Highways in Croatia

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Map of the Croatian motorway network
Map of the Croatian motorway network
Dynamics of the development of the Croatian motorway network: the length of the motorway network in Croatia 1993-2009

Highways in Croatia are the main transport network in Croatia. The Croatian classification includes several classes of highways:[1]

Other than these, the national road classification includes the following categories which may also be referred to as highways in a general sense, with decreasing order of priority (and applicability of the term highway):[2]

  • State roads, which are marked by letter D (državna cesta) and a single, double or triple digit number.
  • County roads always are marked by letter Ž (županijska cesta) and a four digit number.
  • The lowest classification comprises local roads, marked by letter L (lokalna cesta) and a five digit number.

Road operators differ according to the classification system: The designated motorways are operated by four different concessionaires. The state roads are maintained almost exclusively by Hrvatske ceste, while the county and local roads are managed by various county authorities. The road maintenance agencies are governed by various laws issued by the Parliament as well as bylaws issued by the Ministry of Transport.[1][3]

Motorways[edit]

The road sign informing the motorists they are travelling on an autocesta

The primary high-speed motorways are called autoceste (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈaʊtotsesta]; singular: autocesta), and they are defined as roads with at least three lanes in each direction (including hard shoulder) and a speed limit of not less than 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). They are marked with a special road sign, similar to the road sign depicting a motorway/autoroute/autobahn in other parts of Europe.[4] The Croatian motorway (autocesta) network is 1,306.5 kilometres (811.8 mi) long.[5]

Motorways in Croatia are defined by the Ministry of Sea, Transport and Infrastructure.[3][6][7] The same applies to names of the motorway interchanges and rest areas.[8]

History[edit]

A major reason for the motorway construction "mania" of the 2000s (decade) is a previous political halt of the major Croatian highway project, today's A1, in the 1970s and 1980s under former Yugoslavia. When Croatia declared independence in 1991, the only true motorways in the country were Rijeka–Kikovica (the westernmost part of today's A6), ZagrebKarlovac (the northernmost part of today's A1) and Zagreb–Slavonski Brod (the central part of today's A3), the latter being part of the Brotherhood and Unity Highway. The dream to connect the two largest Croatian cities Zagreb and Split with a motorway (autocesta) went back to the times of the Croatian Spring. However, the construction of this project had not happened during Yugoslav period.

A7 motorway, Croatian motorway network was largely built in the 2000s

In 2005, the Zagreb-Split route was constructed. In addition, the A1 was extended towards Dubrovnik (currently at Ploče), and the A3 was extended so it connects Zagreb to Croatian borders with both Serbia (near Lipovac) and Slovenia (near Bregana). There is also a motorway from Zagreb to Rijeka, the A6, as well as the A4 motorway from Zagreb to the northeast (Hungarian border) as well as the A2 motorway from Zagreb to the northwest (Slovenian border). The A9 between Pula and the Slovenian border is also largely completed.

The construction of additional motorways has noticeably slowed in the 2010s, but it continues. As of 2021, the Cerovlje–Rijeka section of A8, the remaining part of the Istrian Y, is being upgraded from semi-highway status.[9] The other motorways are in various early stages of development, coming up to a total of 11 motorway routes. The A1 is considered unfinished as it is planned to be extended from Ploče to Dubrovnik, but the status is unclear because of the Neum enclave of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[citation needed]

Operators[edit]

The network is managed by 3 operators, of which one in under fully government control and other two are operated by joint venture.[5]

Operator Ownership Motorway Length (in
2020)[5]
Notes
BINA Istra BINA Fincom (67%)
Bouygues (16%)
Hrvatske autoceste (14.8%)
Istarska autocesta (2.2%)
A8, A9 141.0 km (87.6 mi) Under concession until 2039.
Autocesta Zagreb – Macelj Pyhrn Concession Holding GmbH (51%)
Republic of Croatia (49%)
A2 60.0 km (37.3 mi) Under concession until 2032.
Hrvatske autoceste Republic of Croatia (100%) A1, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A10, A11 1,105.5 km (686.9 mi) A6 and A7 were operated by Autocesta Rijeka – Zagreb until 31 December 2020.[5]

