Hilfikon

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Hilfikon
Former municipality of Switzerland
Hilfikon Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Hilfikon
Coat of arms
Hilfikon is located in Switzerland
Hilfikon
Hilfikon
Hilfikon is located in Canton of Aargau
Hilfikon
Hilfikon
Coordinates: 47°20′N 8°15′E / 47.333°N 8.250°E / 47.333; 8.250Coordinates: 47°20′N 8°15′E / 47.333°N 8.250°E / 47.333; 8.250
Country Switzerland
Canton Aargau
District Bremgarten
Area
 • Total 1.72 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Elevation 479 m (1,572 ft)
Population (December 2015)
 • Total 259
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Postal code 5613
SFOS number 4070
Surrounded by Büttikon, Sarmenstorf, Seengen, Villmergen
Website www.hilfikon.ch
SFSO statistics
Hilfikon before the merger into Villmergen

Hilfikon was a municipality in the district of Bremgarten in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland. In January 2010 Hilfikon merged into Villmergen.

History[edit]

Hilfikon is first mentioned in 924 as Hilfiniswilare. In 1250 it was mentioned as Hilfinchon. In 1290 Markwart and Arnold von Hilfikon built a tower house in Hilfikon. The area ruled by the Hilfikon family is first documented in 1415. Though, by 1472 it was owned by the Meiss family of Zurich, then in 1498 it became a fief of Hans von Seengen, and in 1506–10 it was owned by Melchior von Gilgen of Lucerne. He also purchased the Bailiwick of Sarmenstorf in 1514, and in 1510 donated a chapel. In 1628 the property was purchased by John Lussi Landamman for Unterwalden, then in 1644 it went to the Zwyer family of Evibach in Silenen. In 1743 the village transferred by marriage to the Tschudi family of Glarus, which were deposed in 1749 by Augustin Victor Franz Roll from Solothurn. He had the late gothic chapel demolished and a new chapel built. The new chapel's choir is a replica of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Religiously, Hilfikon has always belonged to the Villmergen parish. So, in 1743 a part of the village came under the power of Villmergen's courts, while the other part remained under the nobles' courts. In 1798 Augustine von Roll eliminated this division of judicial authority.

During the second Toggenburg War, in 1712, the castle was the seat of the Catholic General Staff. In 1832 the castle was sold along with other properties and has since had several owners.

Into the 20th century the small town was dominated by agriculture and a few small businesses. In 1916, the Wohlen-Meisterschwanden Railway was built, to which Hilfikon was a station. The village has a comprehensive school for primary education.[1]

In 2010 Hilfikon merged into Villmergen.[2]

Geography[edit]

Hilfikon has an area, as of 2006, of 1.7 square kilometers (0.66 sq mi). Of this area, 63.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 10.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.6%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[3]

The village is located in the Bremgarten district along the old Villmergen-Sarmenstorf road on the northern edge of the Lindenberg.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent an Elephant Sable defendu and harnessed Or carrying a Tower embattled Gules doored and windowed of the second.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Hilfikon has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 259.[5] As of 2008, 9.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of −2.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.1%), with French being second most common ( 3.1%) and Italian being third ( 0.9%).[3]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Hilfikon is; 24 children or 9.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 32 teenagers or 12.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 29 people or 11.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 29 people or 11.6% are between 30 and 39, 56 people or 22.3% are between 40 and 49, and 42 people or 16.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 9 people or 3.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 15 people or 6.0% are between 70 and 79, there are 12 people or 4.8% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 3 people or 1.2% who are 90 and older.[7]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.57 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[8] About 73.1% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[9] As of 2000, there were 3 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 29 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 46 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.73 individuals.[10] In 2008 there were 63 single family homes (or 62.4% of the total) out of a total of 101 homes and apartments.[11] There were a total of 1 empty apartments for a 1.0% vacancy rate.[11] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 4.1 new units per 1000 residents.[3]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (19.7%), the FDP (14%) and the SP (13.1%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Hilfikon about 83.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 13 students attending primary school in the municipality.[10]

The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1743 125
1798 119
1850 159
1870 205
1900 179
1950 172
2000 224

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Schloss Hilfikon and chapel are listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[12]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Hilfikon had an unemployment rate of 1.89%. As of 2005, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 7 businesses involved in this sector. 4 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 18 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 9 businesses in this sector.[3]

As of 2000 there were 114 total workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 84 or about 73.7% of the residents worked outside Hilfikon while 19 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 49 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[13] Of the working population, 8.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 51.7% used a private car.[3]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 143 or 63.8% were Roman Catholic, while 62 or 27.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hilfikon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 14 January 2010
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2011-09-04 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 24-February-2010
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 24-February-2010
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2016
  6. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  7. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  8. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (pdf). 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  9. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  10. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  11. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  12. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 24-Feb-2010
  13. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (in German) accessed 21 January 2010

External links[edit]