Hindu School, Kolkata

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Hindu School
Main Building of school campus from College Street
Main Building, College Street
1B, Bankim Chatterjee Street

West Bengal
700 073

TypeGovernment of West Bengal Public
Mottoতমসো মা জ্যোতির্গময়ঃ
(illumine the darkness)
Religious affiliation(s)Secular
EstablishedJanuary 20, 1817; 205 years ago (1817-01-20)
FounderRaja Rammohan Roy, Radhakanta Deb, Rasamay Dutt, Baidyanath Mukhopadhya, David Hare, Sir Edward Hyde East
School boardWBBSE & WBCHSE
AuthorityGovernment of West Bengal
CategoryHigher Secondary
ChairmanGovernor of West Bengal
PrincipalSubhrojit Dutta
Teaching staff19
Number of students1250 (approximate intake)
AffiliationsDepartment of Higher Education, Government of West Bengal
AlumniSee List of Hindu School people

Hindu School is a state government-administered school in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. This is the Oldest Modern Educational Institution in Asia (it was known to be Hindu College then). The institution played a key role during Bengal Renaissance period. It is located on College Street, in the vicinity of Hare School, College Square, Presidency University, Sanskrit College, Calcutta Medical College and the University of Calcutta.


With the establishment of the Supreme Court of Calcutta in 1773 many Hindus of Bengal showed eagerness to learn the English language. David Hare, in collaboration with Raja Radhakanta Deb had already taken steps to introduce English education in Bengal. Babu Buddinath Mukherjee advanced the introduction of English as a medium of instruction further by enlisting the support of Sir Edward Hyde East, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Fort William who called a meeting of 'European and Hindu Gentlemen' in his house in May 1816.[1] The purpose of the meeting was to "discuss the proposal to establish an institution for giving a liberal education to the children of the members of the Hindu Community". The proposal was received with unanimous approbation and a donation of over Rs. 100, 000 was promised for the setting up of the new college. Raja Ram Mohan Roy showed full sympathy for the scheme but chose not to come out in support of the proposal publicly for fear of "alarming the prejudices of his orthodox countrymen and thus marring the whole idea".[2]

The college was formally opened on Monday, 20 January 1817 with 20 'scholars'. The foundation committee of the college, which oversaw its establishment, was headed by Raja Rammohan Roy. The control of the institution was vested in a body of two Governors and four Directors. The first Governors of the college were Maharaja Tejchandra Bahadur of Burdwan and Gopee Mohan Thakoor. The first Directors were Gopi Mohun Deb of Sobhabazar, Joykissen Sinha, Radha Madhab Banerjee and Gunganarain Doss. Buddinath Mukherjee was appointed as the first Secretary of the college. The newly established college mostly admitted Hindu students from affluent and progressive families, but also admitted non-Hindu students such as Muslims, Jews, Christians and Buddhists.

At first the classes were held in a house belonging to Gorachand Bysack of Garanhatta (later renamed 304, Chitpore Road), which was rented by the college. In January 1818 the college moved to 'Feringhi Kamal Bose's house' which was located nearby in Chitpore.[3] From Chitpore, the college moved to Bowbazar and later to the building that now houses the Sanskrit College on College Street. In 1855 the 'Pathshala' part was renamed as Hindu School and the 'Mahapathshala' part became Presidency College, Kolkata.[4]


One of the reasons of creation of this school was to spread modern education in India. Devid Hare with help of Raja Ram Mohun Roy played an important role in designing modern education of India


White shirt with Eton Blue Trousers & emblem of school, White socks & Black school shoe. In winter, students are allowed to use Blue sleeveless or full sleeve sweaters.


There are two divisions of operation of Hindu School. From class one to class five remains operational during morning time, from 7 am till 10 am. While day section operates from 10.30 am till 4.30 pm. The teachers of both the sections are differently (primary and higher secondary) recruited via different mode of recruitment.

Medium of Education[edit]

Hindu School had been providing education primarily in Bengali medium until 2017, prior to its bi-centenary, when it has been decided to introduce English as the second medium of imparting education.[5]

Notable alumni[edit]

Short notable alumni list


  1. ^ "Presidency University". www.presiuniv.ac.in. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Presidency University". www.presiuniv.ac.in. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  3. ^ This building is a historic one because Raja Ram Mohan Roy inaugurated his Brahma Sabha there and Alexander Duff of the Scottish Missionary Board started his educational establishment, the General Assembly's Institution there as well a few years later in 1830.
  4. ^ "Ad Age Homepage - Ad Age". www.adageindia.in. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  5. ^ "হিন্দু স্কুলে ইংরেজি মাধ্যম". anandabazar.com (in Bengali). Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  6. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, 1976/1998, pp. 554–5, Sahitya Sansad, ISBN 81-85626-65-0 (in Bengali).
  7. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), 1976/1998, Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan, pp. 184-185

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°34′33″N 88°21′49″E / 22.575697°N 88.363713°E / 22.575697; 88.363713