Hinduism in the West Indies

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Hinduism is the leading single religion of the Indo-Caribbean communities of the West Indies. Hindus are particularly well represented in Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago, where they constituted 25 percent of the total population, as of 1995. Smaller groups of Indo-Caribbeans live elsewhere in the Caribbean, especially Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Barbados, St Lucia, Cayman Islands and Bahamas.

Anguilla[edit]

The total Hindu population of Anguilla is 58 as of the 2011 Census.[1] This represents 0.42% of the population and is an increase of 13 from the previous count of 45 (0.39%, taken from the 2001 Census).[1] Hinduism is also the 7th fastest growing religion by percent (28.9%) and the 9th fastest by absolute change (13). Hindus also contributed 0.61% of the total population gain.[1]

Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

The percentage of Hindus in Antigua and Barbuda as of the 2011 Census is 0.4%, or 379 adherents.[2] This represented growth of more than 40% from the 2001 Census, which showed that there were 157 active followers.[3] This growth made the number of Hindus surpass Presbyterians (170 to 142), Salvation Army (369 to 365) and Islam (189 to 208).[4][2] The population is mainly made up of Indian immigrants, who alone make up over 1.1% of the total population. Most Hindus are from the category of Indian/East Indian, which makes up less than 5%.[5]

Bahamas[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, there were a total of 428 Hindus living in the Bahamas, making up 0.12% of the total population.[6] The 2010 census showed that slightly more than half of Hindus (around 220 people) in the Bahamas are younger than age 34.

Barbados[edit]

Today, Barbados has 2,000 Indians living in the country. They came as recently immigrants from Guyana. Because of the huge Indian population, Hinduism became one of the growing religions of Barbados. The 2000 Census showed the number of Hindus in Barbados to be at 840, which accounted for 0.31% of the total population.[7] The 2010 Census showed that the number of Hindus rose by 215 people (or 25%) to be at 1,055.[8] This increased Hinduism's share of the total Barbados population from 0.31% in 2000 to 0.38% in 2010.

Bermuda[edit]

Most of the Hindus in Bermuda are of South Indian/Tamil descent. The population of Hindu's in Bermuda is 0.2%[9]

Cayman Islands[edit]

Hinduism is a minority religion in the Cayman Islands and is one the smallest religions. Hinduism is a comparatively new arrival, as there were only 98 Hindus in the Caymans according to the 2000 census. The 2010 Census showed the number of Hindus surpassing 450, possibly due to emigration from Guyana and India. Hinduism now accounts for 0.8% of the total Cayman Islands population.[citation needed]

Grenada[edit]

According to the 2000 census and the National Census Report 2001, there were 156 Hindus in Grenada accounting 0.15% of the total population.[citation needed]

Jamaica[edit]

Jamaica was once home to 25,000 Hindus until the mid 20th century. However, most of them converted to Christianity. In the last few decades, the population of Hindus in Jamaica decreased steeply. In the 1970s, 5,000 identified themselves as Hindus. Since then, the Hindu population of Jamaica has risen and it has become the second largest religion (after Christianity) in Jamaica. Diwali (pronounced Divali), the festival of lights, is celebrated in Jamaica ever year. There were 1,453 Hindus in Jamaica according to the 2001 census. The 2011 Census showed that the number of Hindus in Jamaica increased by 383 people to be at 1,836 adherents.[10] Hinduism's share of the total Jamaican population increased from 0.06% in 2001 to 0.07% of the population in 2011.

Montserrat[edit]

According to the 2001 census there were 31 Hindus in Montserrat, accounting for 0.8% of the total population and forming the 4th largest religious entity.[11][12] Hindu males numbered 20 and made up 1.0% of the total number of males in the 2001 Census, with 11 Hindu females making up 0.6% of the female total.[11]

Puerto Rico[edit]

As of 2006, there were 3,482 Hindus in Puerto Rico making 0.09% of the population according to Religious Intelligence.[citation needed]

Saint Kitts and Nevis[edit]

Hindus made up 0.8% of the total population of Saint Kitts and Nevis according to the 2001 census.[13] This included 233 males(1.01% of the male total) and 138 females(0.59% of the female total), which made a total of 371 people.[14] Hinduism is currently the second largest religion in St. Kitts-Nevis after Christianity and the 3rd fastest growing religion.[14]

