Hinduism by country

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Hinduism by country and continent , estimated 2010[1]

Hinduism has over 1.1 billion adherents worldwide (15% of world's population) with the majority living in India. Along with Christianity (31.5%), Islam (23.2%) and Buddhism (7.1%), Hinduism is one of the four major religions of the world by percentage of population.[2]

Most Hindus are found in Asian countries. The countries with more than 500,000 Hindu residents and citizens include (in decreasing order) - India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia (especially in Bali- 84% Hindu), Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, United States, Myanmar, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Mauritius, the Caribbean (West Indies), and Fiji.

Background[edit]

Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion and consists of many schools of thought. Hinduism has no traditional ecclesiastical order, no centralised religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet(s); Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, monistic, agnostic, humanist or atheistic.[3] Estimates of Hinduism by country reflects this diversity of thought and way of life.

Demographic estimates[edit]

Demographic estimates of Hindu population by country has been published by the Pew Research Center in 2012,[1] as well as US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2006.[4]

By total number, India has the most Hindus. By percentage, Nepal has the largest majority of Hindu population in the world followed by India and Mauritius.[5] There are an estimated 60 to 70 million Hindus who lived outside India in 2010.[6] Only three countries in the world, in 2010, had a majority of its population as Hindus - Nepal, India, and Mauritius.[1] Guyana, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname have large Hindu minorities.

By country[edit]

Sources used for the table below include the US State Department,[4] the CIA World Factbook[7] adherents.com,[8] Pew Research Center.[9][10] and as identified.

