Western Pahari

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Western Paharii
Himalayas of Nepal, India, and Pakistan
Linguistic classification Indo-European
ISO 639-2 / 5 him
Glottolog hima1250[2]

The Western Pahari or Himachali languages are a range of languages and dialects spoken in the western parts of the Himalayan range, in northeastern Pakistan and the state of Himachal Pradesh, India.


Some Western Pahari languages, notably Dogri and Kangri, are tonal, like their close relative Panjabi but unlike most other Indic languages. Dogri has been an official language in India since 2003.

Although traditionally called Western Pahari, they are not as close to the other Pahari languages as they are to Panjabi. They are a dialect chain, and neighboring varieties may be mutually intelligible.

Some Western Pahari languages have occasionally been regarded as dialects of either Urdu[3] or Punjabi.


Before the independence of India, many dialects of Himachali languages in Himachal Pradesh used to be written in the Takri script. Since it fell into disuse after independence, many efforts have been made to revive the Takri script for Himachali language.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ernst Kausen, 2006. Die Klassifikation der indogermanischen Sprachen (Microsoft Word, 133 KB)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Himachali". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Masica 1991, p. 13.
  4. ^ "Ancient scripts of Indian Mountains fights for survival - Zee News". Retrieved 2017-01-09. 


External links[edit]