Hinduism by country

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Hinduism by country and continent , estimated 2010[1]

Hinduism has over 1 billion adherents worldwide (15% of world's population) with about 95% living in India .[1][2] Along with Christianity (31.5%), Islam (23.2%) and Buddhism (7.1%), Hinduism is one of the four major religions of the world by percentage of population.[3]

Most Hindus are found in Asian countries. The countries with more than 500,000 Hindu residents and citizens include (in decreasing order) - India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, United States, Myanmar, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Mauritius, the Caribbean (West Indies), and Fiji.

Background[edit]

Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion and consists of many schools of thought. Hinduism has no traditional ecclesiastical order, but a centralised religious origin as sound Om, three authorities or governing bodies namely Brahma as creator, Vishnu as preserver and Mahesha as the destroyer, all three derived from the sound Om. Hinduism has no prophet(s), but has 'Avatars' of Vishnu which behave more or less as prophets; There is worshipping freedom in Hinduism and no strict rules; Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, monistic, agnostic, humanist or atheistic.[4] Estimates of Hinduism by country reflects this diversity of thought and way of life.

Demographic estimates[edit]

Demographic estimates of Hindu population by country has been published by the Pew Research Center in 2012,[1] as well as US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2006.[5]

By total number, India has the most Hindus. By percentage, Nepal has the largest majority of Hindu population in the world followed by India and Mauritius.[6] There are an estimated 60 to 70 million Hindus who lived outside India in 2010.[2] Only three countries in the world, in 2010, had a majority of its population as Hindus - Nepal, India and Mauritius.[1]

By country[edit]

Sources used for the table below include the US State Department,[5] the CIA World Factbook[7] adherents.com,[8] Pew Research Center.[9][10] and as identified.

