It is located on the limb of an animal. Hindlimbs are present in a large number of quadrupeds. Though it is a posterior limb, it can cause lameness in some animals. The way of walking through hindlimbs are called bipedalism.
Benefits of Hindlimbs
Hindlimbs are helpful in many ways,some examples are:
Frogs can easily adapt at the surroundings using hindlimbs.The main reason is it can jump high to easily escape to its predator and also to catch preys. It can perform some tricks using the hindlimbs.
All birds walk using hindlimbs. They have the ability to dig in two opposite directions using the hindlimbs.They can easily find food that makes them adapt on their surroundings. A bird with a forelimb that is the most primitive is the Archaeopteryx.It adapts by using it but not capable of long-distance flights,the reason why it was extinct now. The fastest biped is the ostrich. It runs at 70 km/h.
Bipedality in kangaroo rats are seen to be an agent of adaptation.It can survive in predators sn other agents against its survival. Kangaroo rats are long jumpers that can jump up to 18 feet, (that is twice the highest possible long jump and also high jump).
Using hindlimbs they can survive a challenging ecosystem. They can easily find food and survive hindrances in the environment. Some species use hindlimbs for competition.
Dinosaur group which are the family of the first biped, Eudibamus. It is now extinct but it is a fast runner during the Cretaceous Period. It didn't adapt to the ecological challenges because of the ruling of modern animals.
Harmful Effects of Hindlimbs
It is a factor where hindlimb length is affected.
- http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/hind%20limb%7C Merriam Webster Dictionary-Hindlimb