Hinduism by country

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Hinduism by country and continent , estimated 2010[1]

Hinduism has over 1.08 billion adherents worldwide (15% of world's population) with about 95% living in India .[1][2] Along with Christianity (31.5%), Islam (23.2%) and Buddhism (7.1%), Hinduism is one of the four major religions of the world by percentage of population.[3]

Most Hindus are found in Asian countries. The countries with more than 500,000 Hindu residents and citizens include (in decreasing order) - India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia (especially Bali is 84% Hindu), Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, United States, Myanmar, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Mauritius, the Caribbean (West Indies), and Fiji.

Background[edit]

Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion and consists of many schools of thought. Hinduism has no traditional ecclesiastical order, no centralised religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet(s); Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, monistic, agnostic, humanist or atheistic.[4] Estimates of Hinduism by country reflects this diversity of thought and way of life.

Demographic estimates[edit]

Demographic estimates of Hindu population by country has been published by the Pew Research Center in 2012,[1] as well as US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2006.[5]

By total number, India has the most Hindus. By percentage, Nepal has the largest majority of Hindu population in the world followed by India and Mauritius.[6] There are an estimated 60 to 70 million Hindus who lived outside India in 2010.[2] Only three countries in the world, in 2010, had a majority of its population as Hindus - Nepal, India and Mauritius.[1]

By country[edit]

Sources used for the table below include the US State Department,[5] the CIA World Factbook[7] adherents.com,[8] Pew Research Center.[9][10] and as identified.

Hinduism by country
Region Country Total Population Hindu % of population Hindu total
South Asia Afghanistan 31,889,923 0.4%[11][12] 4000
Western Europe Andorra 85,000 0.4%[13] 342
Caribbean Anguilla 13,452 0.43%[14] 58
Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda 81,799 0.4%[15] 379
South America Argentina 40,301,927 0.01%[16] 4,030
Oceania Australia 20,434,176 1.28%[17] 276,000
Central Europe Austria 8,199,783 0.1% (approx)[18] 8,200
Middle East Bahrain 708,573 6.25%[19] 44,286
South Asia Bangladesh 158,000,000 8.54%[20] 13,500,000
Western Europe Belgium 10,392,226 0.06%[21] 6,235
Central America Belize 294,385 2.3%[22] 6,771
South Asia Bhutan 742,737 25%[23][24] 185,700
Southern Africa Botswana 1,815,508 0.17%[25] 3,086
South America Brazil 192,755,799 0.0029%[26] 5,675
Southeast Asia Brunei 374,577 0.035%[27] 131
West Africa Burkina Faso 14,326,203 0.001%[citation needed] 150
Central Africa Burundi 8,390,505 0.1%[28][29] 8,391
Southeast Asia Cambodia 13,995,904 0.3%[30][31] 41,988
North America Canada 33,390,141 1.6%[32][33] 497,200
South America Colombia 44,379,598 0.02%[34] 8,876
East Africa Comoros 711,417 0.1%(approx)[citation needed] 711
Central Africa Congo (Kinshasa) 65,751,512 0.18%[35] 118,353
Balkans Croatia 4,493,312 0.01% (approx)[36] 449
North America Cuba 11,394,043 0.21%[37] 23,927
West Africa Côte d'Ivoire 18,013,409 0.1%[38][39] 18,013
Western Europe Denmark 5,468,120 0.1%[40][41] 5,468
East Africa Djibouti 496,374 0.02%[42] 99
Caribbean Dominica 72,386 0.2%[43] 145
East Africa Eritrea 4,906,585 0.1% (approx)[44] 4,907
Eastern Europe Estonia 1,294,445 0.01% [45] 142
Oceania Fiji 918,675 30%[46] – 33%[47][48] 275,603 – 303,163
Western Europe Finland 5,238,460 0.01%[49] 524
Western Europe France 63,718,187 0.1%[50][51] 63,718
Eastern Europe Georgia 4,646,003 0.01% (approx)[52] 465
Western Europe Germany 81,800,000 0.12%[53] 100,000
West Africa Ghana 22,931,299 0.05% (approx)[54] 11,466
Caribbean Grenada 89,971 0.7%[55] 630
South America Guyana 769,095 28.3%[56][57] – 33%[58][59][60] 217,654 – 253,801
Central Europe Hungary 9,956,108 0.02% 1,767[61]
South Asia India 1,285,000,000 79.8% (2011 Census)[62][63][64] 1,025,430,000
Southeast Asia Indonesia 252,000,000 1.69%[65][66][67] 4,259,000
Middle East Iran 65,397,521 <0.1[10] 20,000[10]
Western Europe Ireland 4,588,252 0.23%[68] 10,688
Middle East Israel 6,426,679 0.1% (approx)[69] 6,427
Western Europe Italy 60,418,000 0.2% (approx)[70] 108,950
Caribbean Jamaica 2,780,132 0.07%[71] 1,836
East Asia Japan 127,433,494 <0.1[10] 30,000[10]
East Africa Kenya 37,000,000 0.1%[10] 60,000[10]
East Asia Korea, South 49,044,790 0.015% (approx) 12,452
Middle East Kuwait 2,505,559 12%[72] 300,667
Eastern Europe Latvia 2,259,810 0.006%[73] 136
Middle East Lebanon 4,925,502 0.1% (approx)[74] 4,926
Southern Africa Lesotho 2,125,262 0.1% (approx)[75][76] 2,125
West Africa Liberia 3,195,931 0.1% (approx)[77] 3,196
North Africa Libya 6,036,914 0.1%[78][79] 6,037
Western Europe Luxembourg 480,222 0.07% (approx)[80] 336
Southern Africa Madagascar 19,448,815 0.1%[81][82] 19,449
Southern Africa Malawi 13,603,181 0.02%[83] – 0.2%[84] 2,721 – 2,726
Southeast Asia Malaysia 30,949,962 6.3%[85][86] 1,949,850
South Asia Maldives 369,031 0.01%[87] 37
Southern Africa Mauritius 1,250,882 48.5%[88][89] 600,423 – 625,441
Eastern Europe Moldova 3,200,000 0.01% (approx)[90] 433
Southern Africa Mozambique 20,905,585 0.05%[91] – 0.2%[92] 10,453 – 41,811
Southeast Asia Myanmar 47,963,012 1.5%[93] 893,000
South Asia Nepal 28,901,790 81.3%[94][95] 23,294,843 – 23,410,450
Western Europe Netherlands 16,570,613 0.58%[96] – 1.20%[97] 96,110 – 200,000
Oceania New Zealand 4,115,771 2.0%[98] 90,158
Western Europe Norway 4,627,926 0.5% 23,140
Middle East Oman 3,204,897 3%[99] – 5.7%[100] 96,147 – 182,679
South Asia Pakistan 196,000,000 1.85%[101] 3,626,000
Central America Panama 3,242,173 0.3%[102][103] 9,726
Southeast Asia Philippines 102,000,000[104] <0.1% [10] <10,000[10]
Western Europe Portugal 10,642,836 0.07% 7,396
Caribbean Puerto Rico 3,944,259 0.09%[105] 3,550
Middle East Qatar 907,229 7.2%[106][107] 65,320
East Africa Réunion 827,000 6.7%[108] 55,409
Eastern Europe Russia 141,377,752 0.043%[109][110] 60,792
Oceania Samoa 187,429 0.02% (approx) 38
Middle East Saudi Arabia 27,601,038 0.6%[111] – 1.1%[112] 165,606 – 303,611
East Africa Seychelles 90,945 2.1%[10] 1,910
West Africa Sierra Leone 6,144,562 0.04%[113] – 0.1%[114] 2,458 – 6,145
Southeast Asia Singapore 4,553,009 5.1%[115][116] 262,120
Central Europe Slovakia 5,447,502 0.1% (approx)[citation needed] 5,448
Central Europe Slovenia 2,009,245 0.025% (approx)[citation needed] 500
Southern Africa South Africa 49,991,300 1.1%[10] 550,000
South Asia Sri Lanka 20,926,315 12.6%[117] 2,554,000
South America Suriname 470,784 20%[118] – 27.4%[119] 94,157 – 128,995
Southern Africa Swaziland 1,133,066 0.15%[120] – 0.2%[121] 1,700 – 2,266
Western Europe Sweden 9,031,088 0.078% – 0.12%[122] 7,044 – 10,837
Western Europe Switzerland 7,554,661 0.38%[123][124] 28,708
East Africa Tanzania 39,384,223 0.9%[125][126] 354,458
Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago 1,056,608 22.5%[127][128][129] 237,737
Southeast Asia Thailand 65,068,149 0.1%[130] 65,000
East Africa Uganda 30,262,610 0.2%[131] – 0.8%[132] 60,525 – 242,101
Middle East United Arab Emirates 4,444,011 11%[133]-21.25%[134] 490,000-944,352
Western Europe United Kingdom 60,776,238 1.7%[135][136] 832,000
North America United States 322,000,000 0.7%[137] 2,230,000
Central Asia Uzbekistan 27,780,059 0.01% (approx)[citation needed] 2,778
Southeast Asia Vietnam 85,262,356 0.059%[138] 50,305
Middle East Yemen 22,230,531 0.7%[139] 155,614
Southern Africa Zambia 11,477,447 0.14%[140][141] 16,068
Southern Africa Zimbabwe 12,311,143 1.0%[142] 123,111
Total 7,200,000,000 15 1,080,000,000