Hinduism by country
Region Country Total Population Hindu % of population Hindu total
South Asia Afghanistan 31,889,923 0.4%[11][12] 4000
Western Europe Andorra 85,000 0.4%[13] 342
Caribbean Anguilla 13,452 0.43%[14] 58
Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda 81,799 0.4%[15] 379
South America Argentina 40,301,927 0.01%[16] 4,030
Oceania Australia 20,434,176 1.28%[17] 276,000
Central Europe Austria 8,199,783 0.1% (approx)[18] 8,200
Middle East Bahrain 708,573 6.25%[19] 44,286
South Asia Bangladesh 158,000,000 8.54%[20] 13,500,000
Western Europe Belgium 10,392,226 0.06%[21] 6,235
Central America Belize 294,385 2.3%[22] 6,771
South Asia Bhutan 742,737 25%[23][24] 185,700
Southern Africa Botswana 1,815,508 0.17%[25] 3,086
South America Brazil 192,755,799 0.0029%[26] 5,675
Southeast Asia Brunei 374,577 0.035%[27] 131
West Africa Burkina Faso 14,326,203 0.001%[citation needed] 150
Central Africa Burundi 8,390,505 0.1%[28][29] 8,391
Southeast Asia Cambodia 13,995,904 0.3%[30][31] 41,988
North America Canada 33,390,141 1.6%[32][33] 497,200
South America Colombia 44,379,598 0.02%[34] 8,876
East Africa Comoros 711,417 0.1%(approx)[citation needed] 711
Central Africa Congo (Kinshasa) 65,751,512 0.18%[35] 118,353
Balkans Croatia 4,493,312 0.01% (approx)[36] 449
North America Cuba 11,394,043 0.21%[37] 23,927
West Africa Côte d'Ivoire 18,013,409 0.1%[38][39] 18,013
Western Europe Denmark 5,468,120 0.1%[40][41] 5,468
East Africa Djibouti 496,374 0.02%[42] 99
Caribbean Dominica 72,386 0.2%[43] 145
East Africa Eritrea 4,906,585 0.1% (approx)[44] 4,907
Eastern Europe Estonia 1,294,445 0.01% [45] 142
Oceania Fiji 918,675 30%[46] – 33%[47][48] 275,603 – 303,163
Western Europe Finland 5,238,460 0.01%[49] 524
Western Europe France 63,718,187 0.1%[50][51] 63,718
Eastern Europe Georgia 4,646,003 0.01% (approx)[52] 465
Western Europe Germany 81,800,000 0.12%[53] 100,000
West Africa Ghana 22,931,299 0.05% (approx)[54] 11,466
Caribbean Grenada 89,971 0.7%[55] 630
South America Guyana 769,095 28.3%[56][57] – 33%[58][59][60] 217,654 – 253,801
Central Europe Hungary 9,956,108 0.02% 1,767[61]
South Asia India 1,285,000,000 79.8% (2011 Census)[62][63][64] 1,025,430,000
Southeast Asia Indonesia 252,000,000 1.69%[65][66][67] 4,259,000
Middle East Iran 65,397,521 <0.1[10] 20,000[10]
Western Europe Ireland 4,588,252 0.23%[68] 10,688
Middle East Israel 6,426,679 0.1% (approx)[69] 6,427
Western Europe Italy 60,418,000 0.2% (approx)[70] 108,950
Caribbean Jamaica 2,780,132 0.07%[71] 1,836
East Asia Japan 127,433,494 <0.1[10] 30,000[10]
East Africa Kenya 37,000,000 0.1%[10] 60,000[10]
East Asia Korea, South 49,044,790 0.015% (approx) 12,452
Middle East Kuwait 2,505,559 12%[72] 300,667
Eastern Europe Latvia 2,259,810 0.006%[73] 136
Middle East Lebanon 4,925,502 0.1% (approx)[74] 4,926
Southern Africa Lesotho 2,125,262 0.1% (approx)[75][76] 2,125
West Africa Liberia 3,195,931 0.1% (approx)[77] 3,196
North Africa Libya 6,036,914 0.1%[78][79] 6,037
Western Europe Luxembourg 480,222 0.07% (approx)[80] 336
Southern Africa Madagascar 19,448,815 0.1%[81][82] 19,449
Southern Africa Malawi 13,603,181 0.02%[83] – 0.2%[84] 2,721 – 2,726
Southeast Asia Malaysia 28,401,017 6.7%[85][86] 1,630,000
South Asia Maldives 369,031 0.01%[87] 37
Southern Africa Mauritius 1,250,882 48.5%[88][89] 600,423 – 625,441
Eastern Europe Moldova 3,200,000 0.01% (approx)[90] 433
Southern Africa Mozambique 20,905,585 0.05%[91] – 0.2%[92] 10,453 – 41,811
Southeast Asia Myanmar 47,963,012 1.5%[93] 893,000
South Asia Nepal 28,901,790 81.3%[94][95] 23,294,843 – 23,410,450
Western Europe Netherlands 16,570,613 0.58%[96] – 1.20%[97] 96,110 – 200,000
Oceania New Zealand 4,115,771 2.0%[98] 90,158
Western Europe Norway 4,627,926 0.5% 23,140
Middle East Oman 3,204,897 3%[99] – 5.7%[100] 96,147 – 182,679
South Asia Pakistan 196,000,000 1.85%[101] 3,626,000
Central America Panama 3,242,173 0.3%[102][103] 9,726
Southeast Asia Philippines 102,000,000[104] <0.1% [10] <10,000[10]
Western Europe Portugal 10,642,836 0.07% 7,396
Caribbean Puerto Rico 3,944,259 0.09%[105] 3,550
Middle East Qatar 907,229 7.2%[106][107] 65,320
East Africa Réunion 827,000 6.7%[108] 55,409
Eastern Europe Russia 141,377,752 0.043%[109][110] 60,792
Oceania Samoa 187,429 0.02% (approx) 38
Middle East Saudi Arabia 27,601,038 0.6%[111] – 1.1%[112] 165,606 – 303,611
East Africa Seychelles 90,945 2.1%[10] 1,910
West Africa Sierra Leone 6,144,562 0.04%[113] – 0.1%[114] 2,458 – 6,145
Southeast Asia Singapore 4,553,009 5.1%[115][116] 262,120
Central Europe Slovakia 5,447,502 0.1% (approx)[citation needed] 5,448
Central Europe Slovenia 2,009,245 0.025% (approx)[citation needed] 500
Southern Africa South Africa 49,991,300 1.1%[10] 550,000
South Asia Sri Lanka 20,926,315 12.6%[117] 2,554,000
South America Suriname 470,784 20%[118] – 27.4%[119] 94,157 – 128,995
Southern Africa Swaziland 1,133,066 0.15%[120] – 0.2%[121] 1,700 – 2,266
Western Europe Sweden 9,031,088 0.078% – 0.12%[122] 7,044 – 10,837
Western Europe Switzerland 7,554,661 0.38%[123][124] 28,708
East Africa Tanzania 39,384,223 0.9%[125][126] 354,458
Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago 1,056,608 22.5%[127][128][129] 237,737
Southeast Asia Thailand 65,068,149 0.1%[130] 65,000
East Africa Uganda 30,262,610 0.2%[131] – 0.8%[132] 60,525 – 242,101
Middle East United Arab Emirates 4,444,011 11%[133]-21.25%[134] 490,000-944,352
Western Europe United Kingdom 60,776,238 1.7%[135][136] 832,000
North America United States 322,000,000 0.5%[137][138] 1,610,000
Central Asia Uzbekistan 27,780,059 0.01% (approx)[citation needed] 2,778
Southeast Asia Vietnam 85,262,356 0.059%[139] 50,305
Middle East Yemen 22,230,531 0.7%[140] 155,614
Southern Africa Zambia 11,477,447 0.14%[141][142] 16,068
Southern Africa Zimbabwe 12,311,143 1.0%[143] 123,111
Total 7,200,000,000 15 1,080,000,000

By region[edit]

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, is the percentage of population that is Hindu in a region (Hindus in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world).

(Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not Middle East).

Hinduism in Africa
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Africa 93,121,055 0 0% 0%
East Africa 193,741,900 667,694 0.345% 0.071%
North Africa 202,151,323 5,765 0.003% 0.001%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 1,269,844 0.926% 0.135%
West Africa 268,997,245 70,402 0.026% 0.007%
Total 885,103,542 2,013,705 0.225% 0.213%
Hinduism in Asia
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Asia 92,019,166 149,644 0.163% 0.016%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 130,631 0.009% 0.014%
West Asia 274,775,527 792,872 0.289% 0.084%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 1,006,888,651 70.05% 98.475%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 6,386,614 1.118% 0.677%
Total 3,903,418,706 1,014,348,412 26.01% 99.266%
Hinduism in Europe
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Balkans 65,407,609 0 0% 0%
Central Europe 74,510,241 163 0% 0%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 717,101 0.337% 0.076%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,313,640 0.348% 0.138%
Total 728,571,703 2,030,904 0.278% 0.214%
Hinduism in The Americas
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Caribbean 24,898,266 279,515 1.123% 0.030%
Central America 41,135,205 5,833 0.014% 0.006%
North America 446,088,748 2,131,127 0.478% 0.191%
South America 371,075,531 389,869 0.105% 0.041%
Total 883,197,750 2806344 0.281% 0.263%
Hinduism in Oceania
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Oceania 36,659,000 616,000 1.778% 0.06%
Total 36,659,000 616,000 1.778% 0.06%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  73. ^ Latvia
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  76. ^ Lesotho[dead link]
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External links[edit]