Hindustan Zindabad

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Hindustan Zindabad (Hindi: हिन्दुस्तान ज़िन्दाबाद, Urdu: ہندوستان زِندہ باد‎ Lit. Long live Hindustan) is a Hindustani phrase and battle cry most commonly used in India in speeches and communications pertaining to or referring to patriotism towards India. It translates to "Long Live India".[1] It is a nationalistic slogan,[2] and has been used in nationalist protests such as radical peasant movements in post-colonial India.[3] Other variations of the slogan are Jai Hind and India Zindabad.[4] Such slogans are common while cheering the Indian team in cricket matches.[4][5]

Etymology[edit]

The word Hindustan generally refers to the Republic of India since 1947. It is conventionally believed to be derived from the Old Persian word Hindu, which in turn is derived from Sindhu, the Sanskrit name for the Indus River.[6] Old Persian refers to the people living beyond the Indus as Hinduš. This combined with the Avestan suffix -stān (cognate to Sanskrit "sthān", both meaning "place")[7] results in Hindustan, as the land on the other side (from Persia) of the Indus.

Zindabad (may [idea, person, country] live forever) is a typical Urdu and Persian suffix that is placed after a person or a country name. It is used to express victory, patriotism or as a prayer.[8]

Use in episodes of violence[edit]

The slogan Hindustan Zindabad, and its counterpart, Pakistan Zindabad, were used during the partition of India in episodes of sexual violence against women: the slogans were often tattooed on the bodies of victims of collective rapes.[9]

In popular culture[edit]

The slogan was used in Gadar: Ek Prem Katha, in which the protagonist, Tara Singh (Sunny Deol), is asked to shout Hindustan Murdhabad (death to India) in Pakistan, but he proclaims Hindustan Zindabad, uproots a hand pump, and kills a few attacking locals.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sarina Singh (2009). Lonely Planet India (13, illustrated ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 276. ISBN 9781741791518. 
  2. ^ Christine Everaer (2010). Tracing the Boundaries Between Hindi and Urdu: Lost and Added in Translation Between 20th Century Short Stories (annotated ed.). BRILL. p. 82. ISBN 9789004177314. 
  3. ^ Debal K. Singha Roy (2004). Peasant Movements in Post-Colonial India: Dynamics of Mobilization and Identity. SAGE. p. 61. ISBN 9780761998273. 
  4. ^ a b Nikhita Sanotra (3 April 2011). "India Zindabad! rings across Dubai after cricket victory". Yahoo! News. 
  5. ^ "World Cup semifinal: Mohali citizens throw open homes to Pak fans". Indian Express. 24 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Lipner 1998, pp. 7–8
  7. ^ "Unlimited: What does -istan" mean as in Pakistan, Uzbekistan or Afghanistan?". Guardian. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  8. ^ "Pakistan, India have no option but to promote peace: Shahbaz". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  9. ^ Ritu Menon; Kamla Bhasin (1998). Borders & Boundaries: Women in India's Partition. Rutgers University Press. p. 43. ISBN 9780813525525. 
  10. ^ Gadar: Ek Prem Katha [Revolt: A Love Story] (in Hindi). Zee Telefilms. 2001.