Hinduism by country
Region Country Total Population Hindu % of population Hindu total
South Asia Afghanistan 31,889,923 0.4%[11][12] 4000
Western Europe Andorra 85,000 0.4%[13] 342
Caribbean Anguilla 13,452 0.43%[14] 58
Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda 81,799 0.4%[15] 379
South America Argentina 40,301,927 0.01%[16] 4,030
Oceania Australia 20,434,176 1.28%[17] 276,000
Central Europe Austria 8,199,783 0.1% (approx)[18] 8,200
Middle East Bahrain 708,573 9.8%[19] 144,286
South Asia Bangladesh 170,000,000 8.54%[20] 12,680,000 – 14,487,500[21][note 1]
Western Europe Belgium 10,392,226 0.06%[23] 6,235
Central America Belize 294,385 2.3%[24] 6,771
South Asia Bhutan 742,737 25%[25][26] 185,700
Southern Africa Botswana 1,815,508 0.17%[27] 3,086
South America Brazil 192,755,799 0.0029%[28] 5,675
Southeast Asia Brunei 374,577 0.035%[29] 131
West Africa Burkina Faso 14,326,203 0.001%[citation needed] 150
Central Africa Burundi 8,390,505 0.1%[30][31] 8,391
Southeast Asia Cambodia 13,995,904 0.3%[32][33] 41,988
North America Canada 33,390,141 1.6%[34][35] 497,200
South America Colombia 44,379,598 0.02%[36] 8,876
East Africa Comoros 711,417 0.1%(approx)[citation needed] 711
Central Africa Congo (Kinshasa) 65,751,512 0.18%[37] 118,353
Balkans Croatia 4,493,312 0.01% (approx)[38] 449
North America Cuba 11,394,043 0.21%[39] 23,927
West Africa Côte d'Ivoire 18,013,409 0.1%[40][41] 18,013
Western Europe Denmark 5,468,120 0.1%[42][43] 5,468
East Africa Djibouti 496,374 0.02%[44] 99
Caribbean Dominica 72,386 0.2%[45] 145
East Africa Eritrea 4,906,585 0.1% (approx)[46] 4,907
Eastern Europe Estonia 1,294,445 0.01% [47] 142
Oceania Fiji 918,675 30%[48] – 33%[49][50] 275,603 – 303,163
Western Europe Finland 5,238,460 0.01%[51] 524
Western Europe France 63,718,187 0.1%[52][53] 63,718
Eastern Europe Georgia 4,646,003 0.01% (approx)[54] 465
Western Europe Germany 81,800,000 0.12%[55] 100,000
West Africa Ghana 22,931,299 0.05% (approx)[56] 11,466
Caribbean Grenada 89,971 0.7%[57] 630
South America Guyana 769,095 28.3%[58][59] – 33%[60][61][62] 217,654 – 253,801
Central Europe Hungary 9,956,108 0.02% 1,767[63]
South Asia India 1,320,000,000 79.8% (2011 Census)[64][65][66] 1,040,000,000
Southeast Asia Indonesia 252,000,000 1.69%[67][68][69] 10,000,000[21][note 2]
Middle East Iran 65,397,521 <0.1[10] 20,000[10]
Western Europe Ireland 4,761,865 0.30%[73] 14,300
Middle East Israel 6,426,679 0.1% (approx)[74] 6,427
Western Europe Italy 60,418,000 0.2% (approx)[75] 108,950
Caribbean Jamaica 2,780,132 0.07%[76] 1,836
East Asia Japan 127,433,494 <0.1[10] 30,000[10]
East Africa Kenya 37,000,000 0.1%[10] 60,000[10]
East Asia Korea, South 49,044,790 0.015% (approx) 12,452
Middle East Kuwait 2,505,559 12%[77] 0 - 300,667[note 3]
Eastern Europe Latvia 2,259,810 0.006%[79] 136
Middle East Lebanon 4,925,502 0.1% (approx)[80] 4,926
Southern Africa Lesotho 2,125,262 0.1% (approx)[81][82] 2,125
West Africa Liberia 3,195,931 0.1% (approx)[83] 3,196
North Africa Libya 6,036,914 0.1%[84][85] 6,037
Western Europe Luxembourg 480,222 0.07% (approx)[86] 336
Southern Africa Madagascar 19,448,815 0.1%[87][88] 19,449
Southern Africa Malawi 13,603,181 0.02%[89] – 0.2%[90] 2,721 – 2,726
Southeast Asia Malaysia 30,949,962 6.3%[91][92] 1,949,850
South Asia Maldives 369,031 0.01%[93] 37
Southern Africa Mauritius 1,250,882 48.5%[94][95] 600,423 – 625,441
Eastern Europe Moldova 3,200,000 0.01% (approx)[96] 433
Southern Africa Mozambique 20,905,585 0.05%[97] – 0.2%[98] 10,453 – 41,811
Southeast Asia Myanmar 47,963,012 1.5%[99] 893,000
South Asia Nepal 28,901,790 81.3%[100][101] 21,551,492[102] – 23,410,450
Western Europe Netherlands 16,570,613 0.58%[103] – 1.20%[104] 96,110 – 200,000
Oceania New Zealand 4,115,771 2.0%[105] 90,158
Western Europe Norway 4,627,926 0.5% 23,140
Middle East Oman 3,204,897 3%[106] – 5.7%[107] 96,147 – 182,679
South Asia Pakistan 196,000,000 1.85%[108] 3,626,000
Central America Panama 3,242,173 0.3%[109][110] 9,726
Southeast Asia Philippines 102,000,000[111] <0.1% [10] <10,000[10]
Western Europe Portugal 10,642,836 0.07% 7,396
Caribbean Puerto Rico 3,944,259 0.09%[112] 3,550
Middle East Qatar 907,229 13.8%[113] 358,800
East Africa Réunion 827,000 6.7%[114] 55,409
Eastern Europe Russia 141,377,752 0.1%[115] 143,000
Oceania Samoa 187,429 0.02% (approx) 38
Middle East Saudi Arabia 27,601,038 0.6%[116] – 1.1%[117] 0 – 303,611[note 4]
East Africa Seychelles 90,945 2.1%[10] 1,910
West Africa Sierra Leone 6,144,562 0.04%[119] – 0.1%[120] 2,458 – 6,145
Southeast Asia Singapore 5,600,000 5.0%[121][122] 280,000
Central Europe Slovakia 5,447,502 0.1% (approx)[citation needed] 5,448
Central Europe Slovenia 2,009,245 0.025% (approx)[citation needed] 500
Southern Africa South Africa 49,991,300 1.1%[10] 550,000
South Asia Sri Lanka 20,926,315 12.6%[123] 2,554,000
South America Suriname 470,784 20%[124] – 27.4%[125] 94,157 – 128,995
Southern Africa Swaziland 1,133,066 0.15%[126] – 0.2%[127] 1,700 – 2,266
Western Europe Sweden 9,031,088 0.078% – 0.12%[128] 7,044 – 10,837
Western Europe Switzerland 7,554,661 0.38%[129][130] 28,708
East Africa Tanzania 39,384,223 0.9%[131][132] 354,458
Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago 1,056,608 22.5%[133][134][135] 237,737
Southeast Asia Thailand 65,068,149 0.1%[136] 65,000
East Africa Uganda 30,262,610 0.2%[137] – 0.8%[138] 60,525 – 242,101
Middle East United Arab Emirates 4,444,011 11%[139]-21.25%[140] 0 – 490,000[note 5]
Western Europe United Kingdom 60,776,238 1.7%[142][143] 832,000
North America United States 322,000,000 0.7%[144] 2,230,000
Central Asia Uzbekistan 27,780,059 0.01% (approx)[citation needed] 2,778
Southeast Asia Vietnam 85,262,356 0.059%[145] 50,305
Middle East Yemen 22,230,531 0.7%[146] 155,614
Southern Africa Zambia 11,477,447 0.14%[147][148] 16,068
Southern Africa Zimbabwe 12,311,143 1.0%[149] 123,111
Total 7,200,000,000 16 1,127,654,642

