George Takei as Lieutenant Hikaru Sulu, from
Star Trek (1966)
|Portrayed by||George Takei
(1966–1996; 2016 (photograph))
Captain Hikaru Sulu is a character in the Star Trek media franchise. Originally known simply as "Sulu", he was portrayed by George Takei in the original Star Trek series. Sulu also appears in the animated Star Trek series, the first six Star Trek movies, one episode of Star Trek: Voyager, and in numerous books, comics, and video games. Sulu's first name, "Hikaru", appeared in a 1981 novel well over a decade after the original series had ended. John Cho assumed the role of the character in both the 2009 film Star Trek and its sequels, Star Trek Into Darkness and Star Trek Beyond.
Development and portrayals
Takei recalled Gene Roddenberry wanted the character to represent all of Asia, which symbolized the peace of the Trek universe in spite of the numerous wars in the continent. Roddenberry did not want a nationally specific surname, so he looked at a map and saw the Sulu Sea. "He thought, 'Ah, the waters of that sea touch all shores'," the actor recalled, "and that's how my character came to have the name Sulu." Historically, Sulu was a Muslim sultanate founded in 1405 until March 1915 when the Sultan abdicated when it had become part of the United States. The island province of Sulu continued to be a US territory until 1946, when as part of the Philippines independence from the US was gained.
In the book Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, the character's name is noted as a pun on the name of vice president of Desilu Studios, Herb Solow.
Novelist Vonda McIntyre first presents 'Hikaru' as the character's first name in the novel The Entropy Effect. McIntyre derived the character's first name from The Tale of Genji. Although McIntyre was unaware at the time of any controversy surrounding her giving Sulu a first name, editor David Hartwell had to clear the name with Gene Roddenberry and Takei in order to supersede Paramount's objections. However, the name did not become canon until its mention in Star Trek VI, and it was included only after Peter David, who authored the film's comic book adaptation, visited the set and persuaded director Nicholas Meyer to insert it.
In some Japanese dubs, Commander Sulu's family name is changed to Kato. This is because there is no "lu" syllable in Japanese, so to Japanese speakers "Sulu" does not sound like a Japanese name. However, in recent movies it is only slightly changed. The name スールー, (Sūrū, with long vowels) is used as opposed to スル, (Suru, with short vowels) which would be a closer transliteration. "Suru" with short vowels in Japanese is the verb "to do", and as such might also come across as odd to Japanese audiences.
From 1966 to 2008
The fictional character Hikaru Sulu was born in San Francisco, and is of Japanese heritage. His birthdate has not been established definitively, but the book Star Trek Chronology by Michael Okuda and Denise Okuda speculates that he was 29 at the time of the first season of Star Trek, putting his birth in the year 2237. He was shown as the USS Enterprise's staff physicist in the pilot episode, "Where No Man Has Gone Before" (1966), but served as third officer and senior helmsman throughout the rest of the series, during which he held the rank of lieutenant.
Throughout the series, Sulu is shown having many interests and hobbies, including gymnastics, botany, fencing, and ancient weaponry. In the episode "The Naked Time" (1966), Spock observes that Sulu "is at heart a swashbuckler out of the 18th century".
The character is promoted to lieutenant commander some time before Star Trek: The Motion Picture, and to full commander by the time of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. During the first five Star Trek movies, he serves as helmsman aboard both the USS Enterprise and USS Enterprise-A. He is promoted to captain and given command of the USS Excelsior three years before the events of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.
2009 film and its sequels
John Cho portrays an alternate Sulu in the 2009 film Star Trek. J. J. Abrams was concerned about casting a Korean-American as the character, but Takei explained to the director that Sulu was meant to represent all of Asia on the Enterprise, so Abrams went ahead with Cho. Cho acknowledged being an Asian-American, "There are certain acting roles that you are never going to get, and one of them is playing a cowboy. Playing Sulu is a realization of that dream — going into space." He cited the masculinity of the character as being important to him, and spent two weeks fight training. Cho suffered an injury to his wrist during filming, although a representative noted it was "no big deal". James Kyson Lee was interested in the part, but because Zachary Quinto was cast as Spock, the producers of the TV show Heroes did not want to lose another cast member for three months.
