Kumamoto Domain

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Stonework at Yatsushiro Castle in Kumamoto

The Kumamoto Domain (熊本藩?, Kumamoto-han), also known as Higo Domain (肥後藩?, Higo-han), was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It was associated with Higo Province in modern-day Kumamoto Prefecture.[1]

In the han system, Kumamoto was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[2] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[3] This was different from the feudalism of the West.

History[edit]

The domain was centered at the Kumamoto Castle in Kumamoto.

Under the Hosokawa, with an income of 540,000 koku, the Kumamoto domain was one of the largest in Kyushu, second only to the Satsuma Domain, and excluding the lands held by the Tokugawa and Matsudaira clans, the fourth-largest in Japan after the Kaga, Satsuma and Sendai domains.[4]

List of daimyo[edit]

The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.

  1. Kiyomasa (1562–1611)[5]
  2. Tadahiro (1597–1653)[5]
  1. Tadatoshi (1586–1641)[6]
  2. Mitsunao
  3. Tsunatoshi
  4. Nobunori
  5. Munetaka
  6. Shigekata (1718–1785)[6]
  7. Harutoshi
  8. Narishige
  9. Naritatsu
  10. Narimori
  11. Yoshikuni
  12. Morihisa

Genealogy[edit]

  • Hosokawa Fujitaka (1534-1610)
    • Tadaoki (1563-1645)
      • Simple silver crown.svg I. Tadatoshi, 1st Lord of Kumamoto (cr. 1632) (1586-1641; r. 1632-1641)
        • Simple silver crown.svg II. Mitsunao, 2nd Lord of Kumamoto (1619-1650; r. 1641-1650)
          • Simple silver crown.svg III. Tsunatoshi, 3rd Lord of Kumamoto (1641-1712; r. 1650-1712)
          • Toshishige (1646-1687)
            • Simple silver crown.svg IV. Nobunori, 4th Lord of Kumamoto (1676-1732; r. 1712-1732)
              • Simple silver crown.svg V. Munetaka, 5th Lord of Kumamoto (1716-1747; r. 1732-1747)
              • Simple silver crown.svg VI. Shigekata, 6th Lord of Kumamoto (1721-1785; r. 1747-1785)
                • Simple silver crown.svg VII. Harutoshi, 7th Lord of Kumamoto (1758-1787; r. 1785-1787)
      • Tatsutaka (1615-1645)
        • Yukitaka, 1st Lord of Udo (1637-1690)
          • Aritaka, 2nd Lord of Udo (1676-1733)
            • Okinari, 3rd Lord of Udo (1699-1737)
              • Okinori, 5th Lord of Udo (1723-1785)
                • Simple silver crown.svg VIII. Narishige, 6th Lord of Udo, 8th Lord of Kumamoto (1755-1835; r. 1787-1810)
                  • Tatsuyuki, 7th Lord of Udo (1784-1818)
                    • Simple silver crown.svg X. Narimori, 8th Lord of Udo, 10th Lord of Kumamoto (1804-1860; r. 1826-1860)
                      • Simple silver crown.svg XI.Yoshikuni, 11th Lord of Kumamoto, 25th Hosokawa family head (1835-1876; r. 1860-1869. Governor of Kumamoto 1869-1871).
                      • Morihisa, 26th Hosokawa family head, 1st Marquess (1839-1893; family head 1876-1893; 1st Marquess Hosokawa: 1884-1893)
                        • Morishige, 27th Hosokawa family head, 2nd Marquess (1868-1914; family head and 2nd Marquess 1893-1914)
                        • Morikei, 1st Baron Hosokawa (cr. 1896) (1882-1898)
                        • Moritatsu, 28th Hosokawa family head, 3rd Marquess, 2nd Baron (1883-1970; 2nd Baron Hosokawa 1898, 14th Hosokawa family head 1914-1970, 3rd Marquess 1914-1947)
                          • Morisada, 29th Hosokawa family head (1912-2005; family head 1970-2005)
                            • Morihiro, 30th Hosokawa family head (1938- ; family head 2005-). Prime Minister of Japan 1993-1994
                              • Mamoteru (b. 1972)
                  • Simple silver crown.svg IX. Naritatsu, 9th Lord of Kumamoto (1788-1826; r. 1810-1826)

[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Map of Japan, 1789 -- the Han system affected cartography
  1. ^ "HIgo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-5-24.
  2. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  3. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  4. ^ Totman, Conrad. (1993). Early Modern Japan, p. 119.
  5. ^ a b c Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Katō" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 20; retrieved 2013-5-24.
  6. ^ a b c Papinot, (2003). "Katō" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 12; retrieved 2013-5-24.
  7. ^ Genealogy

External links[edit]

Media related to Kumamoto Domain at Wikimedia Commons