By region[edit]

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, is the percentage of population that is Hindu in a region (Hindus in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world).

(Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not Middle East).

Hinduism in Africa
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Africa 93,121,055 0 0% 0%
East Africa 193,741,900 667,694 0.345% 0.071%
North Africa 202,151,323 5,765 0.003% 0.001%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 1,269,844 0.926% 0.135%
West Africa 268,997,245 70,402 0.026% 0.007%
Total 885,103,542 2,013,705 0.225% 0.213%
Hinduism in Asia
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Asia 92,019,166 149,644 0.163% 0.016%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 130,631 0.009% 0.014%
West Asia 274,775,527 3,187,673 1.5% 0.084%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 1,068,728,901 70.05% 98.475%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 6,386,614 1.118% 0.677%
Total 3,903,418,706 1,074,728,901 26.01% 99.266%
Hinduism in Europe
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Balkans 65,407,609 0 0% 0%
Central Europe 74,510,241 163 0% 0%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 717,101 0.337% 0.076%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,313,640 0.348% 0.138%
Total 728,571,703 2,030,904 0.278% 0.214%
Hinduism in The Americas
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Caribbean 24,898,266 279,515 1.123% 0.030%
Central America 41,135,205 5,833 0.014% 0.006%
North America 446,088,748 2,131,127 0.478% 0.191%
South America 371,075,531 389,869 0.105% 0.041%
Total 883,197,750 2806344 0.281% 0.263%
Hinduism in Oceania
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Oceania 36,659,000 616,000 1.778% 0.06%
Total 36,659,000 616,000 1.778% 0.06%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The higher number is based on 2011 Census of Bangladesh, which reported a total population of 152.5 million, of which 90% were Sunni, 9.5% were Hindus, and rest were Christians and Buddhists.[22]
  2. ^ The lower number is based on Pew Research estimate and is primarily concentrated in the island of Bali, Indonesia and nearby provinces of Indonesia. The higher number is based on a 2010 estimate by the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Government of Indonesia.[70] The largest Hindu organization in Indonesia Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia states that the Indonesian census greatly underestimates Hindu population, because predominantly Muslim nation of Indonesia does not recognize all forms of Hinduism, and only recognizes monotheistic Hinduism under its constitution.[71][72]
  3. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. The official Kuwaiti government census data does not count Hindus as residents or citizens of Kuwait.[78]
  4. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. The Saudi Arabian government mandates that all Saudi citizens must be Muslims, and it prohibits public practice of Hinduism and other non-Muslim religions.[118]
  5. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. 80% of the UAE population is non-citizen temporary workers, and estimated 25% of these workers may be Hindu. Only Sunni Muslims can be naturalized new citizens in UAE. According to the US State Department, the federal constitution of the UAE designates Islam as the official religion, and Islam is also the official religion of all seven of the individual emirates in the federal union. The Government does not recognize all non-Muslim religions and only a limited number of Christian groups are granted legal recognition in UAE. Non-Muslim and non-Christian religions such as Hinduism are not recognized legally in any of the emirates.[141]

References[edit]

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  77. ^ Kuwait
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  80. ^ Lebanon
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  82. ^ Lesotho
  83. ^ Liberia
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  85. ^ Libya
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  133. ^ The World Factbook
  134. ^ Trinidad and Tobago
  135. ^ Trinidad and Tobago
  136. ^ Thailand
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  139. ^ Table: Religious Composition by Country, in Numbers Pew Research Center, Washington D.C. (December 2012)
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  142. ^ The World Factbook
  143. ^ United Kingdom
  144. ^ "2014 Religious Landscape Study -- Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life". Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  145. ^ Vietnam
  146. ^ Religious Freedom Page Archived 5 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
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  149. ^ Religious Freedom Page Archived 6 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]