Cho portrays a younger Sulu in the 2009 film, though he is actually older than Takei was when he portrayed the role in the original series; Cho was 36 while Takei was 29. Cho also portrays Sulu in the 2013 sequel Star Trek Into Darkness, taking up the role of acting captain on the USS Enterprise when both Kirk and Spock were absent. At the film's climax Sulu admits to Kirk that he wouldn't mind being a captain, referencing his role as captain of the USS Excelsior in the original film series.
In the third film, Star Trek Beyond, Sulu is portrayed as a gay man with a husband and daughter. Writer Simon Pegg and director Justin Lin made the decision as a nod to original actor George Takei, who had become a prominent LGBT rights activist since portraying the character in the original series. Takei disliked the idea, and attempted to persuade the filmmakers to create a new gay character rather than revealing Sulu as closeted, saying, "Unfortunately, it's a twisting of Gene's creation, to which he put in so much thought." Pegg replied that he felt it was unfortunate that "the most inclusive, tolerant universe in science fiction" had never featured an LGBT character, but that revealing an existing character as gay avoided creating the impression of tokenism. Pegg also said that Sulu had never been closeted, but that his sexuality had simply never come up, and suggested that Roddenberry would have explored LGBT themes in the original series if he had had the opportunity.
Takei reprised the role of Sulu, as part of Star Trek 's 30th anniversary, in the Star Trek: Voyager episode "Flashback" aired in 1996. In the episode, Captain Sulu appears in Tuvok's flashbacks of his time serving aboard the USS Excelsior, during events depicted in Star Trek VI. Sulu is also responsible for another future USS Voyager crew member (Chakotay) joining Starfleet.
The non-canon fan production Star Trek: New Voyages episode "World Enough and Time" starred Takei as Captain Sulu on the Excelsior recalling a time on the original Enterprise when a transporter accident caused him to come back thirty years older and with a daughter, Alana. Demora also appears in this episode, as well as Hikaru's granddaughter.
The novel Forged in Fire depicts an earlier USS Excelsior mission prior to Sulu's assuming command of the ship.
The novelization of Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home includes an encounter in 1986 San Francisco intended to be included in the final film but ultimately cut between Sulu and a young Japanese-American boy who asks, "What are you doing here, Uncle Hikaru?" After conversing with the boy and learning his name, Sulu realizes that the boy is his great-great-grandfather. In another part of the novel as he borrows a helicopter to deliver the whale tank materials, it is revealed that Sulu is part Filipino, as he converses about the Philippine People Power Revolution which had just occurred earlier in 1986.
The fictional reference/history book Federation: The First 150 Years, by David A. Goodman, contains an audio introduction by Admiral Hikaru Sulu, indicating that at some point Sulu is promoted to admiral, although this is non-canonical.
Takei reprised the role of Captain Sulu in the PC game Starfleet Command 2, released in December 2000. The introduction video features Takei, as Captain Sulu on board the USS Excelsior, describing the outbreak of an interstellar war between several galactic powers as part of his Captain's Log. Later updates to the game also included several bonus voice-scripted missions, that again featured Takei as Sulu.
Robert Justman, co-producer of the original Star Trek series, noted that Takei had previously played bad guys, but through Star Trek had become one of the first Asian actors to portray an Asian character in a positive light. Justman described him as "the antithesis of the so-called expressionless-unemotional-inscrutable Asian". Other Asian American actors or actors of Asian descent who had previously (before 1966) portrayed an "Asian character in a positive light" in American motion pictures and/or American television include Keye Luke, Philip Ahn, Shirley Yamaguchi, Miyoshi Umeki, Yoko Tani, Nobu McCarthy, James Shigeta, France Nuyen, Poncie Ponce, Nancy Kwan, Jack Soo, and Mako.
