Holger in 1925
18 October 1905
|Died||24 September 2001 (aged 95)|
|Known for||Dance, choreography and teaching|
|Movement||Expressionism and Integrated dance|
|Spouse(s)||Adershir Kavershir Boman-Behram (1940–1975, 1989–2000)|
Hilde Boman-Behram (née Hilde Sofer, stage name Hilde Holger; 18 October 1905 – 24 September 2001) was an expressionist dancer, choreographer and dance teacher whose pioneering work in integrated dance transformed modern dance.
Holger came from a liberal Jewish family. She was born in 1905, the daughter of Alfred and Elise Sofer Schreiber. Her father wrote poetry, and had died by 1908. Her grandfather made shoes for the Austrian court.
After Nazi Germany invaded Austria, Holger fled Vienna in 1939, because her entry into England was denied, she went to India. In Mumbai she met the homeopath and art loving Dr. Ardershir Kavasji Boman-Behram, they married in 1940. Her mother, step-father and fourteen other relatives all perished in the Holocaust.
Hilde Holger had two children. The first was born 1946 in India, her daughter Primavera Boman-Behram. In New York she became a dancer, sculptor and jewelry designer. In 1948 Holger's family emigrated to Britain. Her second child, a son named Darius Boman-Behram, was born in 1949. He had Down syndrome, but inspired Holger to work with physically disabled people.
Hilde Holger started to dance at age six. At that time she was too young to join the Vienna State Academy of Music and Dramatic Art, so she settled for ballroom dancing lessons taken with her sister (Hedi Sofer), until she was accepted to study with radical dancer Gertrud Bodenwieser, then a professor at the Vienna State Academy. They were admirers of the work of Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis, as well as the artists of the Secession. Holger soon rose to be Bodenwieser's principal dancer and friend, and toured with Bodenwieser's company all over Western and Eastern Europe. She toured with her own Hilde Holger Dance Group as well. At age eighteen she had her first solo performance in the Viennese Secession. Later in the Viennese Hagenbund and theaters in Vienna, Paris and Berlin, her much-lauded expressionist dance caused quite a stir. Because of her passion for dance, in 1926 she formed the New School for Movement Arts in Palais Ratibor, right in the heart of Vienna. Her children's performances were danced in parks and in front of monuments there.
On 12 March 1938 Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany sent troops into Austria, and adopted a law to unify the country with Austria, at that time it was forbidden for Jews to perform. She received help to flee Austria from her friend Charles Petrach. She decided to go to India because that country's art was the most compelling to Western people, she said at that time.
In India she had the opportunity to incorporate new experiences into her work, especially the hand movements of Indian dance. Classical Indian dance has over three hundred of them, used to express life and nature. In 1941 Holger founded a new school of dance in Bombay, she took students of all race, religion and nationality without prejudice. Like when she was in Vienna, Holger again took part in the artistic community. Amongst her friends whom collaborated with her were the Indian dancers Uday Shankar and Ram Gopal, the later of whom danced in Holger's dance school. In 1948 because of the partition of India and the growing violence between Muslims and Hindus she emigrated again, this time to Britain.
Once in England, her Holger Modern Ballet Group performed in parks, churches and theaters. She again opened a new dance school, The Hilde Holger School of Contemporary Dance and remained faithful to their style of teaching that the body and mind must form one unit in order to be a good dancer. Her breakthrough in London, 1951, celebrated Holger with the premiere of "Under the Sea", inspired by the composition by Camille Saint-Saens.
Her performance "Apsaras" (1983) explored her experiences in India. In the summer of 1983 she went back to India, where she had been last in the year 1948. There she worked as a choreographer for a large dance group directed by Sachin Shankar.
Holger was particularly proud of her work with the mentally handicapped. She created a form of dance therapy for children who, like her son Darius, have Down syndrome. Holger was the first choreographer who mixed professional dancers with young adults with severe learning disabilities. In 1968 at the Sadler's Wells, Holger orchestrated "Towards the Light", with music by Edvard Grieg. It was pioneering, innovative, and one of the first integrated dance pieces to be seen on a professional stage.