Saint Lucia[edit]

Most of the Indian community in Saint Lucia have converted to Christianity. Only 325 people were reported as Hindus in the 2001 census (0.2% of the total population census). The 2010 Census showed the percentage total of Hindus had increased to 0.3%.[15] Most of them were recent immigrants. Of the original East Indian community, only 1-2% retains Hinduism.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[edit]

The 2000 census reported 83 Hindus in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines making up 0.08% of the total population.[16] The 2000 Census showed that Hindus in St Vincent-Grenadines were overwhelmingly male, with only 77 females for every 100 males on average. The 2000 Census also showed a very youthful Hindu population, with less than 1.5% of Hindus being classified as "elder".[17]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Hinduism is a minority but significant religion in Trinidad and Tobago, making up over 18% in the 2011 census, the second largest religion in the islands. Hinduism has had a presence for 170 years, when the first Indians came to work.[18] There are currently 240,100 Hindus in Trinidad and Tobago, with the decline resulting from emigration.

Turks and Caicos Islands[edit]

The Indian population in the Turks and Caicos Islands is mostly of Sindhi origin. The community mostly is employed in retail jewellery and electronics business, in addition to some doctors, nurses, teachers, chartered accountants and other sectors. Many Indians are self-employed, and some are employed in the local hospitality industry.[19]

United States Virgin Islands[edit]

According to the 2000 census there were more than 400 Hindus in the United States Virgin Islands (0.4% of the population). Most of them were recent immigrants from India, and most of them reside on St. Thomas.[citation needed]

Hindu populations according to the latest Census[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Local & Regional by AnguillaLNT a SMG Product - ANGUILLA's PRELIMINARY CENSUS FINDINGS #5: "Who are we? – Ethnic Composition and Religious Affiliation"". Anguillanews.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  2. ^ a b "Government of Antigua and Barbuda : 2011 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Ab.gov.ag. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-14. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  3. ^ "100/(379/157)". Bing.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  4. ^ "2000 Round of Population and Housing Census Sub-project" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  5. ^ Ethnic groups of Antigua and Barbuda
  6. ^ a b "TOTAL POPULATION BY SEX, AGE-GROUP AND RELIGION" (PDF). Statistics.bahamas.gov.bs. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  7. ^ "2000 Round of Population and Housing Census Sub-project" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  8. ^ "2010 Population and Housing Census of Barbados Volume 1" (PDF). Barstats.gov.bb/. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  9. ^ Joshua Project. "Country - Bermuda :: Joshua Project Joshua Project". Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  10. ^ http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20121104/focus/focus4.html
  11. ^ a b "2000 Round of Population and Housing Census Sub-project" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  12. ^ "100/(3838/31)". Bing.com. 2006-12-17. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  13. ^ "100/(46325/371)". Bing. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  14. ^ a b c "2000 Round of Population and Housing Census Sub-project" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  15. ^ "2010 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). 204.188.173.139:9090. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  16. ^ a b "Census & Surveys". Stats.gov.vc. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  17. ^ http://www.redatam.org/binsvg/RpWebEngine.exe/Portal?BASE=SVG2001&lang=Eng
  18. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/nri/nris-in-news/trinidad-and-tobago-pm-kamla-persad-commemorates-170-years-of-indian-arrival/articleshow/47480224.cms
  19. ^ https://www.mea.gov.in/Portal/ForeignRelation/Turk_and_Caicos_Islands_Jan2015.pdf
  20. ^ [1] Archived May 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ "CHAPTER II: POPULATION COMPOSITION : 2.1 Race/Ethnic Composition" (PDF). Statisticsguyana.gov.gy. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ >"2010 Population and Housing Census of Barbados Volume 1" (PDF). Barstats.gov.bb/. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  24. ^ "Home" (PDF). Stats.gov.lc. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  25. ^ "The Cayman Islands' 2010 Census of Population and Housing Report" (PDF). Eso.ky. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  26. ^ "2000 Round of Population and Housing Census Sub-project" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  27. ^ "Demographic Tables : Table of Contents" (PDF). Gov.ai. Retrieved 2015-05-20.