Highways in Hungary

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Highways in Hungary. The blue line depicts sections in use, light blue line depicts sections under construction, while grey represents proposed highways.

Controlled-access highways in Hungary are dual carriageways, grade separated with controlled-access, designed for high speeds. The legislation amendments defined two types of highways: motorways (Hungarian: autópálya) and expressways (Hungarian: autóút).

The main differences are that motorways have emergency lanes and the maximum allowed speed limit is 130 km/h (81 mph), while expressways do not and the speed limit is 110 km/h (68 mph).

According to the Állami Autópályakezelő Zrt. ("State Motorway Management Plc."), the total length of the Hungarian motorway system was 1,491 kilometers in 2018.[1] The construction of the Hungarian motorway system started in 1964 with M7, which finished in 1975 between Budapest and the Lake Balaton. The total length of the system reached 200 km in 1980, 500 km in 1998 and 1000 km in 2007.

The Hungarian motorway network currently comprises 13 motorways, 13 expressways, and some fast roads (R), of which 21 of them are at least partially operational, and 9 (M1, M5, M7, M15, M19, M31, M43, M51 and M70) have been completed by the end of 2016.

Highways system[edit]

Motorways[edit]

The motorways in Hungary, Hungarian: autópálya (abbr. M), are defined as two-lane motorways in each direction, with emergency lane. The speed limit is 130 km/h or 80 mph. Their road signs are white on blue.

Designation Route Length (2019)
Number E-road Planned In service Status
(% in use)
M1 E60 E75 E65 Budapest - Tatabánya - Győr - Mosonmagyaróvár – Border with Austria near Hegyeshalom 171 km 171 km Completed (100%)
M3 E71 E79 E573E579 Budapest - Hatvan - Füzesabony - Polgár - Nyíregyháza - Vásárosnamény – Border with Ukraine near Beregdaróc 307 km 280 km Planned (91.2%)
M4 E60 E79 Budapest - Szolnok - Püspökladány - Berettyóújfalu – Border with Romania near Nagykereki 233 km 37,1 km
UC: 81,9 km
Under construction (15.9%)
M5 E75 Budapest - Kecskemét - Szeged – Border with Serbia near Röszke 173 km 173 km Completed (100%)
M6 E73 Budapest (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M0) - Dunaújváros - Szekszárd – Border with Croatia near Ivándárda 212 km 193 km Planned (91%)
M7 E71 E65 Budapest - Székesfehérvár - Siófok - Nagykanizsa – Border with Croatia near Letenye 233 km 233 km Completed (100%)
M8 E66 Szolnok (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M4) - Kecskemét - Dunaújváros - Veszprém – Border with Austria near Rábafüzes 330 km 35 km
UC: 28,9 km
Under construction (10.6%)
M30 E71 E79 Via Carpathia: Emőd (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3) - Miskolc – Border with Slovakia near Tornyosnémeti 95 km 28 km
UC: 56,8 km
Under construction (29.5%)
M31 E71 Nagytarcsa (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M0) - Gödöllő (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3) 12 km 12 km Completed (100%)
M35 E79 E573 Görbeháza (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3) - Debrecen - Berettyóújfalu (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M4) 68,8 km 68,8 km Completed (100%)
M43 E68 Szeged (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M5) - Makó – Border with Romania near Csanádpalota 57,7 km 57,7 km Completed (100%)
M60 Bóly (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M6) - Pécs – Border with Croatia near Barcs 56 km 32 km Planned (53.6%)

M1[edit]

M1 between Budapest and Tatabánya

The M1 starts from western part of Budapest, it connects the Hungarian capital with Győr and northwestern part of Hungary, towards Vienna. The motorway is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV, and European route E60, E65 and E75. Average daily traffic is 75,510 near Budapest and 56,421 vehicles/day near Győr.[2] The construction of the motorway began 1964, it took more than thirty years for Hegyeshalom to reach the Austrian border. Its significance has increased since the change of regime in 1990, and today it is the most important western connection of Hungary.

Main juctions:

M3[edit]

M3 in Kisbag rest area

The M3 starts from north-eastern part of Budapest, it connects the Hungarian capital with Nyíregyháza and northeast part of Hungary, towards Mukachevo. The motorway is part of the Venice-Trieste-Ljubljana-Budapest-Lviv-Kiev line Central-East Europe Corridor V, and European route E71, E79, E573 and E579. This is one of the most important route of the Hungarian motorway and road network, the southwest-north-eastern diagonal main line of traffic forming part of Budapest. Through Ukraine, Eastern Europe, and through Slovakia, creates a highway connection to the countries of north-eastern Europe.