Hilde Holger left a lasting impression on three generations of dancers and choreographers. While teaching her standards were high and she was not afraid of risk. She accepted students without prejudice, including students with disabilities, as long as they were sincere. One of her students, Wolfgang Stange, continued her work with people with learning difficulties, like Down syndrome and autism, as well as people with physical disabilities. Stange's Amici Dance Theatre Company which was the first physically integrated dance company in Great Britain, which created a performance titled "Hilde" that was performed at the Riverside Theatre in London in 1996, and at the Odeon in Vienna in 1998. This HILDE Performance in Vienna excited the Ballet Master of the Vienna State Opera Ballet, who in turn put a performance on the stage of the Opera House with people with learning disabilities. These performances were received with great applause!
In her last few weeks Holger still held dance lessons in her basement studio in Camden, London, where she lived for more than fifty years. Among some of her students included Lindsay Kemp, Liz Aggiss, Jane Asher, Royston Maldoom, Carl Campbell and Jacqueline Waltz.
|1926,||Funeral March for a Canary||Lord Berners|
|1926, 1988||Mechanical Ballet||Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack|
|1929||Hebraischer Tanz solo||Alexander Veprik|
|1929||Sarabande und Bourree||Johann Sebastian Bach|
|1929||Tanz nach Rumaischene Motive||Béla Viktor János Bartók|
|1929||The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastien||Claude-Achille Debussy|
|1929||Chaconne & Variations||George Frideric Handel|
|1929||Mutter Erde||Heinz Graupner|
|1929||Lebenswende||Karel Boleslav Jirák|
|1929||Englischer Schafertanz||Percy Aldridge Grainger|
|1929||Marsch||Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev|
|1931||Javanische Impression||Heinz Graupner|
|1933||Kabbalistischer Tanz||Vittorio Rieti|
|1948||Russian Fairy Tales||Alexander Borodine, Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky|
|1948||Emperors new Clothes||Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart|
|1948||Viennese Waltz||Johann Strauss II|
|1948, 1954||Selfish Giant|
|1948||Tales and Legends in Modern Ballet|
|1952||Dance with Tambourines||Fritz Dietrich|
|1952||Slavic Dance||Antonín Dvořák|
|1952||Dance with Cymbals on the Indian Ocean|
|1954||Aztec Cult (Sacrifice)|
|1954||Barbar the Elephant|
|1954||Rhythm of the East|
|1954||Tibetan Prayer Songs|
|1955||Men & Horses||John S. Beckett|
|1955||Valse Caprice||Aram Khachaturian|
|1955||Under the Sea||Camille Saint-Saëns|
|1956||Prelude||Johann Sebastian Bach|
|1956||Theme and Variations||George Frideric Handel|
|1957||Allegro Vivaci||Johann Sebastian Bach|
|1957||Café Dansant||George Gershwin|
|1957||Witches Kitchen and Walpurgisnight||Paul Dukas|
|1957||Nativity||George Frideric Handel, Franz Schubert, Johann Sebastian Bach|
|1957||The Toyshop||Aram Khachaturian|
|1957||Sale||Johann Strauss II|
|1957, 1961, 1974||Egypt||Giuseppe Verdi|
|1957||The Hunter and the Geese|
|1958||Dance with Bells||John S. Beckett|
|1958||Ritual Fire Dance||Manuel de Falla|
|1958||Song of the Earth||Antonín Dvořák|
|1958||Dance for four Women||Joaquín Turina|
|1960||Imaginary Invalid||Gioachino Antonio Rossini|
|1960||The Farmer’s Curst Wife||Peter Warlock|
|1960||Frankie and Johannie||Peter Warlock|
|1960||Dawn of Life|
|1960||West Indian Spiritual|
|1961||Pierrot||Johann Sebastian Bach|
|1961||The House of Bernarda Alba (The Sisters)||Joaquín Turina||written by Federico Lorca|