Motorways and sections[edit]

List of motorways[edit]

Motorway Route[5] Length (in
2020)[5]
Description Notes
A1 Zagreb - Bosiljevo - Split - Dubrovnik 482.00 km (299.50 mi) The A1 starts in Lučko interchange, a part of Zagreb bypass where the A3 motorway junction is found. The motorway proceeds south from Zagreb to Karlovac and further on to Bosiljevo 2 interchange where the A6 motorway branches off towards Rijeka. The route continues south to Gospić, Zadar, Šibenik, Split. The southernmost sector of the motorway proceeds from Split to Ploče and Metković.[maps 1] Section between Ploče and Dubrovnik is planned
A2 Zagreb - Macelj 60.00 km (37.28 mi) The A2 starts on the border of Slovenia near Macelj. The motorway passes west of Krapina and proceeds south towards Zagreb. The southernmost section of the motorway forms a part of Zagreb bypass and it terminates in Jankomir interchange with the A3 motorway.[maps 2]
A3 Bregana - Zagreb - Lipovac 306.40 km (190.39 mi) The A3 starts on the border of Slovenia near Bregana. The motorway passes north of Samobor and proceeds west towards Zagreb, passing to the south of the city and forming a part of Zagreb bypass, where the route contains junctions with the A2, A1 and A4 motorways. It continues east to Kutina, Slavonski Brod, Sredanci interchange with the A5 motorway and further east to Županja and terminating on the border of Serbia near Lipovac[maps 3]
A4 Zagreb - Goričan 96.90 km (60.21 mi) The A4 starts on the border of Hungary near Goričan. The motorway passes near Čakovec and Varaždin south towards Zagreb and the southernmost part of the route is a part of Zagreb bypass, where the motorway terminates in Ivanja Reka interchange, where the traffic defaults to the westbound A3 motorway.[maps 4]
A5 Beli Manastir - Osijek - Bosnian border 58.70 km (36.47 mi) The A5 starts near Osijek and proceeds south bypassing Đakovo, meets the A3 motorway at Zoljani interchange and proceeds south to Svilaj border bridge where it connects on Bosnian A1 motorway.[maps 5] Section north of Osijek is under construction
A6 Bosiljevo - Rijeka 79.80 km (49.59 mi) The A6 starts in Bosiljevo 2 interchange, branching off from the A1 motorway and proceeds west bypassing Delnice to Rijeka and the Orehovica interchange with the A7 motorway.[maps 6]
A7 Rupa - Rijeka - Križišće 28.00 km (17.40 mi) The A7 starts at the border of Slovenia and heads south to Rijeka, passes the city as Rijeka bypass. The Rijeka bypass section comprises an interchange with the A6 motorway and proceeds east terminating near Šmrika where the traffic defaults to the D8 state road.[maps 7] Section north and east of Rijeka is planned.
A8 Kanfanar - Matulji 64.20 km (39.89 mi) The A8 spans between Kanfanar and Matulji, i.e. the A9 and A7 motorways. As of July 2021, the Kanfanar–Lupoglav section is brought to the motorway standards, and the rest is a limited access two-lane route.[maps 8]
A9 Umag - Pula 76.80 km (47.72 mi) The A9 starts near Umag and the Slovenian border, meets the A8 motorway at Kanfanar interchange, and proceeds south to Pula, forming the western arm of Istrian Y.[maps 9]
Motorway-A10-Hex-Green.svg A10 Bosnian border - Ploče interchange 8.50 km (5.28 mi) The A10 starts at Bosnian border, where it connects to A1 motorway in Bosnia and runs to the Ploče interchange, where it connects to A1 motorway .[maps 10]
A11 Zagreb - Sisak 32.70 km (20.32 mi) The A11 starts at Jakuševec interchange and runs south to Lekenik interchange. It was connected to A3 in November 2015. It is finished to Lekenik.[maps 11] Remaining section between Lekenik and Sisak is planned

