Hindaun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hindaun City

Hiranya Kashyap Ki Nagri

(Hiranyakaran Van) For Hiranyakashipu

/ Hindim Van for Hidimba

हिण्डौन सिटी
Nakkash ki devi.jpg
Jachchakibaori.jpg
Jagar Dam.jpg
Hindaunfortgate.jpg
Jagar Dam & Hills
Nickname(s): 
Stone City
Hindaun City is located in Rajasthan
Hindaun City
Hindaun City
Location in Rajasthan, India
Hindaun City is located in India
Hindaun City
Hindaun City
Hindaun City (India)
Coordinates: 26°44′N 77°02′E / 26.74°N 77.03°E / 26.74; 77.03Coordinates: 26°44′N 77°02′E / 26.74°N 77.03°E / 26.74; 77.03
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionBharatpur Division
DistrictKarauli
SubdistrictHindaun Subdistrict
Named forHiranya Kashyap and Hidimba
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • BodyMunicipality
 • Assembly constituencyHindaun (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)
 • MLABharosilal Jatav (INC)
 • ChairmanArvind Jain (INC)
Area
 • City, Nagar ParishadMunicipalities57 km2 (22 sq mi)
Area rank1 in Karauli District
Elevation
235 m (771 ft)
Population
(2015)
 • City, Nagar ParishadMunicipalities200,635
 • Rank1 in Karauli District
 • Density3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
250,000
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
322230
Telephone code91-7469
Vehicle registrationRJ 34
Sex ratio1000:889 /

Hindaun is a city in Karauli district, Rajasthan, India. It has a population of 105690 and is governed by a municipal council. In vicinity are the Aravalli and Vindhya mountainous ranges.

History[edit]

In the ancient time Hindaun came under the Matsya Kingdom. There are many ancient structures still present in the town built during the regime of Matsya Kingdom. Traditionally in some mythological stories the town is believed to be associated with the mythology of Hiranyakashipu and Prahlada mentioned in Bhagavata Purana.

Hindaun is named after the name of ancient ruler king Hiranyakashipu, father of Prahlada. The temple to Narasimha, an Avatar of Hindu God Vishnu who killed Hiranyakashipu, along with the historic prahalad kund (now in dilapidated condition)demonstrates the town's connection to the mythology surrounding Hiranyakashipu and Prahlada.[1]

During the start of April 2018, Hinduan was subjected to curfew in response to caste-related violence.[2][3][4][5][6]

Location[edit]

Hindaun is located in the eastern part of Rajasthan, (a north-western state in India) in the vicinity of the Aravalli Range.

The town is well connected with Jaipur, Agra, Alwar, Dholpur, Bharatpur with modernized roads.

Hindaun has an average elevation of 235 metres (771 ft). Its distance from the state capital of Jaipur is around 150 km.

Industries[edit]

The city is known for its sandstone industry.[7] The Red Fort and Akshardham Temple of Delhi, Ambedkar Park, Lucknow and Jaipur are made of this sandstone. The slate industry is well rooted here and is important in the state. Slates are transported abroad also. Various minor scale industries e.g. candle, battis, wooden toys also exist.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Barah Khamba Gumbat

The main places of attraction in Hindaun City are: The Prahladkund, forest, Hiranyakashayap ka kua, palace and the Narsinghji Temple, Shri Mahavirji Temple is a major pilgrimage center in Jainism. The Jaggar Dam of Jagar, Kundeva, Danghati, the Suroth Fort, City of Moradwaja, the castle of Garmora and Padampura, the Timangarh fort, Sagar Lake, Dhruv Ghata & the well of Nand-Bhaujai are some popular attractions. The temples of goddess Chamunda Mata Temple, Chinayata and Chamunda Mata Temple, Sankarghanta in western part of city, Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham (the heart temple of Hindaun City) with adjacent sacred pond termed as Jalsen pond. Radha-Raman Ji Temple and Shri Hardev Ji Temple are also famous and located within the city.[citation needed]

List of Attractions[edit]

