Highway 45 (Israel)

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ISR-HW45.png

Highway 45
כביש 45
Kvish Arba'im v'Hameish
Route information
Length: 4.7 km (2.9 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Giv'at Ze'ev Junction
 

Atarot Junction

Atarot Industrial Park
East end: Junction at Airport Street
Location
Major cities: Givat Ze'ev, Jerusalem
Highway system

Roads in Israel

Highways
Highway 45 westbound toward Givat Ze'ev Junction
Highway 45 westbound from Atarot Junction

Highway 45 is the official designation of a 3.3 km stretch of road forming a continuous connection between Route 443 from the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area and Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard) to central Jerusalem and a 1.4 km spur serving the Atarot Industrial Park.

Route[edit]

The road begins as a continuation of Route 443 at the traffic-light controlled Giv'at Ze'ev Junction. It runs east-southeast for 3.3 km as a high-speed four lane divided highway. At the traffic-light controlled Atarot Junction it becomes Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard). The officially numbered "45" takes a 90-degree turn. Here, running northeast then east-northeast, it becomes a 2 lane local street[1] running 0.8 km to the Atarot Industrial Zone and the closed entrance to Atarot Airport. After another 0.6 km the road as numbered ends at Airport Street.[2] The road itself then continues an additional 0.6 km to Highway 60 adjacent to the Qalandia security checkpoint. However this last section is no longer officially numbered 45.

History[edit]

In the late 1990s, the Israel Ministry of Transport planned to construct Highway 45 from Highway 1 near Ben Gurion International Airport through the West Bank north of the Modi'im Stream passing slightly north of Beit Horon and Beit Ur al-Fauqa to the Atarot Industrial Park in Jerusalem.[3][4] The current Route 443 just south of these towns as well as political considerations has made that plan irrelevant,[5] leaving the small portion of Highway 45 between Giv'at Zeev and Atarot completed in 2003.[6] Excavations performed in the 1990s can still be seen just northwest of Givat Ze'ev junction.[7]

Furthermore, an easterly extension is still envisioned which would continue from Atarot and connect with Route 437 and the Eastern Ring Road.[8] The construction of the West Bank security barrier along the right of way of Highway 45 east of the Qalandia security checkpoint just east of Atarot places limitations on that plan though a possible solution would involve tunnels and bridges.[9] In the meantime, the completion of Jerusalem Road 20, 3.7 km further south, provides an alternate route to 437.

Further east, 45 was planned to eventually reach the border with Jordan north of the Dead Sea to connect with road to Amman.[10]

Junction (west to east)[edit]

km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed
0 צומת גבעת זאב
(Givat Ze'ev Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Wolf Hill Giv'at Ze'ev
Ofer Prison
ISR-HW443.png Route 443
ISR-HW436.png Route 436
3.3 צומת עטרות
(Atarot Junction)
ILramzor2.svg named after location
Crowns
Atarot ISR-HW50.png Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard)
4.1 Zeichen 215 - Kreisverkehr, StVO 2000.svg Atarot Industrial Park,
Atarot Airport (closed)
Atarot Street
4.7 Zeichen 215 - Kreisverkehr, StVO 2000.svg Atarot Airport Street

References[edit]

  1. ^ Street View - 45 between Atarot Junction and Atarot Industrial park (Map). Google Maps. 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  2. ^ Street View - 45 at intersection with Airport Street (Map). Google Maps. 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  3. ^ "Highway 45 (with map)". DEL Group (Engineering, Development & Infrastructure). Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  4. ^ "Jerusalem Transport Master Plan (2005 map)". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Retrieved 2011-08-23. (Hebrew)
  5. ^ "Hiking trail - Beitunya Ridge". inature.info. Retrieved 2013-08-26. (Hebrew)
  6. ^ Gal Nissim (2002-04-28). "Transport Ministry Will Advance the Widening of Highway 45". 'Globes' Business Scene in Israel. Retrieved 2011-08-23. (Hebrew)
  7. ^ Satellite View - Road excavations northwest of Givat Ze'ev Junction (Map). Google Maps. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  8. ^ "Jerusalem Transport Master Plan (2011 map)". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Retrieved 2011-08-23. (Hebrew)
  9. ^ Yossi Issacharov (2013-04-27). "Israeli-American solution for Palestinians in Qalandiya". Walla News. Retrieved 2013-08-26. (Hebrew)
  10. ^ Shahar Hezelkorn (2007-10-31). "How The Roads in Israel Will Appear in 2030". Ynet - Yediot Acharonot. Retrieved 2013-01-02. (Hebrew)

Coordinates: 31°51′43.9″N 35°12′01.1″E / 31.862194°N 35.200306°E / 31.862194; 35.200306