Motorway sections under construction[edit]

Motorway County Length Section Description Scheduled completion
Motorway-A5-Hex-Green.svg A5 Osijek-Baranja 17.5 km (10.9 mi) Beli Manastir – Drava Bridge Construction has begun on the road overpasses.[10] Mid-2022[10]
7.1 km (4.4 mi) Drava Bridge – Osijek Subsection completed in August 2018.[10] To be opened with neighboring subsection. Mid-2022[10]
Motorway-A7-Hex-Green.svg A7 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 6.5 km (4.0 mi) Novi Vinodolski bypass Construction began in September 2021 and will consist of two lane expressway that will match the left lane of the future motorway.[11] September 2024[11]
Motorway-A8-Hex-Green.svg A8 Istria and
Primorje-Gorski Kotar
5.6 km (3.5 mi) Učka Tunnel Construction of second tunnel started in December 2020[12] July 2024[12]

Planned motorway sections[edit]

Motorway County Length Section Notes
Motorway-A1-Hex-Green.svg A1 Dubrovnik-Neretva 51.2 km (31.8 mi) MetkovićOsojnik (Dubrovnik) As of 2021, planning was started.[13]
A2 Krapina-Zagorje 3.7 km (2.3 mi) ĐurmanecMacelj The construction of tunnels Sveta Tri Kralja and Brezovica so the section is upgraded to four lane motorway is expected to begin in the fall of 2022.[14]
A3 Zagreb and City of Zagreb 25 km (16 mi) JankomirIvanja Reka The plan is to build an extra lane in each direction. First phase is expected to start in 2023 with the section JankomirLučko.[15]
Motorway-A5-Hex-Green.svg A5 Osijek-Baranja 5.25 km (3.26 mi) Branjin Vrh border crossing–Beli Manastir The section is in pre-construction phase and construction is planned to be complete by 2023.[16][17]
Motorway-A7-Hex-Green.svg A7 Primorje-Gorski Kotar and Lika-Senj 56 km (35 mi) KrižišćeŽuta Lokva The construction is divided into four phases, with the first one that started in September 2021.[13]
Motorway-A8-Hex-Green.svg A8 Primorje-Gorski Kotar 11 km (6.8 mi) Učka TunnelMatulji The section is in pre-construction phase. The construction will start when second Učka tunnel is finished and will last 36 months.[18]
Motorway-A11-Hex-Green.svg A11 Sisak-Moslavina 11 km (6.8 mi) LekenikSisak As of 2021, the construction of section is offered in a public tender, with construction starting in 2022.[13]
6.2 km (3.9 mi) SisakMošćenica As of 2021, this section continues to be mentioned in the overall plan but no investments are being made in it.

Traffic cost revenue[edit]

In 2020, the network had a traffic of 62.256.768 vehicles, including 53.483.812 light vehicles and 8.772.956 heavy vehicles ( difference by axle height).[5]

The travel cost is 6.8 euros per 100 km for light vehicles in closed system and 6.4 euros in open toll system, while for heavy ones are 29.2 euros per 100 km in closed system and 13.1 in open system.[19]

Those costs generate a revenue of 286.6 millions of euros in 2020.[5]

Accidents[edit]

Two third of motorway fatalities (67%) occurred in the third of the year between July and October.[20][21]

Expressways[edit]

Roads designated for motor vehicles are marked with this kind of a sign in Croatia

There is a wide variety of types of expressways in Croatia, in terms of number of lanes, accessibility and types of intersections comprised. They range from four lane expressways with grade-separated intersections and limited access - distinguished from the motorways by lack of emergency lanes only - to four or six lane urban expressways with numerous at-grade intersections and traffic lights or two lane limited access roads with grade separated intersections. The expressways include both incomplete motorways, built in stages,[8] and some state roads (with either limited access, more than two traffic lanes, grade-separated intersections or any combination thereof). There are even some instances of county roads which may be regarded expressways such as Jadranska Avenue (Ž1040).

