Hindustani Awam Morcha

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Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular)
AbbreviationHAM-Se[1]
PresidentJitan Ram Manjhi
FounderJitan Ram Manjhi
Founded8 May 2015 (5 years ago) (2015-05-08)
Split fromJanata Dal (United)
IdeologySecular
ColoursRed and White
ECI Statusunrecognised
Alliance
Seats in Bihar Legislative Assembly
4 / 243
Seats in Bihar Legislative Council
1 / 75
Election symbol
Telephone

Hindustani Awam Morcha (translation: Indian People's Front; abbreviated as HAM) is an Indian political party, formally launched on 8 May 2015 by former Chief Minister of Bihar, Jitan Ram Manjhi, who left the Janata Dal (United) along with 18 others to form the party following the 2015 Bihar political crisis.[2][3] The name of the party was later changed to Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular) (HAM-S).[4][5] In July 2015, the Election Commission recognised the HAM-S as a political party.[6] The election symbol of the party is a telephone.[7][8][9][10]

History[edit]

In July 2015, the party joined the NDA and contested 21 seats, with some additional members contesting on the BJP ticket in Bihar.[11] On 18 September 2015, Hindustani Awam Morcha announced its first list of 13 candidates with Manjhi contesting from Makhadumpur and Imamganj.[12][13]

The party ended up winning only in Imamganj with Manjhi himself losing in Makhdumpur.[14]

In the previous election, the alliance was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party alongside three smaller allies namely the Lok Janshakti Party, the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha, while the Janata Dal (United) had contested as part of the current opposition Mahagathbandan.[15][16] In 2017, the Janata Dal (United) switched alliance which caused the Mahagathbandan government to fall and the National Democratic Alliance came to power.[17] In 2018, two of the partners, the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha left the alliance.[18][19]

[20] During the campaigning phase in August 2020, the alliance was re-joined National Democratic Alliance. The party won four seats in Bihar Assembly elections 2020 and from the Manjhi's side his son Santosh Suman was made a minister in the Nitishj Kumar's cabinet.[21][22]

Prominent members[edit]

Electoral Performance[edit]

Lok Sabha Elections[edit]

Lok Sabha Term Indian
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
Votes Polled % of
votes
Ref.
17th Lok Sabha 2019 3 0 0.2 [1]


Bihar Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term General Election Seats
contested
Seats
won
Votes Polled % of
votes
Ref.
16th Vidhan Sabha of Bihar 17th Vidhan sabha of Bihar 21 1 8,64,856 2.3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
Citations
  1. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi floats 'Hindustani Awam Morcha'".
  2. ^ "Bihar".
  3. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi announces new party as Hindustani Awam Morcha".
  4. ^ "Manjhi's Party HAM Adds 'Secular' to Its Name".
  5. ^ "Jitan Manjhi Wants Dalits to Unite Against Nitish Kumar in Bihar Polls".
  6. ^ "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel".
  7. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi's Party HAM Gets Telephone Symbol". NDTV.com. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Green chilli, chappals among poll symbols".
  9. ^ "HAM gets 'Telephone' as election symbol".
  10. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi's party gets election symbol".
  11. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/bihar/deal-done-bjp-jitan-ram-manjhi-agree-on-seat-sharing-for-bihar-1217297
  12. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/bihar-polls-jitan-ram-manjhi-to-contest-from-makhdumpur/article1-1391448.aspx
  13. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-bihar-polls-2015-ham-releases-its-first-list-manjhi-to-contest-from-makhdumpur-2126331
  14. ^ "Assembly Election Result 2016, Assembly Election Schedule Candidate List, Assembly Election Opinion/Exit Poll Latest News 2016". infoelections.com. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ Sinha, Arjun (10 November 2015). "From lousy rallies to inept partners, the six charts that explain Modi's decimation in Bihar". Quartz India. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  16. ^ Varma, Gyan (8 November 2015). "Bihar results: Social arithmetic, quota comments seen behind BJP's failure". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  17. ^ Bhaskar, Utpal (27 May 2019). "Lok Sabha win gives a 2nd wind to JD(U) for assembly polls, NDA in pole position". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  18. ^ Kumar, Prakash (10 December 2018). "Jolt to NDA; Kushwaha resigns as Union minister". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Jitam Ram Manjhi quits NDA, set to join 'Mahagathbandhan'". The Indian Express. 28 February 2018.
  20. ^ Tewary, Amarnath (2 September 2020). "Manjhi's HAM(S) joins NDA". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Will remain with Nitish Kumar and NDA, says Hindustan Awam Morcha". Times of India. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Bihar Government: Check full list of ministers in new Nitish Kumar Cabinet". Jagran.com. Retrieved 25 November 2020.