Main juctions:

M5[edit]

M5 near Lajosmizse

The M5 starts from Budapest, it connects the Hungarian capital with Szeged and southeast part of Hungary, towards Belgrade. It was the third motorway in Hungary that reached the border. The motorway is part of the Pan-European Corridor X, and European route E75. The motorway was built in the 1980s and reached the Serbian border in March 2006.

Main junctions:

M6[edit]

M6 near Százhalombatta

The M6 starts from Budapest (M0-M6 Interchange), it connects the Hungarian capital with Mohács, on the right bank of the Danube in the south, towards Osijek and Sarajejevo. The motorway is part of the European route E73. The motorway was built in the late of 2000s and reached the Serbian border in March 2010.

Main junctions:

M7[edit]

M7 in Köröshegy Viaduct

The M1 starts from western part of Budapest, it connects the Hungarian capital with Lake Balaton and southwestern part of Hungary, towards Zagreb. The motorway is part of the Pan-European Corridor V, and European route E71. Average daily traffic is 62,779 near Budapest and 49,273 vehicles/day near Székesfehérvár.[2] The motorway was built in the 1960s and reached the Croatian border in October 2008.

Main junctions:

Expressways[edit]

The expressways in Hungary, Hungarian: autóút (abbr. M as well) are defined as dual carriageways with lower standards than that of a motorway, but with the same restrictions. The speed limit is 110 km/h or 70 mph. Their road signs are white on blue.

Number Route Length (2019)
Planned In service Status
M0 Budapest bypass ~ 108 km 77 km Planned (71,3%)
M2 Budapest (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M0) - Vác – Border with Slovakia near Parassapuszta 70 km 32 km Planned (45,7%)
M9 Szombathely (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M86) - Zalaegerszeg - Nagykanizsa - Kaposvár - Szekszárd - Szeged (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M5) ~ 300 km 21 km Planned (7%)
M10 Budapest - Pilisvörösvár – Border with Slovakia near Esztergom 34 km 0 km Planned (0%)
M15 E65 E75 Mosonmagyaróvár (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1) – Border with Slovakia near Rajka 15 km 15 km Completed (100%)
M19 Győr (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1) - Győr (half motorway) 10 km 10 km Completed (100%)
M25 Füzesabony (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3) - Eger 18,5 km 4 km
UC: 14.5 km
Under construction (21,6%)
M34 Vásárosnamény (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3) – Border with Ukraine near Záhony 39 km 0 km Planned (0%)
M44 Kecskemét (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M8) - Békéscsaba – Border with Romania near Gyula 111 km 0 km
UC: 81 km
Under construction (0%)
M51 Part of old ring of Budapest 9 km 9 km Completed (100%)
M70 Letenye (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M7) – Border with Slovenia near Tornyiszentmiklós 21 km 21 km Completed (100%)
M76 Balatonszentgyörgy (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M7) – Zalaegerszeg (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M9) 32,6 km 0 km
UC: 8,6 km
Under construction (0%)
M85 Győr (M1) - Csorna – Border with Austria near Sopron 95 km 31,6 km
UC: 57,9 km
Under construction (33,2%)
M86 Szombathely - Csorna - Mosonmagyaróvár (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1) 115 km 71 km Planned (61,7%)
M87 Szombathely (AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M86) – Border with Austria near Kőszeg 20 km 0 km Planned (0%)

Fast roads[edit]

The fast roads in Hungary, Hungarian: gyorsút (abbr. R) are defined as dual carriageways with lower standards than that of a expressway, but the level intersection (e.g., traffic light node, roundabout) is permissible. The speed limit is also 110 km/h or 70 mph.