As a rule, the expressways are not tolled, however major tunnels on the expressways are tolled.

List of completed expressways[edit]

Number Control cities (or other appropriate route description)
D1 sections through Karlovac[22] (four lane dual carriageway, with at-grade intersections)
D1 Dugopolje interchange (A1) - Split[23] (fourlane dual carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D2 Osijek southern bypass[24] (four lane dual carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D8 sections through and near Split[25] (four lane dual carriageway, with at-grade intersections)
D10 Sveta Helena interchange (A4) - Križevci[26] (four lane dual carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D12 Vrbovec 2 interchange (D10) - Farkaševac[27] (four lane dual carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D14 Zabok interchange (A2) – Zlatar Bistrica (D29) (two lane single carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D33 Šibenik interchange (A1) - Šibenik (Vidici interchange)[28] (two lane single carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D76 Zagvozd (Biokovo toll booth) - Baška Voda (D8) (two/four lane single carriageway with grade separated intersections)
D220 Bisko interchange (A1) - Čaporice (D60) (four lane dual carriageway/two lane single carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D404 Draga interchange (A7) - Rijeka (Brajdica interchange) (three/four lane single carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D424 Zadar 2 interchange (A1) - Zadar (Gaženica Port)[29] (four lane dual carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D425 Karamatići toll station (A1) - Ploče (Čeveljuša interchange) (four lane dual carriageway/two lane single carriageway, with grade separated intersections)
D522 Gornja Ploča interchange (A1) - Udbina[30] (two lane single carriageway, with grade separated intersections)

State roads[edit]

State roads are defined by legislation[2] as important routes for road traffic between various parts of the country. Classification of a road as a state road does not describe actual conditions of the road itself.

State roads in Croatia are assigned one, two or three digit numbers which generally comply with the following pattern[31] (although there are some exceptions to the rules):

  • 1-19 are assigned to trunk roads, normally of considerable length, spanning between borders of various neighboring countries. An obvious exception to this is the D9 state road however it spans from Bosnia and Herzegovina border and the Adriatic Sea, along the southernmost portion of Pan-European Corridor Vc.
  • 20-99 are assigned to arterial roads on the mainland.
  • 100s are assigned to island roads
  • 200s are assigned to border crossing access roads.
  • 300s are assigned to junction roads, connecting towns or cities (but not other state roads) to motorways or other major roads. Notable exceptions to this are D307 and D310 state roads, although the D307 originally did not connect to the D29, but only to the A2 motorway.
  • 400s are assigned to mainland port and airport access roads.
  • 500s are assigned to connecting roads, connecting two different state roads. Notable exceptions to this rule are the D503 which connects to a port and the D516 which connects to a border crossing checkpoint.

At the moment the state roads in Croatia have a combined length of 6,867.7 kilometres (4,267.4 mi).

D1 - D14[edit]

