Hillcrest Country Club (Los Angeles)
Located at 10000 Pico Boulevard across the street from Fox Studios, Hillcrest was the first Los Angeles country club for the city's Jewish community. In 1972, the Los Angeles Times referred to Hillcrest as "the leading Jewish country club in Southern California." The property includes an 18-hole golf course and tennis courts, and serves as a meeting place for its members. The course was designed by Willie Watson and opened 98 years ago in 1920.
In the 1950s, oil was discovered on Hillcrest's land, and the club allowed drilling. Members who have shares in the club collect tax-sheltered dividends on their original initiation fees, and "B.O." (for "before oil") memberships became so valuable that they were willed from father to son.
Hillcrest was the site of the PGA Championship in 1929, one of golf's major championships. Then a match play competition, it was held in early December and won by defending champion Leo Diegel. It was the first major held in the western United States. Hillcrest later hosted the Los Angeles Open on the PGA Tour in 1932 and 1942, won by Macdonald Smith and Ben Hogan, respectively.
Adjacent to the southwest is Rancho Park Golf Course, a championship municipal course that hosted the Los Angeles Open seventeen times and was the site of events on the Senior PGA Tour (1990–94) and LPGA Tour (1978–80). The courses are separated by Motor Avenue.
In the early days of the movie industry in Hollywood, when Jews were not permitted to join non-Jewish country clubs, they instead joined Hillcrest, all of whose members were Jewish. In An Empire of Their Own, Neal Gabler described charity dinners of the 1930s where movie moguls would gather at Hillcrest and outbid one another with gifts to the United Jewish Welfare Fund and other Jewish causes. In the 1940s, Hillcrest remained exclusively Jewish and attracted many of Hollywood's biggest stars, including Milton Berle, Jack Benny, Danny Kaye, George Burns, George Jessel, Al Jolson, Eddie Cantor and the Ritz Brothers. According to various accounts, mogul Louis B. Mayer reportedly punched producer Sam Goldwyn in the nose while they were either in the showers or the steam room at Hillcrest.
In his book on the William Morris Agency, author Frank Rose described the prestige of Hillcrest as follows:
|“||...Hillcrest Country Club was as close to invisible as 142 acres (0.57 km2) on the south side of Beverly Hills could be. No sign, just a number on the stone entrance gates: 10000 Pico Boulevard...Ever since the Depression, this had been the preserve of Hollywood's elite. All the great moguls had belonged to Hillcrest—Louis B. Mayer and the Warner brothers and Harry Cohn of Columbia and Adolph Zukor of Paramount.||”|
Groucho makes an exception to his policy
Groucho Marx was a member of Hillcrest, even though he once famously proclaimed that he would not want to be a member of any club willing to have him as a member. (When one club offered to waive its no-Jews rule for Groucho, provided he abstained from using the swimming pool, he remarked, "My daughter's only half Jewish, can she wade in up to her knees?") Groucho once noted: "As you may recall, the Hillcrest is the only country club in all of Greater Los Angeles that will accept Talmudic scholars such as myself as members."
His ad-libbing and joking with the staff at Hillcrest became legendary. Alistair Cooke told of having lunch with Groucho at Hillcrest Country Club. There were many others sitting at the famed Hillcrest Comedians Round Table, and when the waiter came to take the dessert orders, he could not keep track of who was having what. "Two éclairs and four coffees—no, four éclairs and two coffees—no, wait a minute—..." Groucho interrupted, "Four eclairs and seven coffees ago, our forefathers brought forth on this continent a new na- ... oh, skip the rhetoric and bring the dessert!" After lunch, Groucho lined up to pay his bill behind a fat, fussy lady fiddling around in her bag for change. The impatient comedian instructed the young cashier: "Shoot her when you see the whites of her eyes!" The woman turned around and was thrilled that her abuser was none other than Groucho. "Oh!" she said. "Would you be Groucho Marx?" The quick-as-a-flash response: "What do you mean 'would I be Groucho Marx'? I am Groucho Marx! Who would you be if you weren't yourself? Marilyn Monroe no doubt. Well pay your bill, lady, you'll never make it."