By region[edit]

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, is the percentage of population that is Hindu in a region (Hindus in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world).

(Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not Middle East).

Hinduism in Africa
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Africa 93,121,055 0 0% 0%
East Africa 193,741,900 667,694 0.345% 0.071%
North Africa 202,151,323 5,765 0.003% 0.001%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 1,269,844 0.926% 0.135%
West Africa 268,997,245 70,402 0.026% 0.007%
Total 885,103,542 2,013,705 0.225% 0.213%
Hinduism in Asia
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Asia 92,019,166 149,644 0.163% 0.016%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 130,631 0.009% 0.014%
West Asia 274,775,527 792,872 0.289% 0.084%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 1,006,888,651 70.05% 98.475%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 6,386,614 1.118% 0.677%
Total 3,903,418,706 1,014,348,412 26.01% 99.266%
Hinduism in Europe
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Balkans 65,407,609 0 0% 0%
Central Europe 74,510,241 163 0% 0%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 717,101 0.337% 0.076%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,313,640 0.348% 0.138%
Total 728,571,703 2,030,904 0.278% 0.214%
Hinduism in The Americas
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Caribbean 24,898,266 279,515 1.123% 0.030%
Central America 41,135,205 5,833 0.014% 0.006%
North America 446,088,748 2,131,127 0.478% 0.191%
South America 371,075,531 389,869 0.105% 0.041%
Total 883,197,750 2806344 0.281% 0.263%
Hinduism in Oceania
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Oceania 36,659,000 616,000 1.778% 0.06%
Total 36,659,000 616,000 1.778% 0.06%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]