Number Control cities (or other appropriate route description)[2] Length
D1 Gornji Macelj (A2) - Krapina - Zagreb - Karlovac - Gračac - Knin - Brnaze - Split (D8) 418.66 km
D2 Dubrava Križovljanska border crossing (Slovenia) - Varaždin - Virovitica - Našice - Osijek - Vukovar - Ilok border crossing (Serbia) 347.49 km
D3 Goričan border crossing (Hungary) - Čakovec - Varaždin - Breznički Hum - Zagreb - Karlovac - Rijeka (D8) 218.44 km
D5 Terezino Polje border crossing (Hungary) - Virovitica - Veliki Zdenci - Daruvar - Okučani - Stara Gradiška border crossing (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 123.12 km
D6 Jurovski Brod border crossing (Slovenia) - Ribnik - Karlovac - Brezova Glava - Vojnić - Glina - Dvor border crossing (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 134.47 km
D7 Duboševica border crossing (Hungary) - Beli Manastir - Osijek - Đakovo - Slavonski Šamac border crossing (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 115.21 km
D8 Pasjak border crossing (Slovenia) - Šapjane - Rijeka - Zadar - Split - Klek border crossing (Bosnia and Herzegovina) - Zaton Doli border crossing - Dubrovnik - Karasovići border crossing (Montenegro) 643.40 km
D9 Metković border crossing (Bosnia and Herzegovina) - Opuzen - (D8) 10.88 km
D10 Sveta Helena interchange (A4) - Dubrava - Gradec - Križevci - Koprivnica - Gola border crossing (Hungary) 86.40 km
D12 Vrbovec 2 interchange (D10) - Bjelovar - Virovitica - Terezino Polje border crossing (Hungary) 86.50 km
D14 Zabok interchange (A2) - Andraševec - Bedekovičina - Poznanovec - Zlatar Bistrica (D29) 17.41 km

D20 - D77[edit]

