'ar HaGai. The government granted approval on 6 June 2013. The approval was made through the special "Housing Cabinet" since the road's expansion is a condition for plans to build an additional apartments and homes in Beit Shemesh.
The newly rebuilt highway costing 800M shekels was inaugurated in September, 2017. Bridge interchanges at Naham/Hartuv, Shimshon Junction/Eshtaol and Mesilat Zion with tunnel interchanges at the Sha'ar HaGai Caravanserai and the Burma Road were completed. A wildlife bridge was built near Mesilat Zion and the road was raised to overpass the railway tracks at Beit Shemesh. The road includes highway lighting and bicycle paths along its entire length. The upgrade of the once relatively unsafe road into a modern highway will significantly cut travel time between Beit Shemesh and Tel Aviv or Jerusalem and allow the area's population to grow significantly.
Junctions (south to north)
|Steadfast||Beit Guvrin||Highway 35|
|4.7||צומת מושב נחושה
(Moshav Nehusha Junction)
|named after location||Nehusha||local road|
| Route 353|
|8.4||Givat Yeshayahu||local road|
|9.3||Srigim Cemetery||local road|
Valley of the Terebinth
|Valley of Elah,
|15.2||צומת רמת בית שמש
(Ramat Bet Shemesh Junction)
|Beit Shemesh Heights||Beit Shemesh||Nahal Tze'elim St.|
|16.7||צומת בית ג'מאל
(Beit Jamal Junction)
|Beit Jimal Monastery||local Road|
|18.6||צומת בית שמש דרום
(Bet Shemesh Darom Junction)
|South Beit Shemesh||Beit Shemesh||Yehuda Ben Ze'ev Blvd.|
|My Salvation||Yish'i||local Road|
|19.1||Tel Beit Shemesh
|20.2||צומת בית שמש
(Bet Shemesh Junction)
|House of the Sun||Beit Shemesh||Yigal Allon Blvd.|
( Road 3855)
|20.5||(northbound only)||Beit Shemesh||filling station|
|20.9||Beit Shemesh|| Route 384|
(Beit Shemesh Rd 10)
Industrial Area B
|Mount of Goodness||Hartuv
Industrial Area A
to Eretz HaHaim Cemetery,
to Naham Cemetery
|Eshtaol|| Highway 44,|
to Route 395
|23.3||(northbound only)||Eshtaol||filling station,|
|26||מחלף מסילת ציון
(Mesilat Ziyon Interchange)
|Track of Zion||Mesilat Zion||Cochin St.|
|26.7||(northbound only)||National Forest||local road|
|28.3||מחלף דרך בורמה
(Burma Road Interchange)
to Sha'ar HaGai
|28.9||מחלף שער הגיא
(Sha'ar HaGai Interchange)
|Gate of the Valley||Sha'ar HaGai||Highway 1|
- "Valley of Elah - Roman Road". biblewalks.com. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- "Fixing the Eshta'ol-Sha'ar HaGai Road". Historical Jewish Press. Retrieved 2011-12-07.(in Hebrew)
- David Lev (2013-06-06). "Road 38 to Beit Shemesh to be Expanded; 20,000 Homes to be Built". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 2013-06-06.
- "Tender for Highway 38 upgrade to be released immediately". National Roads Company of Israel. Retrieved 2011-12-07.(in Hebrew)
- "Highway 38 - between Sha'ar HaGai and Beit Shemesh". National Roads Company of Israel. Retrieved 2011-12-07.(in Hebrew)
- Street View northbound on Higheway 38 - Mesilat Zion Interchange (Map). Google Maps. October 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- Dror Halavy (2017-08-09). "PM Inaugurates New, Upgraded Beit Shemesh Access Highway". HaModia. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- "Road 38 opens". Yediot Aharonot. 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2018-04-19.(in Hebrew)
- 1 Samuel 17:19
- 1 Samuel 17:1
- Judges 16:31
- "Road 10 - Beit Shemesh Bypass". National Roads Company of Israel. Retrieved 2011-12-07.(in Hebrew)
- 1 Chronicles 4:19
- "Machal1947-9 - Mahal - History". Mahal IDF Volunteers Org. Retrieved 2011-12-09.