Hind bint Awf

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Hind bint Awf was Muhammad's mother-in-law[1] and Ibn Abbas' grandmother. As the mother of several companions of Muhammad, she was known as the "grandest mother-in-law on earth".

Hind was also known by the name Khawla.[2]

Her father, Awf ibn Zuhayr ibn al-Haarith ibn Humaatah ibn Juraysh/Jarsh, was from the Himyar tribe in Yemen. Her mother was Aisha bint Al-Muhazzam.[3]

Hind apparently married four times and had at least nine children.

Her first husband was Al-Jaz'i al-Zubaydi. Al-Tabari mentions one child from this union.

1. Mahmiyah ibn Al-Jaz'i al-Zubaydi.[4] He was an early convert to Islam who spent thirteen years in Abyssinia. On his arrival in Medina in 628, Muhammad appointed him community treasurer.

She also married Al-Harith ibn Hazan ibn Jubayr ibn Al-Hazm ibn Rubiya ibn Abdullah ibn Hilal. The Hilal were residents of Mecca; although they were wealthy, they did not have the political power of the Quraysh. By this husband, Hind was the mother of at least four children.

2. Lubaba "the Elder" (Umm Fadl), wife of ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, and mother of seven of his children, including Ibn Abbas.[5]
3. Barra bint al-Harith, renamed Maymuna when she married her third husband, Muhammad.[6]
4. Al-Saayib ibn al-Harith.
5. Qatn ibn al-Harith.

By her husband Khuzayma ibn Al-Harith al-Hilali, Hind had one daughter:

6. Zaynab bint Khuzayma, who was also a wife of Muhammad. It is mentioned that "three of her brothers" were present at her funeral;[7] since Mahmiyah was then in Abyssinia, these brothers must have been Al-Saayib, Qatn and Awn.

Hind's fourth husband was Umays ibn Ma'ad ibn Tamim ibn Al-Harith ibn Kaab ibn Malik Al-Khathmi. This marriage produced three children:

7. Asma bint Umays, who was married in rotation to Rabia ibn Riyab al-Hilali, Jafar ibn Abi Talib, Caliph Abu Bakr and Caliph Ali, and had at least eight children of her own.[8][9]
8. Salma bint Umays, who married Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib and then Shaddad ibn Usama ibn Al-Haad al-Laythi.[10][11] It is also said that she married Kaab ibn Inaba al-Khathaami.
9. Awn ibn Umays, who died at Al-Harrah.[12]

Al-Harith ibn Hazan also had at least three daughters by another wife, Fakhita bint Amir ibn Muattib ibn Malik al-Thaqafi.[13] Hind's stepchildren from this marriage were:

10. Lubaba "the Younger", also known as Layla or Asma, who married Walid ibn al-Mughira Al-Makhzumi and was the mother of the famous warrior Khalid Ibn Walid.[14][15]
11. Huzayla bint al-Harith.[16][17]
12. Ghorra bint Al-Harith, also known as Izza, who was married to Abdullah ibn Malik al-Hilali.[18][19]


  1. ^ The encyclopaedia of Islam: prepared by a number of leading Orientalists. Brill Archive. 1980. p. 92. ISBN 90-04-06167-3. 
  2. ^ Al-Tabari, Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk, vol. 39. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, p. 201. New York: State University of New York Press.
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 193. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  5. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  6. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, pp. 185, 201.
  7. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 82.
  8. ^ Bewley/Saad, pp. 196-199.
  9. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  10. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 199.
  11. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  12. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  13. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  14. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 195.
  15. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  16. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 196.
  17. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.
  18. ^ Bewley/Saad p. 196.
  19. ^ Landau-Tasseron/Tabari, p. 201.