Number Control cities (or other appropriate route description)[2] Length
D20 Čakovec (D3) – PrelogDonja DubravaĐelekovecKoprivnica (D2) 50.4 km
D22 D3 - Novi MarofKriževciSveti Ivan Žabno 42.7 km
D23 Duga Resa (D3) – JosipdolŽuta LokvaSenj (D8) 103.9 km
D24 Zabok (D1) – Zlatar BistricaDonja KonjšćinaBudinšćinaNovi MarofVaraždinske ToplicePoljanec (D2) 72.4 km
D25 Korenica (D1) – BunićLički OsikGospićKarlobag (D8) 83.6 km
D26 Dubrava (D10) - Čazma - Garešnica - Dežanovac - Daruvar (D5) 88.5 km
D27 Gračac (D1) - Obrovac - Benkovac - Stankovci - D8 96.9 km
D28 Gradec (D10) - Bjelovar - Veliki Zdenci (D5) 70.7 km
D29 Novi Golubovec (D35) - Zlatar Bistrica - Marija Bistrica - Soblinec (D3) 49.8 km
D30 Buzin interchange (A3) - Velika Gorica - Petrinja - Hrvatska Kostajnica border checkpoint (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 83.1 km
D31 Velika Gorica (D30) - Gornji Viduševac - D6 56.1 km
D32 Prezid border checkpoint (Slovenia) - Delnice (D3) 49.7 km
D33 Strmica border checkpoint (Bosnia and Herzegovina) - Knin - Drniš - Vidici (D8) 73.3 km
D34 Slatina (D2) - Donji Miholjac - Josipovac (D2) 79.0 km
D35 Varaždin (D2) - Lepoglava - Sveti Križ Začretje (D1) 46.0 km
D36 Karlovac (D1) - Pokupsko - Sisak - Popovača (Ž3124) 110.5 km
D37 Sisak (D36) - Petrinja - Glina (D6) 34.4 km
D38 Pakrac (D5) - Požega - Pleternica - Đakovo (D7) 120.7 km
D39 Bosnian Border - Aržano - Cista Provo - Šestanovac roundabout - Dubci (D8) 37.3 km
D40 Sveti Kuzam interchange (A7) - D8 - Port of Bakar (West) 3.1 km
D41 Gola border checkpoint - Koprivnica - Križevci (D22) 82.9 km
D42 Vrbovsko (D3) - Ogulin - Josipdol - Plaški - Grabovac (D1) 57.9 km
D43 Đurđevac (D2) - Bjelovar - Čazma - Ivanić Grad interchange (A3) 78.1 km
D44 Nova Vas interchange (A9) - Ponte Porton - Buzet - Lupoglav interchange (A8) 50.5 km
D45 Veliki Zdenci - (D5) - Garešnica - Kutina interchange A3 43.6 km
D46 Đakovo D7 -Vinkovci - Tovarnik border checkpoint (Serbia) 73.0 km
D47 Lipik (D5) - Novska - Hrvatska Dubica - Hrvatska Kostajnica - Dvor (D6) 94.5 km
D48 Baderna interchange (A9) - Pazin - Rogovići interchange (A8) 20.8 km
D49 Pleternica - Lužani interchange (A3) 19.2 km
D50 Žuta Lokva (D23) - Otočac - Gospić - Gračac (D40) 104.2 km
D51 Gradište (D53) - Požega - Nova Gradiška interchange (A3) 50.3 km
D52 Špilnik (D50) - Korenica (D1) 41.1 km
D53 Donji Miholjac border checkpoint (Hungary) - Našice - Slavonski Brod border checkpoint (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 91.6 km
D54 Maslenica (D8) - Zaton Obrovački D27 13.5 km
D55 Borovo (D2) - Vinkovci - Županja border checkpoint (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 48.6 km
D56 Tromilja interchange (D424) – BenkovacSkradinDrniš (D33) – Muć – Klis–Grlo interchange (D1) 119.6 km
D57 Vukovar (D2) - Orolik - Nijemci - Lipovac interchange A3 36.1 km
D58 Šibenik (port) - Boraja - Trogir (D8) 43.0 km
D59 Knin (D8) - Kistanje - Bribirske Mostine - Putičanje - Kapela (D8) 53.9 km
D60 Brnaze (D1) - Trilj - Cista Provo - Imotski - Vinjani Donji border checkpoint (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 66.1 km
D62 Šestanovac (D39) - Zagvozd - Vrgorac - Kula Norinska - Metković (D9) 89.5 km
D64 Pazin (D48) - Potpićan - Vozilići (D66) 26.9 km
D66 Pula (D400) - Labin - Opatija - Matulji (D8) 90.1 km
D69 Slatina (D2) - Čeralije - Voćin - Novo Zvečevo - Kamenska (D38) 53.4 km
D70 Omiš (D8) - Naklice - Gata - Blato na Cetini interchange (A1) 21.6 km
D72 Slavonski Brod: D53 - Svačićeva - I. G. Kovačića - N. Zrinskog (D423) 2.7 km
D74 Đurmanec (D207) - Krapina - Bednja - Lepoglava (D35) 22.0 km
D75 D200 - Savudrija - Umag - Novigrad - Poreč - Vrsar - Vrh Lima - Bale - Pula (D400) 101.7 km
D76 Baško Polje (D8) – Zagvozd (D62) – Grubine (D60) – ImotskiGornji Vinjani border checkpoint (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 28.3 km
D77 Rogovići interchange (A8) – ŽminjSvetvinčenatVodnjan (D75) 33.2 km

D100 - D128[edit]