|1961||Dance for Two||Germaine Tailleferre|
|1963||Narcissus (The Image)||Heinz Graupner|
|1963||Lady Isobel and the Elf Knight||Peter Warlock|
|1963||Dance for Men|
|1965||Canticle of the Sun||Johann Pachebel|
|1965||Ballad of the Hanged (Villons Epitaph)|
|1965||Creation of Adam & Eve||Olivier Messiaen|
|1965||Saint Francis and his sermon to the birds|
|1968||The Wise & Foolish Virgins||Philip Croot|
|1968||Towards the Light||Edvard Greig|
|1968||Angelic Prelude – Inspirations||Giuseppe Torelli|
|1972||Tribal Nocturne||Béla Viktor János Bartók|
|1972, 1974||Bamboo||Aram Khachaturian|
|1972||Shiva and the Grasshopper||Gordon Langford|
|1972, 1974||Renaissance||Federico Mompou|
|1972, 1974||Hieronymus Bosch||Roger Cutts|
|1972||Inspirations||Sergei Rachmaninoff, Claude Debussy|
|1972||The Hypopatic Doctor||Gioachino Antonio Rossini, Franz Schubert|
|1972, 1979||Prelude||Giuseppe Torelli|
|1972||Man against Flood||Yin Chang-Tsung|
|1974||Paul Klee Spring Awakening||Béla Viktor János Bartók|
|1974||The Hunter and the Hunted|
|1975||Toulouse Lautrec||Erik Satie|
|1977||Prelude and Chorale||César Franck|
|1977||Sacred and Profane Dance|
|1979||Tower of Mothers||Carl Orff|
|1979||We are Dancing||Johann Sebastian Bach|
|1979||Tradisches Ballet||choreographed by Oskar Schlemmer|
|1979||Homage to Barbara Hepworth||Heitor Villa-Lobos|
|1983||Poems on a Boy’s Painting||poems by Ke Yan, pictures by Bu Di|
|1983||The Bow and Arrow|
|1983||The Penguin Story|
|1983||Pick a Back|
|1983||Sea and Sand|
|1983||Sea – Clouds – Sparkling Lighthouse – Flames|
|1983||What is a Poem|
|1984||The City||Marcel Rubin|
|1988||Children of the Vorstadt||Franz Lehár|
|1988||Death and the Maiden||Franz Schubert|
|1988||Four Seasons||Antonio Vivaldi|
|1988||The Family||Hugo Wolf|
|1988||Egon Schiele in Memoriam|
|1988||Flemish Picture Sheet|
|1988||The Least is the Most|
|2000||Rhythms of the Unconscious Mind|
- "Hilde Holger : Central European Expressionist Dancer". www.50yearsindance.com/category/hilde-holger/. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Hilde Holger: Central European Expressionist Dancer". hildeholger.com. 2007. Archived from the original on 14 November 2006. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Sassenberg, Marina (2009). "Hilde Holger"] in Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive
- Pascal, Julia (8 March 2000). "Adi Boman : Scientist on an unresolved search for a cancer cure". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Ardeshir Kavasji Boman Behram 1909–2000". sueyounghistories.com. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Vernon-Warren, B. and Warren, C. (eds.) (1999) Gertrud Bodenwieser and Vienna's Contribution to Ausdruckstanz. Routledge. p. 22. ISBN 90-5755-035-0.
- Lei, W. (28 October 1972) "Man Against Flood". The New Evening Post(in Chinese).
- Pascal, Julia (26 September 2001). "Hilde Holger : As a dancer and teacher she kept the spirit of German expressionism alive in London". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Lindsay Kemp obituary". The Guardian. 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- "British choreographer and mime Lindsay Kemp dies". The Guardian. 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- "Lindsay Kemp, choreographer and Bowie mentor, dies at 80". UsaPostClick. 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Mayerhöfer, Josef: TANZ 20. Jhdt. In Wien. Ausstellungskatalog des Österreichischen Theatermuseums, Wien 1979. In Jarmila Weißenböck & Andrea Amort: Ausstellung und Katalog. Artikel-Nr.: FD5-774.