Number Route Length
R11 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1 - Esztergom ?  km
Existing: 0 km
R49 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Mátészalka - Csenger(ROU border) 45 km
Existing: 0 km
R67 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M7 - Kaposvár 46 km
Existing: 0 km
R83 Győr (M1) - Pápa 36 km
Existing: 0 km
Main road 5 near Kecskemét.
2x2 traffic lanes main roads

Toll requirements[edit]

Hungarian highway network. Legend of sections:
  completed
  under construction or planned

The e-vignette user charge system applies to motorcycles, passenger cars and their trailers, as well as cargo vehicles with a maximum permissible gross weight of 3.5 tonnes, campers and buses, and their trailers. These vehicles are authorized to use the Hungarian toll speedway network's roads exclusively with pre-purchased –purchased prior to entering a toll speedway section– road use authorization, i.e. e-vignettes. The amount of toll charges depends on the category of the vehicle and the type of the e-vignette. The category of the motor vehicles must be determined according to the official entry that appears in the vehicle registration certificate, based on the maximum permissible gross weight of the motor vehicle and the number of persons it is allowed to transport.[3]

Hungarian system has 2 main type in terms of salary.

1, time-based fee vignettes (E-matrica) with a validity of either 10 days (2975 HUF), 1 month (4780 HUF) or 1 year (42980 HUF). The following motorway sections are toll-free for cars up to 3.5 t:[4]

  • the following sections of the M0 expressway: - 63 km
    • the section between Main Road 1 (exit -1) and the M5 motorway (exit 32),
    • the section between M4 expressway (exit 41) and M3 motorway (exit 68),
    • Megyeri Bridge (the section between Main Road 11 and Main Road 2), (exit 74-77).
  • the M31 motorway - 12 km
  • the section of M4 expressway (sign of Main Road 4) between the road leading from Vecsés to Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport (section between km section 19+550 and km section 20+518)
  • the M8 motorway
  • the Pécs south-west loop section of the M60 motorway between roads no. 58 (exit 30) and 5826 (exit 32) - 2 km
2, regional vignettes

History[edit]

Development of the overall length (at the end of):

Year 1964 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1996 2002 2006 2010 2014 2016 2017 2018
Length in km 7 85 136 213 302 361 440 638 967 1,290 1,382 1,481 1,489 1,524
Year Length (km) Year Length (km) Year Length (km)
1964 7 2003 667 2013 1,361
1970 85 2004 717 2014 1,370
1975 136 2005 803 2015 1,447
1980 213 2006 967 2016 1,481
1985 302 2007 1,037 2017 1,490
1990 361 2008 1,113 2018 1,524
1996 440 2009 1,118
2001 571 2010 1,290
2002 638 2011 1,321
IEA-PVPS,[5]

Cumulative PV capacity in megawatt-peak (MWp) since 2000

500
1,000
1,500
2,000
1964
1975
1985
1996
2002
2006
2010
2014
2018

Gallery[edit]

[6]

Opening of new motorways[edit]

Construction of new motorways in recent years has been hampered due to corruption scandals and austerity measures as well as owing to new European rules under which old EIA assessments lapsed. In the coming years, the highway network will be expanded first of all near Budapest and border region of Hungary. Construction of non-radial roads continues to be slow.

Highway From To Length Construction started Due to open Remarks
M35 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Debrecen (main road 4) junction with main road 481 5.43 km 07/2016 12/2017[7] OPEN
M85 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Csorna Farád 4.45 km 04/2016 04/2018[8] bypass of Csorna (II. phase) OPEN
M35 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg junction with main road 483 Berettyóújfalu (M4) 18.7 km 07/2016 12/2018[9] last section of M35

OPEN

M4 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Berettyóújfalu (M35) junction with main road 47 2.95 km 11/2016 12/2018[10] OPEN
M25 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Andornaktálya Eger 4 km 11/2018[11] OPEN
M44 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Nagykőrös Tiszakürt 31.0 km 07/2018 08/2021[12] 2nd carriageway
M44 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Tiszakürt Kondoros 62.0 km 12/2016 10/2019[13] 2nd carriageway
M44 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Kondoros Békéscsaba 17.6 km 03/2018 1st Q. 2021[14] 2nd carriageway
M4 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Üllő Albertirsa 30.0 km 01/2017 010/2019[15]
M4 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Albertirsa Cegléd 14.4 km 01/2017 010/2019[16] 2nd carriageway
M2 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Budapest Vác 19.6 km 04/2017 09/2019[17] 2nd carriageway
M25 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Andornaktálya junction with M3 motorway 14.6 km 01/2018 06/2020[18] 2nd carriageway
M30 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Miskolc Tornyosnémeti 56.75 km 03/2018 3rd Q. 2021[19]
M85 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Csorna Fertőrákos 57,45 km 03/2018 4th Q. 2020[20] 2nd carriageway
M76 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Fenékpuszta M7 motorway 8,6 km 02/2018 2nd Q. 2020[21] 2nd carriageway
R67 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.png junction with M7 motorway Kaposvár 33.2 km 06/2017 09/2019[22]
M4 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg junction with main road 47 border of Romania 26.5 km 05/2017 01/2020[23]
M15 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg junction with M1 motorway border of Slovakia 14.5 km 02/2018 2020[24] second lane of motorway
M70 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Letenye border of Slovenia 13.7 km 11/2017 4. Q. 2020[25] second lane of motorway
M8 (Hu) Otszogletu kek tabla.svg Körmend border of Austria 29 km 12/2017 2/2021[26] single carriageway