Number Control cities (or other appropriate route description)[2] Length
Državna cesta D100.svg D100 Porozina (ferry port) - Cres - Mali Lošinj (Ž5159) 80.5 km
Državna cesta D101.svg D101 D100 - Merag (ferry port) 10.9 km
Državna cesta D102.svg D102 Šmrika (D8) - Krk - Baška 48.3 km
Državna cesta D103.svg D103 D102 - Rijeka Airport 1.7 km
Državna cesta D104.svg D104 D102- Valbiska (ferry port) 10.1 km
Državna cesta D105.svg D105 Lopar (ferry port) - Rab - Mišnjak (ferry port) 22.7 km
Državna cesta D106.svg D106 Žigljen (ferry port) - Novalja - Pag - Ražanac - Posedarje (D8) 73.8 km
Državna cesta D109.svg D109 Veli Rat - Savar - Sali 41.9 km
Državna cesta D110.svg D110 Muline (ferry port) - Ugljan - Tkon (ferry port) 41.6 km
Državna cesta D111.svg D111 Maslinica - Grohote - Stomorska 17.8 km
Državna cesta D112.svg D112 Rogač (ferry port) - D111 1.9 km
Državna cesta D113.svg D113 Supetar - Nerežišće - Sumartin (ferry port) 39.4 km
Državna cesta D114.svg D114 Milna - Sutivan - Supetar (D113) 18.8 km
Državna cesta D115.svg D115 Gornji Humac (D113) - Bol 11.4 km
Državna cesta D116.svg D116 Hvar - Milna - Starigrad (ferry port) - Sućuraj 77.8 km
Državna cesta D117.svg D117 Komiža - Podhum - Vis 19.9 km
Državna cesta D118.svg D118 Vela Luka - Kapja - Dubovo - Korčula 43.5 km
Državna cesta D119.svg D119 Ubli - Lastovo 9.5 km
Državna cesta D120.svg D120 Pomena - Polače - Sobra - Saplunara 42.9 km
Državna cesta D121.svg D121 Murter - Tisno - D8 14.0 km
Državna cesta D123.svg D123 Sobra (ferry port) - D120 1.1 km
Državna cesta D124.svg D124 Brbinj (ferry port) - Brbinj - D109 1.7 km
Državna cesta D125.svg D125 Zaglav (ferry port) - D109 1.1 km
Državna cesta D126.svg D126 Trogir (D315) - Arbanija - Slatine 8.3 km
Državna cesta D128.svg D128 Uvala Mikavica - Žirje (ferry port) 3.8 km

Tolls[edit]

In the Republic of Croatia, primarily a closed toll system is applied to the entire motorway network tolls with multiple entrances and exits. The use of motorways is charged by mileage and vehicle category. At the entrance on the motorway, the user picks up the entrance card (or a record recorded on the ENC device) and the payment is made on exit toll stations according to the length of the trip. The open system is in use at toll stations Bregana(A3) and Rupa(A7).[19]

Safety[edit]

Croatia had 73 road deaths per million inhabitants estimated in 2019.[32]

See also[edit]

Maps[edit]

