Hindusthan National Guard
Hindusthan Nation Guard (Bengali: হিন্দুস্থান ন্যাশনাল গার্ড) was a volunteer social organization launched by Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee in the aftermath of the Great Calcutta Killings to protect the people affected in the riots.
Historian Rakesh Batabyal draws parallels between fascist methods and the creation of paramilitary forces such as the Hindusthan National Guard. He observes that Juan José Linz's analysis of fascist organizations applies: elected political parties using violence against opponents instead of political campaigning was a tragic innovation.
- "Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee - Biography". Bengal Voice. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee - Biographical and Descriptive Notes". Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee Research Foundation. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- J. H. Broomfield (1968). Elite Conflict in a Plural Society: Twentieth-century Bengal. University of California Press. pp. 284–. GGKEY:PGQKZ3RNLLG.
- Sato Tsugitaka (2 August 2004). Muslim Societies: Historical and Comparative Aspects. Routledge. pp. 117–. ISBN 978-1-134-32022-6.
- Batabyal, Rakesh (2005). Communalism in Bengal: From Famine to Noakhali, 1943-47. New Delhi: Sage Publications. pp. 385–386. ISBN 81-7829-471-0.
Communalism strongly resemble[s] Fascist ideology and methods. These included the creation of paramilitary forces, such as the Muslim National Guards and the Hindustan National Guard ... What Linz writes about Fascist organizations to an extent was true of these organizations. He says: 'The discovery of the parliamentary political organisation ready to use violence against its opponents, rather than electioneering or conspiring, was a tragic innovation ...' (Juan J. Linz, 'Comparative Study of Fascism', in Walter Laqueur ed., Fascism, p.15.)
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