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|Elevation||457 m (1,499 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Marathwada along with today's Hingoli District was initially under Bahmani Sultanate in medieval period & later under Nizam's regime. Hingoli was the taluka of Parbhani district and part of Nizam's regime. It was Nizam's military base as it was border place with Vidarbha. In that era military troops, hospitals, veterinary hospital were in operation from Hingoli. Residents of Hingoli had experienced two big wars between Tipu Sultan and Maratha in 1803 and in 1857 between Nagpurkar and Bhosale. Being a military base, the city was one of the important and famous place of the Hyderabad State.
Some of the names like Paltan, Risala, Tophkhana, Pensionpura, Sadar Bazaar are famous today. In the 1956, post independence when the states were reconstructed on linguistic lines Marathwada was attached to Bombay State and in 1960 Hingoli became part of the Maharashtra State as part of Parbhani district. Later on 1 May 1999 Hingoli district came into existence by division of Parbhani.
Places of interest
- Jaleshwar Mahadev Temple (present in the lake)
- Shri Datta Mandir, Mangalwara
- Dakshinmukhi Hanuman Temple, Khatkali
Hingoli is located at  It has an average elevation of 457 metres (1,499 ft). There are two big lakes and one river in city..
Hingoli is well connected by road and rail. The nearest domestic airport is in Nanded (80 km) which serves as a common airport for Nanded, Parbhani and Hingoli districts. Presently there are no commercial flights to and from Nanded. There is a National Highway connecting Akola-Malegaon Jahangir-Washim-Kanhergaon Naka-Hingoli-Kalamnuri-Nanded-Deglur-Sangareddy-Hyderabad named National Highway-161. Chikalthana Airport, Aurangabad(232 km)operates regular flights to Mumbai & Delhi.
Hingoli Railway Station (Station Code HNL) is a railway station on Purna-Akola section of Hyderabad(HYB) Division of South Central Railway(SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Hingoli now comes under Nanded(NED) Division of SCR. Hingoli is well connected to cities like Hyderabad, Mumbai, Jaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Indore, New Delhi, Bhopal. Agra, Tirupati, Chandigarh, Amritsar and Sri Ganganagar.
As of 2011[update] India census, Hingoli district had a population of 1,178,973. As per 2001 census Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Hingoli has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 60%. In Hingoli, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The town, being close to the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, was of crucial strategic importance during British Raj. In the town can still be found the state farm building which was the base for British Army. As a result of military settlement, a large number of people from all over India made the town their home, which include the people from UP, UP, Rajasthan, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh. The main language spoken in the city is Marathi with a typical Hingoli flavour. Other languages spoken are Marwari, Hindi, Dakkhani Urdu.
The town is famous for its annual fair festival of 'Dasara'(दसरा महोत्सव), was started in September 1853 which is a very old festival of the town, and has been celebrated for more than 155 years now.. It is second largest Dasara Mahotsav in India after the festival in the city of Mysore, Karnataka which is probably started in 17th century.
Science in Hingoli
Hingoli will make its presence felt in the cutting edge of experimental Physics. It has been selected for the LIGO-India. LIGO-India is a planned advanced gravitational-wave observatory to be located in India as part of the worldwide network. The project recently received the in-principle approval from the Indian government. LIGO-India is planned as a collaborative project between a consortium of Indian research institutions and the LIGO Laboratory in the United States, along with its international partners Australia, Germany and the UK. It is also named as IndIGO.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Hingoli
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.