- Asherman, Alan (1993-05-01). The Star Trek Compendium. ISBN 978-0-671-79612-9.
- Okuda, Mike; Okuda, Denise; Mirek, Debbie (1999). The Star Trek Encyclopedia. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-53609-5.
- Kit, Borys (2007-10-12). "Final frontier for Cho, Pegg". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-05-11.
- Takei, George (2004). How Sulu got his name. YouTube. (Interview). Archive of American Television.
- Simpson, Michael (2008-04-30). "John Cho Will Be a Great Sulu In 'Star Trek XI', Says George Takei". Cinema Spy. Retrieved 2008-05-06.
- Rothschild, Matthew (8 May 2006). "George Takei, Mr. Sulu of Star Trek, Comes Out and Speaks Out". The Progressive. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Solow, Herbert; Robert Justman (June 1997). Inside Star Trek The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-671-00974-5.
- McIntyre, Vonda N. (June 1981). The Entropy Effect. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-83692-7.
- McIntyre, Vonda (2010-07-02). "How One of the First Star Trek Novels Was Written". io9. Gawker Media. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- "Comics Buyer's Guide" (1614). March 2006: 10.
- Okuda, Michael; Okuda, Denise (1996). Star Trek Chronology: The History of the Future. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-53610-9.
- "Where No Man Has Gone Before". Star Trek. NBC.
- "The Man Trap". Star Trek. NBC.
- "The Naked Time". Star Trek. NBC.
- "Shore Leave". Star Trek. NBC.
- David, Peter (1995-12-01). The Captain's Daughter. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-52047-4.
- Fritz, Steve (2009-01-21). "From 'Trek' to 'Wars', Part 2: George Takei on Star Trek". Newsarama. Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- "John Cho: Sulu Is A Badass". TrekMovie. 2007-12-16. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
- Pascale, Anthony (2008-03-17). "Cho Injured On Trek Set". TrekMovie. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- Wigney, James (July 7, 2016). "Star Trek Beyond favourite Mr Sulu has come out as castmates reflect on the death of Anton Yelchin". Herald Sun. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- Abramovitch, Seth (July 7, 2016). "George Takei Reacts to Gay Sulu News: "I Think It's Really Unfortunate"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- Shoard, Catherine (July 8, 2016). "Simon Pegg: I respectfully disagree with George Takei over gay Sulu". The Guardian. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- "Flashback". Star Trek: Voyager. Season 3. Episode 2. Paramount Television. September 11, 1996. UPN.
- Martin, Michael A.; Mangels, Andy (2003-08-01). The Sundered. Star Trek: The Lost Era. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-6401-X.
- Martin, Michael A.; Mangels, Andy (2008-01-01). Forged in Fire. Star Trek: Excelsior. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-1416547167.
- Nimoy, Leonard (12 August 2013). "Status". Twitter. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
Lost a wonderful scene scheduled for Sulu in ST IV. Little boy to play George's grandfather in San Francisco wouldn't stop crying. LLAP
- Stern, Dave (1994-02-01). Transformations. A Captain Sulu Adventure. Simon & Schuster Audioworks. ISBN 0-671-88624-X.
- Malloy, J.J. (1994-09-01). Cacophany. A Captain Sulu Adventure. Simon & Schuster Audioworks. ISBN 0-671-52286-8.
- Graf, L.A. (1995-04-01). Envoy. A Captain Sulu Adventure. Simon & Schuster Audioworks. ISBN 0-671-52286-8.
- Goodman, David (2012-11-20). Star Trek Federation: The First 150 Years. 47North. ISBN 978-1612184173.
- Shatner, William. Star Trek: the Ashes of Eden. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-52036-9.
- "Scrubs, Season 3, Episode 22: My Best Friend's Wedding". IMDB. Retrieved June 11, 2015.