Hindu Munnani

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Hindu Munnani
Founder Ramagopalan
Founded 1980
Ideology Hindutva
Indian nationalism
Integral humanism
Conservatism
Website
hindumunnani.org.in

Hindu Munnani is a religious and cultural organization based in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu which was formed to defend Hinduism and protect Hindu religious monuments.

History[edit]

Hindu Munnani was founded in 1980[1] or 1982[2] by Shri Ramagopalan in the backdrop of the Meenakshipuram conversions.[3][4] Since then, it has been lobbying for the rights of the Hindus, fighting the Islamic right-wing and radical Islamic political groups and vehemently opposing Christian conversions.[5]

Objectives[edit]

The Hindu Munnani website describes its objectives as follows:[6]

Activities[edit]

The Hindu Munnani first gained public awareness in 1982 when it began to mobilize the Hindu population of Ramanathapuram district in response to the Meenakshipuram conversions by Ishaatul Islam Sabha of South India [4][7] Since then, the Hindu Munnani has often espoused the cause of Hindus, the Hindu religion and Hindu culture.

However, the most remarkable achievement of the Hindu Munnani was the organization of Vinayaka Chathurthi processions in Tamil Nadu.[8][9][10][11] On 16 May 2006, the Hindu Munnani organized the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the installation of the shivalinga in the Jalakanteswarar temple in Vellore[12]

Controversies[edit]

Right from its genesis, the Hindu Munnani was involved in a number of controversies. Its genesis was coeval with the Meenakshipuram conversions and the Hindu-Muslim and Hindu-Christian riots which followed. On 19 February 1981, about 200 Dalit families in the village of Meenakshipuram in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu were converted to Islam by a group of Muslims[13] and the name of their village was changed to Rehmatpuram.[2][4] The Hindu Munnani was active in organizing a mass movement to bring the converted Dalits back into the Hindu fold.[2] In March 1982, when riots broke out between Hindus and Christians at Mandaikadu in Kanyakumari district, the Hindu Munnani played an active role.[4][14][15]

In 2017, the union secretary of Hindu Munnai, along with four other men, were booked for allegedly raping a dalit teenaged girl who was in a relationship with the secretary under Goonda Act at Ariyalur district in Tamil Nadu.[16][17] The partially decomposed cadaver of the girl who was also pregnant for one and half months was recovered by police from an unused well.[18]

Attacks by Islamic extremists[edit]

The Vinayaga Chathurthi celebrations organized by the Hindu Munnani were often accompanied by sporadic incidents of communal violence.[19][20] In 1993, there were bomb attacks made on the R.S.S. state headquarters at Chintadripet, Chennai.[4] Islamic organizations were found guilty for the blasts and a crackdown was launched on extremist Islamic organizations.[4] During the visit of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader L. K. Advani and Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to Coimbatore in 1998, a series of thirteen blasts rocked the city, killing over fifty-eight people.

Recently,[when?] there have been clashes between the Hindu Munnani and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) over the remarks made by BJP leader Vedanti on DMK President and Chief Minister Karunanidhi.[21] DMK cadres attacked the Hindu Munnani state headquarters in Chennai on motorbikes.[22]

Murders of Hindu Munnani leaders[edit]

Thirukovilur Sundaram[edit]

In 1981, Hindu Munnani leader, Thirukovilur Sundaram was murdered at R. S. Puram in Coimbatore by Islamic fundamentalists.[citation needed]

Veera Ganesh[edit]

A Muslim platform speaker called Abdul Latheef who ridiculed Hinduism in a public speech was murdered. In retaliation, a Hindu Munnani activist named Veera Ganesh was stabbed to death in Coimbatore on 30 August 1989.[citation needed]

Ramagopalan[edit]

Several assassination attempts have been made on the life of Hindu Munnani founder and President Ramagopalan. Another leader of the Hindu Munnani and State President of the organization, Ramagopalan succumbed to stab wounds.[citation needed]

S Vellaiappan[edit]

He was a senior leader of Hindu Munnani in Vellore. He was murdered by a gang of 8 people when he was headed towards Ramakrishna Math on his motorbike in July 2013.[23]

K. P. S. Suresh Kumar[edit]

K P Suresh was the president of the Hindu Munnani for Thiruvallur East district. He was originally from Kanyakumari. He was murdered by people from Al Ummah, a Muslim terrorist organisation,[24] in June 2014.[25] Three members, Mohammed Samiuddin, Abdul Shameem and Sadiq, were arrested by the police in August 2014.[26]

Jeevaraj[edit]

He was Hindu Munnani's Tirunelveli town secretary. He was murdered in front of his house at Sankarankoil by three unidentified men in July 2014.[27]

C Sasikumar[edit]

C Sasikumar, 36, was returning home on a two-wheeler when a gang chased him on motorcycles and attacked him with sickles. He suffered eleven cut injuries and was struggling for life. The victim was later rushed to a private hospital, where he died. His body was taken to Coimbatore Medical College and Hospital (CMCH) where a postmortem was conducted.

