|Birth name||Hilton Jefferson|
|Born||July 30, 1903|
Danbury, Connecticut, United States
|Died||November 14, 1968(aged 65)|
|Associated acts||Cab Calloway|
Hilton Jefferson (July 30, 1903 – November 14, 1968) was an American jazz alto saxophonist born in Danbury, Connecticut, perhaps best known for leading the saxophone section from 1940–1949 in the Cab Calloway band. Jefferson is said to have been "a soft, delicate saxophone player, with an exquisite sensibility."
In 1929 Jefferson began his professional career with Claude Hopkins, and throughout the 1930s was busy working for the big bands of Chick Webb, Fletcher Henderson and McKinney's Cotton Pickers. From 1952–1953 Jefferson performed with Duke Ellington, but ultimately became a bank guard to support himself with a steady income. In the 1950s he continued to perform, especially with Rex Stewart and some former members of the Fletcher Henderson band.
With Dizzy Gillespie
- Afro (Norgran, 1954)
- Dizzy and Strings (Norgran, 1954)
- Jazz Recital (Norgran, 1955)
- The Big Band Sound of Dizzy Gillespie (Verve, 1973)
With Rex Stewart
- Rendezvous with Rex (Felsted, 1958)
- The Big Reunion (Jazztone, 1958)
- Henderson Homecoming (United Artists, 1959)
- Porgy & Bess Revisited with Cootie Williams (Warner Bros., 1959)
- Buster Bailey, All About Memphis (Felsted, 1958)
- Coleman Hawkins, Things Ain't What They Used to Be (Swingville, 1961)
- Tina Louise, It's Time for Tina (Urania, 1957)
- Al Sears and Taft Jordan, Rockin' in Rhythm (Swingville, 1960)
- Maxine Sullivan, Leonard Feather Presents Maxine Sullivan (Period, 1956)
- Bob Wilber, For Saxes Only! (Music Minus One, 1962)
- Jimmy Witherspoon, Goin' to Kansas City Blues (RCA Victor, 1958)
- Gillespie, Dizzy (2009) To Be, Or Not... to Bop, p. 108. U of Minnesota Press At Google Books. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Panassie, Hugues (2004). The Real Jazz. p. 110. ISBN 1-4191-5028-6.