- Hirschbach, Danny & Rick Takvorian: Biography. Die Kraft des Tanzes, Hilde Holger – Wien, Bombay, London. Zeichen and Spuren, Bremen 1990.ISBN 3-924588-19-8
- Faber, Dr. Monika: Tanz Foto, Annaherunger und Experimente 1880 – 1946. Osterrerchisches Foto Archive in Museum Modermen Kunst; Museum des 20 Jahrhonderts, Wein 1990/1.
- Jordan, Stephanie: Striding Out. Dance Books Ltd., London 1992.ISBN 1-85273-032-3
- Vernon-Warren, Bettina & Charles Warren: Gertrud Bodenwieser and Vienna’s Contribution to Ausdrucktanz. Routledge 1992.ISBN 90-5755-035-0
- Dunlop MacTavish, Shona: Gertrud Bodenwieser. Zeichen and Spuren, Wien, Sydney 1992.ISBN 90-5755-035-0
- Taschenbuch, Rowohlt: Jüdische Frauen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert Lexikon zu Leben und Werk. Reinbek bei Hamburg 1993.ISBN 9783499163449
- Perret, René: Martin Imboden. Ein vergessener Fotograf.. Bern Benteli Verlag, Switzerland 1996.ISBN 3716510408
- Hammerschlag, Peter: Kringel, Schingel, Borgia. Turia und Kant, Wein 1997.
- Toepfer, Karl: Empire of Ecstasy, Nudity and Movement in German Body Culture, 1910-1935. University of California Press 1997.ISBN 0-520-20663-0
- Coleman, Roger: Design Für die Zukunft. DuMont, Koln 1997.ISBN 3770141873
- Gesellschaft, Kestener: Anton Josef Trcka, Edward Weston, Helmut Newton. Scalo, Zurich – Berlin – New York 1998.ISBN 3931141888
- Brandstatter, Christian: Antios – Anton Josef Trcka 1893-1940. Wein – Munchen 1999.
- Amort, Andrea: Tanz im Exil. Austrian Theatre Museum, exhibition 2000.
- Amort, Andrea and Mimi Wunderer-Gosch: Osterreich Tanzt, History and the Present. Festspielhaus, Wien, Koln, Weimar 2001.ISBN 3-205-99226-1
- Benjamin, Adam: Making an Entrance. Routledge, UK 2001.ISBN 0415251435
- Douer, Alisa and Ursula Seeber: Frauen in Wien. Ein Fotoband von Alisa Douer, mit Texten von Ursula Seeber. Magistrat der Stadt, Wien 2002.ISBN 3950097872
- Herrberg, Heike and Heidi Wagner. Wiener Melange 1902, Frauen zwischen Salon und Kaffeehaus. Edition Ebersbach, Berlin 2002.ISBN 978-3-86915-093-2
- Unknown: Inclusive Dance. Springer 2003.
- Waltz, Jacqueline: Creative and expressive Dance Movement Theory for older adults using the Holger Method – Who says it’s all down hill from here?. University of Herts., 2003.
