Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain

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Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain is a Malay epic describing fictional exploits of Iskandar Zulkarnain (Alexander the Great), a king who was briefly mentioned in the Quran (18:82-100) . The oldest existing manuscript is dated 1713, but is in a poor state. Another manuscript was copied by Muhammad Cing Sa`idullah at about 1830.[1]

Iskandar Zulkarnain is claimed to be a direct antecedent of the Minangkabau kingdoms of Sumatra, Indonesia by their rulers. The best known Minangkabau ruler, Adityavarman, who ruled over Sumatra between 1347 and 1374 AD claimed for himself the name Maharaja Di Raja, 'a great lord of kings.' It was William Marsten who first publicized this link at the end of the 18th century.[2] The descent from Iskandar Zulkarnain,[3] is claimed via Raja Rajendra Chola (Raja Suran, Raja Chola) in the Malay Annals.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

There is a "Sumatran version".[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ malay concordance project Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain
  2. ^ Early Modern History ISBN 981-3018-28-3 page 60
  3. ^ Balai Seni Lukis Negara (Malaysia) (1999). Seni dan nasionalisme: dulu & kini. Balai Seni Lukis Negara. 
  4. ^ S. Amran Tasai; Djamari; Budiono Isas (2005). Sejarah Melayu: sebagai karya sastra dan karya sejarah : sebuah antologi. Pusat Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. p. 67. ISBN 978-979-685-524-7. 
  5. ^ Radzi Sapiee (2007). Berpetualang Ke Aceh: Membela Syiar Asal. Wasilah Merah Silu Enterprise. p. 69. ISBN 978-983-42031-1-5. 
  6. ^ Dewan bahasa. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. 1980. pp. 333, 486. 
  7. ^ John N. Miksic (30 September 2013). Singapore and the Silk Road of the Sea, 1300_1800. NUS Press. pp. 147–. ISBN 978-9971-69-574-3. 
  8. ^ Marie-Sybille de Vienne (9 March 2015). Brunei: From the Age of Commerce to the 21st Century. NUS Press. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-9971-69-818-8. 
  9. ^ Yusoff Iskandar (1992). Pensejarahan Melayu: kajian tentang tradisi sejarah Melayu Nusantara. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kementerian Pendidikan, Malaysia. p. 147. ISBN 978-983-62-3012-6. 
  10. ^ MCP . Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain . bibliography * * * *

See also[edit]