Himalayan salt

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Himalayan Salt (white colored)
Red rock salt from Pakistan

Himalayan salt is rock salt or halite from the Punjab region of Pakistan, which rises from the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is mined in the Khewra Salt Mine, located in Khewra, Jhelum District, province of Punjab. The foothills of the Salt Range are located 190 miles (310 km) from the Himalayas, 160 miles (260 km) from Lahore, and 185 miles (298 km) from Amritsar, India. Some crystals have an off-white to transparent color while impurities in the salt give it a reddish or pink color.[1]

Mineral composition[edit]

Himalayan salt crystals

Himalayan salt is predominantly sodium chloride (95-98%), contaminated with 2–3% polyhalite and small amounts of other minerals.[2][3] The pink color is due to the presence of iron oxide in the polyhalite.[3]


It is commonly used in cooking, in place of other table salt, in brine, and for bath products such as bath salts.[4] Blocks of salt are also used as serving dishes and in the preparation of food. Fish and some meats can be preserved for use in certain dishes, and blocks of salt can be slowly heated to a temperature of around 200 °C (392 °F) and used as a cooking surface thereafter.

Salt lamps[edit]

Salt Rock lamp

Large crystal rocks, mined in Europe and Asia, are also used as salt lamps. Most of such lamps on the market are made of coloured salt rocks mined in Poland (Kopalnia Soli Kłodawa), Pakistan (the area of Kashmir) and Iran (Esfahan). A salt lamp is a lamp carved from a larger salt crystal, often colored, with an incandescent light bulb or a candle inside. The lamps give an attractive glow and are suitable for use as nightlights or for ambient mood lighting. There is a belief that heated salt crystals emit negative ions or positive energy waves into the air,[5] however there is no scientific evidence that salt lamps actually give out a measurable amount of ions, nor is there any evidence of any health benefits from the lamps.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Weller, J. Marvyn. "The Cenozoic History of the Northwest Punjab, in The Journal of Geology, Vol. 36, No. 4 (May–June 1928), pp. 362–375". jstor.org. Chicago Journals. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Alles nur Kochsalz - LGL nimmt 'Himalayasalz' genauer unter die Lupe Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit. 11. August 2003
  3. ^ a b Freeman, Shanna. "How Salt Works". HowStuffWorks. InfoSpace LLC. Retrieved Oct 20, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Himalayan Bath Salts – True Health Benefits or Marketing Hype?". OrganicSkinHerbsOnline.com. 13 October 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Neil Nedley, Depression: The Way Out (Ardmore, OK: Nedley Publishing, 2002)
  6. ^ Lisa Berger. "Salt Lamps - Is it a Scam?". Today in Alternative Medicine. Retrieved 2012-10-23.