Hills v. Gautreaux
|Hills v. Gautreaux|
|Argued January 20, 1976
Decided April 20, 1976
|Full case name||Hills, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development v Gautreaux et al.|
|Citations||425 U.S. 284 (more)
S.Ct. 1538, 47 L.Ed.2d 792
|Prior history||Appeal from the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
|Racially discriminatory public housing programs violate the 5th Amendment and Civil Rights Act of 1964, and remedial action to alleviate the effects of such a practice not only is appropriate but also extends beyond city limits to the housing market of the city.|
|Majority||Stewart, joined by Burger, Blackmun, Powell, Rehnquist|
|Concurrence||Marshall, joined by Brennan, White|
|Stevens took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.|
|U.S. Const. Amend. V; Civil Rights Act of 1964|
In this case, a number of Chicago families living in housing projects were awarded Section 8 vouchers allowing them to move to the suburbs in compensation for the housing project's substandard conditions. Carla Anderson Hills was the United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; the eponymous lead respondent was Dorothy Gautreaux. The court ruled that the department had violated the Fifth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The significance of the case lies in the sociological conclusions that can be drawn from it. A number of families chose to move, while others stayed, and Northwestern University researchers studying the two populations concluded that low-income women who moved to the suburbs "clearly experienced improved employment and earnings, even though the program provided no job training or placement services." The disparity arguably proves that concentrated poverty is self-perpetuating and simply alleviating this concentration offers an avenue for improving the quality of life of those afflicted by urban poverty.
- After the Projects - American RadioWorks - American Public Media, americanradioworks.publicradio.org
- Hills v. Gautreaux, 425 U.S. 284 (1976) Docket num. 74-1047 - April 20, 1976
- 425 U.S. 284 (Text of the opinion on Findlaw.com)
- Waiting for Gautreaux 2006 book by Alexander Polikoff, lead plaintiff's attorney in Gautreaux vs. Chicago Housing Authority et al.
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