  1. ^ Overview map of the A1 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  2. ^ Overview map of the A2 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  3. ^ Overview map of the A3 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  4. ^ Overview map of the A4 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  5. ^ Overview map of the A5 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  6. ^ Overview map of the A6 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  7. ^ Overview map of the A7 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  8. ^ Overview map of the A8 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  9. ^ Overview map of the A9 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  10. ^ Overview map of the A10 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ Overview map of the A11 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 14, 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Croatian Parliament (2004-12-18). "Zakon o javnim cestama (Public Roads Act)". Narodne novine (in Croatian). Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Odluka o razvrstavanju javnih cesta" [Decision on categorization of public roads]. Narodne novine (in Croatian) (17/2020). January 30, 2020. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Sea, Transport and Infrastructure (Croatia) (2003-05-06). "Regulation on markings of motorways, their chainage, interchanges and rest areas". Narodne novine (in Croatian). Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  4. ^ Croatian Parliament (2008-06-09). "Zakon o sigurnosti prometa na cestama" (in Croatian). Narodne novine 2008-67. čl. 2, t. 1, st. 3. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ključne brojke 2020" [Key figures 2020] (PDF) (in Croatian and English). HUKA. August 2021. ISSN 1848-0233. Retrieved 3 November 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Odluka o razvrstavanju javnih cesta u autoceste" [Decision on classification of public roads as motorways]. Narodne Novine (in Croatian). July 25, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  7. ^ "Odluka o izmjenama i dopunama odluke o razvrstavanju javnih cesta u autoceste" [Decision on amendments and additions to the Decision on classification of public roads as motorways]. Narodne Novine (in Croatian). January 30, 2009. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "Regulation on motorway markings, chainage, interchange/exit/rest area numbers and names". Narodne novine (in Croatian). April 24, 2003. Archived from the original on October 4, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  9. ^ Kalčić, Jasminka (4 March 2021). "Uskoro će biti završen puni profil Istarskoga ipsilona". HRT Vijesti (in Croatian). Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d "After completing the bridge across the Drava, the works were completely moved to the Baranja side". Glas Slavonije (in Croatian). July 21, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Deranja, Franjo (11 September 2021). "Projekt obilaznice Novog Vinodolskog će riješiti ljetne prometne zastoje: Evo planova i rokova gradnje" [The Novi Vinodolski bypass project will solve summer traffic jams: Here are the plans and deadlines for construction]. Novi List (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ a b "Projekt od 1,5 milijardi kuna: Počelo probijanje druge cijevi kroz Učku, završit će do 2024". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 17 December 2020.
  13. ^ a b c "Plan poslovanja HAC-a za 2021. godinu" (PDF) (in Croatian). Hrvatske autoceste. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  14. ^ Žabec, Krešimir (4 January 2021). "Gradit će je dvije godine: Dionica autoceste od 3,7 kilometara koštat će čak 70 milijuna eura" [It will take two years to build: The 3.7-kilometer section of the motorway will cost as much as 70m euros]. Jutarnju list (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ Bohutinski, Josip (16 September 2021). "Gradit će se treći trak na zagrebačkoj obilaznici vrijedan 800 milijuna kuna" [The third lane will be built on the Zagreb bypass worth 800 million kuna]. Večernji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ Kuštro, Dario (April 28, 2020). "Za dvije godine Slavonikom će se voziti i do Belog Manastira" [In two years, Slavonika will be driven to Beli Manastir]. Glas Slavonije (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "Potpisan ugovor o nastavku izgradnje autoceste A5 na 5C koridoru" [Contract signed on the continuation of the construction of the A5 motorway on the 5C corridor]. Večernji list (in Croatian). 28 April 2020. Retrieved 10 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ Ban, Barbara (9 March 2021). "Za pet godina od pule do zagreba će se stizati za dva i pol sata" [In five years, it will take two and a half hours to get from Pula to Zagreb]. novac.jutarnju.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 11 July 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ a b Savić, Miloš; Bajić, Brankica (August 2021). "Nacionalno izvješće o autocestama 2020" (PDF) (in Croatian). HUKA. Retrieved 3 November 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  20. ^ in 2015 or latest available year
  21. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/sites/roadsafety/files/pdf/statistics/dacota/bfs2017_motorways.pdf
  22. ^ "The works must be finished by touristic season or suspended". Večernji list (in Croatian). April 9, 2010.
  23. ^ "Solin-Klis expressway opened after 26 years of construction: It cost 55 million per kilometer". www.index.hr (in Croatian). December 14, 2014.
  24. ^ "Southern bypass opens". portal Osijek031 (in Croatian). November 5, 2015.
  25. ^ "Trogir - Omiš expressway construction resumed". Nova TV (in Croatian). November 6, 2006.
  26. ^ "Minister Oleg Butković opened expressway Gradec - Križevci". hac.hr (in Croatian). Hrvatske autoceste. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  27. ^ "Expressway between Vrbovec and Farkaševac is open". HRT Vijesti. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  28. ^ "Šibenik - Drniš - Knin - Bosnia and Herzegovina border expressway". Građevinar (in Croatian). March 28, 2008.
  29. ^ "Kalmeta officially opens Zadar 2 - Gaženica four lane expressway". eZadar (in Croatian). November 6, 2007. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  30. ^ "Dalmatina opens gates of Dalmatia". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). July 1, 2003.
  31. ^ Ministry of Sea, Transport and Infrastructure (Croatia) (21 April 2015). "Pravilnik o sadržaju, ustroju i načinu vođenja baze podataka o javnim cestama i objektima na njima". narodne-novine.nn.hr (in Croatian). 4.2 Evidencijske oznake državnih cesta.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  32. ^ "Press corner".

External links[edit]