The Hindu Munnani state president said his organisation’s patience was wearing thin, as the state government had failed to prevent a series of attacks on its workers Kadeswara C. Subramaniam, the State president of the Munnani, listed a series of attacks on his cadre including three murders. There was also a speculation that C Sasikumar's father-in-law could also have been responsible for the murder on the basis of his caste difference.[28]

Other controversies[edit]

In November 2007, a photo of Tamil actress Kushboo sitting cross-legged with slippers in front of idols of Hindu goddesses landed the actress in the middle of a huge controversy.[29] A complaint was lodged by Gurumurthy a Hindu Munnani leader.[29] The Hindu Munnani President Rama Gopalan said that Kushboo's act was unbecoming of a public figure and demanded a public apology from her.[29] In June 2008, the Hindu Munnani threatened to block Kamal Hassan's film Dasavatharam on the ground that certain scenes in the film affected the sentiments of Hindus.[30]

In December 1993, on the first anniversary of the Babri Masjid demolition, there was widespread violence in the Kottaimedu area of Coimbatore. Violence also occurred during the fifth anniversary of the demolition in 1997, and also during the aftermath of the Coimbatore bomings in 1998.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "About the Hindu Munnani". Official website of the Hindu Munnani. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Suryanarayana Rao, Pg 19
  3. ^ FOC. "Hindu Munnani turns 25". Organiser. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f P. G. Rajamohan. "Tamil Nadu: The Rise of Islamist Fundamentalism". Faultlines. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  5. ^ N. Sathiya Moorthy (1998-05-22). "'Hinduism and fundamentalism are contradiction in terms'". Rediff. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  6. ^ "Objectives of the Hindu Munnani". Official website of the Hindu Munnani. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  7. ^ Katju, Manjari (2003). Vishva Hindu Parishad and Indian Politics. Orient Longman. p. 34. ISBN 978-81-250-2476-7. 
  8. ^ Hoskote, Ranjit (12 September 2004). "From pedestal to pavement". The Hindu: Magazine. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  9. ^ C. J. Fuller (2001). "The 'Vinayaka Chaturthi' Festival and Hindutva in Tamil Nadu" (PDF). Economic and Political Weekly. 43 (24). [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Fuller, C. J. (2003). The Renewal of the Priesthood. Princeton University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-691-11657-1. 
  11. ^ Fuller, C. J. (2004). The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India. Princeton University Press. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-691-12048-5. 
  12. ^ Murthi, P. V. V. (10 March 2006). "Silver Jubilee". The Hindu: Friday Review. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  13. ^ "'As Muslims, we are now respected'". Rediff.com. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  14. ^ K. Suryanarayana Rao, Pg 20
  15. ^ Thirumaavalavan; Meena Kandasamy (2003). Talisman, Extreme Emotions of Dalit Liberation. Popular Prakashan. p. 156. ISBN 81-85604-68-1. 
  16. ^ "Dalit girl Nandini gangrape and murder : Hindu Munnani secy Manikandan to be booked under Goondas Act". Tamilnadu Central. Tamilnadu. 3 February 2017. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  17. ^ Mathew, Pheba (24 January 2017). "Gangraped and dumped in a well: Four arrested for murder of a Dalit girl.". Newsminute. Tamilnadu. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Missing girl's body found in well in Ariyalur". Times of India. Tamilnadu. 16 January 2017. Archived from the original on 17 January 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "Hindu Munnani to hold `satyagraha'". The Hindu. 28 September 2004. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  20. ^ "7,000 cops to be kept on toes in city". News Today. 28 September 2004. Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  21. ^ "'Fatwa' against Karunanidhi: Case registered against Vedanti". The New Indian Express. 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-17. [permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "BJP-DMK face off: Hindu Munnani office in Chennai vandalized". Merinews. 23 September 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  23. ^ "Hindu Munnani leader murdered - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  24. ^ "Murders of right-wing leaders in Tamil Nadu linked to terror group Al Ummah". The Indian Express. 2014-08-20. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  25. ^ "Hindu Munnani Leader Hacked to Death". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  26. ^ "3 suspected Al Ummah men detained for Hindu Munnani leader's murder". The Indian Express. 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  27. ^ "Hindu Munnani leader murdered in Tamil Nadu's Tirunelveli - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  28. ^ "Hindu Munnani leader murdered in Tamil Nadu's Coimbatore on 23-9-2016- Times of India". 
  29. ^ a b c Shankar, Settu (29 November 2007). "Kushboo in trouble again". oneindia.com. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  30. ^ "Hindu Munnani threatens to block "Dasavatharam" release". nowrunning.com. 5 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 

References[edit]

  • K. Suryanarayana Rao (2002). The Story of R. S. S and Hindu Resurgence in Tamil Nadu

External links[edit]