- Carter, Alexandra: Rethinking Dance History, A Reader. Routledge, US & UK 2004.ISBN 9780415287470
- Botstein, Leon and Werner Hanak: Quasi una fantasia – Juden und die Musikstadt Wein (exhibition). Jewish Museum Vienna 2003.ISBN 3936000069
- Riedl, Joachim: Wien, Stadt der Juden – Die Welt der Tante Jolesch (exhibition). Jewish Museum Vienna, Paul Zsolnay 2004.ISBN 3552053158
- Aggiss, Liz and Billy Cowie: Anarchic Dance. Routledge, UK & US 2006.ISBN 9780415365178
- Bury, Dr. Stephen: Breaking the Rules. The Printed Face of the Avant Garde 1900-1937. The British Library 2007/8. Videos by Liz Aggiss, Music by Billy Cowie.ISBN 9780712309806
- Amort, Andrea: Free Dance in Interwar Vienna, p. 117-142. In Deborah Holmes & Lisa Silverman: Interwar Vienna. Culture between Tradition and Modernity. Camden House, New York 2009.ISBN 9781571134202
- Franz, Dr. Margit: German-speaking Medical Exile to British India 1933-1945, p. 71-72. In Konrad Helmut & Benedik Stefan: Mapping Contemporary History II. Exemplary fields of research in 25 years on Contemporary History Studies at Graz University. Böhlau, Wein – Koln – Weimar 2010.ISBN 3205785185
- Grunwald-Spier, Agnes: The Other Schindlers. The History Press, UK 2010.ISBN 0752457063
- Maldoom, Royston and Jacalyn Carley: Tanz um dein Leben. Meine Arbeit, meine Geschichte. S. Ficher, Frankfurt 2010.ISBN 9783100473905
- Amort, Andrea: Hanna Berger. Spuren einer Tänzerin im Widerstand. Brandstätter, Vienna 2010.ISBN 978-3-85033-188-3
- Krejci, Harald and Patrick Werkner (curators): Wiener Kinetismus. A Dynamic show consisting of Cubist and Futurist paintings, and Vienna Kineticism – including a dance pose with Hilde Holger by Anton Josef Trcka. Belvedere, Vienna 2011.
- Kampe, Thomas: Between Three Worlds. Hilde Holger the choreographer (PDF), p. 20. In Charmian Brinson & Richard Dove: German-speaking Exiles in the Performing Arts in Britain after 1933. Rodopi, the Netherlands 2013. Vol. 14. Also see Marian Malet & Litz Pisk.ISBN 9042036516
- Faber, Dr. Monika: Tanz der Hände. Tilly Losch und Hedy Pfundmayr in Fotografien 1920-1935. Photoinstitute Bonartes, Walter Moser, Wein 2014.ISBN 3700318960
- Franz, Dr. Margit: Exile meets Avantgarde, Exiles Art Networks in Bombay. In Margit Franz & Heimo Halbrainer: Going East – Going South. Austrian Exile in Asia and Africa. Graz 2014.ISBN 3902542349
- Herrberg, Heike and Heidi Wagner: Wiener Melange – Frauen zwischen Salon und Kaffeehaus. Ebersbach, Berlin 2014. 2nd Edition.ISBN 3869150939
- Chowdhury, Indira: A Season to Dance, Hilde Holger (1905-2001). In Kenneth X. Robbins: Jews and the Indian National Art Project. Publications, Research and Exhibitions. Niyogi books 2015.ISBN 9789383098545
- Franz, Dr. Margit and Karl Wimmler: Fritz Kolb, Leben in der Retorte. Als österreichischer Alpinist in indischen Internierungslagern. In Gateway India. Deutschsprachiges Exil in Indien zwischen britischer. Kolonialherrschaft, Maharadschas und Gandhi. Clio, Graz 2015.ISBN 3902542314
- Colah, Zasha: Body Luggage. Catalogue of Exhibition, Kunsthaus Graz 2016/7.
- Barbieri, Donatella and Melissa Trimingham: Costume in Performance – Materiality, Culture, and the Body. Bloomsbury Academic 2017.ISBN 978-1-4742-3687-4
- Sawyers, Adam and Geanina Beres: Indepen-Dance, an oral history. Report on Inclusive Dance. Glasgow 2017.
- Akinleye, Adesola and Helen Kindred: In-the-between-ness, Decolonizing and Re-inhabiting Our Dancing. In Narratives in Black-British dance. Middlesex University, London 2018.ISBN 9783319703138
- Corbett O’Malley, Elizabeth: Hilde Holger and the Embodiment of the In-Betweenness. Hollins University, Virginia, USA (forthcoming).
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