Ultimately, Groucho considered his Hillcrest membership precious enough to pass on to his son in his will.
The Hillcrest "Round Table"
For years, many of the city's top comedians, including Jack Benny, George Burns, George Jessel, Groucho Marx, Danny Kaye, and later Milton Berle and Don Rickles, got together for a regular Friday lunch at Hillcrest, where they would socialize, try new material out on their friends, and talk "shop." Alan King said the Friday lunches at Hillcrest were like a college for comedy. In 1972, the Los Angeles Times referred to the comedians' table at Hillcrest as the "Round Table" in a corner of the main dining room. The members of the Round Table included Al Jolson, Harpo Marx, Eddie Cantor, Lou Holtz and Irving Brecher.
Milton Berle told a story about an incident at the "Round Table" involving George Jessel, who was known as the city's ultimate toastmaster: An elderly businessman approached the Round Table (occupied by Jessel, Berle, Groucho, Benny, Burns and others), timidly approached Jessel and said, "Mr. Jessel, my wife, Rosie, had a little poodle she was crazy about who just died. It would very much please her if you would do the eulogy at the dog's funeral."
Comedian David Steinberg noted that Hillcrest “is a little like an inverted New York Athletic Club: there is no discrimination, but it sure helps if you’re Jewish and a comedian.” Milton Berle, a long-time member, described Hillcrest—known for its food—as “a dining club with golf."
In December 1963, Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax was roasted at Hillcrest by the Round Table comedians, along with guest roasters Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin. In what the Los Angeles Times called just about the only printable comment of the evening, George Jessel called Koufax, "Without question, the most important Hebrew athlete since Samson."
Hillcrest was George Burns' home away from home, as he regularly held court there with his fellow comedians and friends. Unless he was out of town, he showed up every day from noon to 3 p.m. for his bridge game. At the time of his death in 1996, one of Burns' friends recalled: "The last time I saw George was two days before his death, when he arrived in a wheelchair for his bridge game." When he died in 2002, Milton Berle had been a Hillcrest member for 70 years. In a 1994 interview with Cigar Aficionado, Berle recalled joining Hillcrest in 1932: "It cost me $275 to join in those days. Now the initiation fee is $150,000, if they'll accept you, which all depends on how much money you've given to the United Jewish Appeal."
Admission of non-Jews
When Hillcrest membership opened to non-Jews, their first choice for a new member was Danny Thomas, a Lebanese Catholic. At the time, Jack Benny quipped to Thomas that the least the club could have done was to admit a member who looked like a gentile. Other notable non-Jewish members over the years have included Los Angeles Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley, actor Jack Lemmon, Sidney Poitier, and Oscar-winning film producers Darryl F. Zanuck and Richard D. Zanuck.
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- Frank Rose (1995). The Agency: William Morris and the Hidden History of Show Business, p. 1. ISBN 0-88730-749-3.
- John Steele Gordon (Sep–Oct 1990). "The Country Club". American Heritage Magazine.
- Ron Goulart (2005). Groucho Marx, King of the Jungle: A Mystery Featuring Groucho Marx, pp. 58-59. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-32216-X.
- "Groucho Marx". Tribe. 2006-10-02.
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- Daniel D. Stuhlman (August 2002). "Jewish Comedians part III". Librarian's Lobby.
- "Members of the Hillcrest Country Club Comedians' Round Table".
- Arthur Marx. "Forever Young: Milton Berle was Television's First Superstar and Remains One of America's Top Comedians". Cigar Aficionado. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
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- Tom Tugend (1996-03-15). "George Burns: `I don't believe in dying...it's been done'". Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
- Baum, Gary (June 23, 2011). "L.A.'s Power Golf Clubs: Where the Hollywood Elite Play". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Official website
- Leonardo Ciampa, "The Hillcrest Round Table: Remembering George Burns, Jack Benny, Al Jolson, Eddie Cantor, George Jessel, Milton Berle, the Marx Brothers, the Ritz Brothers, and Lou Holtz" ISBN 978-1-4259-8338-3
- Classic Photograph of the Hillcrest Round Table
- Photograph of Danny Kaye in Hillcrest Locker Room