Hillesden

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Hillesden
Hillesden is located in Buckinghamshire
Hillesden
Hillesden
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population216 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSP678302
Civil parish
  • Hillesden
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBUCKINGHAM
Postcode districtMK18
Dialling code01296
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°57′30″N 1°00′17″W / 51.9582°N 1.0046°W / 51.9582; -1.0046Coordinates: 51°57′30″N 1°00′17″W / 51.9582°N 1.0046°W / 51.9582; -1.0046

Hillesden is a village and civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the very north of the county, about four miles south of Buckingham.

The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'Hild's hill'. In the Domesday Book of 1086 the village was recorded as Ilesdone, though earlier it had been referred to as Hildesdun.

Hillesden is split up into three areas; Church End, The Orchard and The Barracks. Church End is situated at the top of the hill and surrounds the church. The Orchard consists of Orchard Cottages and Orchard View, whilst The Baracks are situated across from Great Ground.

North side view of All Saints church, Hillesden.

The 15th century parish church in Hillesden is dedicated to All Saints and is a grade I listed building.[2] The tithes of the church were anciently collected by Christ Church, Oxford. The Irish judge Godfrey Boate, subject of a famous mocking elegy by Jonathan Swift, is buried here (he had married into the Dentons, the local landowning family).

Hillesden was the home of the Denton family. During the English Civil War the manor house at Hillesden, was owned by Sir Alexander Denton, Member of Parliament for Buckingham. Denton was a Royalist and his house at Hillesden became a focal point in the conflict. In January 1644 Parliamentary forces occupied Hillesden House but they were ejected. In early February Colonel William Smith garrisoned Hillesden House with about 260 men to support the King at Oxford. The house was occupied by many of the Denton family and some of the Verney family and Sir Alexander also arrived at the house by chance. A force of over 2000 men under Oliver Cromwell and Samuel Luke laid siege to the house at the beginning of March. After the surrender Smith and Denton were taken prisoner and moved to the Tower of London, while the house was destroyed and the family beggared. Denton died a prisoner on New Years Day 1645.[3] The medieval church, built in 1493 was saved from the ravages of war, however, and remains to this day along with Parliamentary bullet holes in its door.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 3 February 2013
  2. ^ Historic England. "CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS (1288641)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  3. ^ Parishes : Hillesden, A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (1927), pp. 173-180. Date accessed: 5 October 2010


External links[edit]

Media related to Hillesden at Wikimedia Commons