Palace at Hindaun fort
Matia Mahal, Hindaun
Name Location Type Period
Hindaun Fort Purani Kachehri Fortress 14th century
Jachcha Ki Baori Prahalad kund Baoli/Bawdi(Stepwell) 13th-15th century AD
Matiya Mahal Near Prahalad kund Place(Mahal) 13th-15th century AD
Shri Mahavirji Mahaveer ji Temple 17th century AD
Shri Raghunath Ji Temple Old Hindaun temple 16th century AD
Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham Gomti Dham Temple 20th century
Narsinghji Temple Prahalad kund temple
Jaggar Dam Jagar Natural Dam & Hills 1957
Timangarh Timan Garh Fortress 12th century


Dargah of Sufi Saint Shaikh Abdur-Rehmaan Chishti is also at Hadoli. The shrine has the grave (Maqbara) of the revered saint, Shaikh Abdur - Rehmaan Chisti nephew of greatest sufi saint of India Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer, Rajasthan.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]


Population growth through the years
Year Population
1901
11,938
1911
10,640
1921
8,687
1931
10,825
1941
13,804
1951
14,673
1961
20,237
1971
27,895
1981
42,760
1991
60,780
2001
84,591
2011
105,690
Religions in Hindaun
Hinduism
80.56%
Islam
17.33%
Christianity
0.11%
Jainism
1.75%
sikh
0.18%
Buddhism
0.02%
Others
0.4%
Distribution of religions

As per provisional reports of Census India the population of Hindaun in 2011 was 105,690; of which male and female are 49,541 and 56,149 respectively. The sex ratio of Hindaun is 881 per 1000 males.[9]

As per the census, the total number literates in the city is 105,690 of which 56,149 are males and 49,541 are females. Average literacy rate of Hindaun is 76.58 percent of which male and female literacy was 87.79 and 63.94 percent.

Total children (aged 0–6) in Hindaun are 45,451 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 25,345 boys and 20,106 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 852 per 1000 boys.

Climate[edit]

Temperature in summer ranges between 25 and 45 degrees Celsius and in winter it is between 5 and 23 degrees Celsius.

Agriculture[edit]

The land of the area is fertile and the crop rotation is commenced by the ryots. The central agriculture yard is located at Kyarda village opposite to 220kv power house. The major crops are wheat, millet, maize, mustard, cluster bean, ground nut, gooseberry, lemon potato, gram, barley. The monsoon, Jagar damand canal, wells and underground water are the source of irrigation. The seasonal vegetables and fruits are also sown by peasants.

Education[edit]

The city is famous for its Industrial Training Institutes. There are Teacher Training Institutes. Almost all district topper in RBSE Exams are from Hindaun City.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

NH 47 (Indian National Highway No. 47) links Delhi To Mohana, MP by Delhi-Haryana-Rajasthan-Madhya Pradesh is announced by the central government in March 2016.

City transportation[edit]

Shared auto are operated between roadways bus stand and railway station. People use buses and auto-rickshaws to reach nearby places.

Railway[edit]

Hindaun City is a station on the New Delhi–Mumbai main line. Other railway stations in proximity to the city are Shri Mahabirji, Fateh Singhpura and Sikorda Meena.

Airport[edit]

Nearest major airport is Jaipur International Airport, that is 160 km from the city-centre, and offers sporadic service to major domestic and international locations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hindaun City". Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Curfew-clamped in Hindaun after fresh-violence, 1200 held in state". Times of India. 2018-04-04. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  3. ^ Parihar, Rohit (2018-04-03). "Curfew in Rajasthan's Hindaun after upper caste mob turns violent against Dalit protests". India Today. New Delhi. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  4. ^ "Hinduan remains tense but peaceful". Times of India. 2018-04-05. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  5. ^ Mukherjee, Deep. "At the receiving end in one Rajasthan town, Dalits say may embrace Islam". The Indian Express. Hinduan. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  6. ^ "Bharat Bandh: Curfew imposed in Rajasthan's Hindaun". Business Standard. 2018-04-04. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  7. ^ "Stone Industries of Karauli District". 21 February 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  8. ^ "TABLE 7.2.11". mospi.gov.in. Archived from the original on 13 August 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2008.
  9. ^ "Population of Hindaun". Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Almost all merits from Hindaun City in District, Result12th RBSE". 23 May 2015.