Hilaria del Rosario de Aguinaldo

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Hilaria del Rosario
Hilaria Aguinaldo portrait.jpg
First Lady of the Philippines
In role
March 22, 1897 – April 1, 1901
PresidentEmilio Aguinaldo
Succeeded byAurora Quezon
Personal details
Born(1877-02-17)February 17, 1877
Imus, Cavite, Captaincy General of the Philippines[1]
DiedMarch 6, 1921(1921-03-06) (aged 44)
Cavite el Viejo, Cavite, Philippine Islands[2]
Spouse(s)
Emilio Aguinaldo
(m. 1896; her death 1921)
Children5

Hilaria del Rosario de Aguinaldo (born Hilaria del Rosario y Reyes, 17 February 1877 – 6 March 1921) was the first wife of General Emilio Aguinaldo, the first President of the Philippines.

Life[edit]

Hilaria del Rosario was born on February 17, 1877 in Tinabunan (now Pag-asa) in Imus, Cavite to Guillermo del Rosario y Bautista and Cristina Reyes y Flores. She was baptized four days later by Andrés Galdeano at Imus Church.[1]

Emilio Aguinaldo married her on New Year's Day, 1896–the very same day he joined the Katipunan, the secret society that would initiate the Philippine Revolution that year. Although the title "First Lady" (Spanish: Primera Dama) was not used, and did not refer to the wife of the President of the Philippines (being used only with the onset of the American governors-general in reference to their wives) at the time, she is today considered the first First Lady of the Philippines.

She complemented Emilio's military campaigns by caring for wounded soldiers and their families. In 1899, as the president's consort, she established the Hijas de la Revolución (Daughters of the Revolution) that later became Asociación de la Cruz Roja (Red Cross Association). The organisation is considered a precursor of the present Philippine National Red Cross, and for this she raised funds for medicines and other medical supplies. She was captured by American troops in 1900 and reunited with her husband after his capture by the Americans in 1901.

Del Rosario died on March 6, 1921 after suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis. She was buried the next day.[2]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Film # 007771939 Image Film # 007771939; ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSM6-PKJ — FamilySearch.org". Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Film # 007772988 Image Film # 007772988; ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSMP-MWW9 — FamilySearch.org". Retrieved June 13, 2017.
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Gregoria de Jesús
as wife of Unofficial President of the Philippines
First Lady of the Philippines
1897–1901
Vacant
Presidency abolished due to United States annexation
Title next held by
Aurora Aragón