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Állami Autópályakezelő Zrt. (ÁAK) (2013). "Az ÁAK által kezelt úthálózat részletes adatai (2013)". Nemzetiutdij.hu. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
  2. ^ a b "Az autópálya-hálózat forgalmi menedzsment tervének elõkészítõ vizsgálatai – forgalmi elemzések" (PDF) (in Hungarian). ktenet.hu.
  3. ^ "National Toll Payment Services PLC". toll-charge.hu.
  4. ^ "National Toll Payment Services PLC". toll-charge.hu.
  5. ^ http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Capacity_Statistics_2017.pdf
  6. ^ This list contains the limited-access roads (expressways) in Hungary with (at least) four traffic lanes and median.
  7. ^ "Már autózhatunk az M35-ös sztráda új szakaszán és a debreceni déli elkerülő úton". dehir.hu. Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  8. ^ "Sopron megközelítése, M85 autóút Csorna elkerülő (II. ütem) megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  9. ^ "M35 autópálya (II. ütem) 481. sz. főút – Berettyóújfalu közötti szakasz megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  10. ^ "M4 autópálya Berettyóújfalu – Nagykereki országhatár közötti szakasz megvalósítása I. ütem". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  11. ^ "Átadták a forgalomnak az M25 autóút északi ütemét". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  12. ^ "Békéscsaba megközelítése, M44 Nagykőrös – Tiszakürt". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  13. ^ "Békéscsaba megközelítése, M44 Tiszakürt – Kondoros". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  14. ^ "Megkezdődtek a munkálatok az M44 Kondoros-Békéscsaba közötti szakaszán". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
  15. ^ "M4 gyorsforgalmi út Üllő-Albertirsa közötti szakasz kivitelezése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  16. ^ "M4 gyorsforgalmi út Albertirsa-Cegléd közötti szakasz kivitelezése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  17. ^ "M2 gyorsforgalmi út megvalósítása Budapest-Vác". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  18. ^ "Eger megközelítés M25 Déli ütem megvalósítása (1. építési (déli) szakasz kivitelezése)". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-01-23."Eger megközelítés M25 Déli ütem megvalósítása (2. építési (északi) szakasz kivitelezése)". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  19. ^ "ELKEZDŐDIK AZ M30 AUTÓPÁLYA MISKOLC – TORNYOSNÉMETI KÖZÖTTI SZAKASZÁNAK ÉPÍTÉSE". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  20. ^ "Letették az M85 autóút Csorna II. – Sopron-kelet – Fertőrákos csomópont közötti szakasz alapkövét/". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  21. ^ "Letették az M76 gyorsforgalmi út Zalaegerszeg – M7 autópálya közötti szakaszának alapkövét". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  22. ^ "Kaposvár megközelítése, 67. sz. főút Kaposfüred és Látrány elkerülő utak közötti szakasz fejlesztése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  23. ^ "M4 autópálya Berettyóújfalu – Nagykereki országhatár közötti szakasz II. ütem megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  24. ^ "Átépül az M15 autóút M1 – Rajka országhatár közötti szakasza". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  25. ^ "Megvalósul az M70 autóút Letenye-Tornyiszentmiklós országhatár közötti szakasz 2×2 sávossá bővítése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  26. ^ "M8 autóút Körmend – Rábafüzes országhatár szakasz 2×1 sávos előkészítése és építése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
General
  • Magyarország autóatlasz (Road atlas of Hungary), Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2004
  • Magyarország autóatlasz (Road atlas of Hungary), Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2013

External links[edit]