Hill of Beath

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Hill of Beath
Keirs Park, Hill of Beath.jpg
Keirs Park, home of Hill of Beath Hawthorn
Hill of Beath is located in Fife
Hill of Beath
Hill of Beath
Hill of Beath shown within Fife
OS grid reference NT160916
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town COWDENBEATH
Postcode district KY4 8, KY4 9
Dialling code 01383
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°05′45″N 3°22′05″W / 56.095826°N 3.368104°W / 56.095826; -3.368104Coordinates: 56°05′45″N 3°22′05″W / 56.095826°N 3.368104°W / 56.095826; -3.368104

Hill of Beath (About this sound listen ; Hill o Beath in Scots) is a hill and a village in Fife, Scotland just outside Dunfermline and joined to Cowdenbeath.

The Hill of Beath was the location of a celebrated meeting of the Covenanters at which John Blackadder was one of the preachers.[1] At that meeting, held in the summer of 1670 during the height of the struggle against episcopal rule, the Covenanters brought swords and pistols to defend themselves against attack.[2]

The village at this location was built and owned by the Fife Coal Company, which rented the cottages to the miners for the duration of their employment in the mine. In 1896 the village population was about 1,300. As an experiment, a public house was started in June 1896 using the Gothenburg system, with any profits to be used for public works. An initial report suggested it was helping to reduce drunkenness despite the ease of access to public houses in nearby Crossgates.[3] In February 1901 an underground fire killed seven men.[4] Accidents, often fatal, were frequent in the years that followed.[5]

Hill of Beath is the birthplace of Rangers F.C. legend Jim Baxter[6] and Scotland captain Willie Cunningham and the home town of Celtic F.C. midfielder Scott Brown.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stuart, Charles (1883). "Rev. John Blackadder". Notes and queries. Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ "Outed Ministers, Curates, Conventicles. and the Blink". The Reformation. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Hill of Beath Tavern". Scottish Mining Website. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Hill of Beath 15th February 1901". Scottish Mining Website. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Beath Parish: Accidents 1901 to 1914". Scottish Mining Website. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Statue to football legend unveiled". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 February 2017.