Hingol National Park

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Hingol National Park
ہنگول نیشنل پارک
IUCN category II (national park)
Hingool Nationa Park and Makran Coastal Highway.jpg
The park's dramatic landscapes are connected to nearby Karachi via the Makran Coastal Highway.
Map showing the location of Hingol National Park ہنگول نیشنل پارک‬
Map showing the location of Hingol National Park ہنگول نیشنل پارک‬
Location Lasbela, Baluchistan
Coordinates25°36′N 65°40′E / 25.600°N 65.667°E / 25.600; 65.667
Area6,100 square kilometres (2,400 sq mi)
Established1988
Governing bodyWildlife and Parks Department of Government of Pakistan

Hingol National Park or Hungol National Park (Urdu: ہنگول نیشنل پارک‎), covers an area of 6,100 square kilometres (2,400 sq mi). It was established in 1988. In 2004, the Makran Coastal Highway which links Karachi with the port town of Gwadar was opened.

Geography[edit]

Canyons at the national park
Hungol River estuary wetlands, and mesas
Rock formation and dunes

Hingol National Park is along the Makran coast in southwestern Balochistan Province, southwestern Pakistan. It lies within sections of Lasbela District, Gwadar District, and Awaran District. The Gulf of Oman of the Arabian Sea are to the south.[1] The provincial capital of Quetta is approximately 717 km. The provincial capital of Sindh is 190 km to the southeast on the coast.

Hingol National Park also includes famous Kund Malir[2][better source needed] Beach and Princess of Hope[3]. In the past due to the political situation, people didn't prefer to go there. But now things have changed and many people go to Kund Malir on weekends from Karachi and other areas of Sindh to explore the beach.

Natural history[edit]

Flora[edit]

Hingol National Park contains a variety of topographical features and habitats, varying from arid subtropical forest in the north to arid montane in the west. Large areas of the park are covered with drift sand and can be classified as coastal semi desert. The park includes the estuary of the Hungol River which supports a significant diversity of bird and fish species.[4]

Some 250 plant species were recorded in the initial surveys including 7 yet undescribed species. Many more species are yet to be collected.[citation needed]

Fauna[edit]

Hingol National Park is known to support at least 35 species of mammals, 65 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 185 species of birds. The park forms an excellent habitat to wild Sindh ibex, Baluchistan urial, and chinkara gazelle. Ibex is found in all steep mountain ranges and are numerous in the Hinglaj and Rodani Kacho Mountain areas. The population is estimated over 3000.[5]

Mammals[edit]

Reptiles[edit]

Birds[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Fish[edit]

Conservation[edit]

There are 14 species of birds of special conservation interest on account of being threatened (as per IUCN Red List 2005), very rare or key species of the park.[6]

Management[edit]

According to independent reports, 20 staff members, 18 game watchers and 2 deputy rangers are responsible for the management of the park. They are under the guidance of the park manager, who reports to the conservator and the Secretary of Wildlife, Forest, Livestock, Environment and Tourism.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wildlife of Pakistan - Hingol National Park
  2. ^ Kund Malir
  3. ^ https://www.dawn.com/news/1169526
  4. ^ "Country Report on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture – Pakistan" (PDF). parc.gov.pk. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 18, 2012. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
  5. ^ "Hingol National Park". Pakistan Paedia: National Parks. JalalsPages. 12 September 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
  6. ^ Syed Ali Ghalib, Abdul Jabbar, Jan Wind, Afsheen Zehra, Darakhsan Abbas. (2008), Avifauna of Hingol National Park, Balochistan, Pakistan J. Zool, pp. 317-330

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°36′N 65°40′E / 25.600°N 65.667°E / 25.600; 65.667