|Member of the Council of the District of Columbia At-large|
April 2, 1977 – January 2, 1999
|Preceded by||Julius Hobson|
|Succeeded by||David Catania|
|Born||June 14, 1916|
Campbell County, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||December 16, 2007 (aged 91)|
Washington, D.C., US
|Political party||D.C. Statehood Party|
|Residence||Shepherd Park, Washington, D.C.|
Hilda Mason (June 14, 1916 – December 16, 2007) was a politician and statehood advocate in Washington, D.C. She was a member of the D.C. Statehood Party and served as an at-large member of the Council of the District of Columbia from 1977 to 1999, becoming, at the time, the longest-serving elected official in the district's history since the beginning of home rule. Mason was one of a few members of the Democratic Socialists of America to be elected to public office prior to 2017.
A great granddaughter of enslaved people, she was born in a split log cabin in rural Campbell County, Virginia. She first worked as a teacher of “colored” students in racially segregated Altavista, Virginia. After moving to Washington, D.C. in 1945, she continued to teach in the public schools there which were also still segregated. She was a staff member at the LaSalle Laboratory School and the progressive Adams Morgan Community School Project. In 1957, she met fellow activist Charlie Mason, a white man who had graduated from Harvard University and Howard University Law School. They married at All Souls Church in 1965; they had two daughters.
Mason was an elected member of the District of Columbia Board of Education from 1972 to 1977, and then was appointed to the D.C. Council to replace Julius Hobson. Mason's focus while on the council was public education; she advocated for the creation of the David A. Clarke School of Law at the University of the District of Columbia. In the mid-1990s, Mason's mental condition came into question, and her behavior was described as "sometimes-erratic and unpredictable". Later in life, Mason began calling herself the "Grandmother to the world". In 1998, she finished third in an at-large race that elected two council members.
- April 2, 1977 — appointed by the D.C. Statehood Party to fill the at-large council seat left vacant by the death of Julius Hobson
- July 19, 1977 – elected at-large council member in special election (narrow win over Barbara Sizemore)
- November 7, 1978 — reelected at-large council member
- November 2, 1982 — reelected at-large council member
- November 4, 1986 — reelected at-large council member
- November 6, 1990 — reelected at-large council member
- November 8, 1994 — reelected at-large council member
- November 3, 1998 — ran for reelection but was defeated in general by Phil Mendelson and David Catania (the at-large race has two winners)
Mason and her husband were considered Washington, D.C.'s most significant activist couple from the early 1960s to the 2000s. Before her political career, while working as a teacher, she helped organize a school chapter of the Washington Teachers Union. She fought for equal treatment for Black students and teachers. In the mid-1960s, she organized a rent subsidy project and summer enrichment program for children in the neighborhood around All Soul’s Church. She also picketed the D.C. Transit Company to demand an end to its racist hiring practices and to protest the Whites-only membership policy of the YMCA. After losing her bid for a Council term in 1998, she and her husband continued to provide financial assistance to college students. The couple was instrumental in establishing the University of the District of Columbia School of Law and were great patrons of the institution. They contributed large sums to provide scholarships for students attending the school. In 2004, the Board of Trustees of the school honored them by naming its library the Charles N. and Hilda H. M. Mason Law Library.
- Redmon, Jeremy. "Has her time passed? - Mason denies she's too old to run." The Washington Times. October 16, 1998.
- DeBonis, Mike (February 12, 2013). "Jack Evans is now the D.C. Council's longest-serving member". Washington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2021.
- Democratic Left, vol. 8 no. 1 (January 1990), page 7.
- Montgomery, David (October 15, 1998). "Mason's Hold on Council Seat May Be Waning". The Washington Post. p. B1.
- ""HILDA MASON — EDUCATOR, ACTIVIST AND WASHINGTON, DC'S GRANDMOTHER"". Children's Defense Fund. Retrieved 2021-05-15.
- Smith, J. Y.; Holley, Joe (18 December 2007). "Vocal Former Member Of D.C. Council Pushed Home Rule, Education". Washington Post. pp. B1. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
- Valerie Strauss, "Mason's behavior worries allies, foes alike", The Washington Post, Aug. 1, 1995, p. B1.
- James Jones, "Loose Lips: Brazil Takes Offense", Washington City Paper, Nov. 17, 2006.
- Mike DeBonis, "Hilda Mason Dies at 91", Washington City Paper, Dec. 17, 2007.
- Williams, Juan; Coleman, Milton (1977-04-03). "Hilda Mason to Fill Hobson Council Seat". The Washington Post. p. 21. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- Coleman, Milton; Morgan, Thomas (1977-07-20). "Mason Leading Sizemore". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. "Historical Elected Officials: At-Large Member of the Council of the District of Columbia". Archived from the original on 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2008-07-19.